PREVENTION OF CORRUPTION
METHODS AND PRACTICES
A H M E T C O S K U N
2 3 - 2 5 J U LY 2 0 1 4 A S TA N A ,
K A Z A K H S T...
FRAUD
THE FRAUD TRIANGLE
A framework for spotting
high-risk fraud situations
PRESSURE
Financial or emotional force
pushing...
THE FRAUD TRIANGLE
• Opportunity
“Can I get away with it?”
• “I can do it! ”
• “Nobody really checks! ”
• “I can conceal i...
RECIPE TO BREAK THE TRIANGLE
• A comprehensive prevention of corruption policy
• Building a strong, diagnostic and interac...
TWO METHODS
TO PREVENT CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC SECTOR
1. Integrity Risk Management
2. Ethics Training
RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
COMMUNICATION&CONSULTATION
MONITORING&REVIEW
RISK EVALUATION
RISK TREATMENT
ESTABLISHING THE CONTEX...
GUIDING ELEMENTS FOR AN EFFECTIVE
INTEGRITY RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
• Whole of Government Elements:
• Whole-of-government p...
ETHICS TRAINING
• Why is that important?
• Internalizing public values
• Socializing
• Awareness raising
• Becoming sensit...
TURKISH CASE
TURKISH PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
● 75 million population
● 3 million public employees
● 225 billion dollar central government...
MAIN ACTORS FOR PREVENTING CORRUPTION
• Institutions
• Prime Minister’s Inspection Board
• Court of Accounts
• Council of ...
COUNCIL OF ETHICS
FOR PUBLIC SERVICE
CHAIR
VICE CHAIR
MEMBER
MEMBER
MEMBER
MEMBER
MEMBERMEMBER
MEMBER MEMBER
MEMBER
SECRET...
COUNCIL OF ETHICS FOR PUBLIC SERVICE
● Council of Ethics for Public Service (CEPS)
● Central body to make ethics policy an...
NETWORK MECHANISMS FOR POLICY IMPLEMENTATION
• Meetings
• Seminars
• Workshops
• Conferences
• Training activities
• Ethic...
ETHICS TRAINING POLICY
● Organizing ethics training programs since 2009
● No obligation to organize specifically ethics tr...
TRAINING PROGRAMS
●Training of trainers
● 250 trainers in stock
● Leadership skills and managerial status
● Strategic prio...
DETAILS…
● Training module: “Ethical Leadership Program”
● 1-2 day event
● 12-24 participants
● Interactive dilemma-type m...
CHALLENGES AND
KEY ASSESSMENTS
● Capacity problem
● insufficient budget,
● limited number of permanent staff and
● difficu...
CHALLENGES AND
KEY ASSESSMENTS
● Ethics commissions’ vague and
weak status
● Gap in policy cycle
(e.g. Evaluation)
19
THANK YOU !
Ahmet COSKUN
+90-506 256 8495
acoskun@basbakanlik.gov.tr
20
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prevention of corruption methods and practices3

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - prevention of corruption methods and practices3

