National and Global
Public Inclusive Infrastructures
Gregg Vanderheiden Ph.D.
Trace R&D Center
University of Wisconsin- M...
Everything should be made as
simple as possible – but no simpler
Albert Einstein
2
...
Key Problems Looming - Many causes
1. Internet will no longer be optional – yet many can not access or use it
 Essen...
Underlying Problems / Needs
(Things that contribute to the primary problems/needs)
 Limited market/sales for AT Vend...
Situation and Approach
Addressed Addressed by
by Assistive ...
4 part Strategy
1. Foster innovation in accessibility and expand the
market for innovative vendors
2. Maximize the ...
National and Global
Public Inclusive Infrastructures
8 © 2010 Trace Center - University ...
Three Key Goals
Simplify
• To users - Public Access Points - Companies - Gov
Provide solutions for a...
What if…
© 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
What if we had Auto-Personalization…
What if we had…
Interfaces that automatically change into a form that
users can u...
What if…
 An elder – with any set of abilities or limitations
1. Could quickly and easily determine what would hel...
What if…
 We could make it so that when anyone approached a computer or
other device…
…. the de...
For example
• If an older person wanted to be able to communicate
with children and with nieces and nephe...
15
© 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
16
© 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
Instead what if ….
Email
Chat (text, voice and video)
Picture sharing
...
18
© 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
19
© 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
What if……..
© 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
 Today some children have assistive technologies at school – but
they cannot use them at home – or the library – a...
 Today many teachers are overwhelmed with all the different types of
AT for their different students, and having t...
 Today children often lose their AT and all their setup when they
graduate – or even just change schools
 What if …...
 Today libraries and public access points often only carry a few
pieces of AT – so they meet the needs of only som...
 And when a new patron came in
• – a librarian could just sit them down to any computer
• – call up a cross-disabil...
 A person who cannot read for any reason -- gets a link to a book on
Amazon. They go there but the book is not availabl...
Imagine
 There is a hurricane or tsunami coming toward a person who is blind
and the evacuation route is provided as a...
What if
 A person who is deaf – and tries to play a movie -- but it has no
captions
 Could have t...
What if …
 Instead of a student not being able to take all the classes they want
because each class uses a different l...
What if
 Countries that don’t have AT, or only have a couple types
 Could localize a set of both free and...
What if …
 In the future
• People just wear a ring.
• And when they walk or roll up to a device,...
Video at NPII.ORG/
32 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
Building a Public Inclusive Infrastructure
33 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsi...
The NPII (GPII) Concept
Building a disability, technology and platform independent
...
Key Components -
Three Key Functions - “Three legs of a stool”
1. Provide a way for people to determine what would hel...
1) A way for people to determine what would help them - and then
to store that information safely for future use.
...
2) A way to use their stored preferences to invoke the access features, technologies
and services they need - anyw...
38
© 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
3) Tools and infrastructure to allow diverse developers and
vendors to create new solutions - and easily and cost ...
Summary
 Where tech is going – many people with disabilities and aging can’t currently follow
- Ye...
Opportunity
 We have an unprecedented opportunity to change accessibility in very
fundamental ways
...
Thanks
Contact information
...
of 41

National and Global Public Inclusive Infrastructures

By Gregg Vanderheiden Ph.D., Trace R&D Center, University of Wisconsin- Madison
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Technology      Business      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National and Global Public Inclusive Infrastructures

  • 1. National and Global Public Inclusive Infrastructures Gregg Vanderheiden Ph.D. Trace R&D Center University of Wisconsin- Madison AEGIS 2010-10-08 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 2. Everything should be made as simple as possible – but no simpler Albert Einstein 2 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 3. Key Problems Looming - Many causes 1. Internet will no longer be optional – yet many can not access or use it  Essential for participation in education, employment, commerce, civics, health and safety 2. Access solutions don’t exist for everyone • Not available for some types, degrees & combinations of disability, or functional limitation 3. Current solutions won’t work for all of the new technologies emerging - Cloud computing, Web 2.0, 1 million authors of next gen apps 4. Access solutions are too complex • Not just for many users, but also public access points, companies, and even governments 5. Access solutions are hard to find & find out about • Many do not know that any solutions exist – so it doesn’t occur to them to even search for one 6. Many can’t afford the high cost of access solutions they need • Again, not just users. Public access points and even governments can’t afford the cost for all In addition people need access to all the computers they encounter, at work, home, community, etc. Not just one that is set up for them somewhere. © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 4. Underlying Problems / Needs (Things that contribute to the primary problems/needs)  Limited market/sales for AT Vendors  Contributes to cost – and is vicious cost/sales circle  High cost for new innovators to get into the market – get to market  Contributes to limited new products, - limited innovation,  Part of reason solutions don’t exist for many disability types  High costs of Marketing  Contributes to cost for all  Limits ability of new players to get into the market – or survive © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 5. Situation and Approach Addressed Addressed by by Assistive Universal Design Technologies (built-in) © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 6. 4 part Strategy 1. Foster innovation in accessibility and expand the market for innovative vendors 2. Maximize the portion of accessibility that can be addressed through ordinary market mechanisms -- and minimize the portion that must be served through government or philanthropic intervention. 