POLITICS OF CYPRUSBenedict (Viktor) Gombocz
Geography of Cyprus Location: Middle East, island in theMediterranean Sea, south of Turkey Area: Total: 9,251 sq km (3,...
Physical Map of Cyprus
Introduction to Cyprus’ politicalsystem Politics of the Republic of Cyprus function in a structure of a presidential repr...
Cyprus’ political system: Government ofCyprus Capital (and largest city): Nicosia Official languages: Greek, Turkish Mi...
Cyprus’ political system:Constitution The constitution of 16 August 1960 predicted share of power between the GreekCyprio...
Cyprus’ political system: Executivebranch Office: President Name: Nicos Anastasiades Party: Democratic Rally Since: 28...
Cyprus’ political system: Legislativebranch The House of Representatives(Βουλή των Αντιπροςώπων - VouliAntiprosópon/ Tems...
Cyprus’ political system: Parliamentaryparties Democratic Rally (Δεκοθραηηθός ΢σλαγερκός,ΔΗ΢Υ; Dimokratikós Sinayermós, D...
Cyprus’ political system: Administrativedivisions Cyprus is split into six districts:Famagusta (Ammochostos), Kyrenia,Lar...
Nicos Anastasiades Born 27 September 1946 in Pera Pedi. 7th and current President of Cyprus;assumed office on 28 Februar...
Democratic Rally Conservative, Christian-democratic political party in Cyprus, led byNicos Anastasiades, the current pres...
Nicosia
The End (Το τέλοσ,Sonunda)
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Politics of Cyprus

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      Business      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Politics of Cyprus

