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Nasa 2nd mission on mars rotated

2nd NASA mission to Mars
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Technology      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nasa 2nd mission on mars rotated

  • 1. ~. --. -n-~—---— -.5.-«~———? .-—. —.—~p—. ... ..§_<_, .__. ... ..__. , ‘ _ Asponapunit Enmaembpnazl HEPIEXOMENA IEA. 'EAlu: n|m Xclplurdvv Aqxhv Mnaqzpuan - Axaaxcuvj : l’pa(ps'lo Ynapxnyou FEA m H Aclilvcpn Anoarokh mg NASA arov ’Apn vnayou (MT) AA. KoAo6ou‘J lnq EMY/ EKAE 23 Streallh Fighler tau Pierre Darrourl Mtréuppcmn - Anaaxcuf] 43 Envéq (I) A6. Zuvtixcq ’ To npévpauua nuv ToupKn<u‘: v F - 16 Metcuppaon - Amaxeurj : 49 Eu). Zulu (ZME) I’. Zxpouunéhou iuveznxd Yhxa : I1M: avI: Im'1pa‘ra In Malovaxrfipata Msréuppaar] » Anauxeufi : 56 E4), Ema (ZME) I’. Zxpouunékou L Aclmo Evnpépuanc
  • 2. I yuu va Kdvouv aMoL’1 Kupmépa, EiVOl 01 omoyzvslaxéq buoxokicq nou n; ,)o)<umouv urté TIC ouxvéq TOTI09ETl‘| GElQ at: Bldipopcq ed. OEIC 0 OM‘) TT]V nnelpo. H "MIPWHW 55 <P0iV8Tcll v’ anaoxohei Lélahepa muq xcLp1- ("'59 “'9 RAAE “V Km 50 l“1°P0UOClV va Kspbizouv ta 5m)d as EHNODIKI‘-Q aeponopméq E'[¢1lp[EQ. H Ixavonolnon crrnv cpvqoiq *5X°‘ ‘WWVI °X‘>°n us H9 Kpumoelc Km us | .uu ruo tpumauévn r!0AI1u(n uno yépouc VIC KUe9DVTWnC- 'Oaov mpopé 11¢ Ka1ou<lr: q K01 TIC Tl|9UV8C Enlxopnvfiaclq ‘[0 new‘) TEiVt: l v' augnesi. NEA ZHAANAIA V EM: w:‘°""""1 ”°’}- A5P°"°P5fl THC N; Zflkuvéiuq uv'nu51u>nl(s1 _ 9 Us Mnpwuara utpuw. Evroumtq T0 6vd(e1 népa crnq "EPWOOTSDEC EIIIXEIDYIOIOKEC unannaeu: pourivaq. I “DIV and Ta uéou ‘IOU 1955, Ol rlpompeq cBcAov1méq unoxm. gnoclq éu>9a00V 09 Kpialllfl cnineba. 2’ (mm auvrékaae pm ‘"9730?! WOOOMIDSHIV 0116 ué pouq Twv Ioruxcbv nomnxthv u5pono- puuuv ‘erutpubv. _ “GVTWQ, 0' auto to a1a6lo,1o Zuueoflluo 'Auuvuq ustwoe 'Il'| V °E°'5° “"" X9‘F"°T“’V °‘P<W- uwvéc Knpflooovruc xpimuu m eni- : 'I': :'° 3"¢V5Dw°T1C TwV'r! Inpwu6'n. uv cupwv Km a<pari: pou {nub- 9 ‘"10’ TOUC XEIPIOTBQ, uEKol'Jq nopciuq mpouq, agxofiq r| Ag. K190)/ mouq nou unnperodv OE aqun, aaupuatlméq, apxnyouq N°{9<-W Km TOUC éxovrac xaunluirepo eueuo, vu euéonouofiv Buo x°°V‘° "9" W6 1° X9‘3V° ¢VK9l0|'IC Twv napamrfiaccbv rouq. Z2 H AEYTEPH AFIOZTO/ H THZ NASA ETON APH Vnayoo (MT) AA. KoAo6oI. ’I mq EMY/ EKAE l'| POA0 F02 v xcu T0 dpepo nou cIKo)ou9si avutpépetal 0' Eva vevovéc nou dpxtos vu Ecruhivarul to Zernéu8pLo mu 1975, m» rnsuouus mac n bnuoolsucn rou sival avuvxala. uquoo napa6é1t: |xpr']oluu OTOLXEIO vna rnv Kamvénan rou cupurepou nepnfldlmovroq xdupou, Kcll smnM: ov unorekei 1nv TSAEUTOKO anoo'roAI'1 owov 'Apn. Eknuoflus axépn én. Ibluirspu afiuapa nou To evfixunpépnv KCll0ll1p0O| '!t‘19E| EQ vLa Inv Kutuvéncn mu élumnuaroq okoéva Km cvrcivovta, as TlOVK<50|. llO cnlnabo. z: rn6dMcra1 n. 600 1'0 éuvc11r')v, nAnpécm: pn evnuépwofi uuq Kcu, am OUVé)(8lCl. evap- vonolncm uov Guvaromtwv uaq. npoq rnv Kureueuvan '1nc cup- pmoxfiq as 6Lao1npu(a npoypauuura. EIZAFOFH And éAa 1a eufluaxu nou LP<1[VOV'l’ul o-ro Vu)(T8plVO oupuvo. Mvu uvnxslusvu auvxéwpwouv Kal Kévrpnauv ‘H'| V npoaoxn Km 1:1 qnavmciu ncplaafnspo ano rov rmuvrjrn 'Apn. Xwpiq auqneomu sivcu évaq rmavhrnq Glacpopenxéq (mo muq dMouq. Adunen pa p<1AuK¢‘J Kbxxlvo cpwq, uvriesra us mv ofisia Aauxn uK‘nv96oAiu twv d))uuv dcnpmv Kcu evd) T0 OMCI darpa (paivovral Va l'(8plQ)ép0V‘l’Ql pa Kuvovméq aniveq, o 'Apnq Gelxvsu ¢‘1))o'n~: vu n)nau'1(s| Kau‘1))ore vu unouuxpflvetul am’) In Fn. To xpduua K01 n nspispvn Kivnof] mu Bewpfienxav um’) Iouq apxaiouq noxmopouc oav EK5l"| M3)OElQ unspcpuanubv Buvdusmv. 23
  • 3. ). Ot npdnsq avaqzopéq yta TOV nxavfnn xpovaAavoL'Jv1at 5613) Kat 3.500 xpévta Kat avavovm OTI1 BOGUMIJVG. Ot Baeukdtvtot Bew- pofloav an o 'Apnq firav o NEFIGAL, a 656:; Inc tpumaq, o aKa1a— viKn1oq 1'(DA£| .Il0Tl']f. :. Fta touq ’EMnvac, Kat tout, Pmpalauq eni- onq, o ‘Apnq nrav o 8569 ‘rou nohépou. Ito népaapa TOW atdmnv. o 'Apnq sEaKo}tou(-lotion va pawn- rlzct tout: Katoixouq mg Fnq Kat pt»: Tl']V aqaeopaon Iou TI’]M20KO- niou, Io ortoio 3né1p+: u,vs a-rout: avepcbrtouq va bouv Kan neona- aotspo and TO xpd)| .ICl tou, a l1}ClVf]TY‘| Q nfipa uevakec; Btamaastq O'l'l'| V afltpopn q>av1'aaia rouq. Ot neptaoénzpot fitav Béeatot an o 'ApnQ nrav Katotmpévoq. ‘H1av p(: tAto1a rétoto T0 uévseoq Inc: nlcnnq nou unnpxe Kat Nov (p| ‘|| .lG)V nou KUKAOIPDDDIJUOV. (5)015: Enav TOV OKTd)6pto TOU 1930 o neonotbq '0paov Ouékq Elna, as pa5taq: u>vtKfi exnopnfi, on Apetavoinpoayt: v.bBnKav Kat 1'0 tékcq nknatalat, r']rav témtoq o navtKéq, nou o aflntotoq Kaopoq EexL'J— 6nKe trrouq fipbpouc; Kat cmq afioxéq. 