Popular Culture
1950s to 1990s
Music – war –
fashion – politics –
art - technology
Part I
The Story from the
50s to the 70s
The 1950s – The Post War World
The post -
World War II
period
The war in Europe
ended with Soviet
troops Taking
Berlin
The 1950s -
The Post War World
The post World War II
period
The war in Asia ended
with atomic bombs
dropped on Japan
The 1950s – The Wars (1)
• Malaya 1953 Indochina 1954 Korea 1950
• Part of the Cold War Global Conflict
The 1950s – The Wars (2)
Suez 1956 Hungary 1956 Cyprus 1955
The West & the Russians Cutting up the World after WWII
The 1950s – Americana
Flashy, fun, popular
images and
entertainment
This was the image
of the U.S. to the
War-ravaged soci...
The 1950s – The New Icons (1)
Marlon Brando Marilyn Monroe James Dean
Blondes and Rebels – ‘I wannabee like…’
The 1950s – The New Icons (2)
Brigitte Bardot John and Jackie Liz Taylor
French sex symbol Kennedy wedding Star!
These peo...
The 1950s - The New Icons (3)
Marilyn Monroe Audrey Hepburn James Dean
The 1950s – The Movies
Hollywood Sci Fi and and Musicals
Wonderful Escapism
Singing and Screaming
The 1950s – The Movies
Searchers Gentlemen prefer Blondes Rebel without a Cause
1956 1953 1955
The 1950s – Abstract Art
• Jackson Pollok
• A field of swirling
colour mix.
• Drips, splashes,
runs produce a
vibrating pl...
The 1950s – Abstract Art
• Colour assumes its
final and complete
dominance of the
picture plane.
• Abstract expressionism
...
The 1950s - Consumerism
Domestic design Jukebox design Coca Cola fronts Time
Together with Hollywood, American
Consumerism...
The 1950s - Corporate Culture
Above: McDonald’s 1955
Right: Lever House, New York 1951
While Europe and Asia recovered
fro...
The 1950s – Car Culture
Vastly Different
Styling and
Design Concepts
Between U.S.
& European
cars due to
cultural and
econ...
The 1950s- Car
Culture
European
VERY SMALL CARS
For the masses
The 1950s – The
Roots of Rock ‘n Roll
Black Rhythm ‘n Blues music
is the soul of Rock ‘n Roll
Jive to the blues
Black Rhyt...
The 1950s-
Hey, its only
Rock ‘n Roll
Elvis Presley (1935-1977)
In 1953 Elvis walks into the
Sun recording studio –
Memphi...
The 1950s – Hey, Its Only Rock ‘n Roll
New Music – Eddie Cochran - rocks the night away
The groups The fans Dance the nigh...
The 1950s –
Hey, Its only Rock ‘n
Roll
Bill Haley and the Comets –
1956 - Rock around the Clock
Mr. Rock ‘n Roll
Chuck Ber...
The 1950s – Hey, Its only
Rock ‘n Roll
Jukeboxes and Jukeboxes and Jukeboxes………..
‘Teenage’ Music provides part of an new ...
The 1950s – Cars and Things
Supposedly this was
American Youth
lifestyle in the 1950s
as shown on the
movies:
Money cars a...
The 1950s – Cars and Things
Cadillac Eldorado 1959 Tailfins
Baroque Consumerism
extravagant styling as a sales factor
The 1960s – Vietnam
Vietnam:
The Americans pour
men money and credibility
into supporting a corrupt
South Vietnamese
gover...
The 1960s – The Icons
Rock ‘n Roll
music and images
connect with fashion,
politics and anti-
establishment ideas to
Form a...
The 1960s – The Icons
John, Paul, George & Ringo
The Early Beatles 1962.
They were to change dramatically
during the ‘flow...
The 1960s – The Icons
Muhammed Ali Bob Dylan Big Red Guitar
Times they are a-changin’
The Movies of the Times
Above: Easy Rider 1969
Dir: Dennis Hopper
Right: The Graduate 1967
Dir: Mike Nichols
The 1960s-The New
Culture
Album covers had become a powerful
new art form. They show the influence
of Eastern design and p...
The 1960s -The New
Culture
Artist: Andy Warhol 1968
Pop Art
Art meets Consumerism Capitalism
The 1960s – Vietnam goes on
• Helicopters drop
• U.S.troops
• into to search and destroy
• operations
U.S. Machine gun pos...
The 1960s – The Space Program
Lift off orbit recovery
The 1960s – The Space program
Space ships link up in orbit
Astronaut suited up
The 1960s – the Cuban missile crisis
Kennedy talks to the Soviet leader Krushchev just before
the dangerous period of the ...
The 1960s – Cars and Things
1960s marketing
techniques to sell
gas-guzzling cars
Cadillacs – the U.S.
Luxury car
Class, wo...
The 1960s – Cars and Things
Standard European Cars.
Above: The British Mini
Above:
The Italian Fiat 500
The 1960s – Cars and Things
Vespa Italian Scooters: Cheap and
popular European transport
The 1960s – Vietnam goes on
Above: South Vietnamese Soldiers
carry a wounded comrade
Getting out fast
The 1960s – Civil Disorder
Anti War and Civil Rights demonstrations rock the U.S.,
European and Japanese cities.
Left: Mar...
The 1960s –
Man on the Moon
11th
July 1969 Man Lands on the Moon
Saturn Launch Vehicle
The 1960s – The Counter Culture
Sgt. Peppers Album Rocking at the concert Jimi Hendrix
Advanced Rock music combines with d...
1960s –1970s Movies
The Graduate: 1968 Rocky 1976 Midnight Cowboy 1969
Dir: Mike Nichols Dir: John Avildsen Dir: John Schl...
1960s – 1970s Movies
James Bond The Sound of Music Lawrence of Arabia
Dr. No - 1962 1965 1962
HOLLYWOOD alive and well
The 1970s – The Counter Culture
Music graphics fashion politics art genders and relationships
lifestyles changed in the ea...
The New Design Culture – The 1960s
• Top Left: Carnaby St. London fashion
• Top: Model Jean Shrimpton
• Top right: Fashion...
The New Design Culture – 1960s
Vespa scooters 1960s Loungers Joe Colombo 1967
Tactile, colourful & fun ideas from
pop cons...
Pop Influences on Culture–
The 1960s70s
Pop Art uses
Popular and
Familiar
Consumer items
as subject
Matter, like
Modern De...
Art Meets Life - Pop Art Icons
• Pvc Pop sculpture:
‘Dual cheeseburgers’
(‘with everything’).
The connection with
Surreali...
Art Meets Life – Pop Art Icons
• What is familiar about
this image? The style is
taken from a Marvel
comics production.
• ...
Art Meets Life - Pop Art Icons
A tiny detail raised to a
very large scale.
The comic book style
again, but a clear
artisti...
Pop Influences on Culture –The 1960s70s
Sgt. Pepper Band 1967 Soft Toilet 1966 Marilyn 1962
The Beatles Claus Oldenburg An...
The New Design Culture - 1960s
Top: Los Clubes, Mexico, Barragan 1966
Right: Urban graphics, U.K. 1960s
Colour
invades the...
1960s –1970s Movies
By the 1960s and 1970s Hollywood had a truly global power
reaching and influencing every culture in th...
1960 – 1970s Movies
Above: Ben Hur
The Hollywood historical epic
Above:Spartacus
1970s – Oscar Movies
Patton: George C. Scott (1970) Godfather: Marlon
Brando (1973)
The 1970s – Politics & Politicians
Richard Nixon Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan
1969 – 1974 1976 -1980 1981 - 1989
The 1970s – Punks
The Punks, hard reaction to the new soft hippie clean
image and soft music. above: New York Punks
Punk =...
The 1970s – Punk
Culture
• The Sex
• Pistols U.K.
• Punk Rock
• album:
• ‘Never mind
• the Bollocks’
Above and right:
styl...
The 1970s – Fashion
Street fashion, but cleaned up for the mass market.
The 1970 made even radical fashion statements acce...
The 1970s – The Age
of the Big Concerts
• Rock goes Commercial – Big Time
The 1970s – End of
the Vietnam War
Over a million Vietnamese
killed and 58,000 Americans,
the war ends and America
withdra...
The 1970s – Technology
Top: Nuclear submarine
Top Right: Radio telescope
Right: Nuclear accellerator
(atom smasher) at CER...
The End
Thank you
Folks
For your patience
I hope you enjoyed
some of this talk
and learned
a few things
See You Again, May...
of 64

Popular Culture 1950s to 1970s

Post WWII culture: architecture, design, movies, music, politics, products, Rock 'n Roll and all the events that completely changed Western Culture in the aftermath of the war. Loads of images and text. Researched, Assembled and Designed by Alex Brown Blog: alexbrown.net
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Design      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Popular Culture 1950s to 1970s

  • 1. Popular Culture 1950s to 1990s Music – war – fashion – politics – art - technology Part I The Story from the 50s to the 70s
  • 2. The 1950s – The Post War World The post - World War II period The war in Europe ended with Soviet troops Taking Berlin
  • 3. The 1950s - The Post War World The post World War II period The war in Asia ended with atomic bombs dropped on Japan
  • 4. The 1950s – The Wars (1) • Malaya 1953 Indochina 1954 Korea 1950 • Part of the Cold War Global Conflict
  • 5. The 1950s – The Wars (2) Suez 1956 Hungary 1956 Cyprus 1955 The West & the Russians Cutting up the World after WWII
  • 6. The 1950s – Americana Flashy, fun, popular images and entertainment This was the image of the U.S. to the War-ravaged societies of Asia and Europe FUN, FUN, FUN! THEY SAY ………Meanwhile back in the slums of Jakarta or Berlin
  • 7. The 1950s – The New Icons (1) Marlon Brando Marilyn Monroe James Dean Blondes and Rebels – ‘I wannabee like…’
  • 8. The 1950s – The New Icons (2) Brigitte Bardot John and Jackie Liz Taylor French sex symbol Kennedy wedding Star! These people were news – everything they did was gossip
  • 9. The 1950s - The New Icons (3) Marilyn Monroe Audrey Hepburn James Dean
  • 10. The 1950s – The Movies Hollywood Sci Fi and and Musicals Wonderful Escapism Singing and Screaming
  • 11. The 1950s – The Movies Searchers Gentlemen prefer Blondes Rebel without a Cause 1956 1953 1955
  • 12. The 1950s – Abstract Art • Jackson Pollok • A field of swirling colour mix. • Drips, splashes, runs produce a vibrating plane. • Jackson Pollok: • ‘Lavender Mist I’ • 1950
  • 13. The 1950s – Abstract Art • Colour assumes its final and complete dominance of the picture plane. • Abstract expressionism is Expressionism without subject matter. • Franz Kline 1950s
  • 14. The 1950s - Consumerism Domestic design Jukebox design Coca Cola fronts Time Together with Hollywood, American Consumerism becomes the dominant factor in the new post war economies
  • 15. The 1950s - Corporate Culture Above: McDonald’s 1955 Right: Lever House, New York 1951 While Europe and Asia recovered from the war, The U.S. built a new consumer & corporate culture
  • 16. The 1950s – Car Culture Vastly Different Styling and Design Concepts Between U.S. & European cars due to cultural and economic differences above: the Mini 1950s the Fiat 500 below: Plymouth 1950s 1950s
  • 17. The 1950s- Car Culture European VERY SMALL CARS For the masses
  • 18. The 1950s – The Roots of Rock ‘n Roll Black Rhythm ‘n Blues music is the soul of Rock ‘n Roll Jive to the blues Black Rhythm ‘n Blues PLUS White Country Music = Rock ‘n Roll
  • 19. The 1950s- Hey, its only Rock ‘n Roll Elvis Presley (1935-1977) In 1953 Elvis walks into the Sun recording studio – Memphis Tennessee to record a song for his Mother……. Rock ‘n Roll is Born Presley combines white country with black ‘soul’
