Preventing Industrial Hazards – Health and Safety
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE IN DISASTER MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT
INDIAN INSTIT...
What is HAZARD ?
A hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to life,
health, property, or environment.
What is Industrial Hazard ?
Condition produced by industries that may cause injury or death
to personnel or loss of produc...
Types of Industrial Hazards:
1. Chemical Hazard:
Any substance that can cause harm, primarily to people.
2. Physical Hazar...
Managing Industrial Hazards:
Hazard Management System
 Setting up of HMS
 HMS is the basis for ensuring that
installati...
Managing Industrial Hazards: cont …
 Hazard Identification and Assessment
 Planned Inspections
 Checklist
 To evaluate...
Construction Accidents:
Accidents occurring on construction sites.
Safety Signs:
Commands
Warnings
Information
Don’t DO
Mu...
Construction Accidents: cont …
Main Triggering Factors:
D.U.T.C.H
 Distraction
 Unfamiliarity
 Tiredness
 Complacency
...
Construction Accidents: cont …
Breakdown of fatalities according to accident type:
56% fall from height
21% trapped by s...
Construction Accidents: cont …
Few Facts:
 First week on each site is the most dangerous
 Accidents are more frequent at...
Construction Accidents: cont …
Special care needed during mentioned practises:
 Assure safe access on site
 Working at h...
THANK YOU !
of 12

Preventing Industrial Hazards

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Preventing Industrial Hazards

  • 1. Preventing Industrial Hazards – Health and Safety CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE IN DISASTER MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, ROORKEE (DM 608) Man – Made and Biological Hazards SUBMITTED BY : Ankita Prasun M.Tech- 1st Year
  • 2. What is HAZARD ? A hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property, or environment.
  • 3. What is Industrial Hazard ? Condition produced by industries that may cause injury or death to personnel or loss of product or property. Types of Industrial Hazards: 1. Chemical Hazards 2. Physical Hazards 3. Biological Hazards
  • 4. Types of Industrial Hazards: 1. Chemical Hazard: Any substance that can cause harm, primarily to people. 2. Physical Hazard:  A type of occupational hazard that involves environmental hazards that can cause harm with or without contact.  It includes ergonomic hazards, radiation, heat and cold stress, vibration hazards, and noise hazards. 3. Biological Hazard:  Refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans.  This includes medical waste or samples of a microorganism, virus or toxin (from a biological source) that can affect human health.
  • 5. Managing Industrial Hazards: Hazard Management System  Setting up of HMS  HMS is the basis for ensuring that installations are safely designed, built, maintained, modified and operated. Structure of HMS
  • 6. Managing Industrial Hazards: cont …  Hazard Identification and Assessment  Planned Inspections  Checklist  To evaluate equipment, materials and procedures of any work process  Task Analysis  Identifies critical tasks  Task performance frequency  Probability of loss after completion  Experience  Current and past experience of key personnel  FMEA  Failure Mode and Effect Analysis  Concentrates on cause and effects of failure of any equipment or component  Emergency Planning  TRAINING of personnels
  • 7. Construction Accidents: Accidents occurring on construction sites. Safety Signs: Commands Warnings Information Don’t DO Must DO Warning Safe Fire
  • 8. Construction Accidents: cont … Main Triggering Factors: D.U.T.C.H  Distraction  Unfamiliarity  Tiredness  Complacency  Hurry
  • 9. Construction Accidents: cont … Breakdown of fatalities according to accident type: 56% fall from height 21% trapped by something collapsing or overturning 10% struck by a moving vehicle 5% contact with electricity 4% struck by falling objects during machine lifting of materials 3% contact with moving machinery 1% exposure to a hot or harmful substance
  • 10. Construction Accidents: cont … Few Facts:  First week on each site is the most dangerous  Accidents are more frequent at the end of the day  Small building jobs are the most risky  Safety Helmets, Hi-viz Jackets, Safety Boots ; do prevent injury and death  Light weight shoes are not suitable at such sites  Roofs are always a risky place at construction site
  • 11. Construction Accidents: cont … Special care needed during mentioned practises:  Assure safe access on site  Working at height and edges of buildings  Using ladders and scaffoldings  Using any chemical on site  Evacuation works  Lifting or handling of heavy materials  Working near or with crane  Working with electric wires or equipment  Working near fire works PPE on construction site should me MUST. Under no circumstances worker should put himself in DANGER.
  • 12. THANK YOU !

Related Documents