'Hrav xmpiq apq>t6oMa 10 11lO eeapanxé snetoééto amv to1'opla mg enta'rnpovtKr'1q (| )ClVIO- ataq. Ms Tl']V rtpéoéo rnq texvokoviaq. 0 ‘Am: artotéksos évctv and Iouq npdnouq aréxouq mw 6taa'n1ptKt. bv eptzuvdw. To 1965 n NASA ématm: 4 pt1 enavbpmuévsq rmfiaetq, muq MARINER 4, 6, 7 Kat 9. 0 MARINER 4, n_epvd)v1aq as pta artc'>o'raan 6.000 pt}_tio)v and TOV nkavfnn. éo'ret)e 22 wmroypatpieq nlow own I'n. Ertlanq ot MAFHNER 6 Kat 7, rtapvd)v1aq 10 Kakoxalpttou 1969 as artaomun 2.000 ptxiwv, rtflpuv ytltpw 0119 200 Lpunovpctqaleq Kat auyKévtp<n- aav crrotxaia am’: TT| V artupaveta Kat mv atpampatpa, xpnatpo— nottiwtaq apyava nou patpoov Tl']V u_népu6pn Kat ‘tnv uneptdxén OKTIVOBOMO. 'O1av o MARINER 9 '[é9r| KE as Ipoxta yoga) artb mv 'Apn. ntav T0 npdfio étamnpénkoto nou pnf]Ks as rpoxta vtltpa artb Kartoto nkavfnn IOU HMOKOU paq 0uo'n‘1pa1oq. AUIO éytvt: CI'[D Iékoq mu 1971 Kat r']1av n nto srttwxnpévn anomom. ptaq Kat €01!-DIAS ytipw a1tq 7.000 an-novpa<pis§ Kat fl0Af. IYl[. lO aptepé OT0|- xalmv, (B013 Va vivst évaq Aenxopsphq vemkovtxéq xaptnq. To Zo6tt: nK6 6tamnptK6 rtpévpaupa eixe snlonq oav rnbxo Tl‘| V Kataxtncn TDU 'Apn. ‘Oputq, 4 anbrtetpsq nou évtvav crro xpovtxé 6taa'n1pa 1971-1974 I’]1ctv arto1u)(npt’: vsq. ‘Eva 6taa-rn- pE')T(}OlO, pt')}ttq'npoat:6atpia'rnK2:, értaw: va a't’l: )tvet crrotxeta am 25
  • 4. J9 I'n p5Ya ant‘) 20 6auYepa)am’a. éva CIMO KaYaaTpét¢pnKt: a'mv smtpavsta You n)avr']Yn, éva Bav écrretks KOBOAOU OTOIXEIG, vtati 65v Aetroupvnoav Ya Opvava You, Kat TO YéYapYo 62 6pt‘1Ke Yav nkavfirn. Zrtq 20 Auyouarou Kat mam one 9 Zeruepepiou 1975, 6uo I1L'IpuuAOl TITAN/ CENTAUR, |, lET(lq)épOV'I’0Q 2 5lOOTI']| .IO1'IAOlC‘I, artov. =:td)8nKav ant’) Yo AtaaYnptKc') KévYpo Kévvst/ Yu, CITY] <D}t<')pt- vYa. Ta 5lGOTT))16T'| }0ld VIKING I Kat IL1-tou para Kanota anéoYaan xwpIa'mKav and rouq nupaflkouq KCII prtr']Kav as nopeia vta TOV 'Apn péaa om aKoYa6t TOU 6taaYt1paYoq. eixav éva oKortc'>: va (purricouv Ya pua-rfipta TOU n)avr'1Yn Kat va cpépouv TI']V npdnn st'ttcrrr1povtKr'1 at1<')6£tEn vta unapfin (wfiq, rtépa ant’) Yn I'n, as Kanoto EJAAO paKptvé I'I)GV1’]TT]. H AFIOZTOIIH VIKING Ta 5lGOT| ']| .Ié11AOIu mg ostpaq VIKING. nrav a. Yt TEAEIOTBDO e't)(t-: KGTUOKEUGUTEI mq eKaivr1 Ynv eno)(v'1. H opaéa t1Yr']onq You VIKING CIHOTEAEITO and 750 avtpeq Kat vuvaIKt: Q, nou KaYnt'J6u- 26 D vav mv l'lpd)'| ’I'] crrnv to-ropia antcn"npovtKr'1 efispeuvnrm cvéq t': tA~ Aou 1-tAavr']Yn. KévYpo mg 0I1OOT0}Y']Q r'1rav Yo JET PROPULSION LABORATORY Ynq NASA, a1nv K(1Al¢(3pVlCl. Apxnvaq Ync anoaYo)r'1q fitav o JAMEW MARTIN, 6aYepavoQ aspovaunnyoq Kat pt'1vaY(5p Ynq NASA, 0 onoioq étnueuve TO npévpappa VIKING and TL] TEAT] mg 6eKaaYIaq TOU 1960. «Et'vat TIOAU 5IJOI(OAO vu oxeqresire pta no/ tun/ toxdrepn ano- aYo/ r‘) and at/ Yr) You VIKING. /'la Va napsrs pta / Jtxprj ysuan, Ba nag mu c'>Yt Yo pr] snavépwpévo SURVEYOR, nou m'7ye ma uéaa You 1966 am Z5/r7vr1,at-tore/ £t‘Yo and 25.000 Kopparta. as avYt'- Bean pa ra 750.000 ttépry TOU VIKING, 6e'Ka xpévta apyérepa. ‘Yowpa, undpxet Kat o aveptbntvoq napayovraq. no va Kararpépot. /pt: va nape orov ‘Apr; Kat yta va napot/ pa (mo rte- ptOOdT5pCl orotxeia pnopouaapa, opyavdtoaps [JIG av5nav<'J- / nn'm opdba. anore/ 0L'/ psvn and 6totKr7TtKoL'u; , pnxavtxot’/ Y; Kat erttompovsq. Aza/ Iéfiapa rauq Kara/ /r1)Iouq aveptbnot/ <; yta rnv Kara/ /r])Ir] 6:077 Kat unfipés Yérota npoanaeaza Kat ouvrovt- auéc, wars YlrtoYa 62v aq>é6nK. -: amv TIJ)(r]». AMa aq Boupe mbq Aapeavmat pta anétpaon vta Yéroteq anoa'roAéq Kat 1-ttisq Eexlvnae T0 rtpéypappa VIKING. Ot 6tsuet'tvo- vreq Ynq NASA, éxouv arr] btaeaafi Youc évav aptepé nporaueutv vta pe: MovYtKéQ anocrroxéq, KaYaMr1Aa Ysxpnptwpévgq. ’O1av at-ttAéEouv pta npc'>Yacm, aivat 1'I}éOV eépa You KovKp! :ooou. av ea npavparonotneet t'1 c'>xt n anaarom. Av vivst 6sKYI‘], n rtpomtm prtaivet Urn Mara Tu)V 5vKeKptpévu)v O11OOTOAd)V Kat