WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Perceptions on gender equality, GBV,
lived poverty and basic freedoms
12 February 2015
Institute for...
• Perceptions of gender equality
– Namibians’ support of women in political leadership vs.
women’s interest in politics
• ...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
What is Afrobarometer?
• An African-led, non-partisan survey research project that
measures citizen ...
Where Afrobarometer works
Methodology
• Nationally representative sample of adult citizens
 All respondents are randomly selected.
 Sample is dist...
Survey Demographics
Un-weighted Weighted
Gender
Male 50% 50%
Female 50% 50%
Location
Urban 49% 49%
Rural 51% 51%
Education...
Survey Demographics
Province/Region Un-weighted Weighted
Zambezi 4% 4%
Erongo 8% 9%
Hardap 4% 4%
!Karas 4% 4%
Kavango West...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Gender equality
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORGInstitute for Public Policy Research
Key Findings
• The majority of Namibians (80%) believe women
sho...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Namibians’ support for
women in political leadership
in 2014
10
Respondents were asked: Which of the...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Changing support for women
in political leadership
11
67%
70%
80%
60%
70%
73%74%
78%
86%
0%
10%
20%
...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Regional Support for women
in political leadership
12
Respondents were asked: whether women should
h...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Are women interested in
politics?
13
Respondents were asked: how interested they would
say they were...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Changing interests in politics
14
Respondents were asked: How interested would you
say you are in pu...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Do women discuss politics?
15
Respondents were asked: When you get together
with your friends or fam...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Changing Trends in the
discussion of politics?
16
Respondents were asked: When you get together
with...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Gender-based violence
Institute for Public Policy Research
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORGInstitute for Public Policy Research
Key Findings
• 13% of Namibian women, and 7% of men
reported tha...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Prevalence of GBV in 2014
19
Respondents were asked: Over the past year, how often, if
ever, have yo...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Fear and/or experience of
crime, including GBV
20
Respondents were asked whether they, or someone in...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Perceptions on the factors
that contribute to GBV
21
Respondents were asked how much they thought th...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Lived poverty
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Key findings
•Urban and male respondents were around 9% more likely to never face
food shortage in R...
Gone without food 2014
Respondents were asked: How often have you gone without food?
Institute for Public Policy Research
...
Gone without cash income 2014?
25
35%
21%
19%
11%
26%
25%
23%
17%
35%
23%
21%
14%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
Never ...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Changes over time cash and food
13%
21% 22%
25%
35%
49%
78% 78%
74%
65%
43%
47%
39%
47%
57%57%
54%
6...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Going without a cash income?
51%
54%
52%
41%
20%
37%
39%
18%
16%
21%
24%
35%
26%
42%
Zambezi
Erongo
...
Regional distribution going without
food
75%
58%
70%
64%
48%
61%
56%
20%
48%
56%
53%
64%
61%
58%
Zambezi
Erongo
Hardap
!Ka...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Basic freedoms
Institute for Public Policy Research
Key findings
• 91% of respondents expressed that they were
somewhat or completely free to say what they
wanted.
• 98% of r...
Freedom to say what you think
2014
31
•
21%
70%
Somewhat free Completely free
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
Responden...
Free to choose who to vote for?
Respondents were asked: How free are you to choose who to vote
for?
13%
85%
Vote for
Somew...
Freedom to join any political organisation?
Respondents were asked: Freedom to join any political organisation?
15%
80%
Jo...
WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG
Conclusions
Conclusions
• Both male and female respondents felt that
Namibia was ready for the 50-50 gender
empowerment.
• Alcohol was...
of 35

Perceptions on Gender Equality, Lived Poverty from the Citizens of Namibia

In this presentation, the citizens of Namibia speak on Lived Poverty and Gender equality
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Economy & Finance      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Perceptions on Gender Equality, Lived Poverty from the Citizens of Namibia

  • 1. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Perceptions on gender equality, GBV, lived poverty and basic freedoms 12 February 2015 Institute for Public Policy Research
  • 2. • Perceptions of gender equality – Namibians’ support of women in political leadership vs. women’s interest in politics • Perceptions on GBV in Namibia – Insights on Namibians’ experience of GBV, and their perceived reasons for these crimes • Perceptions of Lived Poverty trace official statics on poverty decline. • Perceptions of Basic Freedoms – Namibians feel that they have high levels of personal freedom. At a Glance
  • 3. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG What is Afrobarometer? • An African-led, non-partisan survey research project that measures citizen attitudes on democracy and governance, the economy, civil society, and other topics. • Started in 12 countries in 1999, expanded to 35 African countries in Round 5 (2011-2013). • Goal: To give the public a voice in policymaking by providing high-quality public opinion data to policymakers, policy advocates, civil society organizations, academics, news media, donors and investors, and ordinary Africans. • National Partners in each country conduct the survey. In Namibia, Afrobarometer Round 6 survey was conducted by Survey Warehouse supervised by IPPR. Institute for Public Policy Research
  • 4. Where Afrobarometer works
  • 5. Methodology • Nationally representative sample of adult citizens  All respondents are randomly selected.  Sample is distributed across all 14 regions and urban/rural areas in proportion to their share in the national population.  Every adult citizen has an equal chance of being selected. • Face-to-face interviews In the language of the respondent’s choice. • Standard questionnaire allows comparisons across countries and over time. • Sample size in Namibia of 1200 adult citizens yields a margin of error of +/-3% at a 95% confidence level. • Fieldwork for Round 6 in Namibia was conducted between 27 August and 19 September 2014.
