Classification of Organisms
II.. CCllaassssiiffiiccaattiioonn
A. Arrangement in classes or groups
to improve communication
between scientists.
B. ...
IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ooff LLiivviinngg
TThhiinnggss
AA.. MMoonneerraann KKiinnggddoomm
1. Simple single ce...
IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ccoonntt..
B. The Protist Kingdom
1. Complex , single celled
oar.g aEnuigsmlenas- make...
Trypanosoma use flagellum to move
Peramecium have hair like structures called cilia
Here is an Ameba with its pseudopods
IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ccoonntt..
C. The Fungi Kingdom
1. Many celled organisms
2. Depend on others for
food...
A picture of Bread Mold
And here is a Mushroom
IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ccoonntt..
»DD.. TThhee PPllaanntt KKiinnggddoomm 11.. MMaannyy cceelllleedd oorrggaann...
EE.. TThhee AAnniimmaall KKiinnggddoomm
TThhee AAnniimmaall KKiinnggddoomm ccoonntt..
1. Many Celled Organisms
2. Consume other Organisms for food
3. The Subdi...
 44.. HHooww KKiinnggddoommss aarree ssuubbddiivviiddeedd
Let’s look at how we would scientifically name the
Columbine....
1. Phylum: Porifera – The Sponges
a. Sessile (permanently attached
as adults.)
b. Pores
c. Two cell layers
d. Both ma...
2.Phylum: Coelenterata
Jellyfish and Coral
a. They have tentacles.
b. They have stinging cells.
c. Some are sessile/ s...
2. Phylum: Coelenterata cont.
Jellyfish and Coral cont.
d. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed by inner cell layer
e. Digesti...
3. Phylum: Platyhelminthes –
The Flatworms
a. Parasites live off host
b. They can regenerate if
broken.
c.Respiration...
4. Phylum Nematoda - Roundworms
a. Many are parasites / some free - living
b. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed through the ...
5. Phylum Annelida -
The Segmented Worm
a. Segmented body
b. Respiration – Gas exchange through the
skin.
c. Digestio...
5. Phylum Annelida - The Segmented Worm cont
d. Circulation – Pairs of “hearts” circulate blood
e. Example : Earthworm -...
6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks
a. Mostly Shell-builders
b. Mantle – Fleshy covering
that secretes the shell.
c. We...
6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks
d. Respiration – Gills for gas exchange
e. Digestion – complete with specialized orga...
7. Phylum - Arthropoda
7. Phylum Arthropods
a. Exoskeleton (outside)
b. Jointed legs
c. Segmented body
d. Circulation – open, hearts for
pum...
g. Arthropods five classes cont.
1. Class Crustacea ( crabs, lobsters)
a. Mostly marine (salt water)
b. Cephalothorax a...
g. Arthropods five classes cont.
2. Class Arachnida (spiders, ticks, mites)
a. Many are poisonous
b. Two body regions
...
g. Arthropods five classes cont
3. Class Insecta ( grasshoppers, bees)
a. Many fly
b. Three body regions
c. Three pair...
g. Arthropods five classes cont
4. Class Chilopoda ( centipedes)
a. Many segments
b. One pair of legs per segment
c. P...
g. Arthropods five classes cont
5. Class Diplopoda ( millipedes)
a. Many segments
b. Two pairs of legs per segment
c. ...
8.Phylum: Echinodermata
starfish
A. Spiny skin
B. Radial design
C. Examples: sea stars
9.Phylum Chordata
( vertebrates with spinal cords)
A. Circulatory system
1. Closed (veins and arteries)
2. Multi chamb...
Let’s take a look at 7 classes of vertebrates
Phylum: Chordata cont.
1. Class: Cyclostomata
a. Cold blooded
b. Cartilage skeleton
c. No true Jaws
d. Example: The l...
Phylum: Chordata cont
2. Class: Chondrichthyes
a. Cold blooded
b. Sharp teeth
c. Cartilage skeleton
d. Example: shark...
Phylum: Chordata cont
3. Class: Osteichthyes
1. Cold blooded
2. Bone skeleton
3. Two chambered heart
4. Scales
5. Ex...
Phylum: Chordata cont
4. Class: amphibia
a. Live in water and on land
b. Smooth moist skin ( exceptions: toads)
c. Col...
4. Class: amphibia cont.
e. Breathe through lungs and skin as adults
f. Lay eggs in water
g. Three chambered heart
h. ...
