POLYETHOXYLATED
TALLOW AMINE
(POEA)
Benjamapohn Chairongchan
Student ID: 09531550
OUTLINES





INTRODUCTION
APPLICATIONS
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TOXICITY
SUMMARY
INTRODUCTION (cont.)

POLYETHOXYLATED TALLOW AMINE
(POEA)
 Non-ionic
surfactants
 Be composed of tallow amine and 2 c...
INTRODUCTION (cont.)

POLYETHOXYLATED TALLOW AMINE
(POEA)
range of Ka is 6.5 – 7.0
 Produced by ethoxylation process
A...
INTRODUCTION (cont.)

TALLOW AMINE MOIETY
 Palmitic
acid
 Oleic acid
 Stearic acid
 Others
others
Stearic
acid
P...
APPLICATIONS

METAL INDUSTRIES
 Rust
preventives agents
 Corrosion inhibitors
 Metal lubricants

PLASTIC INDUSTRIE...
APPLICATIONS (cont.)

AGROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
 Surfactant
 To
additives in glyphosate formulations
change various ph...
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS



A half-life in soils of less than 7 days
Washout from soil is likely to be minimal
Half-life ...
TOXICITY




Be harmful if ingested
Causes skin irritation
Causes eye irritation
Be harmful to a variety of aquatic w...
TOXICITY (cont.)
SUMMARY





Non-ionic surfactants
Used in many glyphosate formulations
Be harmful to aquatic wildlife and many
mam...
REFERENCES



D. Tush, K.A. Loftin, M.T. Meyer. Characterization of
polyoxyethylene tallow amine surfactants in tech...
THANK YOU
FOR ATTENTION
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Polyethoxylated tallow amine (poea)

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
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Transcripts - Polyethoxylated tallow amine (poea)

  • 1. POLYETHOXYLATED TALLOW AMINE (POEA) Benjamapohn Chairongchan Student ID: 09531550
  • 2. OUTLINES      INTRODUCTION APPLICATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS TOXICITY SUMMARY
  • 3. INTRODUCTION (cont.)  POLYETHOXYLATED TALLOW AMINE (POEA)  Non-ionic surfactants  Be composed of tallow amine and 2 chains of ethoxylate  POEA molecules will be described by the number of carbon atoms in the tallow atom moity and the number of ethyloxylate units
  • 4. INTRODUCTION (cont.)  POLYETHOXYLATED TALLOW AMINE (POEA) range of Ka is 6.5 – 7.0  Produced by ethoxylation process A  Ethoxylation process  Tallow amines reacted with ethylene oxides in presence of catalyst in process
  • 5. INTRODUCTION (cont.)  TALLOW AMINE MOIETY  Palmitic acid  Oleic acid  Stearic acid  Others others Stearic acid Palmmitic acid  Myristic acid  Linoleic acid Oleic acid
  • 6. APPLICATIONS  METAL INDUSTRIES  Rust preventives agents  Corrosion inhibitors  Metal lubricants  PLASTIC INDUSTRIES  Textile  auxiliaries dye leveler
  • 7. APPLICATIONS (cont.)  AGROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES  Surfactant  To additives in glyphosate formulations change various physical properties  May be added as wetting agents, emulsifiers, or dispersants  Increases the efficacy of glyphosate  An excellent performance of emulsification and even dying
  • 8. ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS    A half-life in soils of less than 7 days Washout from soil is likely to be minimal Half-life in bodies of water would be about 2 weeks
  • 9. TOXICITY     Be harmful if ingested Causes skin irritation Causes eye irritation Be harmful to a variety of aquatic wildlife
  • 10. TOXICITY (cont.)
  • 11. SUMMARY      Non-ionic surfactants Used in many glyphosate formulations Be harmful to aquatic wildlife and many mammals Affect to environment Play an important role in many industries especially agriculture industries
  • 12. REFERENCES    D. Tush, K.A. Loftin, M.T. Meyer. Characterization of polyoxyethylene tallow amine surfactants in technical mixtures and glyphosate formulations using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography and triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. Chromatrogr. A 1319 (2013) 80-81. OUCC. Oriental Union Chemical Corporation, Product specification,www.oucc.com.tw/eng/p2_SC_a3_m3_d4. asp (Dec 3,2013) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Pesticide Registration Manual,www.epa.gov/pesticides/bluebook/chapter1.html (Dec 3, 2013).
  • 13. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION