Port of AntwerpToday, Tomorrow Forever
Success factors crucial for any Port Location, Location, Location Economies of Scale Port efficiency ...
Location in the heart of Europe– Antwerp is located in the heart of Europe– The “banana” contains the main European centr...
Antwerp: a seaport close to the hinterland ANTWERP Flanders port area expert meeting ...
Multifunctional port Logistics Cargo handling Industry
Antwerp, the second largest port in EuropeMaritime cargo transport 2011 “Scale”2011: 187 million tonnes(2010  + 5 % ) ...
The Port of Antwerptoday (Scale)– Total area: 13,057 ha– Quay length: 151 km (total quay– Length of 12 major Ports=51km– R...
IndustryLargest chemical cluster in Europe2nd largest petrochemical complex of the world7 out of the 10 main international...
Logistics (Scale)5.5 million m² covered storage spaceSilos, cold storage, dangerous goods warehouses…- Value-added service...
Cargo handling : Antwerp: the number 1breakbulk port of Europe Breakbulk liner serv...
Employment Economic engine 149 326 jobs 17,7 billion euros of added val...
Capacity and terminal productivity• Average terminal productivity in Europe Around 18,000 TEU/ha.• New terminals Maximum...
Intraport container distribution the premium barge concept and cross terminal operator planning • Intraport barge 400 0...
Deepening of the river Scheldt• Deepening works: 2010• 75% of all currently tide-dependant vessels will be able to ...
Improved nautical access Tidal independent:Before deepening11,90 mAfter deepening13,10 m
Improved nautical access Tidal dependent: deeper draught and wider windowsLOA < 340 m ...
Number of calls 0 5 10 15 ...
HinterlandDaily barge connections with EU hinterlandWell connected to the European waterway networkFrom Antwerp:107 cont...
HinterlandContainer shuttles with EU hinterlandOver 200 container shuttles per week to more than 40 destinations in 13 cou...
Hinterland Port of Antwerp focusTier 1: Improving port related efficiency, beatingcongestion through the use transferia- W...
HinterlandCollaboration with hinterland hubsWhat?Tight collaboration between port and hub in the hinterlandWhy?– Support...
HinterlandRoad transport– The port is surrounded by highways– Direct connection to surrounding countries– Merely 40 km fr...
Modal split Container Transport Development modal split 100 ...
Cargo HandlingMaritime cargo transport 2010: Containers2010: 8.5 million TEU2011: 9 million TEU– Accessible for world„s la...
An inland port is a sustainable portwith less CO² impactThe ports inland location makes maritime transport possible far ...
As an inland port Antwerp has the shortest connection to the most important hinterland area’s, thereby reducing co...
Well connected to the European hinterland Trimodal port • All berths are fully trimodal: barge/feeder, rail and truck
Organisation in the Port of AntwerpThe Port of Antwerp is a landlord portsince 1967, which means the land isowned by the P...
Organisation inthe Port of AntwerpThe private companies manage superstructure and operate the terminals:– terminals– cra...
The “port success paradox”• Increasing standard of living requires more trade and (maritime) transport• More transport cau...
The historical “port management cycle”SIZE ...
To a more active involvement of Port AuthoritiesThe strong growth of the port economies up to 2008 as well as the subseque...
Shift in role Port Authorities Landlord & policy making Today ...