Phylum: Chordata
5. Class: Reptilia
a. Cold blooded
b. scales
c. Lay eggs on land
Phylum: Chordata
5. Class: Reptilia cont.
d. Incomplete four chambered heart
e. Breath with lungs from birth
f. Exampl...
Phylum: Chordata
6. Class: Aves The birds
a. Warm blooded
b. Complete four chambered heart
c. Streamlined (aerodynamic...
Phylum: Chordata
6. Class: Aves The birds cont.
e. Lay eggs on land
f. Light weight skeleton
g. Examples: Eagles, Seag...
Phylum: Chordata
7. Class: Mammalia
a. Warm blooded
b. Hair
c. Live birth (placentals)
Placenta- nourishes baby while...
Phylum: Chordata
7. Class: Mammalia cont.
d. Mammary glands
- produce milk
- nurse young
e. Two pairs of limbs
f. Hi...
of 44

Kingdoms

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Kingdoms

  • 1. Classification of Organisms
  • 2. II.. CCllaassssiiffiiccaattiioonn A. Arrangement in classes or groups to improve communication between scientists. B. Four factors used to classify 1. They have similar structures 2. They have similar behaviors 3. They eat the same kinds of things 4. They have the same chemical make up.
  • 3. IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ooff LLiivviinngg TThhiinnggss AA.. MMoonneerraann KKiinnggddoomm 1. Simple single celled Example: Bacteria 2. Helpful types a. Decomposers b. Yogurt 3. Harmful types a. Pathogens – cause disease b Strepthroat
  • 4. IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ccoonntt.. B. The Protist Kingdom 1. Complex , single celled oar.g aEnuigsmlenas- make their own food b. Protozoans – depend on getting food from other sources. c. Examples of common protists are as follows
  • 5. Trypanosoma use flagellum to move
  • 6. Peramecium have hair like structures called cilia
  • 7. Here is an Ameba with its pseudopods
  • 8. IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ccoonntt.. C. The Fungi Kingdom 1. Many celled organisms 2. Depend on others for food a. Sprophytes- eat dead things b. Parasites – attack living tissues 3. Examples of a. Yeasts b. Mushrooms
  • 9. A picture of Bread Mold
  • 10. And here is a Mushroom
  • 11. IIII.. FFiivvee KKiinnggddoommss ccoonntt.. »DD.. TThhee PPllaanntt KKiinnggddoomm 11.. MMaannyy cceelllleedd oorrggaanniissmm 22.. TThheeyy mmaakkee tthheeiirr oowwnn ffoooodd.. –aa.. PPrroocceessss ccaalllleedd pphhoottoossyynntthheessiiss –bb.. EExxaammpplleess:: –TTrreeeess,, fflloowweerrss,, aanndd ggrraassss
  • 12. EE.. TThhee AAnniimmaall KKiinnggddoomm
  • 13. TThhee AAnniimmaall KKiinnggddoomm ccoonntt.. 1. Many Celled Organisms 2. Consume other Organisms for food 3. The Subdivision of this Kingdom a. Naming Organisms b. Common names – house cat c. Scientific Names – Felis catus Genus Species d. How are scientific names made?
  • 14.  44.. HHooww KKiinnggddoommss aarree ssuubbddiivviiddeedd Let’s look at how we would scientifically name the Columbine. a. Phylum Tb.r a c hCeolaphssyta Angiospermae c. Order Dicotyledon d. Family Re.a n u nGcuelnacuesaeAquilegia f. Species cearulea
  • 15. 1. Phylum: Porifera – The Sponges a. Sessile (permanently attached as adults.) b. Pores c. Two cell layers d. Both marine and fresh water e. Respiration- Oxygen absorbed by inner cells. f. Digestion- Food absorbed by inner cell layer. g. Circulation- 1. Flagellum create a water current. 2. No Blood
  • 16. 2.Phylum: Coelenterata Jellyfish and Coral a. They have tentacles. b. They have stinging cells. c. Some are sessile/ some free-living
  • 17. 2. Phylum: Coelenterata cont. Jellyfish and Coral cont. d. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed by inner cell layer e. Digestion – 1. Food absorbed by inner cell wall 2. Single opening mouth f. Circulation – water current distributes gas/food
  • 18. 3. Phylum: Platyhelminthes – The Flatworms a. Parasites live off host b. They can regenerate if broken. c.Respiration – Oxygen absorbed through the skin d. Digestion - 1. Nutrients absorbed into the skin 2. Single opening mouth e. Circulation – Nutrients/ gas circulated by host
  • 19. 4. Phylum Nematoda - Roundworms a. Many are parasites / some free - living b. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed through the skin d. Digestion 1. Nutrients absorbed by inner cell layer. 2. Complete system ( Two Openings) D. Circulation - Food / gas absorbed through cells
  • 20. 5. Phylum Annelida - The Segmented Worm a. Segmented body b. Respiration – Gas exchange through the skin. c. Digestion – 1. Specialized organs 2. Complete System 3. Nutrients absorbed through inner cell layer.
