Pricing and Value: How to
Measure Success in Fulfillment
12/16/2014 1
Key Issues When Negotiating
Services With Your Fulfillment
Company
Negotiation
• You can save a lot of time and legal fees if you
understand some of the key issues that often drag
out contr...
Insurance
• Often times, companies using an ecommerce fulfillment
service believe that the fulfillment company has
insured...
Warehouse Lien & Loss
• Warehouse Lien: UCC Article 7 grants a first priority lien to the fulfillment
company (Bailee) in ...
Pricing Ecommerce Fulfillment:
Comparing Apples-to-Apples
An Apples-to-Apples Comparison
• When looking for an ecommerce fulfillment company, comparing prices between one fulfillme...
An Apples-to-Apples Comparison
• Keep in mind that if the pricing is too
complicated to understand, then it is
probably no...
Ecommerce Fulfillment: Adding
Value Through Packaging
Packaging: Know Your Options
• Packaging is one of the most overlooked and forgotten aspects
of ecommerce.
• First, you fi...
Branded Boxes & That ‘Wow’ Factor
• Branding your boxes can really help to grow your brand.
– Your brand is broadcasted to...
An Alibaba Lesson for All
Ecommerce Companies.
It’s All About Logistics!
What Alibaba Can Teach Us
• Alibaba has been a great illustration of how important a strong logistics and supply chain str...
Alibaba: Location is Key
• Location is key to transit and shipping costs. For those ecommerce
companies selling consumable...
When is the Right Time to
Consider a New Fulfillment
Company?
When is the right time?
• When outsourcing your order fulfillment services, many times looking for a new
fulfillment compa...
Time to make the switch?
• 3. Performance Issues
– If you are having performance issues with your current provider, it may...
Order Fulfillment KPIs:
Measuring Success
If you can measure it, you
can manage it!
• Management gurus have a saying “if you can’t
measure it, you can’t manage it”....
Identify Your KPIs
• To identify the KPIs most indicative of success, first look at core processes.
– Operations like the ...
We hope you found this helpful.
Visit our website or call us for
more information!
www.teamidslogistics.com
866-232-6533
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Pricing & Value: How to Measure Success in Fulfillment (by IDS)

This slideshare by Integrated Distribution Services (IDS) will provide helpful information for ecommerce, retail and direct selling companies looking to get the best price and value out of their order fulfillment services.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Retail      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pricing & Value: How to Measure Success in Fulfillment (by IDS)

  • 1. Pricing and Value: How to Measure Success in Fulfillment 12/16/2014 1
  • 2. Key Issues When Negotiating Services With Your Fulfillment Company
  • 3. Negotiation • You can save a lot of time and legal fees if you understand some of the key issues that often drag out contract negotiation. • Many ecommerce and direct selling companies are not aware that the underlying law governing the relationship their fulfillment company is the Article 7 of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). This article deals with bailment which is the relationship between the owner of goods and bailee who is entrusted by the owner with their storage and handle. 12/16/2014 3
  • 4. Insurance • Often times, companies using an ecommerce fulfillment service believe that the fulfillment company has insured their goods against casualty loss such as a tornado, hurricane, fire or other act of God. That is not true. • The fulfillment company (or Bailee) only insures the goods against damage or loss caused by their failing to exercise such care as a reasonable person would exercise in a similar circumstance. • This is often referred to as the Standard of Care as it is defined in UCC Article 7. The fulfillment company (or Bailee) will carry Warehouse Legal Liability Insurance for those times when it fails to follow this standard of care. 12/16/2014 4
  • 5. Warehouse Lien & Loss • Warehouse Lien: UCC Article 7 grants a first priority lien to the fulfillment company (Bailee) in the goods in storage for any unpaid charges. This lien is a priority over all other liens including any bank liens resulting from financing of the goods in inventory. Ecommerce companies who have debt that is secured by their inventory need to be aware of this provision of the UCC. You don’t want to have a problem with you lender only to have them find out that the security they thought they had for their loan is not there. Most banks will require a lien waiver by the fulfillment company. Many fulfillment companies have dealt with this before and have standard lien waiver language that is acceptable to most lenders. • Loss Limitation: This provision states that any losses for which the fulfillment company is responsible are limited to a stated amount. This amount is usually stated as a cost per each or a cost per carton or a cost per pallet and is usually the manufactured cost of the goods whatever unit of measure is used. This loss limitation is required under the UCC Article 7 and is also required under the fulfillment company’s Warehouse Legal Liability Insurance. • Consult a lawyer familiar with UCC Article & when reviewing these agreements. 12/16/2014 5
