Presented by Dr. Roman Saini
Directive Principles of State
Policy 4.3
About me
• IAS, Doctor and trying to be a good teacher
• If you want to know more, you can read online.
• Spread the word ...
Classification
• No official classification in constitution
• But it is divided in 3 categories for academic convenience :
• ...
Socialist Principles
• 38 : JUSTICE - social, economic and political, social order, welfare, minimum
inequalities in incom...
Socialist Principles
• 39: To secure
• (a) the right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens;
• (b) the equitable...
Gandhian DPSP
• 40 = empowerment of village panchayat
• 43 = cottage industry in rural areas
• 43B (97th CAA) 2011 = To pr...
• MKG =
• Alcohol,
• Cow,
• Co-operative,
• Cottage,
• Village,
• SC (his paper Harijan for dalit upliftment)
Liberal–Intellectual Principles
• 44 = Uniform civil code
• 45 = Early childhood care and education (<6) (earlier upto 14 ...
International Principles
• Article 51
• Promotion of international peace
• Just and honourable relations
• International L...
Most important
DPSP
Article 39 (b)
and (c)
DIRECTIVES OUTSIDE PART IV
• 350A : Instruction in mother tongue
• 351 : Promotion and development of Hindi language
• 335...
DPSP after amendments
• An amendment requires the approval of two-thirds of the members present
and voting
• 42nd CAA, 197...
Criticism
• These are non-justiciable, pious superfluities and aspirations, a cheque on
a bank, payable only when the resou...
Importance
• These Principles are directives for the States, lay down the
foundation of Economic Democracy and establish w...
• If the government of the day fails to implement the DPSP, then it will be
answerable to people in next general election....
• Act as a lighthouse constantly reminding the government of the day its
responsible of taking the country towards welfare...
Implementation of DPSPs through
• Land Reform Acts., Banking policy, Fixation of minimum wages for
employees, Welfare sche...
• Environment protection act
• MGNREGS
• Cow slaughter prohibition act
• JSY, JSSK, Maternity benefit
• CrPC, 1973: Separat...
Spread the word and help those who cannot afford coaching
www.facebook.com/romansaini.official
Tweet
@RomanSaini
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Polity dpsp 4.3

dpsp
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Polity dpsp 4.3

  • 1. Presented by Dr. Roman Saini Directive Principles of State Policy 4.3
  • 2. About me • IAS, Doctor and trying to be a good teacher • If you want to know more, you can read online. • Spread the word of this education revolution. • Any query or doubt, please comment below the video on youtube or on Facebook page: www.facebook.com/romansaini.official
  • 3. Classification • No official classification in constitution • But it is divided in 3 categories for academic convenience : • Socialistic • Gandhian • Liberal–intellectual
  • 4. Socialist Principles • 38 : JUSTICE - social, economic and political, social order, welfare, minimum inequalities in income • 39 A: Free legal aid to the poor • 41: RTE, RTW, RTPA • 42: Humane conditions for work and maternity relief • 43: Living wage and decent standard of life • 43 A: Secure the participation of workers in the management of industries • 47: Nutrition and public health
  • 5. Socialist Principles • 39: To secure • (a) the right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens; • (b) the equitable distribution of material resources of the community for the common good; • (c) prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production; • (d) equal pay for equal work for men and women; • (e) preservation of the health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse; and • (f) opportunities for healthy development of children
  • 6. Gandhian DPSP • 40 = empowerment of village panchayat • 43 = cottage industry in rural areas • 43B (97th CAA) 2011 = To promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies • 46 = Promotion of SCs, STs and other weaker section • 47 = Intoxicating drugs and alcohol • 48 = prohibit cows, milch and draught cattle slaughter
  • 7. • MKG = • Alcohol, • Cow, • Co-operative, • Cottage, • Village, • SC (his paper Harijan for dalit upliftment)
  • 8. Liberal–Intellectual Principles • 44 = Uniform civil code • 45 = Early childhood care and education (<6) (earlier upto 14 within 10 years) 86 CAA • 48 = Modernise agriculture and animal husbandry • 48A: To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wild life (42 CAA) • 49 = Protect monuments of national importance • 50 = Separate the judiciary from the executive • 51= International peace and security
  • 9. International Principles • Article 51 • Promotion of international peace • Just and honourable relations • International Law and treaty obligations • Disputes Settlement - Arbitration
  • 10. Most important DPSP
  • 11. Article 39 (b) and (c)
  • 12. DIRECTIVES OUTSIDE PART IV • 350A : Instruction in mother tongue • 351 : Promotion and development of Hindi language • 335: Claims of SCs and STs to services
  • 13. DPSP after amendments • An amendment requires the approval of two-thirds of the members present and voting • 42nd CAA, 1976 : Healthy development of children 39 (f); free legal aid 39A; improve worker participation in management of industries 43A; environment 48A • 44th CAA, 1978 : 38 (2) Minimise inequalities • 86th CAA, 2002 : 45 (early child care <6) • 97th CAA, 2011 : Co-operative societies (Article43B)
  • 14. Criticism • These are non-justiciable, pious superfluities and aspirations, a cheque on a bank, payable only when the resources of the bank permit, NYR, a veritable dustbin of sentiments, moral principles • Some are not practicable, foreign in nature and against the principle of State Sovereignty • Illogically Arranged : Scientific with religious and sentimental; ultra important with relatively insignificant • No mention of methods to implement, Conservative: Out-dated • Constitutional Conflict : Prez & PM ; Governor & CM ; Centre & State
  • 15. Importance • These Principles are directives for the States, lay down the foundation of Economic Democracy and establish welfare state • Fundamental in the governance of the country and supplement FRs • Guiding principles for courts • They bring stability and continuity in State policies • Educative value of Directive Principles.
  • 16. • If the government of the day fails to implement the DPSP, then it will be answerable to people in next general election. No legal sanction but political sanction, Positive obligation for state • Not enforceable in a court of law but enforceable in court of people • Not been given legal enforceability not because they are inferior to any other part of constitution, but they need resources for their execution • Facilitate stability and continuity in nation’s policies • Creates background for both LEJ functioning and enjoyment of FRs by citizens as political democracy don't hold any meaning without economic democracy.
  • 17. • Act as a lighthouse constantly reminding the government of the day its responsible of taking the country towards welfare goal. • Testing grounds though which, performance of government is judged. • Help in deciding the legal validity of some of the laws incorporated by the state. Beacon-lights to the courts • One of the most important rights the citizens can enjoy is the freedom from Hunger, which can be extended to citizen only through implementation of DPSP • So unless DPSP are properly implemented the citizen cannot fully enjoy their FR • Amplify and reinforces the Preamble
  • 18. Implementation of DPSPs through • Land Reform Acts., Banking policy, Fixation of minimum wages for employees, Welfare schemes for the weaker sections, Nuclear disarmament, Panchayati Raj • The Equal Remuneration Act of 1976. • Consumer Protection Act of 1986. • The 86th Constitutional Amendment of 2002 inserted a new article, Article 21-A.
  • 19. • Environment protection act • MGNREGS • Cow slaughter prohibition act • JSY, JSSK, Maternity benefit • CrPC, 1973: Separation of J from E in public life • Old age pension schemes
  • 20. Spread the word and help those who cannot afford coaching www.facebook.com/romansaini.official Tweet @RomanSaini