  • 6. Survey Demographics Un-weighted Weighted Gender Male 50% 50% Female 50% 50% Location Urban 49% 49% Rural 51% 51% Education No formal schooling 6% 13% Primary 22% 21% Secondary 53% 44% Post secondary 19% 22% Institute for Public Policy Research
  • 7. Survey Demographics Province/Region Un-weighted Weighted Zambezi 4% 4% Erongo 8% 9% Hardap 4% 4% !Karas 4% 4% Kavango West 3% 3% Kavango East 6% 6% Khomas 19% 19% Kunene 4% 4% Ohangwena 10% 10% Omaheke 3% 3% Omusati 11% 10% Oshana 9% 9% Oshikoto 8% 8% Otjozondjupa 7% 7%
  • 8. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Gender equality
  • 9. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORGInstitute for Public Policy Research Key Findings • The majority of Namibians (80%) believe women should have the same chance of being elected to political office as men. • The number of Namibians who support women in political leadership grew from 70% in 2012, to 80% in 2014. • Although women express higher levels of support for women in politics than men do, they continue to show lower levels of interest in politics
  • 10. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Namibians’ support for women in political leadership in 2014 10 Respondents were asked: Which of the following statements is closest to your view. Statement 1: Men make better political leaders than women, and should be elected rather than women. Statement 2:Women should have the same chance of being elected to political office as men. 8 9 11 5 8 11 13 15 9 12 38 41 41 38 40 43 37 32 48 40 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Urban Rural Male Female Total Agree very strongly with 1 Agree with 1 Agree with 2 Agree very strongly with 2
  • 11. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Changing support for women in political leadership 11 67% 70% 80% 60% 70% 73%74% 78% 86% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2006 2012 2014 Total Male Female Respondents were asked: whether women should have the same chance of being elected to political office (vs. beliefs that men make better leaders)
  • 12. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Regional Support for women in political leadership 12 Respondents were asked: whether women should have the same chance of being elected to political office (vs. beliefs that men make better leaders) 70% 79% 51% 76% 73% 72% 77% 77% 80% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Namibia Botswana Lesotho Mozambique South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe 2012 2014
  • 13. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Are women interested in politics? 13 Respondents were asked: how interested they would say they were in public affairs. 18% 18% 37% 27% 13% 18% 38% 31% 13% 17% 35% 35% 17% 20% 39% 24% 15% 18% 37% 29% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Not at all Not very interested Somewhat insterested Very interested Total Female Male Rural Urban
  • 14. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Changing interests in politics 14 Respondents were asked: How interested would you say you are in public affairs? 71% 83% 78% 64% 64% 70% 62% 82% 75% 55% 57% 63% 66% 83% 77% 59% 60% 66% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 Male Female Total
  • 15. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Do women discuss politics? 15 Respondents were asked: When you get together with your friends or family, would you say you discuss political matters? 28% 29% 23% 34% 29% 49% 51% 50% 50% 50% 22% 20% 26% 16% 21% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Urban Rural Male Female Total Frequently Occasionally Never
  • 16. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Changing Trends in the discussion of politics? 16 Respondents were asked: When you get together with your friends or family, would you say you discuss political matters? 64% 75% 66% 69% 76% 58% 66% 56% 60% 66% 61% 70% 61% 64% 71% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% R1 R3 R4 R5 R6 Male Female Total
  • 17. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Gender-based violence Institute for Public Policy Research
  • 18. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORGInstitute for Public Policy Research Key Findings • 13% of Namibian women, and 7% of men reported that they, or a member of their family had been a victim of gender based violence. • Namibians felt that in 2014, alcohol abuse contributed most significantly to GBV, followed by unemployment and poverty. • Culture and tradition were not perceived to be major contributors to GBV in Namibia
  • 19. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Prevalence of GBV in 2014 19 Respondents were asked: Over the past year, how often, if ever, have you or anyone in your family: Been a victim of gender-based violence? 93% 6% 1% 1% 87% 7% 5% 2% 90% 6% 3% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% No Yes, once Yes, twice Yes, three or more times Male Female Total