  • 6. Pricing Ecommerce Fulfillment: Comparing Apples-to-Apples
  • 7. An Apples-to-Apples Comparison • When looking for an ecommerce fulfillment company, comparing prices between one fulfillment company and another can be difficult. They will often format prices differently; some will charge for certain services while others may not, and often times, verbiage can be difficult to understand. So, how do you standardize your pricing when you get are getting quotes from multiple fulfillment companies? • What’s included in the price? – Some things that may or may not be included in the pricing could be: a marketing insert, re-labeling, scan audits, overflow storage space, etc. Make sure that you ask the right questions, or at least be sure to fully inform the fulfillment company of what your program entails so that they can quote based on those specific needs. If the services are not included in the pricing, make sure to get those services quoted separately. • What’s my total cost/order? – Work with the fulfillment companies that you are obtaining quotes from to get a total monthly spend into an excel spreadsheet. Make sure that you include all of your variables, such as: number of orders, number of units per order, number of SKU’s, storage space, number of inbound receipts, etc. Anything that might affect the pricing should go into your models. Keep in mind when doing these models that if one variable changes, such as number of orders, it might have an effect on other variables such as storage. – Once you get this together, you should be able to get a total monthly spend and dividing that by the number of orders will give you a total cost per order. This is the best way to compare fulfillment center pricing. In the end, all that matters is how much is it going to cost you to get the order out the door. • What are these accessorial charges for? – It is impossible to cover every cost or issue up front that could potentially arise in the pricing for fulfillment services. That is why many fulfillment companies use accessorial charges for labor to be billed for anything outside of the standard scope of work. Be sure to understand when these charges would come into effect. If it is something that is fairly typical for your program, see if they can give you a price per piece or a price per order rate on it so you are not billed on the hourly rate. 12/16/2014 7
  • 8. An Apples-to-Apples Comparison • Keep in mind that if the pricing is too complicated to understand, then it is probably not a company you will want to do business with. No matter how one company structures their pricing versus another, be sure to break everything down into a standard cost, whether that be a total monthly cost or a total per order cost. • Once you are able to do that, you should be able to start comparing apples-to-apples. 12/16/2014 8
  • 9. Ecommerce Fulfillment: Adding Value Through Packaging
  • 10. Packaging: Know Your Options • Packaging is one of the most overlooked and forgotten aspects of ecommerce. • First, you figure out what you want to sell. Then, you get your website and fulfillment set up and then... oh yeah... you need to figure out how to actually package the products. While packaging is not the most exciting thing in the world, when it comes to ecommerce fulfillment, if done correctly, packaging can add a tremendous amount of value to your brand. • Whether you are using a bubble mailer or a corrugated box, there are always a variety of options for packaging supplies out there. • Understand your options and shop for the best price. If you can save a few pennies on supplies, those more than likely will go straight to your bottom line. Take some time to understand your options and continue to work to improve and save on packaging. 12/16/2014 10
  • 11. Branded Boxes & That ‘Wow’ Factor • Branding your boxes can really help to grow your brand. – Your brand is broadcasted to everyone who sees the package and it adds a little extra excitement for the customer when the package arrives. There are all sorts of ways to brand your boxes, but keep in mind certain colors do not show up as well as others and the amount of ink coverage will affect the pricing. • There are many ways to add that extra wow factor to your package. – If you have a little extra margin to play with and want to add that little something extra that is going to help you stand out above the competition, there are several things you can do. Colored tissue paper or package filler is a good way to add that extra pop of color when the package is opened. If branding your box is a little too pricey, try adding a sticker or branded tape as a less expensive option. • There are many ways to bring value through your packaging, but you must understand your business and your customers. Spending too much on packaging can have a negative effect on the bottom line, but if your customers are spending a premium dollar for your product, providing them with premium packaging can go a long way. 12/16/2014 11
  • 12. An Alibaba Lesson for All Ecommerce Companies. It’s All About Logistics!
