Political Formations in the 18th
Century
11
By
Akbar Ali
Table of Content
• Later Mughals
• Independent Kingdom
– Awadh ,Bengal, Hyderabad, The Rajputs , Sikhs
• The Marathas
– Sh...
Later Mughals
• Decline of Mughals
• Last famous Mughal Ruler?
• 1707 Aurangzeb died
• Bahadur Shah
• Farruksiyar – was a ...
Independent Kingdom
• Many regional kingdoms arose
– Awadh
– Bengal
– Hyderabad
Awadh
• Mughal Ruler , Muhammad Shah appointed Sadat Khan
the governor of Awadh.
• Sadat Khan was very strong, he suppress...
Bengal
• Murhid Ali Khan –Was governor – Mughal
• Later he began to rule independently
• Capital – Murshidabad
• Administr...
Hyderabad
• Chin Qilich Khan was governor
• Known as “Nizamul Mulk Asaf Jah”
• Admin –
– Appointed mansabdars
The Rajputs
• During the period of Aurangzeb , they revolted
• Most enlightened Rajput ruler was Swami Raja
Jai Singh
– Ca...
Punjab under Sikhs
• Fought against Mughals
• Sikhs became very strong under the leadership
of Guru Gobinda Singh
• He Org...
Guru Gobind Singh’s Suggestions to the people
• Kesha – hair –
– It is the symbol of spirituality
• Kangha – Comb
– Symbol...
Mysore
• Adayar kingdom
• Haider Ali & Tippu Sulthan
– Rocket used in war
• They modernised their Army
• Established arsen...
The Marathas
• Shivaji– Powerful leader
– Family
– Father – Shivaji Bonsle
– Jija Bai – Mother
– Dadaji Kondadev - Teacher
Shivaji & his War
• Guerrilla warfare
• Fought against
– Bijapur
– Aurangzeb
• 1674 He crowned himself as a king
• Title -...
Administration
• Ashtapradhan – Council of ministers
• Peshwa – Head of council
• Senapati – Commander of Army
• Nyayadhis...
Revenue
• Collected Tax
• Two Types
– Chauth
– Sardeshmukhi
• Chauth – ¼ of the total land revenue
• Sardehsmukhi – Additi...
The Peshawas
• It was position to equivalent of a modern
Prime Minister
• They also ruled Maratha after Shivaji
• Importan...
Important Rulers
• Baji Rao I
• Balaji Baji Rao
Successor of Balaji Vishwanath
Conqured Malwa, Gujarath &Bundelkhand
Chang...
Third Battle of Panipat - 1761
• Between Maratha & Ahammad Shah
Abdali
• Later Marathas failed
• Ahamad Shah returned to A...
Political formations in the 18th century
Political formations in the 18th century
of 20

Political formations in the 18th century

Grade 7 CBSE NCERT Political Formation in the 18th Centuary
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political formations in the 18th century

  • 1. Political Formations in the 18th Century 11 By Akbar Ali
  • 2. Table of Content • Later Mughals • Independent Kingdom – Awadh ,Bengal, Hyderabad, The Rajputs , Sikhs • The Marathas – Shivaji Bhonsle, War, Administration , • Peshwas – Balaji vishwanath, Baji Rao I, Third Battle of Panipat
  • 3. Later Mughals • Decline of Mughals • Last famous Mughal Ruler? • 1707 Aurangzeb died • Bahadur Shah • Farruksiyar – was a ruler only in name. • Nadirshah , Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded Mughal Empire
  • 4. Independent Kingdom • Many regional kingdoms arose – Awadh – Bengal – Hyderabad
  • 5. Awadh • Mughal Ruler , Muhammad Shah appointed Sadat Khan the governor of Awadh. • Sadat Khan was very strong, he suppressed the rebellions • Luknow - Capital • He held combined office for – Political Head ( Subdar) – Military head ( Faujdar) – Diwan ( Revenue)
  • 6. Bengal • Murhid Ali Khan –Was governor – Mughal • Later he began to rule independently • Capital – Murshidabad • Administrations – Encouraged Agriculture – Industry, trade, – Loans were given to poor farmers – Later English captured this prosperous region .
  • 7. Hyderabad • Chin Qilich Khan was governor • Known as “Nizamul Mulk Asaf Jah” • Admin – – Appointed mansabdars
  • 8. The Rajputs • During the period of Aurangzeb , they revolted • Most enlightened Rajput ruler was Swami Raja Jai Singh – Capital – Jaipur – Important for Science, Astronomy
  • 9. Punjab under Sikhs • Fought against Mughals • Sikhs became very strong under the leadership of Guru Gobinda Singh • He Organised the Sikhs into a military group called Khalsa
  • 10. Guru Gobind Singh’s Suggestions to the people • Kesha – hair – – It is the symbol of spirituality • Kangha – Comb – Symbol of cleanliness • Kara- Bracelet – Acts as a reminder to stop a person from wrong things – Etc..
  • 11. Mysore • Adayar kingdom • Haider Ali & Tippu Sulthan – Rocket used in war • They modernised their Army • Established arsenal at Dindigul • Constructed many roads • They fought against English
  • 12. The Marathas • Shivaji– Powerful leader – Family – Father – Shivaji Bonsle – Jija Bai – Mother – Dadaji Kondadev - Teacher
  • 13. Shivaji & his War • Guerrilla warfare • Fought against – Bijapur – Aurangzeb • 1674 He crowned himself as a king • Title - Chatrapati
  • 14. Administration • Ashtapradhan – Council of ministers • Peshwa – Head of council • Senapati – Commander of Army • Nyayadhish – Justice • Majumdar- Finance • Pant Sachiv – G. Secratry • Sumanta – Foreign Affaires • Mantri – Head of intelligence • Dandadhyaksha – Religious matters
  • 15. Revenue • Collected Tax • Two Types – Chauth – Sardeshmukhi • Chauth – ¼ of the total land revenue • Sardehsmukhi – Additional 10/1 of the land revenue.
  • 16. The Peshawas • It was position to equivalent of a modern Prime Minister • They also ruled Maratha after Shivaji • Important Leader – Balaji Vishwanath • Fought against to Mughals
  • 17. Important Rulers • Baji Rao I • Balaji Baji Rao Successor of Balaji Vishwanath Conqured Malwa, Gujarath &Bundelkhand Changed Capital from Satara to Poona
  • 18. Third Battle of Panipat - 1761 • Between Maratha & Ahammad Shah Abdali • Later Marathas failed • Ahamad Shah returned to Afgan • It helped English East India Company