Prevalence ofPrevalence of
Schistosoma japonicumSchistosoma japonicum
infectioninfection
in Barangay Magrafil,in Barangay ...
Schistosoma japonicum eggSchistosoma japonicum egg
Significance of the studySignificance of the study
•aid in the evaluation of the spread of schistosomiasisaid in the evalu...
Scope and Limitations
•Kato-Katz technique in triplicate
•Formalin-Ether concentration technique (FECT) for the
identifica...
Conceptual framework
Age
Before entry to school
(0-6 years old)
School age children
(7-13 years old)
Young adults
working ...
Research Hypothesis
Null Hypothesis: There is no significant difference
between
S. japonicum infection and the different
d...
Collection of stool sample
with Barangay Health
Workers
Collection of stool sample
with Barangay Health
Workers
Formalin E...
Methodology
Board
Template
Diameter Amount of
stool
EPG= count x
factorThickness Hole
Diameter
1.5mm 6.0mm 41.7mg EPG= cou...
Results and Discussion
Results
Number of Positive
Stool samples
Positive 19
Negative 60
Total 79
Prevalence Rate 24.05%
Ta...
Results and Discussion
Demographic Factor Frequency Percent
Age 26.8 (Mean)
Gender
Male 44 55.7 %
Female 35 44.3 %
Occupat...
Results and Discussion
le 3.
quency distribution of S. japonicum infection according to age group
Age Groups FECT Kato-Kat...
Results and Discussion
•Age grouping to reflect age specific activities and exposure
(Olveda, et.al, 1996)
•No significant...
Results and Discussion
ble 4.
quency distribution of S. japonicum infection according to gender
Gender FECT Kato-Katz  
Po...
Results and Discussion
•No significant difference between gender and S. japonicum
infection
• Agricultural activity of bot...
le 5.
quency distribution of S. japonicum infection according to occupation
Occupation FECT Kato-Katz
Positive Negative p-...
Results and Discussion
•No significant difference in occupation and S. japonicum
infection
•Higher prevalence among farmer...
Results and Discussion
Parasites Number of respondents
Ascaris lumbricoides 15
Hookworm 11
Trichuris trichiura 5
Table 6.
...
•Mean Age:26.8
•Gender distribution: 44 males 35 females
•Occupation: farmer, student, housewife
•Prevalence rate= 24.05% ...
•larger sample sizelarger sample size
•Can include malacological and animal infectionCan include malacological and animal ...
Gian Austin R. Angeles
Lance Angelo A. Arguelles
Roice Angel C. Caguioa
Henrick Ryan C. Fong
Anne Mari Clare D. Gan
Jenice...
Prevalence of s. japonicum infection in bgy. magrafil gonzaga cagayan presentation march
Prevalence of s. japonicum infection in bgy. magrafil gonzaga cagayan presentation march
Prevalence of s. japonicum infection in bgy. magrafil gonzaga cagayan presentation march
Prevalence of s. japonicum infection in bgy. magrafil gonzaga cagayan presentation march
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Prevalence of s. japonicum infection in bgy. magrafil gonzaga cagayan presentation march

Prevalence of S. japonicum in Gonzaga Cagayan
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Prevalence of s. japonicum infection in bgy. magrafil gonzaga cagayan presentation march