  • 13. What Alibaba Can Teach Us • Alibaba has been a great illustration of how important a strong logistics and supply chain strategy is to a company's success. A great product idea, with an incredible website and capital backing may sound like the three legged stool is set for success, but without a fully thought out logistics and supply chain strategy the business will flounder. Logistics is the keystone and competitive advantage needed for success. Not convinced? Let's break the components down and talk a little more about the subject. • First, let's look at the product Alibaba owns. – Oh, Alibaba does not own a physical product, so we can throw the need for an incredibly new and innovative product out the window. • Next, is the Alibaba website. – It is laid out in a friendly, easy to use fashion and has quick response. What more can you ask from a website? It even tells users how to make a fortune by being a member of their network. Sign me up! I have two in college! So, while the website works well for online shopping, there are plenty of others out there that have a similar look and feel. • So where is the difference maker? It's in logistics. – The Alibaba success has been a great sandbox to see the effects of what a superior logistics and supply chain can do for a company. China's ports are some of the most efficient in the world, but the supply chain is extremely weak throughout the interior of the country. China also does not have the abundance of store fronts, making ecommerce a key in solving the Chinese logistics challenge. • Alibaba solved the logistics problem through an asset light approach and instead of owning a DC, trucks and physical store fronts has coupled together numerous asset logistic partners to solve China's network problem with big data. Alibaba built a network of warehouses, processing centers and transportation options to efficiently deliver orders quickly to the to the smallest cities and villages. Coupled with the network is data for the buyer to receive reliable information and allow a trust to be built between that builds trust between the consumer and Alibaba, while also providing all the information to build "big data" analysis to optimize the network for consolidations and backhauls. Through Alibaba, there are now villages in China that thrive solely because they are on the Alibaba network. 12/16/2014 13
  • 14. Alibaba: Location is Key • Location is key to transit and shipping costs. For those ecommerce companies selling consumable products, it is extremely important for their re-order cycle to get the product in the customer's hands as quickly as possible. An example is ecommerce mobile phone shipments. The mobile phone order is processed the same day and overnighted to the customer's doorstep, so the mobile phone carrier can quickly have it activated on their network to begin generating revenue for the company. For the AT&T's and Verizons of the world, they understand that the overnight shipping costs are minimal impact to the company, when compared to having the consumer on their network the next day. That is not to say the cost of shipping is not on their minds because it is. They address the cost through a strategic ecommerce fulfillment network that takes into consideration the population density of their customers. • To sum it up, Alibaba's success is because they solved the supply chain and logistics problem, which is more readily seen in the logistically challenged Chinese market. With that in mind, do not forget the importance of logistics in your ecommerce strategy. It is the competitive advantage for success. 12/16/2014 14
  • 15. When is the Right Time to Consider a New Fulfillment Company?
