Speed Limits and Road Safety:
Examples of Questions to Ask
to Ensure the Safety of Pedestrians
by
Dr. Barry Wellar, MCIP
P...
Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians
Barry Wellar
1. BACKGROUND
In brief, I accepted the invitation to make a five-m...
Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians
Barry Wellar
2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF
PEDESTRIAN...
Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians
Barry Wellar
2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF
PEDESTRIAN...
Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians
Barry Wellar
2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF
PEDESTRIAN...
Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians
Barry Wellar
2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF
PEDESTRIAN...
Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians
Barry Wellar
2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF
PEDESTRIAN...
Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians
Barry Wellar
3. ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF PUBLISHED MATERIALS
Additional questions ...
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Speed Limits and Road Safety: Examples of Questions to Ask to Ensure the Safety of Pedestrians

The topic of speed limits and road safety has been around since the advent of the automobile and the topic still brings heated debate, usually along the lines of increasing speed limits to accommodate private motor vehicle operators. In these remarks for a panel discussion at the Ottawa Centre Community Summit on Speed Limits and Road Safety, I present a total of 20 questions which I believe provide a considerable amount of thought for citizens, community associations, advocacy groups, public interest groups, elected and appointed government officials, lawyers, academics, and others who seek actionable suggestions on how to ensure that whatever decisions are made about speed limits and road safety, those decisions have all due regard for the safety of pedestrians, and especially children, persons with disabilities, and seniors, who are among the most vulnerable of road users.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Speed Limits and Road Safety: Examples of Questions to Ask to Ensure the Safety of Pedestrians

  • 1. Speed Limits and Road Safety: Examples of Questions to Ask to Ensure the Safety of Pedestrians by Dr. Barry Wellar, MCIP Principal, Wellar Consulting Inc., Distinguished Research Fellow Transport Action Canada, Professor Emeritus University of Ottawa, wellarb@uottawa.ca wellarconsulting.com Presentation materials for the Community Summit Speed Limits and Road Safety organized by Yasir Naqvi, MPP, Ottawa Centre Ottawa, Ontario May 30, 2015
  • 2. Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians Barry Wellar 1. BACKGROUND In brief, I accepted the invitation to make a five-minute presentation and serve on a panel discussing the 2015 Community Summit theme, Speed Limits and Road Safety. I believe I can be most helpful by recalling some of the evidence and lessons learned from the Walking Security Index (WSI) project, with its emphasis on serving and promoting the safety, comfort, and convenience of pedestrians while they are using city streets, and, in particular, intersections. The Walking Security Index report and the companion Walking Security Index Pilot Study report can be viewed at http://wellar.ca/wellarconsulting/home.html. My approach for this assignment is to provide a selection of questions regarding the summit theme, “Speed Limits and Road Safety” rather than attempting to be prescriptive. In my experience the questions are pertinent to situations across Ottawa and in a number of other municipalities as well. Further, it is my expectation that they will serve the very productive purpose of leading to more questions about how to ensure that decisions involving speed limits, road safety, and the relationship between speed limits and road safety, have due regard for the safety of pedestrians, and especially the safety of more vulnerable road users including children, seniors, and persons with disabilities. Page 2
  • 3. Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians Barry Wellar 2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF PEDESTRIANS WHEN DECISIONS ARE MADE ABOUT SPEED LIMITS Whatever speed limits are specified for city roads, the Province of Ontario, the City of Ottawa, and all other municipalities are obliged to ensure that an appropriate standard of care is provided for all road users, including pedestrians -- with particular regard for children, seniors, and disabled persons. Speed limit and road safety questions pertinent to establishing whether an appropriate standard of care is provided to all pedestrians using roads in a municipality include those which address the following issues, concerns, problems, objectives, etc. 1. Is the distance between stop bars and crosswalks appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 2. Is the width of crosswalks appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 3. Is signage alerting drivers to pedestrians appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? Page 3
  • 4. Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians Barry Wellar 2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF PEDESTRIANS WHEN DECISIONS ARE MADE ABOUT SPEED LIMITS 4. Are winter road maintenance standards involving plow and salt/sand/grit operations appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 5. Are winter road maintenance operations involving plow and salt/sand/grit operations appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 6. Are winter sidewalk maintenance standards involving plow and salt/sand/grit operations appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 7. Are winter sidewalk maintenance operations involving plow and salt/sand/grit operations appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 8. Are traffic signal lights and other controls appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 9. Are gaps between the red signal for vehicles and the walk signal for pedestrians appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? Page 4
  • 5. Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians Barry Wellar 2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF PEDESTRIANS WHEN DECISIONS ARE MADE ABOUT SPEED LIMITS 10. Are traffic surveillance standards for police, radar, and cameras at road intersections used by pedestrians appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 11. Are traffic surveillance operations by police, radar, and cameras at road intersections used by pedestrians appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 12. Are traffic enforcement standards for police, radar, and cameras at road intersections used by pedestrians appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 13. Are traffic enforcement operations by police, radar, and cameras at road intersections used by pedestrians appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 14. Are traffic surveillance standards for police, radar, and cameras on roads proximal to schools, playgrounds, parks, seniors’ residences, community centres, arenas, outdoor rinks, ball diamonds, soccer fields, etc. appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? Page 5
  • 6. Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians Barry Wellar 2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF PEDESTRIANS WHEN DECISIONS ARE MADE ABOUT SPEED LIMITS 15. Are traffic surveillance operations by police, radar, and cameras on roads proximal to schools, playgrounds, parks, seniors’ residences, community centres, arenas, outdoor rinks, ball diamonds, soccer fields, etc. appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 16. Are traffic enforcement standards for police, radar, and cameras on roads proximal to schools, playgrounds, parks, seniors’ residences, community centres, arenas, outdoor rinks, ball diamonds, soccer fields, etc. appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 17. Are traffic enforcement operations by police, radar, and cameras on roads proximal to schools, playgrounds, parks, seniors’ residences, community centres, arenas, outdoor rinks, ball diamonds, soccer fields, etc. appropriate to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 18. Are procedures employed by Police Services to document safety-related incidents involving pedestrians sufficient to support remedial measures as needed to ensure pedestrians’ safety? Page 6
  • 7. Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians Barry Wellar 2. EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS TO ASK TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF PEDESTRIANS WHEN DECISIONS ARE MADE ABOUT SPEED LIMITS 19. Are procedures employed by Police Services to analyse safety incident data involving pedestrians sufficient to support remedial measures as needed to ensure pedestrians’ safety? 20. Does the Ontario Highway Traffic Act ensure that all statements involving speed limits, road safety, and the relationship between speed limits and road safety have full and due regard for the safety of pedestrians? Page 7
  • 8. Speed Limits, Road Safety, and Pedestrians Barry Wellar 3. ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF PUBLISHED MATERIALS Additional questions and concerns with regard to pedestrians’ safety are discussed in a number of my reports, papers, etc., many of which can be viewed at: http://wellar.ca/wellarconsulting/home.html http://www.transport-action.ca/en/ http://www.slideshare.net/wellarb https://urbanneighbourhoods.wordpress.com/research/ Dr. Barry Wellar, MCIP Principal, Wellar Consulting Inc., Distinguished Research Fellow, Transport Action Canada Professor Emeritus, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario May 30, 2015 Page 8