national health programmes
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - national health programmes
Msc (N) 1st Year
Sum Nursing College
National Anti Malaria Programme
National Filaria Control Programme
Kala–azar Control Programme
JE Control programme
Dengue fever control programme
Launched in India -1953
ACTION- Indoor residual spray of DDT in endemic
RESULT- 80% of reduction in Malaria cases.
Launched in India -1958
ACTION- Programme in various phases.
(Preparatory, Attack , Maintenance)
RESULT- Early beginning successful very high, late set back.
Modified plan of action (1977)
Maintain Industrial and Agricultural production.
Brought down then 2.18 million in 1984 and
remain stable in 2 million up to 1993.
Again number of death increased.
Government of India adopted in 1994
Management of critical complicated cases of
Check death in high risk groups.
Reduce morbidity rate.
Checking malaria endemic.
Limiting cases of drug resistance.
Finding and treating.
Controlling of parasite.
Indentifying primary areas.
Launched in 1971
Adopting recurrent antilarval measure in
Indentifying malaria cases with help of
available system and health workers.
Controlling malaria through treatment.
Launched in 1997
Early diagnosis and prompt treatment.
Selective vector control and indivisual
Information, Education, Communication.
Developing capacity against infection.
Epidemic planning and rapid response
In 2010, India is on 18th position in total
reported cases in the world and 21st position in
total world death of Malaria.
85% cases from Odisha, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh,
Madhya pradesh, Tripura, Andhra pradesh,
Gujurat, Maharastra, West Bengal, Assam.
Launched in 1955
Assessing the extend of problem of filaria.
Treating and Diagnosed cases with DEC.
Continuing the disease control through
antilarval and anti parasitic programme in
Launched in 1990-91
To eradicate 2010;
Reduce number of vector and the transmission
by sprinkling of chemical twice /year.
Primary diagnosis and treatment.
Providing health education for protection
5 deaths reported
1996 1st case detected
It has reduced upto ,0.4%
In year 1990 ARD control programme had
During 1992-93 it is implemented as a part of
To reduce mortality in children due to ARD
To ensure standard care management
To trained peripheral health staff
To promote timely referral
To improve maternal knowledge
To promote immunisation
Started in 1962
Long term objective
Short term objective
District TB centre on average 50 peripheral
PHC, CHC, General Hospital
Reviewed NTP and launched RNTCP on 1992.
Achievement of at least 85% cure rate of infections
cases through short term Chemotherapy.
Case findings through Sputum Microscopy.
Strengthening health care centre.
Ensure the supply of Antituberculosis medication .
Being improvement of all NGO staffs and all
categories of health worker.
COUGH FOR 2 WEEKS OR MORE
3 Sputum smears
1 or 2 Positive
Antibiotics 10 – 14 days
Repeat 2 Sputum Examination
1 or 2 Positives 2 Negative
Suggestive of TB Negative for TB
Sputum negative PTB
Anti TB Treatment
Sputum Positive PTB
Anti TB Treatment
Success of DOTS depends
Good quality Sputum Microscopy.
Uninterrupted supply of good quality drugs.
India is 2nd largest country in world in terms
coverage of DOTS.
By October 2004, 83% of population covered
About 9000 lab established.
More than 85% success rate till 2006.
Death reduced from 24% - 4%.
To remove leprosy from the country.
In 2002; India has 5/10,000 population Leprosy ratio.
To treat Leprosy at home by DAPSONE
In 2007 onwards;
Early detection cases
Treating with MDT
Providing service by health worker.
Solving problem of ugliness and
Between 2010-2011 -> 1,26,800 fresh cases
of Leprosy around 4000 among them
Launched in 1987;
Reducing the Morbidity and Mortality of AIDS.
Minimizing the HIV infection.
Strengthening the Management Potentials
Rectifying IEC System
Control of STD
Strengthening the diagnosis, Management, Capability.
Launched in India 1978.
Reducing the Morbidity and Mortality resulting from
six vaccine preventable disease of childhood.
To achieve self sufficiency in vaccine.
Launched in 1985.
100% vaccination of children and pregnant women.
By 2009 coverage level 90% in TT, 88% BCG, 80% DPT,
To build capacity at district and state level.
Training of Paramedical and Medical staffs.
Publicity of technical information and
Setting up a development Lab.
Encouraging Participation of community.
Modernization of Communication.
Regional cancer centre scheme.
Oncology wing development scheme.
District cancer control programme.
IEC at central level.
Started in (1985-90) 7th five year plan.
Identifying high risk group at early stage.
Early diagnosis and management.
Prevention and complication management.
Launched in 7th (Five Year plan)
Mental health care service for all.
Identify high risk group in communities.
Started in 1976
Establishing Regional institute of Ophthalmology.
Improving level of Ophthalmic Services.
Development of Mobile Ophthalmic Units.
Training and appointing Ophthalmic personnel.
Vision 2020: RIGHT TO SIGHT
School Level Programme:
MIDDAY MEAL PROGRAMME
SPECIAL NUTRITION PROGRAMME
NATIONAL NUTRITIONAL ANAEMIA
NATIONAL IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDER
o To improve the nutrition and health status of
children 0-6 yrs.
o To lay out the foundation between all aspect
of the child
o To reduce mortality morbidity and school
drop out, of the children
o To enhance the capability of mother to
provide the child nutritional need
To attract more school attendance .
More literacy level should achieved
School health fulfill 1/3 rd of total
requirement per day
To improve the nutritional status of a target
group , For children below 6 yrs ,pregnant
Provides 300Kcalorie,10-12 gm of protien per
child per day
Mother get 500 kcalorie and 25 gms of
Launched in 1962 as national goitre control
Evaluation of iodine salt.
Lab monitoring of iodine
2011 Strategies: of malaria
Accessible cost diagnosis services.
Treatment in identified high risk groups.
Newer diagnostic techniques like Rapid
Long lasting insecticidal nets to improve
quality must provide.
In 2011, the success rate was > 87% Quality
Sputum smear exam is available .
12th five year plan (2012-2017) = TB FREE