  • 20. The 1950s – Hey, Its Only Rock ‘n Roll New Music – Eddie Cochran - rocks the night away The groups The fans Dance the night away The new culture of ‘teenagers’ and pleasure
  • 21. The 1950s – Hey, Its only Rock ‘n Roll Bill Haley and the Comets – 1956 - Rock around the Clock Mr. Rock ‘n Roll Chuck Berry
  • 22. The 1950s – Hey, Its only Rock ‘n Roll Jukeboxes and Jukeboxes and Jukeboxes……….. ‘Teenage’ Music provides part of an new group identity: Rock ‘n Roll in the cafe
  • 23. The 1950s – Cars and Things Supposedly this was American Youth lifestyle in the 1950s as shown on the movies: Money cars and freedom For Asian and European kids this was just a dream Saturday Night Chevrolets, burgers and the jukebox
  • 24. The 1950s – Cars and Things Cadillac Eldorado 1959 Tailfins Baroque Consumerism extravagant styling as a sales factor
  • 25. The 1960s – Vietnam Vietnam: The Americans pour men money and credibility into supporting a corrupt South Vietnamese government set up by the French against North Vietnamese forces. Starts in 1960-61and finishes for the Americans in 1972 A U. S. Soldier under fire All Part of the COLD WAR conflict
  • 26. The 1960s – The Icons Rock ‘n Roll music and images connect with fashion, politics and anti- establishment ideas to Form a new YOUTH counter culture Elvis Presley electric guitars
  • 27. The 1960s – The Icons John, Paul, George & Ringo The Early Beatles 1962. They were to change dramatically during the ‘flower power’ era British Fashion model Twiggy
  • 28. The 1960s – The Icons Muhammed Ali Bob Dylan Big Red Guitar Times they are a-changin’
  • 29. The Movies of the Times Above: Easy Rider 1969 Dir: Dennis Hopper Right: The Graduate 1967 Dir: Mike Nichols
  • 30. The 1960s-The New Culture Album covers had become a powerful new art form. They show the influence of Eastern design and philosophies Jimi Hendrix and Cream album covers
  • 31. The 1960s -The New Culture Artist: Andy Warhol 1968 Pop Art Art meets Consumerism Capitalism
  • 32. The 1960s – Vietnam goes on • Helicopters drop • U.S.troops • into to search and destroy • operations U.S. Machine gun post More men more money more dead
  • 33. The 1960s – The Space Program Lift off orbit recovery
  • 34. The 1960s – The Space program Space ships link up in orbit Astronaut suited up
  • 35. The 1960s – the Cuban missile crisis Kennedy talks to the Soviet leader Krushchev just before the dangerous period of the Cuban missile crisis. Right: Fidel Castro Cuban leader
  • 36. The 1960s – Cars and Things 1960s marketing techniques to sell gas-guzzling cars Cadillacs – the U.S. Luxury car Class, women, status, colour, chrome SELL CARS
  • 37. The 1960s – Cars and Things Standard European Cars. Above: The British Mini Above: The Italian Fiat 500
  • 38. The 1960s – Cars and Things Vespa Italian Scooters: Cheap and popular European transport
  • 39. The 1960s – Vietnam goes on Above: South Vietnamese Soldiers carry a wounded comrade Getting out fast
  • 40. The 1960s – Civil Disorder Anti War and Civil Rights demonstrations rock the U.S., European and Japanese cities. Left: Martin Luther King Right: Chicago demonstration
  • 41. The 1960s – Man on the Moon 11th July 1969 Man Lands on the Moon Saturn Launch Vehicle
  • 42. The 1960s – The Counter Culture Sgt. Peppers Album Rocking at the concert Jimi Hendrix Advanced Rock music combines with drugs, fashion, anti-war protest to re-create culture
  • 43. 1960s –1970s Movies The Graduate: 1968 Rocky 1976 Midnight Cowboy 1969 Dir: Mike Nichols Dir: John Avildsen Dir: John Schlesinger
  • 44. 1960s – 1970s Movies James Bond The Sound of Music Lawrence of Arabia Dr. No - 1962 1965 1962 HOLLYWOOD alive and well
  • 45. The 1970s – The Counter Culture Music graphics fashion politics art genders and relationships lifestyles changed in the early 1970s. This counter culture filtered ideas and attitudes into everybody’s lives.
