National Capital Region (NCR) - Metro Manila Philippines
Literature Of the Philippines-
NCR or Metro Manila, Metropolitan Manila, Kalakhang Maynila.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Capital Region (NCR) - Metro Manila Philippines
“HARI NG MAKATA”
“KING OF BALAGTASAN”
Was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila
– November 22, 1877
as born in Malate, Manila-February 15,
Filipino novelist, journalist, and a
“Ka Amado, Makatang
“Lola Basyang. Father of
Sarsuwela/Ama ng Dulang
Feature writer, novelist,
narrator, translator, editor.
Foremost Filipino female novelists in the history of
contemporary Philippine Literature. Her novels include
Dekada '70, Bata, Bata, Pa'no Ka Ginawa?, and ‘GAPÔ
by Lualhati Torres Bautista
The novel begun with an introductory chapter about the graduation day from
kindergarten of Maya, Lea’s daughter. A program and a celebration were held. In the
beginning, everything in Lea’s life were going smoothly – her life in connection with her
children, with friends of the opposite gender, and with her volunteer work for a human rights
organization. But Lea’s children were both growing-up – and Lea could see their gradual
transformation. There were the changes in their ways and personalities: Maya’s curiosity was
becoming more obvious every day, while Ojie was crossing the boundaries from boyhood to
teenage to adulthood. In the end, all three, and especially Lea, have to confront Philippine
society’s view of single motherhood; and the novel itself brazens out to the questions of how
it is to be a mother, how a mother executes this role through modern-day concepts of
parenthood, and on how fast growing up is.
Lea – The protagonist and the hero of the story
Maya – Daughter of Lea
Ojie – Son of Lea
Ding – Live-in partner of Lea. Father of Maya
Raffy – First husband of Lea, Father of Ojie
Johnny – Best Friend and Officemate of Lea
1. Butong binalot ng bakal, bakal na binalot ng kristal. = Lansones (Lanzones)
(Seed that is wrap in steel, steel that is wrap in crystal).
2. Buhok ni Adan, hindi mabilang. = Ulan (Rain)
(Adam's hair, you can't count.)
3. Nagtago si Pedro, labas ang ulo. = Pako (Nail)
(Pedro hides but you can still see his head. )
4. May puno walang bunga, may dahon walang sanga = Sandok (Ladle)
(There is a trunk but there are no fruits, there is leaf but there’s no branch)
5. Mga bulaklak sa Maynila, noong panahon ng Kastila.
(Flowers in Manila, since spanish era) =Nilad
6. Hindi akin, hindi sayo, pag-aari ng lahat ng tao.
(This is not mine, not yours, owned by the whole
7. Bahay ni Tinyente, nag-iisa ang poste.
(A Lieutenant’s house holds only one post.)
1. Never trust someone you don't know. / Never trust a
(Huwag kang magtiwala sa 'di mo kakilala.)
2. If you don't know how to look back to where you came
from, you will not reach your destination
(Ang hindi marunong lumingon sa pinanggalingan ay hindi
makararating sa paroroonan.)
• Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa – Andres Bonifacio
• Kay Rizal – Cecilio Apostol
• Bayan Ko (My Country)
is a Tagalog poem was written by José
Corazón de Jesús in 1929. It was set to
music by Constancio de Guzman and
became a very popular song during the
struggle against the dictatorship of
Ferdinand Marcos in the 1980s.
1. Feast of the Black Nazarene – (January 9th) It is marked by a tumultuous
procession attended by a full-packed crowds filling the entire surroundings of the Quiapo
Church and portions of Quezon Boulevard where the church is located. The big Black
Nazarene statue carrying a cross is paraded on a float. Taken out of the church, it leads a
tedious procession around the church vicinity. Thousands of devotees from various parts
of the country attend this event, pulling and pushing the float. Manila festivals that
gather big crowds like this often end up with casualties each year but devotees
nonetheless continue with the annual celebrations.
2. Liberation of Manila – (Every 3rd day of February) A historic event is
celebrated in Manila. Among historical Manila festivals, the event highlights
the important decision of General Douglas MacArthur to prioritize the
liberation of Manila over that of Formosa in Word War II. Hence, in February 3
1945 Manila was liberated by American Forces from the Japanese. However,
this event is observed with simple ceremonies.
