POLLUTION CONTROL
INSTITUTIONAL APPROACH
(through environmental economics and policies)
Aparna Ajith
Roll No 146
T Y ...
What is Pollution?
Pollution can be explained as :
The act or process of polluting or the state of being
polluted, espe...
Ideal World
•All wastes that cannot be recycled would be outlawed. Here
cost of a pollution free society would be very h...
NATURE
RESOURCES
HOUSEHOLDS FIRMS
WASTE WASTE
EARTH ACT AS A SINK TO THESE WASTES
8/26/2014 4
•A healthy, clean and serene environment is our most
important need.
•An ever deteriorating environmental condition make...
Ethical Questions about environment.
1. Does the earth exist for the benefit of humanity?
2. Do humans have any ethical ...
•Therefore it is necessary to achieve a balance between social
costs and social benefits of reducing pollution.
•But ext...
What is Environmental economics-
•Environmental economics is a distinct branch of economics that
acknowledges the value ...
There are a few methods by which economics can interfere.
1. Assign environmental costs to resources under use.
2. Use p...
Regulatory and Incentive based Policies
•Regulatory agencies like E P A (Environmental Protection
Agency) charges for th...
The B U B B L E P O L I C Y
•This policy places a virtual enclosure over the firm to
monitor types of emissions.
•Here ...
Green Peace
• It is a global environmental organization consisting of
Green Peace International in Amsterdam and 28 nati...
National Institutions in Pollution Control
Indian Pollution Control Association
•IPCA is a non profit NGO registered und...
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
•Constituted on 22nd September 1974 under section 3 of the Water
(prevention and ...
•CPCB has delegated its powers and functions to respective
local administration.
•CPCB and State Pollution Control Board...
Pollution Control Research Institute (PCRI)
•The Government of India in collaboration with the United
Nations Developmen...
8/26/2014 17
Some important initiatives of G P C B
•Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) being implemented to shift 40% of the trips
from ...
8/26/2014 19
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Pollution control- an instituitional approach through environmental economics and policies

This is about using environmental economics as a tool to control Pollution by various agencies.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pollution control- an instituitional approach through environmental economics and policies

  • 1. POLLUTION CONTROL INSTITUTIONAL APPROACH (through environmental economics and policies) Aparna Ajith Roll No 146 T Y B Sc ( ES) 8/26/2014 1
  • 2. What is Pollution? Pollution can be explained as : The act or process of polluting or the state of being polluted, especially the contamination of soil, water, or the atmosphere by the discharge of harmful substances. --- or simply can be mentioned as--- The discharge of a toxic or contaminating substance that is likely to have an adverse effect on the natural environment or life. 8/26/2014 2
  • 3. Ideal World •All wastes that cannot be recycled would be outlawed. Here cost of a pollution free society would be very high Imperfect world •To live in a society without any pollution control …………..Real world is somewhere between this………….. 8/26/2014 3
  • 4. NATURE RESOURCES HOUSEHOLDS FIRMS WASTE WASTE EARTH ACT AS A SINK TO THESE WASTES 8/26/2014 4
  • 5. •A healthy, clean and serene environment is our most important need. •An ever deteriorating environmental condition makes pollution control our priority at any cost. •Institutions, Government agencies, NGOs and individuals try their most to achieve the best mechanism to control pollution effectively. 8/26/2014 5
  • 6. Ethical Questions about environment. 1. Does the earth exist for the benefit of humanity? 2. Do humans have any ethical obligation towards other living species? 3. Do we have the right to take all the earth’s resources for our own use? 4. Do we have the right to kill all other species for human needs? 5. Do other species have an intrinsic right to exist? 8/26/2014 6
  • 7. •Therefore it is necessary to achieve a balance between social costs and social benefits of reducing pollution. •But extra waste reduction is much more costly once a substantial waste reduction has attained. •Here the role of Environmental Economics come into play 8/26/2014 7
  • 8. What is Environmental economics- •Environmental economics is a distinct branch of economics that acknowledges the value of both the environment and economic activity and makes choices based on those values. •The goal is to balance the economic activity and the environmental impacts by taking into account all the costs and benefits. 8/26/2014 8
