Presidents of Hungary
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Presidents of Hungary
By: Benedict Gombocz
1st President of the Third Republic of Hungary from 4 August 1990 until 4 August 2000 (acting from 2 May 1990 until 3 August 1990). Born 10 February 1922 in Budapest. Played a role in the anti-Communist uprising of 1956. Founding member and Vice Chairman of his party SZDSZ (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége – A Magyar Liberális Párt – Alliance of Free Democrats -- Hungarian Liberal Party). Currently involved in international advisory council of Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.
2nd President of the Third Republic of Hungary from 4 August 2000 until 5 August 2005. Born 29 January 1931 in Bánd; died 29 May 2011 in Budapest. Received a diploma from Faculty of Politics and Law of Eötvös Loránd University in 1955; studied at faculty of international comparative law at University of Straßburg between 1961 and 1963. Elected as corresponding member of Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1987; was made full member of Academy six years later. Was not a member of a political party.
3rd President of the Third Republic of Hungary from 5 August 2005 until 5 August 2010. Born 3 January 1942 in Pécs. Was President of Constitutional Court of Hungary from 1990 until 1998. Graduated from University of Pécs in 1965; worked as professor at universities and law institutes in Budapest (at Eötvös Loránd University from 1983; Pázmány Péter Catholic University from 1996; and Andrássy Gyula German Speaking University of Budapest from 2002); also worked in Jena for three years. Was not a member of a political party, like his predecessor , but was a member of Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata F órum, MDF); was one of MDF’s founding members and represented that party in Opposition Roundtable negotiations that played a significant role in Hungary’s transition from communism to democracy.
4th President of the Third Republic of Hungary from 6 August 2010 until 2 April 2012. Born 13 May 1942 in Budapest. Was a successful fencer when he was younger; won two gold medals at Summer Olympics. Later served as ambassador during 1990s; was Vice President of European Parliament from 2009 to 2010 before his election as president. Was elected President of Hungary in 263 to 59 vote in Parliament of Hungary after briefly serving as Speaker of Hungary’s National Assembly; László Kövér succeeded him as Speaker of National Assembly (and later as acting president from 2 April 2012 until 10 May 2012). Speaks German, French and English in addition to his native Hungarian. Following a claim of academic misconduct, he was deprived by legal session of Senate of Semmelweis University of his Dr. Univ. degree on 29 March 2012; he subsequently announced to Hungarian Parliament his resignation as President on 2 April.
5th and current President of the Third Republic of Hungary since 10 May 2012; first president to hold office since new Hungarian constitution became operative on 1 January 2012. Born 9 May 1959 in Csorna. Studied law for five years (1978-1983) at Faculty of Law and Political Sciences at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest. Worked as research fellow at Hungarian Academy of Sciences’ Sociological Research Institute between 1986 and 1990. Has a law degree; was a co-founder of Fidesz (Alliance of Young Democrats), a liberal coalition of democrats at its founding in 1988 (it has switched to centre-right as of 2012). Also served as party legal expert; was member of Opposition Round Table which, in 1989, brought about end of single-party rule in Hungary. Was head of Fidesz campaign in 1990 and 1994 elections. Member of Hungarian Parliament (Országgyűlés) from 1990 until 2009, during which he was Speaker of the National Assembly from 18 June 1998 until 15 May 2002.