  • 1. POLITICS OF CYPRUSBenedict (Viktor) Gombocz
  • 2. Geography of Cyprus Location: Middle East, island in theMediterranean Sea, south of Turkey Area: Total: 9,251 sq km (3,355 sq km of which arein north Cyprus) Country comparison to the world: 171 Land: 9,241 sq km Water: 10 sq km Area – comparative: approximately 0.6times the size of Connecticut Land boundaries: Total: 150.4 km (approximately) Border sovereign base areas: Akrotiri 47.4km, Dhekelia 103 km (approximately) Coastline: 648 km
  • 3. Physical Map of Cyprus
  • 4. Introduction to Cyprus’ politicalsystem Politics of the Republic of Cyprus function in a structure of a presidential representativedemocratic republic, with the President of Cyprus acting as both head of state and head ofgovernment, and of a multi-party structure. The government exercises executive power; legislative power is vested in both thegovernment and the House of Representatives. The Judiciary is independent of both the executive and the legislature. Cyprus is a divided island; since 1974, the internationally recognized Republic of Cyprushas occupied the south two-thirds, and the Turkish occupied and controlled TurkishRepublic of Northern Cyprus (not officially recognized by any country other than Turkey)the northern one-third. The Government of the Republic of Cyprus continues as the only internationally-recognized power on the island (in addition to the UK’s international recognition as regardsthe SBAs), but in reality, its power only expands to the government occupied portion.
  • 5. Cyprus’ political system: Government ofCyprus Capital (and largest city): Nicosia Official languages: Greek, Turkish Minority languages: Armenian, CypriotMaronite Arabic Demonym: Cypriot Government: Unitary presidentialconstitutional republic President: Nicos Anastasiades Legislature: House of Representatives
  • 6. Cyprus’ political system:Constitution The constitution of 16 August 1960 predicted share of power between the GreekCypriots and the Turkish Cypriots. Attempts to reform the constitution led to the intercommunal conflict in 1963. This constitution is still in use, despite a lack of Turkish Cypriot presence in Cyprus’government.
  • 7. Cyprus’ political system: Executivebranch Office: President Name: Nicos Anastasiades Party: Democratic Rally Since: 28 February 2013 Elected by popular vote to a five-year term,the president acts as both chief of stateand head of government. The post of VP is currently unoccupied;under the constitution of 1960, that post isset aside for a Turkish Cypriot. The President and the VP nominate theCouncil of Ministers together.Main office holdersDuties of the main officeholders
  • 8. Cyprus’ political system: Legislativebranch The House of Representatives(Βουλή των Αντιπροςώπων - VouliAntiprosópon/ Temsilciler Meclisi) iscomposed of 59 members elected toa five-year term: 56 Greek Cypriotmembers selected throughproportional representation and 3observer members who represent theMaronite, Roman Catholic, andArmenian minorities. 24 seats are distributed to theTurkish community, but they are atpresent unoccupied.
  • 9. Cyprus’ political system: Parliamentaryparties Democratic Rally (Δεκοθραηηθός ΢σλαγερκός,ΔΗ΢Υ; Dimokratikós Sinayermós, DISY) Progressive Party of Working People(Αλορζωηηθό Κόκκα Εργαδόκελοσ Λαού,ΑΚΕΛ; Anorthotikó Kómma ErgazómenouLaoú, AKEL) Democratic Party (Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα, ΔΗKΟ;Dimokratikó Kómma, DIKO) Movement for Social Democracy (Κηλήκα΢οζηαιδεκοθραηώλ, ΕΔΕΚ; KinimaSosialdimokraton, EDEK) European Party (Εσρωπαϊθό Κόκκα,ΕΥΡΩΚΟ; Evropaiko Komma, EVROKO) Ecological and Environmental Movement(Κίλεκα Οηθοιόγωλ Περηβαιιοληηζηώλ, KOΠ;Kinima Oikologon Perivallontiston, KOP)
  • 10. Cyprus’ political system: Administrativedivisions Cyprus is split into six districts:Famagusta (Ammochostos), Kyrenia,Larnaca, Limassol (Lemesos), Nicosia(Lefkosia), Paphos (note – occupiedarea’s administrative divisions includesKyrenia, excluding a small part ofFamagusta (Ammochostos), and smallparts of Lefkosia (Nicosia), andLarnaca.
  • 11. Nicos Anastasiades Born 27 September 1946 in Pera Pedi. 7th and current President of Cyprus;assumed office on 28 February 2013. Previously served as the leader of the rightof center political party Democratic Rally(DISY) from 8 June 1997-28 February2013. Is a lawyer by occupation and the founderof law firm "Nicos Chr. Anastasiades &Partners". Graduated in law from the National andKapodistrian University of Athens; finishedpostgraduate studies in shipping law atUniversity College London. During his university studies, h was amember of the Centre Coalition based inAthens formed by Georgios Papandreou. Was first elected as a member of theHouse of Representatives in 1981.
  • 12. Democratic Rally Conservative, Christian-democratic political party in Cyprus, led byNicos Anastasiades, the current president of the Republic ofCyprus. Founded on 4 July 1976 by veteran politican Glafkos Klerides, wholater served as the president of Cyprus from 1993-2003. Member of Centrist Democrat International and InternationalDemocrat Union (both international affiliation) and EuropeanPeople’s Party (EPP, European affiliation and EP group). Won 28.2% of the vote in the 2004 EP election in Cyprus; elected2 MEPs, Ioannis Casoulides and Panayiotis Demetriou, who joinedthe EPP-ED Group, together with ex-DISY president YannakisMatsis. Its leader advocated the Annan Plan for the re-unification ofCyprus. After the refusal by the Greek Cypriot community, four MPs(Sillouris, Prodromou, Erotokritou, Taramoundas) who were inopposition to the party line were banned from the party andnumerous members freely resigned; the banned MPs founded aparty called European Democracy. European Democracy joined New Horizons in 2005 and foundedEuropean Party. Ex-party president Yiannakis Matsis presided over a splintercoalition For Europe in the EP election; he won a seat in the EPand joined the EPP group (he is still a DISY member). Won 30.52% and 18/56 seats in the 21 May 2006 elections, and34.27% and 20/56 seats in the 22 May 2011 elections. Its candidate in the 2013 presidential election, NicosAnastasiades, won that election.
  • 13. Nicosia
  • 14. The End (Το τέλοσ,Sonunda)

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