Natural Processes
in
Settlement Design
Alka Palrecha
1
Not just beck only,
Not just the water-
The stones flow also,
Wide cataracts of rock
Pour off the fellside,
Throw up a spu...
As the growth of coral,
is the climb
of a column.
The falling water
Hangs steady as stone,
But the solid rock
is a whirlpo...
Global Continental Shelf
4
Indian Continental Shelf
5
stalagmite and stalactites
6
Icicle
7
Nature and Process
• Nature is a process, it has to abide by laws,
interact with its environment, and changed
whenever it ...
Flexible Dunes
• Dunes and dikes hold back the storm from a
laden wave.
• The Dutch, don’t completely stop the waves, but
...
Flexible Dunes
Existing ‘Design with Nature’
10
MCHARG’S METHOD OF
ECOLOGICAL INVENTORY
McHarg’s method involved superimposing layers of geographical data
(e.g. environme...
Overlay Method
12
Stream Overlay
13
Soil Overlay
14
Relief Overlay
15
Vegetation Overlay
16
Geology Overlay
17
Landslides – Vulnerable Area
18
Fault Line
19
Constrain Map
20
Opportunity Map
21
Suitability Map
22
Suitability Map
23
Overlay List for Natural Dimensions
• Geology (including rock type and geological formations)
• Relief (Hypsography - the ...
25
Mimicking Nature - Bio mimicry
• Vortex Spirals - Conical geometry of snail
shells, or the funnel shape of cyclones.
• Dra...
Vortex – Wastewater Treatment System
27
Dimensions of Settlement (Landscape)
• Visual/ Aesthetic
• Natural/Ecological
• Political/Economical
• Cultural/Social
In ...
Striving for Sense of Place
• The correlation of following features lead to
character of place or sense of place
Landform ...
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Natural processes in settlement design

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Design      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natural processes in settlement design

  • 1. Natural Processes in Settlement Design Alka Palrecha 1
  • 2. Not just beck only, Not just the water- The stones flow also, Wide cataracts of rock Pour off the fellside, Throw up a spume Of gravel and scree To eddy and sink. 2
  • 3. As the growth of coral, is the climb of a column. The falling water Hangs steady as stone, But the solid rock is a whirlpool of motion. - Adapted from Poetry of Norman Nicholson, 1981 3
  • 4. Global Continental Shelf 4
  • 5. Indian Continental Shelf 5
  • 6. stalagmite and stalactites 6
  • 7. Icicle 7
  • 8. Nature and Process • Nature is a process, it has to abide by laws, interact with its environment, and changed whenever it is demanded too. But nature is not without its problems. Sometimes nature presents its own problems that we as human beings must over come. • Example - in coastal areas is to hold back the sea storms that humans have to do. 8
  • 9. Flexible Dunes • Dunes and dikes hold back the storm from a laden wave. • The Dutch, don’t completely stop the waves, but try to lesson them. • They try to reduce the amount of damage they can inflict by absorbing some of that energy. • They do this by creating flexible dunes that flex at the force of a wave, using grass and masonry. 9
  • 10. Flexible Dunes Existing ‘Design with Nature’ 10
  • 11. MCHARG’S METHOD OF ECOLOGICAL INVENTORY McHarg’s method involved superimposing layers of geographical data (e.g. environmental and social factors) so that their spatial intersection (relationships) can be used in making decisions. This core idea, McHarg’s planning methodology, lead to the development of Geographic Information System (GIS) software tools. 11
  • 12. Overlay Method 12
  • 13. Stream Overlay 13
  • 14. Soil Overlay 14
  • 15. Relief Overlay 15
  • 16. Vegetation Overlay 16
  • 17. Geology Overlay 17
  • 18. Landslides – Vulnerable Area 18
  • 19. Fault Line 19
  • 20. Constrain Map 20
  • 21. Opportunity Map 21
  • 22. Suitability Map 22
  • 23. Suitability Map 23
  • 24. Overlay List for Natural Dimensions • Geology (including rock type and geological formations) • Relief (Hypsography - the height of land) • Slope (areas of different gradient) • Pedology (different soil types, such as podsols, krasnosems, paddy soils, etc) • Natural hydrological features on Surface (features such as streams, rivers, ponds and lakes) • Vegetation types (including all types of vegetation from grassland, scrub, forest and afforest plantations); • Ecological habitats (areas of different ecological type and value) • Wildlife habitats; • Tidal Inundation; and • Water Table (groundwater levels) 24
  • 25. 25
  • 26. Mimicking Nature - Bio mimicry • Vortex Spirals - Conical geometry of snail shells, or the funnel shape of cyclones. • Drain the water out of bath tub, the water spirals. • Austrian forest warden and researcher Viktor Schauberger to discover that vortexes in water lead to self-purification 26
  • 27. Vortex – Wastewater Treatment System 27
  • 28. Dimensions of Settlement (Landscape) • Visual/ Aesthetic • Natural/Ecological • Political/Economical • Cultural/Social In addition there is also a dimension that is a product of the above influences. This is termed "genius loci", or what may be termed "sense of place" or "landscape character" 28
  • 29. Striving for Sense of Place • The correlation of following features lead to character of place or sense of place Landform elevation Diversity of land-use Presence of water Degree of naturalness Quite what causes specific places to possess a specific character is not entirely clear and is that which we designers aim for…. 29

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