Thank you for your attention! New Harbour House Zaha Hadid Architects
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Port of Antwerp by Raj Khalid

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Business      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Port of Antwerp by Raj Khalid

  • 1. Port of AntwerpToday, Tomorrow Forever
  • 2. Success factors crucial for any Port Location, Location, Location Economies of Scale Port efficiency Access Foreland-Hinterland The case for Antwerp Port
  • 3. Location in the heart of Europe– Antwerp is located in the heart of Europe– The “banana” contains the main European centres of production and consumption– 60% of the European purchasing power is within 500 km from Antwerp– Inland location: 80 km into Europe 50 km from Brussels– Bordered by France, Germany, the Netherlands Source: Cushman & Wakefield, 2006
  • 4. Antwerp: a seaport close to the hinterland ANTWERP Flanders port area expert meeting 4 Antwerp May 2011
  • 5. Multifunctional port Logistics Cargo handling Industry
  • 6. Antwerp, the second largest port in EuropeMaritime cargo transport 2011 “Scale”2011: 187 million tonnes(2010  + 5 % ) 200,0 150,0 Million tonnes 100,0 50,0 Total Unloaded Loaded 0,0 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
  • 7. The Port of Antwerptoday (Scale)– Total area: 13,057 ha– Quay length: 151 km (total quay– Length of 12 major Ports=51km– Railway: 1,061 km– Roads: 409 km– Covered storage space: 553 ha– More than Hamburg, Amsterdam, LE Havre together.– One terminal operator has more warhousing than Rotterdam Port– Katoen Natie
  • 8. IndustryLargest chemical cluster in Europe2nd largest petrochemical complex of the world7 out of the 10 main international chemicalcompanies have a production site in Antwerp14 tank storage operators of which 11 Antwerpare independent HoustonIntegrated model: Singapore • refineries • steam crackers • independent tank storage • waste treatment • Logistics TANK STORAGEExtensive pipeline network Doubling of capacity in a few years time 2011 : 5.3 million m³
  • 9. Logistics (Scale)5.5 million m² covered storage spaceSilos, cold storage, dangerous goods warehouses…- Value-added services: quality control, retail packaging, weighing, order picking, stock management, steel service centres …- Antwerp warehouses: certified by ICE Intercontinental Exchange( forcoffee, cacao…), LME (for steel)
  • 10. Cargo handling : Antwerp: the number 1breakbulk port of Europe Breakbulk liner services from Antwerp to India Breakbulk liner services from Antwerp to Vietnam: Rickmers – Europe India Service Carrier Chipolbrok – India & Middle East Service PortRickmers Pearl String Conti-Lines – Conti AsianChi Min – Haiphong Ho Lines Eukor Car Carriers – Chipolbrok Europe-Asia-US Gulf-Europe project cargo & breakbulk AGEX Haiphong service OXL Heavy Lift carrier – Red Sea-Arab Gulf-EAF-IndiaNYK-Hinode Kisen Asia-Europe Breakbulk service Ho Chi Min - Haiphong
  • 11. Employment Economic engine 149 326 jobs 17,7 billion euros of added value(full time equivalents, in 2009) (in 2009) = 9,1% of Flemish GDP = 5,2% of Belgian GDP Source: National Bank of Belgium, 2011.62 577 direct 86 749 indirect
  • 12. Capacity and terminal productivity• Average terminal productivity in Europe Around 18,000 TEU/ha.• New terminals Maximum 26,000 TEU/ha in Europe• 2007 Antwerp Average terminal productivity of 20,500 TEU/ha in Antwerp for established terminals Significantly higher than the European average MSC terminal in Delwaide dock: productivity nearly 26,000 TEU/ha! General average in line with European average Rising trend is noticeable Developing toward 24,000 TEU per ha on average (2030) New terminals: sharp increase in productivity to 28,000 TEU/ha or more AIMaz 12 12