3. Feast of the Sto. Nino - This event is centered on the district of
Tondo, Manila where replicas of the Sto. Nino or “Little Child” are huddled
together in various costumes atop a flowery float and paraded around selected
streets in Tondo. Among very colorful Manila Festivals, this feast fills the streets
with dancers, tots, teens, and senior citizens, in bright costumes depicting
clothes in early Hispanic times
1. Lavandero Festival – (Feb 1- 6) The unique festival focused on the city’s ancient
tradition of washing clothes in the once clean and clear waters of the Pasig
River. Amusingly, focal point of the festival is the men participants washing
clothes instead of women.
1. Marikina Sapatos Festival – (Oct. 15 up to Nov. 30) Since Marikina is the
shoe capital of the Philippines, they celebrate the Sapatos Festival. it's almost a month-
long celebration. Sapatos Festival is celebrated because of the excellence and the
advancement of their products. Since Marikina also exports shoes to other cities.
1. Bambino Festival - This
festival is celebrated in honor of the
Sto. Nino, whose innocence, purity of
spirit, and love have had a profound
influence on the lives of Pasiguenos.
An exhibit featuring the various images
of the Blessed Child.
2. Itik-Itik Festival - Held on the last
Sunday of February that is the Feast of
Barangay Kalawaan’s beloved patroness,
St. Martha, this event highlights the
barangay’s yield, the Itik ( a species of
duck), hence the name of the festival.
1. La Loma Festival – (3rd Sunday of May) Dressing up the Lechon and parading
them down the main streets.
1. The Feast Day of San Juan – (June 24) – The feast day of Saint John the
Baptist and people from the city named after the saint take all the liberty to baptize
just about everyone in sight during this day.
1. Pamaypay Festival – (Feb 12, 2014) Pamaypay is a tool that we use to surge heat.
It can come in different colors and sizes, depending on your taste. The use of pamaypay is
one of many trait we got from the Spaniards. It symbolizes beauty and simplicity. We
often see it in a typical Maria Clara portrait or often describe in a book being held by
finesse Filipina. It is usually paired with barot's saya; the national dress in the Philippines.
1. Luglugan Pancit Malabon Festival - (10th of December) Considered as one
of its kind culinary festival in Metro Manila. Highlight of the event other than street
dancing, and marching band exhibition is the presentation of the Giant Bilaos of Pancit
1. Pangisdaan Festival – (January 15) One of the highlights of the Navotas Day
celebration, featuring a street dancing and float competition focusing on the fishing
1. Feast of San Diego de Alcala
- (12th of November)
Celebration of the feast of the oldest
church in Valenzuela City, which includes
annual boatracing, streetdancing and
different activities of the festival.
1. Bamboo Organ Festival –
(February 17-23) Features musical
instruments and cultural presentation
1. Caracol - Conceptualized in 1988,
CARACOL is a Spanish term for snail and
refers to "the shell used by the people to
protect them from life's detrimental
realities." It is a combination of the three
major ethnic festivals of the Philippines.
Declared official festival of Makati through
the passage of Resolution 351. Held every
last Sunday of January.
2. BAILES delos ARCOS - (June 29)
During the feast day of the Saints Peter and
Paul at Barangay Poblacion by daughters of
past participants with impeccable
reputations as homage to the Virgen dela
Rosa for her kindness. Dancers are trained
for a year.
1. Dinagsa Festival – (March 1 – 5)
A celebration in honor of the city’s patron
saint Sto. Niño de Muntinlupa highlighted
by a streetdancing participated in by
representatives from different
barangays, schools, youth sectors and
groups from other cities in Metro Manila.
A variety show will also be held in the
evening after the streetdancing.
1. The Sunduan Festival - (February
13) A bigger, grander reenactment of what
has evolved as a courtship ritual, and takes
place the day right before Valentine’s, giving
the occasion a heightened atmosphere of
love in the air.
1. Talulot Festival - Talulot is named after the Filipino word for petal, in honor
of St. Therese of the Child Jesus who is also known as God’s Little Flower. Devotees
of Saint Therese believe that she sends a flower or flowers as a sign of granted
1. Balot sa Puti Festival – (Jan 31,
2014) Annual festivity in Pateros. The most
anticipated part of the event is the cooking
contest. It involves as its main ingredient is
the Balut, where the egg is cooked in
innovative and new dishes to the delight of
1. Sta. Anang Banak Taguig River
Festival - A grand parade which honors
the patroness Saint Anne. The festival is an
annual event that rooted from religious and
mythical beliefs that made up the ethnic
race once called "taga-giik."