JUTE
Unit 4
Jute is called a bast (stem)fiber. It has a yellow to brown or gray color with silky luster.
Cultivation done throughout A...
Jute goods are interpreted as
burlap, industrial hemp and
kenaf.
Hemp fabric burlap fabric kenaf fabric.
Cultivation and processing of
Jute It grows on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,
heavy rainfall and humid clim...
Cutting
Stripping
Bundled
Retting
Bundled after cutting
Stripping in clean water
Hung for drying
Gradin
g
Baled
Properties of jute
 Moderate strength
 Poor elasticity and low flexibility
 Good resistance to micro organisms
 Its te...
Burning test
 Burning – scorches and burns easily
 Flame – yellow flames burns lower
than cotton
 Odour – burning paper...
Uses of jute
Jute Products
Used as Backing of jute in
linoleum
Thank You !
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Natural FIber - Jute

Jute and its types. how it is made into fiber for other fabric making.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Science      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natural FIber - Jute

  • 1. JUTE Unit 4
  • 2. Jute is called a bast (stem)fiber. It has a yellow to brown or gray color with silky luster. Cultivation done throughout Asia, in India and Bangladesh. This is 100% bio degradable and recyclable fiber. Known as the GOLDEN fiber.  Cheapest vegetable fiber which has high tensile strength and poor elasticity. Jute composed of cellulose about 65%  Two varities of jute – bangla tossa and bangla white.
  • 3. Jute goods are interpreted as burlap, industrial hemp and kenaf. Hemp fabric burlap fabric kenaf fabric.
  • 4. Cultivation and processing of Jute It grows on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate.  Farmers scatter seeds on cultivated soil.  After 4 months harvesting begins after they flower and before flower changes to seed the stalks are cut off from close to ground.  Stalks tied in bundles and retted for 20 days.  Fibers are stripped from stalks and washed in clear running water.  They are hung to dry for 2 to 3 days and then fibers are tied to bundles for sending to other processes.  Jute is graded to its color, strength and fiber length. The fibers are off white to brown and 1-4 meter long.  Jute is then pressed into bales for shipment for manufacturers.
  • 5. Cutting Stripping Bundled Retting Bundled after cutting
  • 6. Stripping in clean water Hung for drying Gradin g Baled
  • 7. Properties of jute  Moderate strength  Poor elasticity and low flexibility  Good resistance to micro organisms  Its texture is rough and coarse.
  • 8. Burning test  Burning – scorches and burns easily  Flame – yellow flames burns lower than cotton  Odour – burning paper  Residue – light feathery grayish or blackish ash.
  • 9. Uses of jute
  • 10. Jute Products
  • 11. Used as Backing of jute in linoleum
  • 12. Thank You !

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