aYéAvovYat ot anattrjaetq crrtq btatpopsq aspo6taa'rnptKéq aratpziaq. pa Ynv l'IpéOKAr‘| UY‘| Va tmo6a)ouV npoacpopéq yta TT‘IV KaYaaK5uY'1 You étatrmpanxoiou. Zuvfiawq pta KOlVO1'[p(lEIO and) smtpeisq ava- Aapeavet Ynv KaYaaKcur'1. | '|apaMnAa, 6tavépovYat atYr'1ostq aupt. t5Yoxr']Q 01a fitatpopa Flavantarfipta Kat Epauvnrtxa KévYpa. éYat (hm: ot enta-mpoveq va pnopouv va npoYé: Ivouv natpapam T| ']Q 5tKr']q TOUQ at-tt)tovt‘]q 1'1 va éxouv Ynv é: uKatpta V0 ouppemcrxouv as Eva and Ya r'16n 2vKaKptpéva vta eKYéAaan natpapam. Téxog, pta opc'16a 8I'IlUTl']- pévwv GEIOAOVEL EHIAEVEI Kat rtpoYsIvt: t aYn NASA Yo oko npc'>- VP0I1IA0- H artoa-ro)tf1 VIKING npO1’d0nK8 Kat evKpi6nKe to 1968, GE avYtKaYaoYaon Ynq nponvoupevnq artoo1oAfiq VOVAGER, n 27
  • 5. U onoia paYattbI-)nKs Kayo: Yt»: xvtKti)v rtpa6AnpaYtnv Kat otKovoptKtbv 6uoKoAtd: v. AKoAotJenoav 5 xpovta oK}tnpr'1q 6ouAetaq. Kat Yo 5laO'1'1']Il0TIAOI0 sYotpaoYnKs, I‘) paMov Ya 6taaYnponAota. aqnau aura t']Yav 600. Ag (Soup: optuq ntbq r']Yav, auYa Ya YexvoAovtKa 0aupaYa: Ta anoYt: )tot'Jaav éuo Kupta Ypt‘(paYa. To éva aixa avakaflst va naet oYov 'Apn Kat va peivet as Ypoxta vupw and auYov (ORBI- TER), avtb Yo 6901:-: po ea rtpaaa6aq>t(oYav (LANDER). 0 ORBITER r'1Yav Yo at-ttxetpY| otaKo KévYpo You VIKING. as {JAY} Y1] 5tapKata You YaEt6tot': npoq Yov 'Apn, Kaetbq napsixe svépvsta aYov LANDER, Kparouoa Yo KaYaMtnAo uutoq. vta va sivat 6uvaYt‘( 1'1 artmotvtnvia pa Yn Fn, Kat éKave ékouq Youq a11apaIYnYouq Mbyxouq. Eng 20 Auyouatou 1975. o VIKING 1eKYoEeuenKe rtpoaKoAn- pévoq aYnv YYMIYY1 svéq KavYat'Jpou. Mom étpaaoe mo KaYaA- Anko utpoq, aneksueaptbenxs ano auYov, avotE, a Ya r| )ttaKd KaYo— nYpa You, yta Yn auMovt’1 svépvetaq. Yévnuae Ytq Ktzpaisq You Kat 6pt‘)Kt: Youq éuo oényouq You, Yov 'H)tto Kat Yo Aapnpb ao1po CANOPUS nou ea You xpnaipauov V10 Ynv rtopaia npoq Yov 'Apn. Es OM Yn 6tapKcta You YaE, t5tot'J, o ORBITER KaYévpaq>e oita Ya am. taYa Kat Ytq avwkéq nou You éfitvav Ya Yp'ta r‘l8ptq)EpEIaK(1 KévYpa You npoypappamq anb Tl']V Ka}tt<popvta, TT]V Aua'Ypa)tict Kat Ynv Ionavla Kat éKa_ve oxeq TIQ anapaitmeq Stopetboatq no- paiaq, nou ea You at-téYpanav va <p9aaet oYov n)tovt‘1Yn Yn au)o'n‘1 tbpa Kat mo au>oYo uépoq. Av1i6eYa, Youq év1eKa (11) ptfiveq rYYr1anq rtpoq Yov ‘Am, a LANDER r'1Yav avavapyoq. Béeata. cruxva You ytvévwuoav ptKpa T801’ YICI va ekevxeai n KaYac: rYaan Yaw pr()(avnpaYwv You Kat Ywv pnaraptthv, Méaa TOU unfipxav 8 t: rttaYnpovtKa apyava yta avYI- O'I’Ol)(d I'IElpd| .IcI'I’aZ — éva (euvapt n)teKYpovtKéq Kapepeq, at 011016: 65v aifiav povo Yo xptbpa TOU nkavfim auto Kat Yn Bpaxtbbn You utpfi. — évct ptKp(: t EpVaO'11’| plD BIOAOVICIQ. nou crxa6tao1nKt: va Ka- VEI Ypict 6tatpopsYtKa t1etpapaYa, yta va 5tctrttoYu)6el av urtétpxat Kat-tota popquf] (tong, — éuo apvao1r‘)pta, évo opvavtKé Kat éva avopyavo, vta va eksvxeet n xnptKt‘1 ouaraan You rtltavnrn, — évaq p£YetupoAovtKéq crraepéq, vta va Kavet peYpt‘| a:tq crrnv enupavata You 'Apn. 28 U) AOF'V¢0PDI (OHBITER) 1 “7.W. "F'! "“°’! “ ANIXNEYTHZ YFPAZIAZ MHXANH AHWHZ eEPMtKoz XAPTOI'PAOO£ KEPAIEZ 5 AEEAMENH KAYXIMDY KINHTHFEZ HAIAKO2 zwttzK-mz ANIXNEYTHE AIEYGVNZHZ HAIAKOX AIEGHTHPAX FIAEYZHX AKATOI EHIOANEIAZ (LANDER) ~. 1. 95”! “ .5w. ==, ~t. °t. <» . ZEIIMOFPAODI MHXANH AHWH2 I ¢AZMA1’OI‘PAsDOZ AKTINON - x R }; ato/ tortxoz EFIEEEPFAZTHZ 9 EHEEEPFAXTHX OAIMATOFPAWIKQN ~ XPflMATOrPAO| KnN AEACMENUN ’ ‘ OPFANA METEOPO/ IOFIAI BPAXIONAI zv/ t/torn: nrrpnumnu KINHTHPAZ I'IPDZI'EIn2H2 AEEAMENH KAYZIMCIV KEPAIEE FIVFHNIKOI ANTIAPAZTHPEZ 29
  • 6. 30 9» - évaq aetopovpacpot; vta Ynv Kamyoatpn oovnoetnvl -- éva ouoYnpa pavvnrtbv, vta va pt: Ypnesi Yo pavvnYtKo nebio TOU 'Apn — Kat NZAOQ Yo LIHXOVIKO xépt Yo onoio ea énatpvt: 6eIvpaYa artc’) Ynv ETIl(pdV5lCI. M216: and pnvaq aKoYt: tvnq mnanq péaa aYo 6taaYnpa, ant; 19IouvIou1976,o VIKING pnnKc U8 Ypoxta vupw orto Yov 'Apn Kat apxtaa va Kavet Yov TEAIKG éxayxo Ywv nsptoxthv nou cixav T1p0E~ notsyzt I18 eaan KptYnpta uU()>ClAEtuQ Kat anto-tnpovtKot't ev6taq; é- povYoq. H FIPOZEAAOIZH 'Optuq, n nsptoxn CHFIYSE 65v nYav Yoao opaxn. ontnq Ynv neptpavav. Kaetiuq o VIKING pnnKc as Ypoxta vuptn and Y0 ptKpc'> KoKKtvo nAavn1n Kat ot Kapapéq You apxtoav va na’tpvouv KovYtva n)ava one Ynv naptoxn CHRYSE, yta Ynv ortota nrav npovpappa~ Ytapévn n npooaéotptan, ot Url£L')6uvOt Ynq opaéaq apxtoav va avnauxauv. 