Pontiac's Rebellion and Proclamation of 1763
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pontiac's Rebellion and Proclamation of 1763
Study for quiz over standards 8.15, 8.16, and 8.19.
Pontiac and the
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: HOW DID PONTIAC'S REBELLION PUSH COLONISTS
CLOSER TO REVOLUTION?
Post-war Indian Relations
General Jeffery Amherst-British
general in charge of organizing
the territory gained in the French
and Indian War
Territory gained in the war
consisted of modern-day states of
Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois
and the Canadian province of
Sir William Johnson-British head of
the Indian Department
The Indians were surprised by the
French surrender and refused to
Amherst viewed the Indians as a
conquered people rather than
He reduced the number of forts
in the area
Discontinued the French
practice of giving annual gifts to
the tribes; Amherst viewed this
practice as blackmail
He restricted the sale of
gunpowder and weapons to the
Indians. This limited their ability to
hunt for food and furs.
These policies were opposed by
A respected Indian known as the
Delaware Prophet began to preach
that tribes needed to return to
traditional ways and reject the
Chief Pontiac- leader of the Ottawa
tribe, former ally of the French, and
Pontiac united many of the tribes in
In May 1763, he led 300 men to
attack Fort Detroit. The British were
ready for the attack, so Pontiac laid
siege to the fort.
This was the beginning of Pontiac's
The British sent reinforcements to
Fort Detroit, but Pontiac defeated
them in July 1763.
Pontiac gave up his siege of Fort
Detroit in the fall of 1763 when he
realized the French were not
coming to help.
Other Indians inspired by Pontiac
attacked British forts throughout
A total of 8 British forts were
captured by various Indian tribes.
Fort Pitt became the next target.
Fort Pitt was placed under siege.
Amherst responded by ordering
that Indian prisoners be killed.
Amherst also planned to spread
small pox among the Indians by
giving them infected blankets.
Colonel Henry Bouquet led a force
to relieve Fort Pitt. He defeated
the Indian force at the Battle of
Bushy Run and ended the siege of
Amherst was replaced by Major
General Thomas Gage.
The Paxton Boys
Paxton was a small town in
Pennsylvania. They requested
soldiers, or at least guns, from the
state legislature to defend
The legislature which was filled
with Quakers refused.
The Paxton Boys decided to raid
local Indian villages.
The attacked a friendly village
and killed 6 Indians while taking
another 14 prisoners.
The 14 prisoners were eventually
The Paxton Boys
Several Indians fled to Philadelphia
to seek protection from the Paxton
Several hundred Paxton Boys
marched towards Philadelphia in
They were angered that the
government would protect Indians
and not citizens.
An attack on Philadelphia was
avoided when the government
agreed to meet with the Paxton
Boys regarding their concerns.
The agreement was negotiated by
End of Rebellion
Under the direction of General
Gage, most of the fighting was
over by 1764.
Pontiac did not sign a formal
peace treaty until he met with
Johnson in 1766. This officially
ended the rebellion.
The peace treaty granted Pontiac
a full pardon.
Three years later, while visiting
Illinois, Pontiac was stabbed and
killed by a Peoria Indian.
Pontiac's tribe nearly wiped out
the Peoria tribe in revenge.
Proclamation of 1763
England responded to Pontiac's
Rebellion by issuing the
Proclamation of 1763.
This prohibited settlement of any
land to the west of the beginning
of any river that flowed into the
The colonists believed this was an
attempt by England to keep them
close to the Atlantic shore so they
could be easily controlled.
England built a line of forts to
prevent westward expansion.
England said the forts were for
colonial defense and therefore
they taxed the colonists to pay for
Create a comic book telling the story of Pontiac's
Rebellion. Use illustrations. Tell the story using the
frame-by-frame method of a comic book. Include
as much content from today's lesson as possible.
Write only on one side of the paper.