National Security of Pakistan
Published on: Mar 5, 2016
Transcripts - National Security of Pakistan
NATIONAL SECURITY OF PAKISTAN
AHMAD KAMAL (Group Leader)
USMAN MAHMOOD MUGHAL
Elements of National Security
Policy & its types
Pak National Security Policy 2014-2018
The Armed Forces of Pakistan have traditionally
played a distinctive role in the life of the nation.
The military has frequently been called in to gain
control of unrest that has gone beyond the ability of
the police to cope; some of these intrusions have
had a major impact and have been of fairly long
duration. The military has assumed political as well
as security control of the entire country three times
under proclamations of martial law.
Democracy has always been seen as the "natural"
state of the Pakistani polity, and the military has
ultimately returned power to civilian hands. 3
The military has been a permanent factor in the life
of the country, but in a role that has ranged from
complete control to vigilant observer.
Much of the political history of Pakistan has been
set in this drama of contending influences, and the
military in early 1994 was still searching for a role
that would reconcile its interests and the broader
needs of a country whose politicians were
struggling to establish a credible authority of their
The concept still remains ambiguous, having
originated from simpler definitions which initially
emphasized the freedom from military threat and
political coercion to later increase in sophistication
and include other forms of non-military security as
suited the circumstances of the time.
ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY
POLICY & ITS TYPES
Policy is a course of action adopted by the
government in order to achieve its national
A policy is a principle or protocol to guide decisions
and achieve rational outcomes.
There are two types of policy
Definition: Certain strategic and technical
decisions are taken at government level to protect it
geographic and demo graphic features for the
overall protection of National interests at National
level as well as International level.
Creation of Defense Policy
There are three main forces which are Army, Air
Force and Navy. There main objectives are to protect
Pakistan from internal and external threats.
Types of Defense Policy:
There are two types of defense policy
Defense Policy at Domestic level
Defense Policy at International level
Definition: Relations between sovereign states. It
is reflection of domestic politics and an interaction
among sovereign states. It indicates the principles
and preferences on which a country quant to
establish relations with another country
Relation with all states
Pakistan has good relations with almost all the
nations of the world on the basis of mutuality of
interests, cordiality, and peace and noninterference
and internal affairs. Pakistan believes that problems
to be resolved peacefully.
Relations with major Powers:
The 4th feature of Pakistan’s foreign policy is its
relations with the Muslim states.
Relations with India
Control of Terrorism
Purpose of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy
PAK NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY 2014-2018
National Internal Security Environment
STRATEGIC ANALYSIS AND CONCLUSION
Concept of Nation-State
National Purpose (NP)
National Interests (NI)
Ibid, p. 385.
Christine E. Dobbin, Basic Documents in the
Development of India and Pakistan 1835-1947
(London, Van Nostrand, 1970)p. 8.
Thank You …!!!