  • 20. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Fear and/or experience of crime, including GBV 20 Respondents were asked whether they, or someone in their family feared, or had experienced the above. 48 33 39 17 11 38 28 28 14 9 37 27 33 14 8 48 34 34 17 14 43 30 33 15 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Felt unsafe walking in neighbourhood Feared crime in your home Had somehting stolen Been physically attacked Been a victim of GBV Urban Rural Male Female Total
  • 21. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Perceptions on the factors that contribute to GBV 21 Respondents were asked how much they thought the above factors contributed to GBV in Namibia in 2014. 30% 1% 6% 6% 25% 2% 10% 8% 17% 9% 20% 18% 27% 87% 64% 68% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Cultural and traditional values Alcohol abuse Poverty Unemployment Not at all A little bit Somewhat A lot
  • 22. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Lived poverty
  • 23. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Key findings •Urban and male respondents were around 9% more likely to never face food shortage in Round 6. •Namibian respondents were only likely to experience food shortage several times, many times, or always with 21% agreement. •Kunene, Kavango West, and Ohangwena were the only regions to experience less than half of respondents “never” going without food. •Only three regions (Zambezi, Erongo, and Hardap) featured more than half of the respondents who “never” experienced a shortage of cash income. •Over time since 1999, there is evidence of a decline in those reporting shortages in food and cash income. Simultaneously, those reporting “never” have increased over time.
  • 24. Gone without food 2014 Respondents were asked: How often have you gone without food? Institute for Public Policy Research 61% 18% 15% 5% 1% 52% 23% 61% 13% 53% 45% 57% 44% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Never once or twice - always Several times Many times Always Urban Rural Male Female Total
  • 25. Gone without cash income 2014? 25 35% 21% 19% 11% 26% 25% 23% 17% 35% 23% 21% 14% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Never Just once or twice Several times Many times Urban Rural Total Respondents were asked: How often have you gone without a cash income?
  • 26. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Changes over time cash and food 13% 21% 22% 25% 35% 49% 78% 78% 74% 65% 43% 47% 39% 47% 57%57% 54% 62% 54% 43% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 1999 2006 2008 2012 2014 Never/cash Just once to always/cash never/food Just once to always/food Respondents were asked: How often have you gone without food? Cash income?
  • 27. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Going without a cash income? 51% 54% 52% 41% 20% 37% 39% 18% 16% 21% 24% 35% 26% 42% Zambezi Erongo Hardap !Karas Kavango West Kavango East Khomas Kunene Ohangwena Omaheke Omusati Oshana Oshikoto Otjiwarongo 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Never/ cash income Never/ cash income How often have you gone without food?
  • 28. Regional distribution going without food 75% 58% 70% 64% 48% 61% 56% 20% 48% 56% 53% 64% 61% 58% Zambezi Erongo Hardap !Karas Kavango West Kavango East Khomas Kunene Ohangwena Omaheke Omusati Oshana Oshikoto Otjiwarongo 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Never/food Respondents were asked: How often have you gone without food?
  • 29. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Basic freedoms Institute for Public Policy Research
  • 30. Key findings • 91% of respondents expressed that they were somewhat or completely free to say what they wanted. • 98% of respondents expressed freedom to vote for whom they wanted. • 95% say they are free to join any political organisation they wanted.
  • 31. Freedom to say what you think 2014 31 • 21% 70% Somewhat free Completely free 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Respondents were asked: How free are you to say what you think?
  • 32. Free to choose who to vote for? Respondents were asked: How free are you to choose who to vote for? 13% 85% Vote for Somewhat free Completely free Institute for Public Policy Research
  • 33. Freedom to join any political organisation? Respondents were asked: Freedom to join any political organisation? 15% 80% Join any political group? Somewhat free Completely free
  • 34. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Conclusions
  • 35. Conclusions • Both male and female respondents felt that Namibia was ready for the 50-50 gender empowerment. • Alcohol was seen as the most important contributor to gender based violence. • The “lived poverty” experience tracked the official poverty results downward. • Namibian respondents continued to feel that the country experiences high levels of personal freedom. Institute for Public Policy Research

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