Natural FIber - Jute
Jute and its types. how it is made into fiber for other fabric making.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natural FIber - Jute
Jute is called a bast (stem)fiber. It has a yellow to brown or gray color with silky luster.
Cultivation done throughout Asia, in India and Bangladesh.
This is 100% bio degradable and recyclable fiber. Known as the GOLDEN fiber.
Cheapest vegetable fiber which has high
tensile strength and poor elasticity. Jute
composed of cellulose about 65%
Two varities of jute – bangla tossa and
Jute goods are interpreted as
burlap, industrial hemp and
Hemp fabric burlap fabric kenaf fabric.
Cultivation and processing of
Jute It grows on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,
heavy rainfall and humid climate.
Farmers scatter seeds on cultivated soil.
After 4 months harvesting begins after they flower and
before flower changes to seed the stalks are cut off from
close to ground.
Stalks tied in bundles and retted for 20 days.
Fibers are stripped from stalks and washed in clear
They are hung to dry for 2 to 3 days and then fibers are
tied to bundles for sending to other processes.
Jute is graded to its color, strength and fiber length. The
fibers are off white to brown and 1-4 meter long.
Jute is then pressed into bales for shipment for
Bundled after cutting
Stripping in clean water
Hung for drying
Properties of jute
Poor elasticity and low flexibility
Good resistance to micro organisms
Its texture is rough and coarse.
Burning – scorches and burns easily
Flame – yellow flames burns lower
Odour – burning paper
Residue – light feathery grayish or
Uses of jute
Used as Backing of jute in
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