3. Maximize the accessibility of mainstream products. 4. And figure out how to provide basic access for those that regular market forces still cannot reach, even with the above. © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 7. National and Global Public Inclusive Infrastructures 8 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 8. Three Key Goals Simplify • To users - Public Access Points - Companies - Gov Provide solutions for all (all types of disabilities, literacy, & aging) • One Size does NOT fit all ---- Provide solutions for emerging technologies • Technology is getting away from us • Need to empower and facilitate developers of all types 9 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 9. What if… © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 10. What if we had Auto-Personalization… What if we had… Interfaces that automatically change into a form that users can understand and use Content that automatically comes, or is changed into, a form that people can understand and use © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 11. What if…  An elder – with any set of abilities or limitations 1. Could quickly and easily determine what would help them - and then to store that information safely for future use. 2. Then use those stored preferences to invoke the access features, technologies and services they need - anywhere on any device they need to use © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 12. What if…  We could make it so that when anyone approached a computer or other device… …. the device would automatically change to something that would work for them - Something that was simple - Something that was familiar 13 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 13. For example • If an older person wanted to be able to communicate with children and with nieces and nephews - Email - Chat - Picture sharing…. Instead of finding this…. 14 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 14. 15 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 15. 16 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 16. Instead what if …. Email Chat (text, voice and video) Picture sharing could look like this…. 17 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 17. 18 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 18. 19 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 19. What if…….. © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 20.  Today some children have assistive technologies at school – but they cannot use them at home – or the library – and therefore cannot do homework or independent work…  What if … The child was able to sit down to any computer (home, library, grandparents house) and their assistive technology would appear and allow them to work. 21 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 21.  Today many teachers are overwhelmed with all the different types of AT for their different students, and having to set-up each computer before each different child uses it – and then re-set the computer after.  What if… the teacher could teach – and the computers would automatically change to meet the needs of each new student as they sat down or wheeled up to the computer. 22 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 22.  Today children often lose their AT and all their setup when they graduate – or even just change schools  What if … They could go to a new school – and all their AT would look and behave the same as their last school  And they could take it with them when they graduate and transition to work as well © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 23.  Today libraries and public access points often only carry a few pieces of AT – so they meet the needs of only some of their patrons  What if … They could rent an “AT-in-the-Cloud” service - and now when patrons come in – they sit down to any computer – and any AT they need shows up and is set up just for them.  And the library only pays for the AT that patrons use. No more expensive AT that is purchased but not used. No more situations where the AT they have doesn’t match the patrons abilities. 24 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 24.  And when a new patron came in • – a librarian could just sit them down to any computer • – call up a cross-disability accessible wizard (speech, text and sign) • and the patron would enjoy interacting with the Wizard while it created the profile of their needs • and stored it on a USB stick - or in the cloud.  Then, whenever they came back – or went to any other place – that profile would set up their computer for them © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 25.  A person who cannot read for any reason -- gets a link to a book on Amazon. They go there but the book is not available in a version that their book reader can read aloud.  What if … They were automatically directed to book service where there was an electronic version of the book that they can have read to them. • If they qualify and subscribe to Bookshare – (this too is in their profile) it automatically takes them to Bookshare and they download it for free. • If not – it automatically takes them to Bookaccess and they can buy the book – in a form they can use. • No hunting. No looking for things. No special keystrokes © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 26. Imagine  There is a hurricane or tsunami coming toward a person who is blind and the evacuation route is provided as a map -- that they cannot see…  What if - The information automatically came as a description of how to evacuate - in text • which is read aloud to them or they can print it on their Braille printer. © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 27. What if  A person who is deaf – and tries to play a movie -- but it has no captions  Could have their computer automatically search the entire Internet for any registered set of captions for the movie - and then play them in parallel with the movie (translating them if they are not in the user’s language) 28 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 28. What if …  Instead of a student not being able to take all the classes they want because each class uses a different lab with different computers and they can’t get them all adapted to meet their needs…  They could use any computer in any lab. © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 29. What if  Countries that don’t have AT, or only have a couple types  Could localize a set of both free and commercial AT and make it available in their language to all people in their country • And the set for their country would then update automatically when the other AT was