Bell Ringer
 Study for quiz over standards 8.15, 8.16, and 8.19.
Pontiac and the
Proclamation of
1763
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: HOW DID PONTIAC'S REBELLION PUSH COLONISTS
CLOSER TO REVOLUTION?
Post-war Indian Relations
 General Jeffery Amherst-British
general in charge of organizing
the territory gained in the Fr...
Amherst's Policies
 Amherst viewed the Indians as a
conquered people rather than
equal neighbors
 He reduced the number ...
Indian Response
 A respected Indian known as the
Delaware Prophet began to preach
that tribes needed to return to
traditi...
Pontiac's Rebellion
 The British sent reinforcements to
Fort Detroit, but Pontiac defeated
them in July 1763.
 Pontiac g...
Pontiac's Rebellion
 Fort Pitt was placed under siege.
 Amherst responded by ordering
that Indian prisoners be killed.
...
The Paxton Boys
 Paxton was a small town in
Pennsylvania. They requested
soldiers, or at least guns, from the
state legis...
The Paxton Boys
 Several Indians fled to Philadelphia
to seek protection from the Paxton
Boys.
 Several hundred Paxton B...
End of Rebellion
 Under the direction of General
Gage, most of the fighting was
over by 1764.
 Pontiac did not sign a fo...
Proclamation of 1763
 England responded to Pontiac's
Rebellion by issuing the
Proclamation of 1763.
 This prohibited set...
Summarizer
 3-People
 2-Places
 1-Question
Extension Activity
Create a comic book telling the story of Pontiac's
Rebellion. Use illustrations. Tell the story using t...
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Pontiac's Rebellion and Proclamation of 1763

Class Presentation
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pontiac's Rebellion and Proclamation of 1763

  • 1. Bell Ringer  Study for quiz over standards 8.15, 8.16, and 8.19.
  • 2. Pontiac and the Proclamation of 1763 ESSENTIAL QUESTION: HOW DID PONTIAC'S REBELLION PUSH COLONISTS CLOSER TO REVOLUTION?
  • 3. Post-war Indian Relations  General Jeffery Amherst-British general in charge of organizing the territory gained in the French and Indian War  Territory gained in the war consisted of modern-day states of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and the Canadian province of Ontario  Sir William Johnson-British head of the Indian Department  The Indians were surprised by the French surrender and refused to acknowledge defeat
  • 4. Amherst's Policies  Amherst viewed the Indians as a conquered people rather than equal neighbors  He reduced the number of forts in the area  Discontinued the French practice of giving annual gifts to the tribes; Amherst viewed this practice as blackmail  He restricted the sale of gunpowder and weapons to the Indians. This limited their ability to hunt for food and furs.  These policies were opposed by Johnson
  • 5. Indian Response  A respected Indian known as the Delaware Prophet began to preach that tribes needed to return to traditional ways and reject the British.  Chief Pontiac- leader of the Ottawa tribe, former ally of the French, and charismatic speaker.  Pontiac united many of the tribes in the area  In May 1763, he led 300 men to attack Fort Detroit. The British were ready for the attack, so Pontiac laid siege to the fort.  This was the beginning of Pontiac's Rebellion.
  • 6. Pontiac's Rebellion  The British sent reinforcements to Fort Detroit, but Pontiac defeated them in July 1763.  Pontiac gave up his siege of Fort Detroit in the fall of 1763 when he realized the French were not coming to help.  Other Indians inspired by Pontiac attacked British forts throughout the territory.  A total of 8 British forts were captured by various Indian tribes.  Fort Pitt became the next target.
  • 7. Pontiac's Rebellion  Fort Pitt was placed under siege.  Amherst responded by ordering that Indian prisoners be killed.  Amherst also planned to spread small pox among the Indians by giving them infected blankets.  Colonel Henry Bouquet led a force to relieve Fort Pitt. He defeated the Indian force at the Battle of Bushy Run and ended the siege of Fort Pitt.  Amherst was replaced by Major General Thomas Gage.
  • 8. The Paxton Boys  Paxton was a small town in Pennsylvania. They requested soldiers, or at least guns, from the state legislature to defend themselves.  The legislature which was filled with Quakers refused.  The Paxton Boys decided to raid local Indian villages.  The attacked a friendly village and killed 6 Indians while taking another 14 prisoners.  The 14 prisoners were eventually killed.
  • 9. The Paxton Boys  Several Indians fled to Philadelphia to seek protection from the Paxton Boys.  Several hundred Paxton Boys marched towards Philadelphia in January 1764.  They were angered that the government would protect Indians and not citizens.  An attack on Philadelphia was avoided when the government agreed to meet with the Paxton Boys regarding their concerns.  The agreement was negotiated by Benjamin Franklin.
  • 10. End of Rebellion  Under the direction of General Gage, most of the fighting was over by 1764.  Pontiac did not sign a formal peace treaty until he met with Johnson in 1766. This officially ended the rebellion.  The peace treaty granted Pontiac a full pardon.  Three years later, while visiting Illinois, Pontiac was stabbed and killed by a Peoria Indian.  Pontiac's tribe nearly wiped out the Peoria tribe in revenge.
  • 11. Proclamation of 1763  England responded to Pontiac's Rebellion by issuing the Proclamation of 1763.  This prohibited settlement of any land to the west of the beginning of any river that flowed into the Atlantic Ocean.  The colonists believed this was an attempt by England to keep them close to the Atlantic shore so they could be easily controlled.  England built a line of forts to prevent westward expansion.  England said the forts were for colonial defense and therefore they taxed the colonists to pay for them.
  • 12. Summarizer  3-People  2-Places  1-Question
  • 13. Extension Activity Create a comic book telling the story of Pontiac's Rebellion. Use illustrations. Tell the story using the frame-by-frame method of a comic book. Include as much content from today's lesson as possible. Write only on one side of the paper.