0 ‘Am: ébatxve pta nsptaoompo avpta Kat Ypaxsia sntqyavcta ano o, Yt a'txav tpavYao'taI. AMG vtaYI sntxéxen K8 auYn n Yteptoxfi: Yéaoepa xpovta vtnpI— TEDG o Mariner 9 tpu>Yovoatpnoe: n¢a’ta'tt: ta Kat tpapawto oYnv tznupaveta You 'Apn. ‘Eva ntpatmato, o OLYMPUS MONS, aivat 3 cpopéq t1:nAoY: po am’) 10 'E6apt: aY. cvtb évo vtvavYto qxrpavvt, TO VALLES MARINERIS, éxat 6('18oq 4 pi/ ta. n)aYaQ yuptn (no 150 pI)tta Kat pnKoq boo nepinou at H. FI. A. EKYoq ano auYa opwq, OI q>tn1ovpaq>iaq tbatfiav Kat 1-tot)ta KOVCIAICI nou potaflouv pa anoin- papévouq norapouq. E'tvat akneeta on noMo'tento1npovt: q auqaéeaxav vta Yo av unapxat vepé oYov 'Apn, t': xovYaq we Baoopévo on n aYpc'>aq>atpa You aivat aKaYo tpopéq Atvonzpo rtuKvn and Yn 6tKn paq. Kétvct no)tt'J Kpuo Kat n rtiaan SIVIJI noku ptKpn, vta vo prtopéaat va unapfiat vepo, TOUACIXIOTOV oYnv uvpn You uoptpn. |‘IapoAa aura. av om pattptvo Ytapszxeav t-: ‘txav Ypéfiat noYapta vapou péoa 0' auYa Yo KCIV('1}lCI,9u énpana KovYa crta a1épta Youq va urtnpxa pta AcKavn pa t(npaYa. Hapa YtoMa ano auYa Ya Kava)tta KCITéAI'| yuV a-rnv rtaptoxn CHRYSE n ortoia nYav oav At; Kavn. vt‘ auYo Kat évtva ctuYn n EI1LAOVfi. 'Opu2q, ot Kaptzpcq You VIKING I, and Ya950 UIAIO Ynq paKptat: 31
  • 7. eMt: tnYtKnq Ypoxtaq You vaptn ana TOV 'Apn, é6etEav 600 npav- paYa. I'IptIyYov unnpxov o6tat| ,teuaYt: q evacifietq art KanoYs o 'AD| 'I'~‘. “X8 Taoécmeq noaaYnYeq vepou. Aeinepov aYt n entq: a— veta 65v nYav Kat Yaao q>tAtKt’-), amt’: avY‘tBs: Ya Ypaxata Kat 6paxtt'>- finq. H 6taKptYtKn tKavaYnYa Yaw pnxavdw Antpnq ana Yo ouyKapt- pévo utpoq. Youq t: néYpena va Gxértouv a, Yt avYtKeiuava nYav I. I8VClACITEpG ana éva vnneoo. ’Oputq apKot'ta5 Kat évaq ptKpaq Bpaxoq va qaépet Ynv KoYaa1potpn, av Yo 6taoYnponAoto éneqne navtu You. H apxtKa npovpappanapévn I'1pOOE5CI(plOT] You VIKING yta Ytq 4 IouAIou, pepa e8vtKnq vtopYnq vta Ytq H. I'I. A., ava6An8nKt: . Ttq enapaveq Ypetc, t:66opa5t: q évtvav aytnvttitéatq épsuveq vta t: vaMaKYtKt‘: q eéaetq. |'Iap9nKav Kat peAeYnenKav 800 q2tuY0vpa- tptaq nou KaAunYav pta neptoxn aon n xtbpa paq. RADAR ona Yn FYI éK0V0V. 0110 5lGq>opeYtKa uépn, paYpnast<: . Te>ttKa 8pnKav pta en'tna5n neptoxn 560 p'tAta paxpta ana Ynv apxtKn eéan. AMa n ayutvta 65v éAEVE va unoxtnpnaet. H NASA six: E, o6é- 32 IP81 éva 6ta£: KaYoppt'Jpto 6oMapta, ova’) n opaoa eixt: 6d)OBI oK1th xpovta ant’) Yn Lon‘) Ynq vt‘ auYn Ynv onoaYo}tr'. EpmTfi| JgTG anatq «Kt av npoa£6atptaYot'/ pa navw as Bpaxo, )7 ant; n)Iaytéq Kanotou Kparnpa [J8 peya/ n K/ Iian, :7 av euetaroaps péaa aYn attavn» n}tavtavYouoav oYov aépa. Eng 20 IOUAIOU 1976, aKpt6tbq 7 xpavta acporou n O8AI’)VdKO~ Yoq «AeYaq» You «AnaMwv 11» npoot:6aq>iaYnKe a1n Zexnvn, at t: AsvKYéq éatnaav svYoAn oYo LANDER, éva nepiapvo 1'l0UAIu£Y€- eouq Yltn. va anoKoMnBsi ana Yov ORBITER Kat va avatptzt vta 30 M: nYa nepinou Ytq pnxavéq You yta va pnopéaet va GVEI ana Ynv rpoxtd You. Mt: Ya and 3 tbpeq Kaeaaou, avotfie éva a>teE, inYtuYo yta va psttitast Ynv YaxuYn1a Kaeaéou as 5 | JIAlG Ynv tbpa Kcll CH: 10 >tertYa nepinou Yo VIKING I name: aYov 'Apn. Flépaaav 19 nepinou Ae1YYa tbanou va Yafitoétpouv Ya véa crrn NASA, dawvéq, YéAlCI Kat oapnavta aKoAoL't8naav Yn Aéfin «npoot: - 5atpta1nKapt: ->. Méaa as pta titpa n nptinn paupaaonpn t: tKava You VIKING apxtae va axnpaYIlt:1at, oYn}tn npoq aYnAn, ana Ya aptaYepa npoq Ya aegto, aYo MONITOR You JPL. Mta avpta antq>a- 33
  • 8. vata va(. taYn ana Koes eifiouq Kat t'Jt| .touq Gpaxouq. «Elvat una- poxo, ot Kdpspaq noYé 6»: t5ot'1/Isqtav Yaao KaId 560') am rm, finxwas 0 antxatpaltnq You YpnpaYoq tItn<ptaKnq enafiapvaaiac; at- Kavaq. H Yaxn nYav pa Yo pépoq Youq. Ea anatrraan 2-3 péYptt)v nYav évaq pavakoq epaxoq. Kavévac 65v eéxnaa va aKatpeaI Ytea aixa aup6eI av Yo 5taaYnpan)toto éneqm: navtn You. To epaxo Yov 6aq>YIaovs «BIG JOE». KOKKINO EAAIDOI, AOIAOEENH ATMO}I¢A| PA Ana Ynv aMn papa o VIKING I apxtaa va aYé)tvt-: t évxpwpsq atKavaq ana Yov 'Apn. 