CONFIDENCE
and
LEADERSHIP
Inside the transformation of Colombia
Remarks by Alvaro Uribe Vélez
APRIL 2012
Issues to address
1. A historical problem
2. Facing the problem: From campaign to
Government
3. Generating change in times...
1. A historical problem
“Every creative journey begins with a problem”
Colombia in 2002 was a fragile State
Security
28.83...
1. A historical problem
Colombia faced a Confidence Deficit
The elusive quest for peace
Many governments exhausted
all the...
2. Facing the problem
Vision
Policy
PRINCIPLES
CommunicationInnovation
Leadership
Results
2. Facing the problem
VISION
Our vision was to build a Comunitary State:
• CONFIDENCE was our main goal
• Without Confiden...
2. Facing the problem
POLICY
• Democratic Manifiesto (100 Points)
Democratic Security
Security for All
Fight all forms of ...
2. Facing the problem
Principles
Political
Pedagogy
Build a citizen
coalition
Macro Vision &
Micro
Management
Permanent
di...
Messages
Security as a Democratic Value.
Strong hand with a big heart.
To work, work and work.
Against corruption and trad...
2. Facing the problem
Innovation
Before
Presidents inside the office
Presidents not engaged in
details
Lack of an effectiv...
2. Facing the problem
Innovation in Security
Recovering Security
Macro Vision and
Detailed Follow
up:
•Daily
commitment to...
2. Facing the Problem
Leadership
Mobilization
Drivers
306
Communitarian
Councils
Weekly Security
Councils
52 Economic
dial...
2. Facing the problem
• Moments of truth:
1. Nogal Bomb: Bogota cries but never surrenders
2. Killing of 11 regional senat...
2. Facing the problem
Indicator 2002 2010
Homicides 28838 15000
Kidnappings 2882 228
Homicides per
100K Habitants
69 35
Te...
2. Facing the problem
• Leadership, governance based on citizen support and political Will, helped built significant
histo...
3. Change in times of crisis
Lessons
Lincoln
•Get out of the office
•Honesty
•Courage
•Strong Hand
•Commit to results
•Pre...
Final Thoughts
1. Human problems require human solutions
2. Our strategy worked because it was
conceived by the people, by...
www.alvarouribevelez.cpm
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Confidence and leadership

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Presentations & Public Speaking      
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Transcripts - Confidence and leadership