  • 16. When is the right time? • When outsourcing your order fulfillment services, many times looking for a new fulfillment company can seem overwhelming. Everything is probably running smoothly with your current provider, but as we all know, complacency can hamper growth. So how do you know when to look for a new fulfillment provider? You might think that a lack of performance or disappointing service levels would be your top reasons, but they are not the only reasons. • 1. Changes in your Business Model – As your company grows and develops, changes are inevitably made along the way. As your business model changes, so might your needs with a fulfillment company. Some companies might be better at certain aspects of fulfillment than others and these changes might take your current fulfillment provider out of their comfort zone. These changes could mean increased SKU’s, different product lines or maybe some more complexity. Be sure to start talking with your current provider if you are going through changes so they are aware of what’s happening. If your current provider is looking to change your price, be sure to get quotes from several other companies, if for no other reason than to compare. • 2. Your Contract is Up – Now this may seem rather obvious, but you would be surprised at how many companies will just automatically renew their contract when it’s up. This is the ideal time to see what other fulfillment providers are out there that might provide better service and price. 12/16/2014 16
  • 17. Time to make the switch? • 3. Performance Issues – If you are having performance issues with your current provider, it may be time for a switch. But, before you do, it’s a good idea to first do your homework. Make sure that you track the issues you are having with your current provider. Are they outside of their KPI’s? Don’t rely strictly on your fulfillment provider to track these issues. Once you know what these issues are, talk with other fulfillment providers to see how they would handle these problems. • 4. Changes in your Customer Base – If your customers tend to be located in a certain part of the US, and you have already placed your fulfillment center near them, continued growth in your sales could cause your customer base to become national. If the location of your customers is changing, finding a fulfillment company that is more centrally located or closer to the new customer outlay could be extremely beneficial. Knowing where your customers are located and placing a fulfillment center in the optimal location to them can drastically improve transit times and cut down on shipping costs. • Changing fulfillment companies can seem overwhelming, but being complacent with what you are doing can also lead to overwhelming headaches. Challenge you current provider by making them work hard to earn your business and even harder to keep your business. If you do decide that changing fulfillment companies is the best move, ask your new provider to help with some of the transition costs. Many times they will waive initial set up fees and startup costs to help ease the financial burden of the move. 12/16/2014 17
  • 18. Order Fulfillment KPIs: Measuring Success
  • 19. If you can measure it, you can manage it! • Management gurus have a saying “if you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it”. • This is especially true in fulfillment services. Everyone tracks and measures Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that our outlined in customer contracts such as inventory accuracy, order accuracy, order turnaround times and others but these are merely the basic measures that customers will be looking at to ensure acceptable performance. • There are many other metrics that needed to be tracked and measured to ensure the success of your fulfillment operations. 12/16/2014 19
  • 20. Identify Your KPIs • To identify the KPIs most indicative of success, first look at core processes. – Operations like the pick line, packing stations and replenishment. In each of these discrete tasks has key measurements that can pinpoint success. For the picking operation indicators may include units picked per minute or lines picked per minute. Measuring and understanding this productivity point allows managers to know what the optimal performance is on a pick line and therefore allows them to better plan for peak season volume. The same is true of the packing operations, understanding the optimum performance level in orders or units packed per a measure of time not only allows managers to plan for peak volumes but provides the information needed to adjust staffing on a daily basis to maximize labor utilization. • Once KPIs have been identified it is critical to identify the source data that will be used for measuring purposes. – Data can come from many points in the operation so identifying the proper point to extra certain will determine the ease and completeness of the data extraction. Once tracking begins, regular reporting periods should be established so that the KPI report is provided to managers in a form and frequency that allows them to act upon it. There is no management value in a KPI that is too infrequent and not formatted in a manner that allows for immediate action. • One easy way to test a fulfillment services company’s true knowledge of their operations is to ask for the KPIs they track and report and the frequency with which it is provided to managers. Those looking only at contract KPIs are not viewing their operations broadly enough to manage for optimum efficiency. To paraphrase the old saying “you not managing what you aren’t measuring”. 12/16/2014 20
  • 21. We hope you found this helpful. Visit our website or call us for more information! www.teamidslogistics.com 866-232-6533

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