'Eva O'1'p(i)| .l(1 HODYOKGAIOQ oKavnq Kam- l1‘l’El Ya navra. ‘OAot atbov pa éI(I'lM'| ET] Yn aKavn va (1lu)p8I1’QI aYov aépa aav Kanvaq, aKana(ovYaq Ynv nAtaKn aKYtvo6ol'ta Kat Kavo- vYac; Yov oupava va | JOIIfI($l aa pta KoKKtvonopYoKaAta Kpépa, aKaYa <popéq q>tuYatvaY5 an ana Yo pn}ta oupava nou atxav q>avYa- UTEI. ZYa yntva paYta o ‘Apnq 55 tpatvaYav MVOTEPO aqatxafisvoq ano Ytq 5tKéq pan; apnpauq. Ot stKaveq anianq 65 pnapoaaav va 6:1!-', ouv Ynv évYcvn Ul'I5plti)5r] aKYtvo6oMa nou aapthvet Ynv ant- qnavata You 'Apn. ana Ynv onoia oYn 6tKn paq aYpaaq)atpa, pa-2 npooYaYat’u: t Yo '0(ov. Ta npdna OTOIXEIG é5€IE(1V vpnvopa naaa buaapacrra ea otoeavarav o aveptonoq aYov 'Apn. H arpaoqaatpa éxet 95% 5to- Eelbto You avBpaKa, n 6eppaKpaaIa éxat pévtoYo -31 Baepouq Kexoiou, evtb axaxtaro -86 Kat n rtiean napépava cnaeepn are 7.7 MES. 34 Ot antaYnpoveq You VIKING slxav npaekéwst auYa Ya a1ot- xaia, éYat, av KanoYa etxa unapgat (ton aYov ’Apn, anpapa ot nteavaYnYeq antfllwanq Gav EIV<1l rtoMéq. l'IapaAa auYa unnpxav Kat peptxa avBappuvYtKa O'1‘0l)(SI(1. 'E<t)q Ytbpa nta1'eaava aYt n aYpaaq>atpa You 'Apn éav aixe Kaeakou 'A(ouYa, nou aIvatYo pava)tuYapa auaYaYtKa You vntvou aépa Kat éva 6aatKa cnotxaio yta onotaonnon: poptpn (tong. '0ptuq Ya apyava You VIKING 6a'tEava an o 'Apnq éxat napI- nou 3% 'A(u: Yo. nou eIvat <1pK81’O vta Yn anptoupyia Kanotaq poptpnq (wnq. Kara Ynv Kaeofio pa}ttaYa péoa ana Ynv aYpo- otpatpa You, Ya opvava éfietiav aYt Kanon: unnpxa paya)tuYepo noaa Acdnou ana Yo onpaptva. Ot entompovaq ntarauouv aYt pevaka noaa You aaplou 5léq)UYuV uaaa 010 6taaYnpo Kat aYt nptv ana 3 5taaKaYoppupta xpavta n aYpoatpatpa You 'Apn npénat 35
  • 9. ‘ J V“ "I1°V OITWC TIIC “I93 95PI1<5Y9Pn. apKt:1a nuKvn, than va nét IPTOUV Bpoxéc; Kat va Kukava noYapta Kat Iatoq utavn yta my °V°""U§| '| Cmflf. ‘ 08 KCIHOIO 90k0000. arttnc; ntaYat'JaYat aYt éytva 0"] 7'1, nou Ywpa apmc, axat aEaY(, tta1t: (_ 0 '/ ‘DYIQ 8p<pavICaYat va EIVGI Eapaq. ‘0nou opmc; Kat va KuYa- EOUIM: aYov nkavnYn flkénoupa avosifiatq vapotjt. ‘Out; ot gpw-(fl. 08"? UXETICOVTCII I18 10 Vepo. 'Optt)q Yo vapa aYov 'Apn lsev unap. X8l om Wvnfltouévn uopqm nou Yo akértoutta om rn. Olxapnkéq 95PI10Kp00It: q Kat ntéaatc, Gav antYpt’: nouv Ynv uypf] popwj You ukkd Yn ouvsxn avakkavn TOU OW5 'J5P0YI16 as navo, ana Ynv 0*‘-PIG OTYIV cnepaa KaYaaYaan. I Akka av unnpxa KarYoYa vapa aYov 'Apn, not‘: nnys; 0 Viking 513155 (PM: 08 0UT<'>T0 OKOTSIVO anpalo, onoKakt'JnYovYaq an aura go gansko oYo Bopato nako aav aivat ana navtuptvo 6toEeI6to You v paKa. akka ana nayo. Entang ovtxvat’. tYnKav KpaYnpaQ nou ‘"19 "AGYI-9‘? TOUC UTIIIPXGV Ouixkeq. 'Eva navYwq psyako noaa V‘9°°~ """"3I'“3T°| 6“ fifiéfll-:1 va Kpoeamt cYo ut-taoaqaoc. Eup- tptnva pa anatpatq sntampavwv 1’T1Q I’ att)koytKnq Ynnpaaiqq U"'IPX0V TOUMXIOYOV Yptztc; tpaaatq aYtq onoiat; éppaa Vspé 5-m, °Wn9l0uévn You uopm Mta nptv ana 2,5 tstq xpovta, pta nplv 1 otc Kat n Yakt: uYala nptv ana 100 aKaYoppt’; pta xpavta. I'Iav1wq ot I-'5“1M0Vé<2 GU13? I5av KpaYnaav naptoaaupa ana kiyaq £Ku'IO- vYa6aq xpavta. EKTOC §‘>tJw¢ unb cum: Ytc svéaifiucvtu vzpo, anoKa}tL'I(pBnKc 0EUv6vo vuptu mo 1%. 'EYat kotnav Yo eépa sivat, anutq aVapu)- Ytérat Kat o cntKt: <pakr'| q You Xnl-IIKOU TI-"‘II1G10<2 IOU VIKING : -Aqmu Ya arotxela alvat aka 5602:, vspo, av9paKac; , azure Kat nktaKr7 aKYtvo8okt'a, vtari o Mayakoc Xnuutac 55V to wake arr) atuan‘) Youq 9t»’: or), -., vnAPxEt zmt ITON APH; nptv a Viking npoat:6a<ptoYai aYov 'Apn, at antoYnpovt: q crro °‘3)IX°V 8"°V8|N1pava KC1TcIQ)£p98I cvavYIov Ytuv ypnyopwv mt aav 6;*; V ? UU"5O00paYmv yta Yo av unapxat Loin. Kat O| _|| _1(p(])vn. . ‘ °“; "37"-“5"‘I VI Can’) EIVGI pta nokunkoKaYaYn fitapyaala, énparta va Kavat Ynv spcpavtan Ynq axt pavo as ava naipapa ctkka '39 "5P| '-'7'-"5T5D<1 Kat an pavo aYov ea aixav aka Ya anoYakéopaYa 36 to ana Yo auvoka Ywv nt: tpapaYwv Ba a6tvav Kanota anavYnan. AuYn n anatpaan apwq <pavnKa aYt avnKe o-rnv KaYnyopIa Tu)V npavpa- T0)V nou «et'tKoka kayovrat — 6t'JaKoka yivovrat», paktc; Ya nptina OTOIXEICJ ana Yov 'Apn apxtaav va épxovYat. 0 nkavnrnc; ano6s: i- xYnKa ava napiepvo pépoq nou Ya npaypaYa aav aivat aKpt8u'n: ; anon; fisixvouv. Akka ac; fioupa Kakt‘JYapa nthq waxvoups yta (tun aYov 'Apn. Béeata. av unpxav aKeiva Ya ptxpa npaatva av6ptt>naKta nou kayav Ya pu9toYopnpaYa 1'1 Y'tnoYe aua-raaaq aévapmv, Ba pne- paaaav va avtxvau6ot'Jv ana Yo LANDER. 