Context
Outline
• Background
• What is embedded generation (EG)?
• Why EG?
• Technology options for EG
• Global EG Status
• ...
Background: Power Grid
Source: en.wikipedia.org
Utility scale
generators
Transmission
grid
Distribution
grid
Consu...
Source: en.wikipedia.org
Background: Power Grid
What is EG?
• Definition: Power generation
embedded within a distribution
network
• EG also called:
Distributed gener...
Why EG?
• Reduced need for large-scale generators
• EGs not necessarily more expensive (scale
economy, less permits req...
Options for EG
• Conventional technologies
• Primary fossils (Gas/Oil/Coal)
• Diesel
• Hydro
• New Alternatives
• So...
More about RE…
• RE is better suited to EG for
some key reasons:
• scalability
• location flexibility
• environmental...
More about RE..
Issues in RE-EG
• Intermittence
• PV and wind cannot be used
as base load (but bioenergy
and hydro can)
• Upfront cos...
EG Status: Global
220
165
110
55
0
EG Capacity
(GW)
2000 2012 2020
Investment (Billion
250
200
150
100
50
0...
Components of successful
EG regime
EG
success
Market/pricing
Standards/c
odes
Incentives
Net metering
Tech Infras...
Case for RE-EG in Nigeria
• Reduced need/urgency for
large-scale generators
• Reduced need for
transmission
infrastru...
EG Status: Nigeria
• EG not a success by any
means
• It is however now receiving
attention under the new power
sector...
EG regulations in Nigeria
• Regulations for Embedded
Generation 2012
• Regulations for Captive
generations 2012
• New...
RE Development in Nigeria
Targets (MW)
Now
Short Term
2013-2015
Medium
Term
2016-2020
Long Term
2021-2030
Hydro ...
RE Potential
• Solar potential: good to great
• Wind: Poor to very good
• Biomass
• Energy crops: great
• Waste: grea...
Main challenges
• Lack of policy support/certainty
• Lack of awareness
• Lack of accurate data on
resource potential
A vision for the future
• Smart grids
• Integrated energy systems
It is possible!
Way forward
• Stakeholder consultation
• Resource assessment
• Grid capacity assessment
• Market interventions to redu...
Thank you!
Questions?
The Role of Policy in Financing Renewable Energy in Development Nigeria
The Role of Policy in Financing Renewable Energy in Development Nigeria
The Role of Policy in Financing Renewable Energy in Development Nigeria
The Role of Policy in Financing Renewable Energy in Development Nigeria
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The Role of Policy in Financing Renewable Energy in Development Nigeria

The Role of Policy in Financing Renewable Energy in Development Nigeria
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - The Role of Policy in Financing Renewable Energy in Development Nigeria

  • 1. Context
  • 2. Outline • Background • What is embedded generation (EG)? • Why EG? • Technology options for EG • Global EG Status • Components of a successful EG regime • RE based EG in Nigeria • Conclusions
  • 3. Background: Power Grid Source: en.wikipedia.org Utility scale generators Transmission grid Distribution grid Consumer (Industry) Consumers (Homes)
  • 4. Source: en.wikipedia.org Background: Power Grid
  • 5. What is EG? • Definition: Power generation embedded within a distribution network • EG also called: Distributed generation Decentralised generation • EG is not a new phenomenon. It preceded centralised systems Utility scale generators Transmission grid Distribution grid Consumer (Industry) Consumers (Homes)
  • 6. Why EG? • Reduced need for large-scale generators • EGs not necessarily more expensive (scale economy, less permits required) • EGs are quicker to deploy • Reduced need for transmission infrastructure/losses • Increased system reliability/resilience • Supply and demand matching • Reduced need for peaking plants • Creates more jobs (SME development)
  • 7. Options for EG • Conventional technologies • Primary fossils (Gas/Oil/Coal) • Diesel • Hydro • New Alternatives • Solar • Wind • Biomass • CHP • Tri-generation Source: cleanenergytransmission.org
  • 8. More about RE… • RE is better suited to EG for some key reasons: • scalability • location flexibility • environmentally sustainable • RE technologies are now established and reliable • RE is increasingly price competitive Source: www.fermeng.ie
  • 9. More about RE..
  • 10. Issues in RE-EG • Intermittence • PV and wind cannot be used as base load (but bioenergy and hydro can) • Upfront cost • Especially with storage
  • 11. EG Status: Global 220 165 110 55 0 EG Capacity (GW) 2000 2012 2020 Investment (Billion 250 200 150 100 50 0 USD) 2000 2012 2020 Share of Capacity 50 37.5 25 12.5 0 (%) 2000 2012 2020
  • 12. Components of successful EG regime EG success Market/pricing Standards/c odes Incentives Net metering Tech Infrastructure support Smart grids
  • 13. Case for RE-EG in Nigeria • Reduced need/urgency for large-scale generators • Reduced need for transmission infrastructure/losses • Increasing cost of alternatives • Encourage adoption of smart grids • Increased local economic development (SME involvement)
  • 14. EG Status: Nigeria • EG not a success by any means • It is however now receiving attention under the new power sector reforms • Aggreko • Few examples of RE developers • Protergia
  • 15. EG regulations in Nigeria • Regulations for Embedded Generation 2012 • Regulations for Captive generations 2012 • New regulations for procurement of generation capacity 2014 (exemptions for <10MW) • Distribution Code v01
  • 16. RE Development in Nigeria Targets (MW) Now Short Term 2013-2015 Medium Term 2016-2020 Long Term 2021-2030 Hydro (large) 1938 4000 9000 11,250 Hydro (small) 60 15 100 760 3,500 Solar PV 15 300 4000 30, 005 Solar Thermal 300 2,136 18,127 Biomass 5 30 100 Wind 10 23 40 50 All 2010 4,625 88,698 315,158
  • 17. RE Potential • Solar potential: good to great • Wind: Poor to very good • Biomass • Energy crops: great • Waste: great • Hydro: great
  • 18. Main challenges • Lack of policy support/certainty • Lack of awareness • Lack of accurate data on resource potential
  • 19. A vision for the future • Smart grids • Integrated energy systems It is possible!
  • 20. Way forward • Stakeholder consultation • Resource assessment • Grid capacity assessment • Market interventions to reduce transactional costs • Standards and regulations • Coherent Industry lobby • Raising awareness • Skills transfer
  • 21. Thank you! Questions?

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