PORRAJMOS: THE OTHER
HOLOCAUST
The Romany genocide by the Nazis
Between 220.000 and 500.000 (including
mixed-race people) of the one million
Romanies living in Europe before World War
II...
HISTORY OF A PERSECUTION
In 1899, in Germany, the Bavarian police
created a special service upon Romany
people, its centra...
HISTORY OF A PERSECUTION
The situation escalated to a critical point
with the rise of Nazism, which boosted
not only discr...
The tragic fate of the European Romanies
started to unfold in 1942, when Heinrich
Himmler, head of the entire Nazi police,...
A former Auschwitz concentration camp
inmate, Antonín Hlavácek, could see the
coming trains from the window of his
barrack...
PLACES TO REMEMBER:
Jasenovac Camp
Massacres of Ustice and Gradina
Camp III C
Auschwitz - Birkenau
Porrajmos 140126130642-phpapp02 en
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Porrajmos 140126130642-phpapp02 en

Gypsi holcaust
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Porrajmos 140126130642-phpapp02 en

  • 1. PORRAJMOS: THE OTHER HOLOCAUST The Romany genocide by the Nazis
  • 2. Between 220.000 and 500.000 (including mixed-race people) of the one million Romanies living in Europe before World War II were killed during the Holocaust.
  • 3. HISTORY OF A PERSECUTION In 1899, in Germany, the Bavarian police created a special service upon Romany people, its central headquarters lying in Munich. In 1929, freedom of movement within the country was forbidden to Romany people and the first concentration camp was created. Romanies were sent there on the grounds of being “asocial, of dangerous blood and clearly inferior”. Any contact with “the gypsy scourge” had to be prevented. Marrying a Romany person was considered as disgraceful by society and of course resulted in losing both employment and social status.
  • 4. HISTORY OF A PERSECUTION The situation escalated to a critical point with the rise of Nazism, which boosted not only discriminatory laws, but also the construction of concentration camps, medical experiments on children and pregnant women, female sterilisation and mass executions in gas chambers. In 1944, the most influential media put it this way: “… mixed-race Gypsies cannot endanger the German people as much as the Jews. They are weak, primitive beings, unable to mature”.
  • 5. The tragic fate of the European Romanies started to unfold in 1942, when Heinrich Himmler, head of the entire Nazi police, ordered their deportation to Auschwitz extermination camp. Bohemian and Moravian Romanies were held in the “gypsy camp”, along with other Romanies coming from Poland, Germany, Austria, The Netherlands, Belgium and other countries. HISTORY OF A PERSECUTION
  • 6. A former Auschwitz concentration camp inmate, Antonín Hlavácek, could see the coming trains from the window of his barrack. “The trains would always arrive at night. The Nazis would come at a ramp next to the track and force the people down from the wagons. I could hear the people crying and screaming, and the dogs barking. Most of the people were taken to the gas chamber straight away”. Towards the end of the war, the Nazis sent most of the inmates to concentration camps in Germany. In Auschwitz, the old, the women and the children remained. On the night from the 2nd to the 3rd of August, thousands of people were killed, including almost 3,000 Romany people. HISTORY OF A PERSECUTION
  • 7. PLACES TO REMEMBER: Jasenovac Camp Massacres of Ustice and Gradina Camp III C Auschwitz - Birkenau