'Akku)aYa ot payakot nokt1tnkoKot pnxavtapoi 66 Ba pnopoaaav va (naouv et'JKoka OE auréq ‘(IQ oKknpt': § arpoatpatptttéc; auvenKt: t:. Akka Ya 8aKYnpI6ta pnopotitv Kat zouv pt: skaxtcno 1‘) Kat xmpiq ofiuyavo. Mnopouv va Kpu<pYot‘Jv Kant) ana Yn oKavn yta va anotpayouv Ynv unepttbbn aKYtvo6okIa. Enianq 65 xp: ta(ovYat pavaka noaa uypoit vepot'J. ’AkkwoYt: Ya ptKpa6ta EIVGI OI YakeuYaIot entLnaavYa: :, as éva aKknpa napteakkov. 'ExovYoq kotnav aav oaaopévo aYt unapxet (tun, Kat auYn aivatYa ptKoa6ta, nthq aVl)(V£CIE'I’al; Ot Gtokoyot anocpaataav an n (tun aYov 'Apn, anttu: Kat aYn I'n, axt: Yi(eYat pa Yo aYotxaio av- 8paKa. Zuvnetuq aYav aKot'Jpa av6paKa aKanYa| .taaYa Ya paupa anopatvapta | JlClC, q>m1taq n Yn pt'JYn avaq pokufltou. Akka elvat Kan naptaaampo. 0 av9paKac, aivat anatpa at'Jnkaa’Yoq. '0xt pavo Yo atopa You oxnpaflzouv paxptéq akuaioaq, okka éxouv Kat ayKta1pa nou aukkapeavouv nokka akka aYopa Kat axnpaY’t- (auv aYakatwYouq auvfiuaapoaq. Mavo o av9paKaq pnopel va npopnatzuaat Ynv (1I'lIO"[EU'I’T1 natKtkIa 1'(L)V poolutv nou xpata(aYat Kaea (tuvYavaq opvavtapaq nou pnopolltpa va q>avYaoYot’Jp£. Ta papta nou xYIzovYat yapto ana pta av6paKtKn 6aan Kakot’tvYat «opvavuta». Ta opvavtKa auYa papta alvat n ukn ana Ynv onola anoYakot1tvYat akot at CtuvYavoI opyavtapoi. 'EYat, ot Gtokavot You VIKING sntvanaav Ypia nt: taapaYa, YUDID ana Ynv opyavtKn auYn ukn, nou eivat n Gaan noes anapfinq. Ta 6tokoytKa apyava nYav éva YcxvokovtKa 9at'Jpa Yaao ana nkaupag auYopaYtapot'J, aao Kat pavéeouq, nou aav nmv pavaktltupo ant’) pta vpaepopnxovn. 'HYay Ya'Yota n nakunkoKaYnYa ouYot'J You «KouYtot': ->, nou non‘: oYa t5oKtpaoYtKa aYn I’ n ficv éytvav YauYaxpova Kul Ya Ypla nat- papaYa. |'IokkoI entarnpovac; to'xupilovYat aYt Ba t‘(Yav EU'l'Uxl- 37
  • 10. apavot t': o-Ya; Kat av pavo ava ana Ya Ypia vtvaYav. 'Opa>q pta av6pti)ntvn aekatuia aYov npovpappartapa You computer npoéavnaa Yo prtkoKaptapa You paKptot'i pnxavtKou xe- ptou You LANDER. t': Yat titora va pn pnopai va napat aaivpaana Yo abatpoq. tI>avYaaYaIYa Ynv avtuvia Yaw avepdtnutv a1o JPL Kaedtq npoanaeoaaav vo pavYatIJouv Yt Bkaen unnpxa. Euwxtbq, pept- Kaq papa: apvaYapa Yo npaeknpa ktJ6nKa Kat Yo npLitYo aaivpa aaaqyouq nYav péaa crra apvocnnpta vta avakuan. TOTE, apxat; Auvouarou, anIaYauYa véa éq>Yaaav aYo JPL! To apvaarnpto aaatxva anpaia (conq. ’H Youkaxto-Yov av aav nYav (, u)n, 6pnKa ava ééaqzoq Yaao aEtuYtKa nou xnptKa aptpaito Ytq Ltntxag atapvaaiaq nou vIvovYat c1Yn I'n. BIOAOFIA ‘H l"| EPIEPI"H XHMEIA; 0t aveptnnot atanvaouv oéiuvavo Kat axnvéouv BIOEEIBIO You avBpaKa. To Iato aupeatvat Kat pa Ya ptKpa6ta, Ya onota anoppo- cpoav Kat ano6akkouv aépta nou pnopouv va paYpn9ouv. 'EYat kotnav, Yo npd>Yo naipapa. atpou anopovutaav ptKpn noaaYnYa xd>paYot; , aaattfia pta onpaopava pavakn napouata oauvovou, vapw one 15 tpopéq nap'taaaYapo ana You naptaakkovmq, To opvavo nYav npovpappanapavo va avtxvauaat uapovavo, oEu- vavo, a(tnYo, pt-: Bavto Kat 6to£a'tl5to You avepaxa. H avY't6paan auYn You 6aivpaYoq nYav a, Yt 0I(pl6d)Q naptpévava, Kan nou énpana va vivat av unnpxav QJIVTCIVOI opvavtapoi, «I7oYa' Gav alxapa Yérota avYt'6paon as Kctvavo and Ya £KClTO- vraoaq Ealvuara and Ya vntvo xdtpa nou eixopa 6oKtpaaat Kat nou 6av I'I£pI£l)(0V Can)». Enkwoa o unaaeuvoq You 6tokovtKou Ypnpa- Yoq. 'Opota. ava I5aL'1Yapo naipapa avatpapa Ynv avaKakutpn avaq aKnknKYtKa utpnkou nooou popttttv paatavapvou BIOEBIBIOU You av6paKa. «fltareaoutta art Kart unapxet aYnv antwavata, Kanota qauamrj I’; xnptKr7 t'InaptEn, nou npomkat‘ aurn Yr; Gpaornptarnra, nou potazat pa fltokoytxn. Av apwq oupflolvat aura. rare aivot taxupawpn ana a, Yt axat péxpt anpapa napouataorai am Fr; Kat Ga anuatvat on n Bto/ oyt’a arov 'Apn alvat nto ovanruypévn and auto Ynq Fng». 38 tbéa ptaq Yoao rtponvI1éVY1'~‘. (WIS V59 o1pdtpI'(K(! V om xnuclq. Vt“ V“ oeknpa nou 6nptoUPvY19YI'“3- IKING npoo-naenoav rtoka va BDOUV W1 , olo tKavonotnYtKt'( xnptxn kuon nou varafinvai Yo YpIYo Kat TSAEUTDU nou, anu! QT0UA51X‘°"°V Um rm “Em wwmouv ! :aTE‘: II‘LI)0€l§ 'EYat, Yov GVBPGKG ‘TIOV “E9” °E °Vep°K”, (éQ utoptlgax qv OVOEMOIO Kat é6°)‘°V '38 éva éoxeio Xdma 910 anal? now 800 V” 111 aKYtvoeo- OIOEEIGIO You avepaxu. To xwuu $KYa6nKa oa gm‘ Omv Em. Ma nou avanaplmoflos m'V avlvoeonu “Sm? U)I('I8 tobnq aKYt- '-DGVEIG T°” 'A9'I- °‘P°u "pmm “XE mpmes :1 11 o pothoaaa Ya VOGOMCL Onmoaéfinme umpoopymwuoq Geo ‘1’]Op5‘l)OEE'l6lO You aapta. 