  • 9. There are a few methods by which economics can interfere. 1. Assign environmental costs to resources under use. 2. Use price as a tool to avoid waste of resources. 3. Allocation of environmental resources based on true costs and real benefits. 4. Resource conservation through environmental management. To enforce this, and to keep a watch, policies and institutions are set up 8/26/2014 9
  • 10. Regulatory and Incentive based Policies •Regulatory agencies like E P A (Environmental Protection Agency) charges for the right to pollute and imposed limits through regulations. •Some methods are- •Emission charges - These are charges established for the right to emit a pollutant •Emission standards - There are limits established by the Government on annual amount and kind of pollutants that can be released to air or water by producers as well as users of certain products 8/26/2014 10
  • 11. The B U B B L E P O L I C Y •This policy places a virtual enclosure over the firm to monitor types of emissions. •Here , if a firm reduces one pollutant by more than current standards, then the pollution control standard is considered Average. Worldwide Pollution Control Association ( WPCA) •WPCA has assembled a group of people who are experts in pollution control. •They have an user advisory board who give this board direction and assistance. •Membership to WPCA include sponsored seminars. On basis of its funding, it operates on global missions. 8/26/2014 11
  • 12. Green Peace • It is a global environmental organization consisting of Green Peace International in Amsterdam and 28 national and regional offices around the world providing presence in over 40 countries •The group has 3 ships, Esperanze, Arctic Sunrise and Rainbow Warrior III •They carry out global campaign strategies against environmental offenders Core Values: •Personal Responsibility and Non Violence •Independence •No permanent friends and no permanent foes •Promoting solutions 8/26/2014 12
  • 13. National Institutions in Pollution Control Indian Pollution Control Association •IPCA is a non profit NGO registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860, Foreign Contribution Registration Act and entitled with Central Pollution Control Board at national level. •It is engaged in creating environmental awareness and implementing Integrated Solid Waste Management. •They reach out to both public and private sectors to educate them about environmental self sustainability and policy development. 8/26/2014 13
  • 14. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) •Constituted on 22nd September 1974 under section 3 of the Water (prevention and control of pollution) Act, 1974 •The main function is to promote cleanliness of streams and wells. •Also assigned with the power and function of the act with passage of air (prevention and control of pollution) Act. •CPCB plays its role on both national and state level •It is the guiding organization in pollution control activities. [Cont’d] 8/26/2014 14
  • 15. •CPCB has delegated its powers and functions to respective local administration. •CPCB and State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) are responsible for implementation of legislations relating to prevention and control of Environmental Pollution. 8/26/2014 15
  • 16. Pollution Control Research Institute (PCRI) •The Government of India in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) decided in 1984 to establish a Research Institute dedicated to Industrial pollution control. •This institute is sponsored by Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL). •The objectives of PCRI is to assist India in self reliance in Industrial pollution control technologies with respect to air, water, noise and solid waste pollution. 8/26/2014 16
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  • 18. Some important initiatives of G P C B •Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) being implemented to shift 40% of the trips from Personal transport vehicles to Public Transport •70 Plants of 96 compost Plants in the Urban local bodies of India are in Gujarat and are operational. •3.6 Lac Auto Vehicles switched over to Clean Fuel of CNG/LPG in the last 7 years. •25000 Hectares of Mangrove Forest have been added in the Postal areas of Gujarat which will be working as strong Carbon Sink absorbing 50 tons of Carbon per Hectare. •Social Forestry in Gujarat has achieved a benchmark of 14 Trees per Hectare. •Drip Irrigation System (DIS) has been introduced and inter-linking of 21 rivers of the State for Conservation of water. 8/26/2014 18
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