  • 13. Intraport container distribution the premium barge concept and cross terminal operator planning • Intraport barge 400 000 TEU • Daily “milkrun” with fixed slots between all containerterminals and shippers in the port: the Premium barge concept • + development of an integrated planning among the principal terminal operatorsLeft bank Right bank River terminals Right Bank: Q913 & Q869 Deurganckdock: Q1700 & Q1742 Delwaidedock: Q730 & Q742 Vrasenedock: Q1227 Canaldock B1/2: Q604 (Ancon) & Q524 Churchilldock: Q420 Graandock: Q364 (ATO) 3rd Havendock: Q170 Albertdock: Q104
  • 14. Deepening of the river Scheldt• Deepening works: 2010• 75% of all currently tide-dependant vessels will be able to call Antwerp without restrictions
  • 15. Improved nautical access Tidal independent:Before deepening11,90 mAfter deepening13,10 m
  • 16. Improved nautical access Tidal dependent: deeper draught and wider windowsLOA < 340 m 340 up to 360 > 360 m m and/or beam of 51 mAfter deepening - lockboundInbound 15,56 m 15,56 m Subject investigation Common Nautical AuthorityOutbound 14,50 m 14,50 mAfter deepening - DeurganckdockInbound 16,00 m 16,00 m Subject investigationOutbound 15,20 m 14,50 m Common Nautical AuthorityA tidal window of minimum 60 minutes is required.Ship must state manoeuvring speed for each individual request for permission Sailing possibilities under normal tidal circumstances and subject to authorisation by Common Nautical Authority
  • 17. Number of calls 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Q1 2008 Q2 2008 Q3 2008 Q4 2008 Q1 2009 Q2 2009 Q3 2009 Q4 2009 Q1 2010 Q2 2010 Q3 2010 Q4 2010 Q1 2011 Q2 2011 Q3 2011 Q4 2011 On a quarterly base as from Q1 2008 TEU capacity +10.000 TEU container vessels Number of calls and TEU-capacity 0 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000 600.000 Q1 2008 Q2 2008 Q3 2008 Q4 2008 Q1 2009 Q2 2009 Q3 2009 Q4 2009 Q1 2010 Q2 2010 Q3 2010 Q4 2010 Q1 2011 Q2 2011 Q3 2011 Q4 201117
  • 18. HinterlandDaily barge connections with EU hinterlandWell connected to the European waterway networkFrom Antwerp:107 container barge services with366 departures per week to55 destinations in the European hinterland
  • 19. HinterlandContainer shuttles with EU hinterlandOver 200 container shuttles per week to more than 40 destinations in 13 countries
  • 20. Hinterland Port of Antwerp focusTier 1: Improving port related efficiency, beatingcongestion through the use transferia- WCT Meerhout- Beverdonk Container Terminal- TCT WillebroekTier 2: Developing intermodal Tri-modalhinterland hubs in “natural hinterland- South West: LAR Kortrijk / Moeskroen- South East: Athus / LiègeTier 3: Developing Hinterland corridors(Rail/Barge)- South Lanes: - France/Spain: Lille/Paris, Hendaye, Lyon, Marseille, Perpignan, Barcelona - Italy/Switzerland: Basel, Milan East & West- Eastern Lanes: - Rhine corridor - Germany/Austria/Hungary - Czech Rep/Poland Customer‟s benefit: rapid transport flows through efficient trimodal connections
  • 21. HinterlandCollaboration with hinterland hubsWhat?Tight collaboration between port and hub in the hinterlandWhy?– Supporting logistics platforms in the natural hinterland of Antwerp (for ex. Liège, Genk, Venlo, Duisburg, etc.)– Improved barge and railway network– Hinterland hubs create substantial concentrated freight flows from/to seaport
  • 22. HinterlandRoad transport– The port is surrounded by highways– Direct connection to surrounding countries– Merely 40 km from Brussels, the European capital
  • 23. Modal split Container Transport Development modal split 100 90 34 80 42 Modal share (%) 70 60 10 50 15 40Barge 30 56Rail 20 43Road 10 0 Today 2020
  • 24. Cargo HandlingMaritime cargo transport 2010: Containers2010: 8.5 million TEU2011: 9 million TEU– Accessible for world„s largest container vessels. Several top carriers are calling Antwerp with 13.000 teu+ vessels on a weekly basis with actual drafts up to 15.5 meter. On 15th of January 2012, Edith Maersk, the largest container ship in the world (capacity of 15,500 TEU), succesfully called at Antwerp.– State-of-the-art automated installations– Highest productivity in Europe: up to 40 moves/hour/crane Total capacity/year: 14 million TEU  direct liner services– No congestion ! More than 240 vessels of +10.000 teu already called at Antwerp.