'EYat avtva. KaYt I«‘9°°_‘ ‘"0 afiaqzoq Ypo fl énwq mvouv C-wepam Km 10 ugmt: rxnpaYt(, at ca akka auaYaYt: rim cum fimv Ya aura o'rnv IPUIYOOICIVBEUII‘ 05°‘ °UI, “°“"”I°° , 9 , (0 mo unI. IuVYlKé rtaipapa Kat arto Ya '[pl0.AEV’UI"I(1D; (lEJ3lcIl(vUT: ggg:2 6tok0vlKC5 I’-‘T0lX5"° "°” "° avfibpa “E “W, Tpmt-“Jana Yo anavaka- aoacpot; You 'Apn. 'OYav apt»: Yo YakauYato natp all 6“ muVum_ 8av, aqaau auTF1 "I ‘P090 “X” esifmuvsl To Xmu ' ¢I>8nKa auYa nou aixav act "IV "PI-“'1 ‘P°pd' Anpasupot vct 5€X‘°0V "IV as ava YaYoto Yarto. OI anto1|’1I1° Youq 6titaatYY1v anavYI1°TI 0T0 "9 Ot 6toko'v0l TOU V 39
  • 11. wfl 'Onota aptuq Kat va nYav Ya anoYakaapaYa TIDV Ypttitv natpa— I-laYtnv, énpsna va Yatptafiouv pa Ya anoYakaapaYa Kat Ytuv akkutv patpnaaaov. AITIEI Ya )(nI. IlKé pnxavnpaYa, T0 pav avapvavo. évaq tpaapa- Yovpaqzoq aKYIvmv X, KaYavpawa aq>6ovia nuplttou, aloapou, aa6aoYtou. akoupivtou Kat YtYavtou, avtit Yo opvavtKa 6a katYot’tp- vnaa ana aveptbntvn aakawla. 'EYat kotnav, ot etokavot napapatvav anpaeupot va t5axYot'Jv T71‘! |'J"0PEn Ynq (wfiq, anaton at: 8pt':6nKav opvavtKaq avtitaatq oYo aoawoq. «'Epota(a aav va avtxvaaapa t’map£n (tun: orov AP'7- / ‘M0 SXUUI-I8 pavakn 6uoKo)IIa (no va Yo aaxroapa» onktnaa o amKaq>aknq Ynq Btokoviaq. AEYTEPOIIEIITA ZIKIHHZ IAN AIDNIOTHTA Ot antaYnpovaq You VIKING anoeaaav am No 2 no aknloaq Youq vta Yn kt’: an Yaw otkn ppaYtttv nou onptoupvnaa o I. MeYa ana IMO IIOKDUTBPTI K01 5U0KokéYt: pn épauva yta KaYakknko papoq npoaaéatptanq, 8pé6nKa pta naptoxn 8opataYapa nou kavaYat UTOPIA. Ot paYpr']aatq u6paYpdt)v aoatfiav an n naptoxn aivat I'll0 uvpn ana Ynv CHRYSE You VIKING I. I1aptaaaYapo vapa anpaivat pavakurapaq nt9avoYnYaq (mnq. H ‘((330509 WU N0 2 GDXIOI: one 3 Zarnapeplou 1976 Kat nYav avaYptxtaaYtKn. '0Yav o LANDER anopaKpt'JvovYav ana Yov OR- BITER W09 KUKRQ XEIDIUI-I0‘: maparnoa Tnv El'llKOlV¢t)VICl paYaEt'J Ynq KavYptKnc, Kapaiaq Kat Ynq | 'n(; . Béeata o unokovtaYnq You LANDER alxa non npoypquugn. aYaI vta Ynv KaBo6o, akka 6av unnpxa Ypanoq va akévfiouv auYr'1 Ynv Kaeooo. O pavoc; Ypanoq, nou DI akavKYaq nYnaatq Ga paBat- vav av 10 nouki npoaat5atpIaYnKa ntav Yo MONITOR. 'EYat, karna vaKptKnt: : otvnq antKpaYotZtaav aYo JPL, titanou va tpeaaat n tbpa nou o LANDER énparta va aivat oYo aaatpoq. 'Opwq n tbpa auYn rtapaaa Kat Kavéva anpa aav épxovYav. MaYa ana klva Kaeumapnpava 6auYapakanYa, noaa n ku- TPIWYI‘ OIJCIM npoaaoatptcrn. ’YaYapa ana kivaq titpat; n 6ka6n anoKaYaoYa6nKa. H rtpt3oYn rtavopaptKn atxava You VIKING 2 éIlDlCl(, E pa You I: KaKKtvo, aKovtopavo Bpaxtboaq nablo. Aum In «pond 0 °5l°I10VDél<p0q katYoL1pvot'. IOa. I'| ctp('Jka cum, 40 0 I5av KaYavpatpa Kavéva aatopo, Kapta abvnon nou ea Goneoaaa Youq vautkavouq va anavYnaouv aa paptKa aputYnpaYa antnq av o ’Apnq aivat vaot>kovtKa avavapvaq, n noao pavakn a’tvat n aEmYa- ptKn Kpot'JaYa You. n Yt nupnva axat. 11 av vatnkovtKa 6p'taKaYat nto pnpooYa ana Yn I‘n : Et6a Bnkabn Yo pakkov You n pnnuta Ytbpa 0 nkcIvnYnt: ; ODXICEI va v'tvaYat avapybq. I'ta akkn pta tpopa Ya anou6atoYapa Yam nYav Ya 6tokovtKa. Kat yta Ctkkn pta qaopa Ya anoYakaapaYa aqaapav afitvxuan. Ot opyavtKo't Kamvpatpaiq 6a 6pnKav Kapta opvavtKn évtoan, t': aYtu Kat av auYn Yn tpopa Yo pnxavtKa xapt You LANDER éanptuia éva ptKpa Bpaxo Kat nnpa aaivpa abatpouq ana Kant) You nou, antnq a'tvat qzuatxo, aav aKYiBaYat aYnv unapttbon aKYtvo6okia. «Epalc ot fltakoyot a(paoYa noku unapoapavot» 6r']kLt)0t-: a arttKacpaknq 1ouq, aYav Ya nstpapaYa aaatfiav apotaq ovYt6paaatq I18 You VIKING I. «Mnopaira va na! Ya an a1paoYa may 70 yapo Kat Yo aKop alvat: Btokoyia 10 — EEwYtKt7 Xnpala 10». EIMAZTE MONOI ITO ZYMHAN; ea avaptuYnBnKaYa vtaYi Yaon pavakn antpovn aro av unap- xat (tun aYov 'Apn. Av Gpoupa (am. So aivat n pavakt'JYapn q; tko- ooq2tKn avaKakut| .tn aktnv Ymv attbvwv. H t’JnapEn aaYtu Kat ptKpa- Bioov Ba anpatva anka aYt oav a'tpaoYa pavat paq. Av n (ton pne- pouoa va auvYn pneai oa ava Yaao cl(pl}tOE8VO nkavnYn, 'YoYa ai- voupa Ba alxa avanYuxBa't Kanou akkou, aa Kanoto naptoamapo qntkofiavo nkavnYn, péaa aYa aKaYoppt'Jpta VGA(1ElIiIV nou unap- xauv. «Ana pta XIIIIIKII anot/ In, unapxat uovo avaq Ypanoc 6nptoup- yiaq (mac 666: am F17. Ga eakapa va Eépapa av ot Apatavot’ opyovtapai, av unapxouv, aivat tpuaypavot pa Yov loto Ypano nou aipaara Kat patq: Ma Yo {6to DNA, pa Yov 't6to vavaYtKa Ko't>6tKa, av Ol npt. oYa1vat: ylvovYat ana Ya l6ta aptvoiaiota. ArtavYt1)vYaq auYaq Ytq apcurnoatq ea paealvapa nokka npav- paYa vuptu ana Ynv apxn Ynq (tun: Kat Ynv atpeovia 111:; n axt paaa oYn q>t'Jon». EFIIIIOFOZ Ot antampovaq, pakaYd>vYaq Kat auvKp'tvovYaq Ytq aYpa- atpatpaq Fnq Kat 'Apn, pnapaaav pa atvou pta va nouv ntoq rtpoé p- 41