updated for other countries – so it would continue to work as new mainstream technologies were released 30 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 30. What if …  In the future • People just wear a ring. • And when they walk or roll up to a device, they just touch the ring to the device and it changed into a form they can use. - For an elder – it might make it simpler and with larger text - Any computer - Any phone - Their thermostat - Their oven - Their clothes washer - The TV control in the hotel 31 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 31. Video at NPII.ORG/ 32 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 32. Building a Public Inclusive Infrastructure 33 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 33. The NPII (GPII) Concept Building a disability, technology and platform independent ‘inclusive infrastructure’ • To grow all types of access (BI, AT, CS, AOD) • To spur innovation (new solutions) (Idea-to-market) • To increase markets and lower costs (More solutions – more served) • To address the problems of complexity (Simpler for all) • To provide access to emerging cloud technologies (Future proof) • To create an internationally scalable base that facilitates the creation of affordable solutions for all - everywhere (Outreach) 34 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 34. Key Components - Three Key Functions - “Three legs of a stool” 1. Provide a way for people to determine what would help them - and then to store that information safely for future use. 2. Provide a way to use their stored preferences (and permissions) to invoke the access features, technologies and services they need - anywhere, anytime, on any device they need to use 3. Provide the tools and infrastructure needed to allow diverse developers and vendors to create new solutions - and easily and cost effectively move them to market and to users. © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 35. 1) A way for people to determine what would help them - and then to store that information safely for future use.  There is a Fix for that • Awareness progthem – and where to start looking.ram so that everyone knows that there are things that can make ICT easier for  Extended Usability Wizard • On-line evaluation tool that allows people to find out how what types of things would make ICT easier for them to use.  Private Preference & Permission System • Ability to securely and privately store their preferences so they can uses them later to shop and to change things to work for them.  Matchmaker • To find everything that matches a person's needs & preferences.  Safe Source • Open marketplace: all that is safe to download and try. 36 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 36. 2) A way to use their stored preferences to invoke the access features, technologies and services they need - anywhere on any device they need to use.  Private Preference & Permission Server (see also above) • Also provides users with the ability to privately and anonymously use their preferences and settings anywhere.  Unified AnyWhere Delivery System • Infrastructure for delivering any combination of settings and AT (commercial and public) -- anywhere, anytime, any device.  Auto-Personalization Services • Automatically personalizes the user interface on devices and adapts content based on user preferences and needs.  Caption & Description Finder • Finds captions, descriptions, or other supplemental information for video or images if they exist anywhere.  Assistance On Demand • Infrastructure to build and deliver automated and human Assistance on Demand services 37 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 37. 38 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 38. 3) Tools and infrastructure to allow diverse developers and vendors to create new solutions - and easily and cost effectively move them to market and availability to users who need them.  Tool Kit & Parts Store & Development environment • Components to facilitate others in building access solutions and services. - Built in, Platform, Network Services (computer, and human)  Assistance on Demand Infrastructure (see above) • Infrastructure also makes it easy for vendors to create and offer new automated and human services on demand  Safe Source/Marketplace (see above) • A marketplace that makes it easy for users to find all that is available, would also make it easy for new developers to get their products seen and disseminated to users. 39 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 39. Summary  Where tech is going – many people with disabilities and aging can’t currently follow - Yet access to BROADBAND is rapidly becoming critical to participation  Government can’t currently afford to develop all solutions and provide access to all - - And Private Sector can only (afford to) reach 15% with current approach  NEED A PARADIGM SHIFT  Need to find ways that government can invest a relatively small amount that will facilitate private sector solutions - Infrastructure (Develop and op) - to lower costs, increase competition & innovation, 
 and enable new approaches (that are more efficient, simpler, and address more disabilities) - Awareness - to grow the market, lower costs, reach more people - Tools - to lower bar for new researchers, innovators, and vendors; to increase interoperability - Research Support - to create a community of practice; to allow sustained effort or researchers to make careers in this area 40 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 40. Opportunity  We have an unprecedented opportunity to change accessibility in very fundamental ways  make it cost less to develop and deploy  and reach more people (we currently get to 15% or so)  and serve disabilities and aging groups we don't now  We also have a chance to build access that will work with the new technologies that are coming (that won't work with many of our current access strategies)  Finally, we have the opportunity to build something that can be replicated locally in other countries  countries that don't have good access technologies or infrastructure  allowing them to create their own full range of access solutions– by localizing solutions from an NPII and delivering them via their own NPII. 41 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison
  • 41. Thanks Contact information Gregg Vanderheiden Ph.D. gv@trace.wisc.edu 608 692-5281 (cell) The contents of this presentation were developed in part with funding from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, U.S. Department of Education, grant number H133E080022. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. 42 © 2010 Trace Center - University of Wisconsin -Madison

Related Documents