  • 25. An inland port is a sustainable portwith less CO² impactThe ports inland location makes maritime transport possible far into Europe.Antwerp is the most sustainable port for landtransport per truck, rail and barge into Europe Less CO² emissions A sustainable port 25
  • 26. As an inland port Antwerp has the shortest connection to the most important hinterland area’s, thereby reducing considerably the hinterland transport cost the main regionsLegend: Road distance based optimisation• Captive: < 0.75 ratio ANT/OTHER peripheral• Strong: 0.75 to 0.9 w eak question mark• Battleground: 0.9 to 1.1 battle CPH strong• Question: 1.1 to 1.5 captive• Weak: 1.5 to 2•Peripheral: > 2.0Interpretation: Captive UTC 45% WAWE.g. captive <0.75 means RTMthat Antwerp has a clear EIN DUI DTM ANR DRSadvantage, more than GNE BRU25% penalty to use the LIL CRL LGGnearest port FRA PRG “Battle” KRK LUX 55% MHG PAR MUC LNZ BTS VIE BSL ZRH BUD INN GVA LYN ZAG MIL BEG B 26 SJJ main container ports
  • 27. Well connected to the European hinterland Trimodal port • All berths are fully trimodal: barge/feeder, rail and truck
  • 28. Organisation in the Port of AntwerpThe Port of Antwerp is a landlord portsince 1967, which means the land isowned by the Port Authority and leasedto the port operators.The Antwerp Port Authority is anautonomous body, managing– Infrastructure: • Docks • Bridges • Locks • Quays • Land– Vessel traffic in the port– Marketing & branding activities
  • 29. Organisation inthe Port of AntwerpThe private companies manage superstructure and operate the terminals:– terminals– cranes– equipment– warehouses
  • 30. The “port success paradox”• Increasing standard of living requires more trade and (maritime) transport• More transport causes externalities and decreases public support “Too big too fast”? increasing externalities: congestion,pollution Bigger ports, more Decreasing public hinterlandtransport support Stagnation slow Rising standard of down port living development More maritime trade “How to reverse theIndustrialisation, m trend: a newore export & import mission/mandate for port authorities?”
  • 31. The historical “port management cycle”SIZE Big port, new sustainable growth path Very big port, growth slows down Stronger direct involve- ment port authority: Big port, strong “Active Landlord port” growth, diversity of :Port authority focusues on activities core business: planning, master harbour office & basic infrastructure “Landlord port”Smaller port,strong growth Strong direct involvement port authority: “Service port”, “Tool port” TIME
  • 32. To a more active involvement of Port AuthoritiesThe strong growth of the port economies up to 2008 as well as the subsequent 2009 crisisand the potential post-crisis stagnation triggered many European Main Ports to persue amore active involvement in order to reinforce a new type of sustainable growth.The main characteristics of the new approach can be described as: • From a capacity-driven policy to a more “quality driven” growth path • From a strong infrastructural focus to a more balanced policy based on improving the efficiency of the supply chain in and around ports • From a more „ad hoc‟ approach to a firm „pro-active‟ approach • From a largely competition driven community to a more cooperative setting with room for dialoque and common action between the pubic and private sector as well as between the different privateoperators • From a reluctant support to environmental projects to a firm policy of internalised sustainable development
  • 33. Shift in role Port Authorities Landlord & policy making Today facilitator Tomorrow E.g. •e.g. fine tuning initiator supply and demand • community-projects as e.g. consolidation projects E.g. • pro-active en continued operator prospection • active role for soutions intraport- distribution
  • 34. Thank you for your attention! New Harbour House Zaha Hadid Architects

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