  • 46. The New Design Culture – The 1960s • Top Left: Carnaby St. London fashion • Top: Model Jean Shrimpton • Top right: Fashion group – mini skirts • Left: Male fashion history 1950s to 1990s • London becomes fashion capital of the • world & British pop music takes over.
  • 47. The New Design Culture – 1960s Vespa scooters 1960s Loungers Joe Colombo 1967 Tactile, colourful & fun ideas from pop consumer culture entered the Normally ‘serious’ design areas of architecture, furniture, product Design. Colombo loungers 1967
  • 48. Pop Influences on Culture– The 1960s70s Pop Art uses Popular and Familiar Consumer items as subject Matter, like Modern Design Style, irony and retro. Hockney and Lichenstein above. Right: Ironic statement on Consumerism and pop music
  • 49. Art Meets Life - Pop Art Icons • Pvc Pop sculpture: ‘Dual cheeseburgers’ (‘with everything’). The connection with Surrealist movement is obvious. Familiar image but unfamiliar material. Claes Oldenburg – 1962 Art: Just ordinary everyday items sold in shops
  • 50. Art Meets Life – Pop Art Icons • What is familiar about this image? The style is taken from a Marvel comics production. • But there it is - as art! Up on the wall of the art gallery. Context is everything! Roy Lichenstein: ‘As I opened fire’ 1964
  • 51. Art Meets Life - Pop Art Icons A tiny detail raised to a very large scale. The comic book style again, but a clear artistic statement. Context and size as factors in the image Roy Lichtenstein “Brushstroke’ 1960s
  • 52. Pop Influences on Culture –The 1960s70s Sgt. Pepper Band 1967 Soft Toilet 1966 Marilyn 1962 The Beatles Claus Oldenburg Andy Warhol A new art & design consciousness emerges out of an ironic analysis of popular consumer culture. It is then applied to the design of products. The beginnings of Postmodernism
  • 53. The New Design Culture - 1960s Top: Los Clubes, Mexico, Barragan 1966 Right: Urban graphics, U.K. 1960s Colour invades the environment & designs of the 1960s
  • 54. 1960s –1970s Movies By the 1960s and 1970s Hollywood had a truly global power reaching and influencing every culture in the world
  • 55. 1960 – 1970s Movies Above: Ben Hur The Hollywood historical epic Above:Spartacus
  • 56. 1970s – Oscar Movies Patton: George C. Scott (1970) Godfather: Marlon Brando (1973)
  • 57. The 1970s – Politics & Politicians Richard Nixon Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan 1969 – 1974 1976 -1980 1981 - 1989
  • 58. The 1970s – Punks The Punks, hard reaction to the new soft hippie clean image and soft music. above: New York Punks Punk = Tough music, tough style & Attitude
  • 59. The 1970s – Punk Culture • The Sex • Pistols U.K. • Punk Rock • album: • ‘Never mind • the Bollocks’ Above and right: style like nothing before or since
  • 60. The 1970s – Fashion Street fashion, but cleaned up for the mass market. The 1970 made even radical fashion statements acceptable for money and mass markets
  • 61. The 1970s – The Age of the Big Concerts • Rock goes Commercial – Big Time
  • 62. The 1970s – End of the Vietnam War Over a million Vietnamese killed and 58,000 Americans, the war ends and America withdraws defeated. Top right: Last helicopter from the U.S. Embassy, Saigon Right: Last U.S. operations
  • 63. The 1970s – Technology Top: Nuclear submarine Top Right: Radio telescope Right: Nuclear accellerator (atom smasher) at CERN laboratories
  • 64. The End Thank you Folks For your patience I hope you enjoyed some of this talk and learned a few things See You Again, Maybe Hmmm..he looks tired

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