  • 1. Prevalence ofPrevalence of Schistosoma japonicumSchistosoma japonicum infectioninfection in Barangay Magrafil,in Barangay Magrafil, Gonzaga, CagayanGonzaga, Cagayan
  • 2. Schistosoma japonicum eggSchistosoma japonicum egg
  • 3. Significance of the studySignificance of the study •aid in the evaluation of the spread of schistosomiasisaid in the evaluation of the spread of schistosomiasis •updating the recent status regarding the prevalenceupdating the recent status regarding the prevalence of schistosomiasisof schistosomiasis •contribute to the development of a new strategy incontribute to the development of a new strategy in the control ofthe control of schistosomiasisschistosomiasis
  • 4. Scope and Limitations •Kato-Katz technique in triplicate •Formalin-Ether concentration technique (FECT) for the identification of helminthic eggs and other protozoan cysts •did not include the malacological and animal infection aspect
  • 5. Conceptual framework Age Before entry to school (0-6 years old) School age children (7-13 years old) Young adults working in the field (14-35 years old) Adults (>35 years old) Gender (Male, Female) Occupation (Student, Housewife, Farmer,etc.) Prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infection Figure 1: Factors affecting S.japonicum infection including age, gender and
  • 6. Research Hypothesis Null Hypothesis: There is no significant difference between S. japonicum infection and the different demographic factors such as age, gender and occupation.
  • 7. Collection of stool sample with Barangay Health Workers Collection of stool sample with Barangay Health Workers Formalin Ether Concentration Technique Formalin Ether Concentration Technique Questionnaire handed out to participants Questionnaire handed out to participants Kato-Katz technique in triplicate Kato-Katz technique in triplicate Statistical Analysis (Fisher’s Exact Test) Statistical Analysis (Fisher’s Exact Test) Gathering of resultsGathering of results Random Sampling (Masterlist provided by the Municipal Health Office) Random Sampling (Masterlist provided by the Municipal Health Office) Seek approval and consent of Municipal Health Office Seek approval and consent of Municipal Health Office Methodology
  • 8. Methodology Board Template Diameter Amount of stool EPG= count x factorThickness Hole Diameter 1.5mm 6.0mm 41.7mg EPG= count x 24 Organism Light Intensity Moderate Intensity Heavy Intensity Schistosoma japonicum 1-99 epg 100-399 epg ≥400 epg
  • 9. Results and Discussion Results Number of Positive Stool samples Positive 19 Negative 60 Total 79 Prevalence Rate 24.05% Table 1. Presence of S. japonicum eggs using Kato Katz-technique
  • 10. Results and Discussion Demographic Factor Frequency Percent Age 26.8 (Mean) Gender Male 44 55.7 % Female 35 44.3 % Occupation Farmer 36 45.6 % Student 22 27.8 % Housewife 21 26.6 % Table 2. Frequency and percentage distribution of respondents according to demographic factors (age, sex, and occupation)
  • 11. Results and Discussion le 3. quency distribution of S. japonicum infection according to age group Age Groups FECT Kato-Katz Positive Negative p-value Positive Negative p- value 0 to 6 years old 1 (14.29%) 9 (12.5%) 0.4102 2 (10.52%) 8 (13.33%) 0.2244 7 to 13 years old 3 (42.86%) 13 (18.06%) 7 (36.8%) 9 (15.0%) 14 to 35 years old 2 (28.57%) 25 (34.72%) 4 (21.05%) 23 (38.33%)
  • 12. Results and Discussion •Age grouping to reflect age specific activities and exposure (Olveda, et.al, 1996) •No significant difference between age and S. Japonicum infection •Exposure variation •Similar trend of positive results – study by Olveda and colleagues (2010)
  • 13. Results and Discussion ble 4. quency distribution of S. japonicum infection according to gender Gender FECT Kato-Katz   Positive Negative p-value Positive Negative p- value   Male 4 (57.14%) 40 (55.56%) 1.000 12 (63.16%) 32 (53.33%) 0.598   Female 3 (42.86%) 32 (44.44%) 7 (36.84%) 28 (46.67%)   Total 7 72 19 60
  • 14. Results and Discussion •No significant difference between gender and S. japonicum infection • Agricultural activity of both males and females (Census of Agriculture, 2002) •Study by Huang •equivocal relationship in gender •culturally variable •subjected to other influence
  • 15. le 5. quency distribution of S. japonicum infection according to occupation Occupation FECT Kato-Katz Positive Negative p- value Positive Negative p-value Farmer 3 (42.86%) 33 (45.83%) 0.688 10 (52.63%) 26 (43.33%) 0.1688 Student 3 (42.86%) 19 (26.39%) 7 (36.84%) 15 (25.0%) Housewife 1(14.29%) 20 (27.78%) 2 (10.52%) 19 (31.67%) Total 7 72 19 60
  • 16. Results and Discussion •No significant difference in occupation and S. japonicum infection •Higher prevalence among farmers due to occupational hazzard (Leonardo et.al., 2012) •Students and housewives engaging in domestic activities
  • 17. Results and Discussion Parasites Number of respondents Ascaris lumbricoides 15 Hookworm 11 Trichuris trichiura 5 Table 6. Other parasites seen among the respondents
  • 18. •Mean Age:26.8 •Gender distribution: 44 males 35 females •Occupation: farmer, student, housewife •Prevalence rate= 24.05% (Kato-Katz technique) •19 positive stool samples •no association with the demographic factors •Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris truchiura, and hookworm were also noted
  • 19. •larger sample sizelarger sample size •Can include malacological and animal infectionCan include malacological and animal infection aspectaspect •Microscopic analysis of suspected infected watersMicroscopic analysis of suspected infected waters
  • 20. Gian Austin R. Angeles Lance Angelo A. Arguelles Roice Angel C. Caguioa Henrick Ryan C. Fong Anne Mari Clare D. Gan Jenice Joy B. Garcia Jaira Lyn D.J. Mauhay Edilberto P. Manahan T h a n k y o u !T h a n k y o u !

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