  • 21. 5. Phylum Annelida - The Segmented Worm cont d. Circulation – Pairs of “hearts” circulate blood e. Example : Earthworm - Nightcrawlers
  • 22. 6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks a. Mostly Shell-builders b. Mantle – Fleshy covering that secretes the shell. c. Well developed sense organs
  • 23. 6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks d. Respiration – Gills for gas exchange e. Digestion – complete with specialized organs. f. Circulation – hearts for pumping blood. g. Mostly aquatic h. Examples Octopus ,squid, Snails and clams
  • 24. 7. Phylum - Arthropoda
  • 25. 7. Phylum Arthropods a. Exoskeleton (outside) b. Jointed legs c. Segmented body d. Circulation – open, hearts for pumps e. Respiration - 1. Vents and spiracles ( land arthropods) 2. Gills (aquatic arthropods) f. Digestion – complete with specialized organs g. Five classes of arthropods
  • 26. g. Arthropods five classes cont. 1. Class Crustacea ( crabs, lobsters) a. Mostly marine (salt water) b. Cephalothorax and abdomen (two body regions) c. Five pair of legs
  • 27. g. Arthropods five classes cont. 2. Class Arachnida (spiders, ticks, mites) a. Many are poisonous b. Two body regions c. Four pairs of legs
  • 28. g. Arthropods five classes cont 3. Class Insecta ( grasshoppers, bees) a. Many fly b. Three body regions c. Three pairs of legs
  • 29. g. Arthropods five classes cont 4. Class Chilopoda ( centipedes) a. Many segments b. One pair of legs per segment c. Poisonous
  • 30. g. Arthropods five classes cont 5. Class Diplopoda ( millipedes) a. Many segments b. Two pairs of legs per segment c. Not poisonous
  • 31. 8.Phylum: Echinodermata starfish A. Spiny skin B. Radial design C. Examples: sea stars
  • 32. 9.Phylum Chordata ( vertebrates with spinal cords) A. Circulatory system 1. Closed (veins and arteries) 2. Multi chambered heart B. Digestive System – Complete system with specialized organs C. Respiratory System 1. Lungs on land 2. Gills in most cases in water
  • 33. Let’s take a look at 7 classes of vertebrates
  • 34. Phylum: Chordata cont. 1. Class: Cyclostomata a. Cold blooded b. Cartilage skeleton c. No true Jaws d. Example: The lamprey
  • 35. Phylum: Chordata cont 2. Class: Chondrichthyes a. Cold blooded b. Sharp teeth c. Cartilage skeleton d. Example: sharks, rays, skates
  • 36. Phylum: Chordata cont 3. Class: Osteichthyes 1. Cold blooded 2. Bone skeleton 3. Two chambered heart 4. Scales 5. Example: perch, bass
  • 37. Phylum: Chordata cont 4. Class: amphibia a. Live in water and on land b. Smooth moist skin ( exceptions: toads) c. Cold blooded d. Breathe through gills as babies
  • 38. 4. Class: amphibia cont. e. Breathe through lungs and skin as adults f. Lay eggs in water g. Three chambered heart h. Metamorphisms (tadple to frog) i. Examples newts, salamanders, frogs and toads
  • 39. Phylum: Chordata 5. Class: Reptilia a. Cold blooded b. scales c. Lay eggs on land
  • 40. Phylum: Chordata 5. Class: Reptilia cont. d. Incomplete four chambered heart e. Breath with lungs from birth f. Example: snakes, lizards, turtles
  • 41. Phylum: Chordata 6. Class: Aves The birds a. Warm blooded b. Complete four chambered heart c. Streamlined (aerodynamic) body d. Feathers
  • 42. Phylum: Chordata 6. Class: Aves The birds cont. e. Lay eggs on land f. Light weight skeleton g. Examples: Eagles, Seagulls, Turkeys
  • 43. Phylum: Chordata 7. Class: Mammalia a. Warm blooded b. Hair c. Live birth (placentals) Placenta- nourishes baby while developing in mom
  • 44. Phylum: Chordata 7. Class: Mammalia cont. d. Mammary glands - produce milk - nurse young e. Two pairs of limbs f. High functioning brain and sense organs

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