  • 1. PREVENTION OF CORRUPTION METHODS AND PRACTICES A H M E T C O S K U N 2 3 - 2 5 J U LY 2 0 1 4 A S TA N A , K A Z A K H S TA N RIGHT WRONG ETHICS 1
  • 2. FRAUD THE FRAUD TRIANGLE A framework for spotting high-risk fraud situations PRESSURE Financial or emotional force pushing towards fraud OPPORTUNITY Ability to execute plan without being caught RATIONALIZATION Personal justification of dishonest actions
  • 3. THE FRAUD TRIANGLE • Opportunity “Can I get away with it?” • “I can do it! ” • “Nobody really checks! ” • “I can conceal it! ” • “I will not get caught! ” • Pressure/Incentive/motive “Do I have a reason for this corrupt behavior?” • Personal/financial situation • Greedy/egoistic/deceptive personality • Perceived intense needs • Rationalization: “How do I justify my behavior? Can I live with myself?” • “Good for my organization/country!” • “I am underpaid!” • “Everyone is doing it!” • “No visible harm to anyone!” OPPORTUNITY “Can I get away with it?” RATIONALIZATION “Can I live with myself?” INCENTIVE “Do I have a reason for this behavior?”
  • 4. RECIPE TO BREAK THE TRIANGLE • A comprehensive prevention of corruption policy • Building a strong, diagnostic and interactive control system  Internal control  Internal audit  External audit  Interaction with stakeholders  Continuous quality improvement  Corruption/integrity/fraud risk  Management policy • Promoting a corporate culture based on values and morality • Establishment of code of conduct • Ethics training CONTINUAL IMPROVEMENT
  • 5. TWO METHODS TO PREVENT CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC SECTOR 1. Integrity Risk Management 2. Ethics Training
  • 6. RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM COMMUNICATION&CONSULTATION MONITORING&REVIEW RISK EVALUATION RISK TREATMENT ESTABLISHING THE CONTEXT RISK IDENTIFICATION RISK ANALYSIS RISK ASSESSMENT
  • 7. GUIDING ELEMENTS FOR AN EFFECTIVE INTEGRITY RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM • Whole of Government Elements: • Whole-of-government policy, including a clear model and accountability approach • External audit and political supervision • Alignment with relevant reform programs • Agency Specific Elements: • Strong internal control systems within the public agencies • Clear lines of responsibilities to ensure accountability • Sufficient tools, instruments and resources with continuous improvement perspective • Effective consultation and interaction mechanisms with stakeholders
  • 8. ETHICS TRAINING • Why is that important? • Internalizing public values • Socializing • Awareness raising • Becoming sensitive to minor issues as a safeguard for further threats
  • 9. TURKISH CASE
  • 10. TURKISH PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION ● 75 million population ● 3 million public employees ● 225 billion dollar central government budget 10
  • 11. MAIN ACTORS FOR PREVENTING CORRUPTION • Institutions • Prime Minister’s Inspection Board • Court of Accounts • Council of Ethics for Public Service • Departments within institutions • Inspectorates • Internal Audit Units • Ethics Commissions
  • 12. COUNCIL OF ETHICS FOR PUBLIC SERVICE CHAIR VICE CHAIR MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER MEMBERMEMBER MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER SECRETARIAT Investigation Unit Project Management Unit Training Unit Administrative Affairs Unit 12
  • 13. COUNCIL OF ETHICS FOR PUBLIC SERVICE ● Council of Ethics for Public Service (CEPS) ● Central body to make ethics policy and promote ethical culture throughout Turkish public administration ● Ethics Commissions ● Implementation partners within each institution ● Legal mandate to disseminate ethical culture within their institutions ● No formal relationship between the Council and the Commissions ● Ethics Trainers ● Certified by the Council ● Keeping in the network ● Ethics Platform ● Newly established ● Stakeholders invited to participate ● Discussing policy and implementation issues on ethics 13
  • 14. NETWORK MECHANISMS FOR POLICY IMPLEMENTATION • Meetings • Seminars • Workshops • Conferences • Training activities • Ethics Week activities in May 14
  • 15. ETHICS TRAINING POLICY ● Organizing ethics training programs since 2009 ● No obligation to organize specifically ethics training programs ● Collaboration with ethics commissions ● Demand-driven voluntary participation 15
  • 16. TRAINING PROGRAMS ●Training of trainers ● 250 trainers in stock ● Leadership skills and managerial status ● Strategic priorities: Close collaboration with certain ministries ●General training ●Seminars ● Interactive discussion ●E-training ● Not fully developed yet 16
  • 17. DETAILS… ● Training module: “Ethical Leadership Program” ● 1-2 day event ● 12-24 participants ● Interactive dilemma-type model ● Scenario Discussions ● Stimulating participants to speak and think 17
  • 18. CHALLENGES AND KEY ASSESSMENTS ● Capacity problem ● insufficient budget, ● limited number of permanent staff and ● difficulty in training new ethics trainers in a short time ● Dependency problem 18
  • 19. CHALLENGES AND KEY ASSESSMENTS ● Ethics commissions’ vague and weak status ● Gap in policy cycle (e.g. Evaluation) 19
  • 20. THANK YOU ! Ahmet COSKUN +90-506 256 8495 acoskun@basbakanlik.gov.tr 20

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