  • 12. xovrat ana ‘I0 Ifito KoatttKb aavvstpo oxévnq. ’AMot entamuovec éxouv xataci uéaa 01a epyaorfipta 1'I'| Q xnuclaq rtpocnaedovtaq va avartapavayauv 1a anotskéattara Tuov netpauénwv ‘IOU ’Apn. Mnopsiva rtapet Kcll éva xpbva, tmop£: I Kat 100. vta va Bpauv Tl aKpt6d)q auu6aivet. Ot partéc, nnv ORBITERS ééatfiav an ‘[0 6uo ptKpa cpsvvanta 'I’0U 'Apn. a $660: Kat o Aeiuoc, npénet va eivat aanzpostéalq nou ntao1nKav and ‘I0 | .IaVVI']'IIK6 rtsfiio ‘IOU 'Apn. Ta VIKING s'txav npoypauuartmci va p£A£‘I’O0V 'rov 'Apn at: w uéaa mu 1978. Eta téxavq GUTOU mu érouq In 99% and In vvtban pat: vta TOV 'Apn, otpsvtavrav arnv artoatom VIKING . «Maeatu: neptoaarepo yt'/ pm ana mv aruaaqaatpa TOU 'Apn uéaa as 1110:‘) dtpa Kaeéfiou mu VIKING , napa ana napampfiactc 50 xpavwv» Bnkwas o Urtetifiuvaq mu Mctcaypaxaytkoti rummroq. H srtépevn anoatam TOU Viking, o No 3, eixe I'IDOYDCI| .l| .lCl'I’I. - a1£. I vta 1'0 1981. Maxtcna o Lander au‘n‘] 1’I'] (papa ea | JETCI. I(lVEI'IO nokka xtxtépnpa vta va napet apKe1a 5£IV| .l(1'I(l. AAM1 n ana- a1oAt‘1 aurfi ttarattbenxe vta otKovoutKot'Jq Abyauq. Em'. l6I‘] slxe Goeei npo'repaté1n1a are SPACE SHU'I'| ’LE. 'Oua)q. r'16n éxouv 6vet avaxotvcbaetq Kat ana TIQ H. I'I. A. Kat rnv E. Z.Z. A. yta auvéxtan mu npoypapuaroq a1tq apxéq mt; Baxauiaq mu 1990, nou, av bwmq npavtta1anotn0ot'Jv, ea 66:- aouv véat; rtoAt'mpc: VVd)06l(‘, vta T0 n)ttaK6 pat: aI'Jo1nua. vta mv rtpoéxauan me (am; Kat vta YOUC, véuauc, mu Zthttnavroq. I'It'1v'rtnq. éxovtctq wt; Bebauévo 1’Cl anorakéouara ana ‘H1 net- pctuata am Zt: N'1vI1 Kat arav ’Apn, ttnapoaut: va rtoflttc us 68- 6at61nra an axt ttéva ‘IO Zflttrtav aivat naplepvo, and an ion): BIVCII nto nepizpvo Kat am‘: 600 unopatiue va tpav1aa1at‘Jtu: . BIBIIIOFPAOIA 1. MARS AS VIKING SEES IT. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC 1977 2. VIKING: INTELLECT AND ING ENUITY TRIUMPHANT. MARTIN MARIETTA TODAY 1976 3. THE MARTIAN LANDSCAPE. NASA 1978 VIKING LANDER SYSTEM. MARTIN MARIETTA 1977 5. THE COLORS OF MARS. NASA 1976 P 42 STEALTH FIGHTER Tou Plerre Darcourt Mzratppaan — Alaaxsun Enyéc (I) A0. Zavtixoq psyaxo nkeovénnua mq at. tsptK¢'1vtKnq Aeponopia-2,, n ukortolnon Inc tfiéaq ‘YOU onoiou npavt. taTonotr']6r1Kc as us- vitkn uuaTtKb1n1a, EIVCII aat'. tMnrt1o Kat anb ‘((1 mo aitvxpova pavnftp. H 'n: paa1ta btatphtttan nou évtva vitpm am) 10 npbypauua npunaflauxlaq vta 'l’I‘| a'rpa'rnvtKt'1 auuva (S. D.| .). npoweobusvn ana rev ibta 'rov AtteptKava rtpéefipo Pfwxav. IZIJIES crxsfibv OTT1 aKtét To 't'e)(vaAavtKb autb axpa Inc; atzponoptxfiq fiavaunq mtv HIIA. bnooc aurb 11pavua1artatr‘]enKs: ttéaut mu: tptnxfiq 6pao1'r1— ptémraq a1nv ClVClVVd)plm‘| , 5teIcvfiucn1 Kat flo| .l6cI. p6laIIb_. H anuoatbmra nou abenxa a-to rtpbvpattttct «I'Ib)t: uo< mv ’Aa1putv>- srtétastue, Kara Kétrtoto Ipbno, o-rouc, spsuvnréo; Kat ueyaxoetopfixavouq, 6auAst'Jov1a<: rnv diéa rou «abpcnou as- poaKétq>ouq», va anuflxouv evwnwataxét anotsléauara, napa rtq avfieeteq anbwatq utaq aoeaphq petaqantpiaq. Avfuuna TOU atpouq ucpavxaauau éxouv KIOKQQ avtxvsitast optcruéveq «exeptxéc rteptaxtq» yta auMoyI‘| nxnpatpopuiw, Xm- piq vct éxouv evrontoeei ana ‘ID ébatpaq r't anb awn avaxcthtanq. To aasportxavo cpavraaua->, yv¢ua'r'o aav «steanh Fighter», 10 no Bapeto Taavr rt. x. TCI axpr] aura xpnotuonotftenxav npa- Katuévau va Karaypatpouv Ia a1pa1et'JuaTa Kat Ia unxavfiuam ‘raw / I6uuJv 1'0 1983 Kat 1985, 6tarna'n'ovov1a<; i:1at an Gav six: npavttamnotnfiel n 5Aét11¢. o0n raw a1pa1eut. t¢'1r¢nv nou EIXE aEav- v2IM: t o Zxnq Kawdcpt. Ac, Kétvouua apmc; |JlQ ustacpapa, YIO. Va Kct1’aJét6out. te Ka)tt'J- 43

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