  • 1. CONFIDENCE and LEADERSHIP Inside the transformation of Colombia Remarks by Alvaro Uribe Vélez APRIL 2012
  • 2. Issues to address 1. A historical problem 2. Facing the problem: From campaign to Government 3. Generating change in times of crisis
  • 3. 1. A historical problem “Every creative journey begins with a problem” Colombia in 2002 was a fragile State Security 28.837 homicides 2882 kidnappings 69 homicides per 100.000 habitants 1645 terrorist attacks 350 mayors out of their municipalities 158 municipalities without police Economy Average Economic Growth 1994-2001: 2.1% GDP per Capita: US$2377 Investment as % of GDP: 16.5% Exports: US$11.975 million FDI: US$2.100 million Inflation: 6.99% Fiscal balance: -3.2% Social Unemployment: 16.2% Health Coverage: 25 million Colombians. Pension affiliates: 4.5 million Poverty:57% Education Coverage: Primary 97%, High school: 57%, University: 24%. Mobil Phone Lines: 4.6 million Internet coverage: 1.9 million The Colombian Paradox: a long and stable democracy in a permanent threat from terrorist groups, drug dealers and organized crime…
  • 4. 1. A historical problem Colombia faced a Confidence Deficit The elusive quest for peace Many governments exhausted all their political capital attempting to reach peace through political dialogue…the result was military strengthening from illegal armed groups and a rapid growth in their criminal activities (68% thought the country was going in a negative track) Terrorist Groups (Guerrillas and Paramilitaries) had created a sense of defeat in the Colombian people. Fear impacted in the Colombian people Mindset The lack of investment The drain of human capital The sense of danger in Colombian roads. The expansion of massive kidnappings created an emotional domino effect
  • 5. 2. Facing the problem Vision Policy PRINCIPLES CommunicationInnovation Leadership Results
  • 6. 2. Facing the problem VISION Our vision was to build a Comunitary State: • CONFIDENCE was our main goal • Without Confidence: • No investment • Unemployment • Lack of opportunities • Brain Drain (Young people wanted to leave without a return ticket) • Three main Policies: • Democratic Security • Investment with fraternity • Social cohesion • For the First Time a National Development Agenda had Security as a driver of Development (Security = Investment = Social Cohesion) • No more a debate between left and right
  • 7. 2. Facing the problem POLICY • Democratic Manifiesto (100 Points) Democratic Security Security for All Fight all forms of crime Security without Martial Law Security with liberties and Human Rights Victims recognition Investment with Social Responsibility Investor Security (Human, Legal and Political) Sound Macroeconomics Incentives Access to markets Competitiveness Factors (Infrastructure, Connectivity, Banking,) Social Cohesion Education Revolution Health with coverage and quality Access to credit (Banca de oportunidades) Vocational Training Conditional Cash Transfers
  • 8. 2. Facing the problem Principles Political Pedagogy Build a citizen coalition Macro Vision & Micro Management Permanent dialogue with citizenship. Beyond traditional politics (Colombia FIRST) Accountability Security as a Democratic Value
  • 9. Messages Security as a Democratic Value. Strong hand with a big heart. To work, work and work. Against corruption and traditional politics 2. Facing the problem Communication
  • 10. 2. Facing the problem Innovation Before Presidents inside the office Presidents not engaged in details Lack of an effective vision communication Solve problems through political channels Political calculations Secretaries appointed by Political Representation Secretaries rotated on a permanent basis Luxurious governments Congressional Governance Innovation President with the People(Consejos Communitarian) Macro vision & Micro Management Three eggs Face problems with regular citizens Pedagogic policy formulation Secretaries appointed by experience 4 year term secretaries Austerity Citizen Governance
  • 11. 2. Facing the problem Innovation in Security Recovering Security Macro Vision and Detailed Follow up: •Daily commitment to monitor security in every region. •How citizens had the President Mobile Phone Number Early Victories : •Road caravans •Massive kidnappings are over Strategic Force Integration •All Forces working together. •Share success National Informant Network •Citizens became active in denouncing criminals •Reward Mondays Commander in Chief assumes responsibility •The Granda Story •Operation Fenix: Fire the Air Force Commander •Operation Jaque: The pressure for a humanitarian exchange and the final outcome Smart Weapons: •The importance of strategic warfare Extradition: •The decision to extradite the Paramilitary Kingpins
  • 12. 2. Facing the Problem Leadership Mobilization Drivers 306 Communitarian Councils Weekly Security Councils 52 Economic dialogues Result Driven Administration Leading by example Direct Democracy (Sate of opinion) Determination to find solutions Communication with the truth
  • 13. 2. Facing the problem • Moments of truth: 1. Nogal Bomb: Bogota cries but never surrenders 2. Killing of 11 regional senators: Facing their families when rejecting humanitarian exchanges. 3. The rescue of Fernando Araujo 4. Meeting Chavez after the Bombardment in Ecuador: a debate in live T.V 5. The rescue of National University President 6. The story of Emanuel 7. The military agreement with the U.S Leadership: Tough Decisions
  • 14. 2. Facing the problem Indicator 2002 2010 Homicides 28838 15000 Kidnappings 2882 228 Homicides per 100K Habitants 69 35 Terrorist attacks 1645 250 Municipalities without mayors presence 350 0 Municipalities without police 158 0 Security Economy Indicator 2002 2010 Average Economic Growth 2.1% 4.3% GDP per Capita 2377 5300 Invest % GDP 16.5% 24.6% Exports US$11.00 0 US$ 39.000 FDI US$2.100 US$ 7.000 Inflation 6.9% 2.5% Social Indicator 2002 2010 Unemployment 16.2% 11.6% Health Coverage 25.1 million 43.1 million Pension affiliates 4.5 million 7.1 million Poverty 57% 37% Education coverage (Primary, Hs, University) 97% 57% 24% 100% 79.4% 35.5% Mobile phone users 4.6 million lines 41 million lines The combination of our Policies produced significant results: Lowest violence levels in two decades, highest levels of social coverage in Colombian History and highest levels of Exports and FDI in more than 5 decades. Results
  • 15. 2. Facing the problem • Leadership, governance based on citizen support and political Will, helped built significant historical changes in strategic sectors: • Reform the oil and gas sector: 1. Colombia is close to produce 1 million barrels per day from 250.000 in 2002. 2. Ecopetrol Reform 3. Created the National Hydrocarbon Agency • Reform the Telecom Sector: 1. Restructure the Colombian Telecommunications Agency • Reform the Colombian Social Security Agency • More than 2000 criminals were extradited • Paramilitary structures were dismantled • FARC suffered its biggest historical defeats • Colombia experienced its largest historical FDI flows • Biggest historical reduction in illicit crops • More than 10 FTA’s signed and negotiated • Largest historical health and education coverage • Largest historical credit expansion • Largest historical tourism flows to the country Results
  • 16. 3. Change in times of crisis Lessons Lincoln •Get out of the office •Honesty •Courage •Strong Hand •Commit to results •Preach a vision •Talk to people directly Kotter •Honesty •Energy •Competence Moss Kanter •Consistency •Congruence •Competence •Caring
  • 17. Final Thoughts 1. Human problems require human solutions 2. Our strategy worked because it was conceived by the people, by the people for the people. 3. Our esence was pedadogy not demagogy 4. Macro Vision and Micro Management are esential to succed in times of crisis
  • 18. www.alvarouribevelez.cpm

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