Chap 8 <ul><li>Naming Binary Compounds </li></ul>
Binary Ionic Compounds <ul><li>Contain 2 different elements </li></ul><ul><li>Name the metal first, then the nonmetal as ...
Learning Check N1 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>Na 3 N sodium _________...
Solution N1 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>Na 3 N sodium nitride </li></...
 Transition Metals <ul><li>Most form 2 or more positive ions </li></ul><ul><li>1+ 2+ 1+ or 2+ 2+ or 3+ </li></ul><ul>...
Names of Variable Ions <ul><li>Use a roman number after the name of a metal that forms two or more ions </li></ul><ul><li>...
Learning Check N2 <ul><li>Name the following compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>A. CaO </li></ul><ul><li>1) calcium oxide 2) c...
Solution N2 <ul><li>Name the following compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>A. CaO 1) calcium oxide </li></ul><ul><li>B. SnCl 4...
Learning Check N3 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds with variable metal ions: </li></ul><ul><li...
Solution N3 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds with variable metal ions: </li></ul><ul><li>FeBr...
Naming Binary Covalent Compounds <ul><li>Two nonmetals </li></ul><ul><li>Name each element </li></ul><ul><li>End the last...
Learning Check N4 <ul><li>CO carbon ______oxide </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 carbon _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>PCl 3 pho...
Solution N4 <ul><li>CO carbon mon oxide </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 carbon di oxide </li></ul><ul><li>PCl 3 phosphorus tri ...
Learning Check N5 <ul><li>A. P 2 O 5 1) phosphorus oxide </li></ul><ul><li>2) phosphorus pentoxide </li></ul><ul><li>3) ...
Solution N5 <ul><li>A. P 2 O 5 3) diphosphorus pentoxide </li></ul><ul><li>B. Cl 2 O 7 1) dichlorine heptoxide </li></u...
Naming Ternary Compounds <ul><li>Contain at least 3 elements </li></ul><ul><li>Name the nonmetals as a polyatomic ion </l...
Polyatomic Ions <ul><li>A group of atoms with an overall charge. </li></ul><ul><li>NH 4 + ammonium OH - hydroxide </li...
Learning Check N6 <ul><li>Match each set with the correct name: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Na 2 CO 3 1) magnesium sulfite <...
Solution N6 <ul><li>A. Na 2 CO 3 3) sodium carbonate </li></ul><ul><li>MgSO 3 1) magnesium sulfite </li></ul><ul><l...
Learning Check N7 <ul><li>A. aluminum nitrate </li></ul><ul><li> 1) AlNO 3 2) Al(NO) 3 3) Al(NO 3 ) 3 </li></ul><u...
Solution N7 <ul><li>A. aluminum nitrate </li></ul><ul><li> 3) Al(NO 3 ) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>B. copper(II) nitrate </l...
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Naming binary and ternary compounds

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Business      Technology      
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Transcripts - Naming binary and ternary compounds

  • 1. Chap 8 <ul><li>Naming Binary Compounds </li></ul>
  • 2. Binary Ionic Compounds <ul><li>Contain 2 different elements </li></ul><ul><li>Name the metal first, then the nonmetal as -ide . </li></ul><ul><li>Use name of a metal with a fixed charge </li></ul><ul><li>Groups 1A, 2A, 3A </li></ul><ul><li>and Ag, Zn, and Cd </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NaCl sodium chloride </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ZnI 2 zinc iodide </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Al 2 O 3 aluminum oxide </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 3. Learning Check N1 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>Na 3 N sodium ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>KBr potassium________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Al 2 O 3 aluminum ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>MgS _________________________ </li></ul>
  • 4. Solution N1 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>Na 3 N sodium nitride </li></ul><ul><li>KBr potassium bromide </li></ul><ul><li>Al 2 O 3 aluminum oxide </li></ul><ul><li>MgS magnesium sulfide </li></ul>
  • 5. Transition Metals <ul><li>Most form 2 or more positive ions </li></ul><ul><li>1+ 2+ 1+ or 2+ 2+ or 3+ </li></ul><ul><li>Ag + Cd 2+ Cu + , Cu 2+ Fe 2+ , Fe 3+ </li></ul><ul><li>silver cadmium copper(I) ion iron(II) ion </li></ul><ul><li>ion ion copper (II) ion iron(III) ion </li></ul><ul><li>Zn 2+ </li></ul><ul><li>zinc ion </li></ul>
  • 6. Names of Variable Ions <ul><li>Use a roman number after the name of a metal that forms two or more ions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition metals and </li></ul><ul><li>the metals in groups 4A and 5A </li></ul><ul><li>FeCl 3 (Fe 3+ ) iron (III) chloride </li></ul><ul><li>CuCl (Cu + ) copper (I) chloride </li></ul><ul><li>SnF 4 (Sn 4+ ) tin (IV) fluoride </li></ul><ul><li>PbCl 2 (Pb 2+ ) lead (II) chloride </li></ul><ul><li>Fe 2 S 3 (Fe 3+ ) iron (III) sulfide </li></ul>
  • 7. Learning Check N2 <ul><li>Name the following compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>A. CaO </li></ul><ul><li>1) calcium oxide 2) calcium(I) oxide </li></ul><ul><li>3) calcium (II) oxide </li></ul><ul><li>B. SnCl 4 </li></ul><ul><li>1) tin tetrachloride 2) tin(II) chloride </li></ul><ul><li>3) tin(IV) chloride </li></ul><ul><li>C. Co 2 O 3 </li></ul><ul><li>1) cobalt oxide 2) cobalt (III) oxide </li></ul><ul><li>3) cobalt trioxide </li></ul>
  • 8. Solution N2 <ul><li>Name the following compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>A. CaO 1) calcium oxide </li></ul><ul><li>B. SnCl 4 3) tin(IV) chloride </li></ul><ul><li>C. Co 2 O 3 2) cobalt (III) oxide </li></ul>
  • 9. Learning Check N3 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds with variable metal ions: </li></ul><ul><li>FeBr 2 iron (_____) bromide </li></ul><ul><li>Cu 2 O copper (_____) oxide </li></ul><ul><li>SnCl 4 ___(_____ ) ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Fe 2 O 3 ________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>CuS ________________________ </li></ul>
  • 10. Solution N3 <ul><li>Complete the names of the following binary compounds with variable metal ions: </li></ul><ul><li>FeBr 2 iron ( II ) bromide </li></ul><ul><li>Cu 2 O copper ( I ) oxide </li></ul><ul><li>SnCl 4 tin (IV) chloride </li></ul><ul><li>Fe 2 O 3 iron (III) oxide </li></ul><ul><li>CuS copper (II) sulfide </li></ul>
  • 11. Naming Binary Covalent Compounds <ul><li>Two nonmetals </li></ul><ul><li>Name each element </li></ul><ul><li>End the last element in -ide </li></ul><ul><li>Add prefixes to show more than 1 atom </li></ul><ul><li>Prefixes </li></ul><ul><li>mon 1 penta 5 </li></ul><ul><li>di 2 hexa 6 </li></ul><ul><li>tri 3 </li></ul><ul><li>tetra 4 </li></ul>
  • 12. Learning Check N4 <ul><li>CO carbon ______oxide </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 carbon _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>PCl 3 phosphorus _______chloride </li></ul><ul><li>CCl 4 carbon ________chloride </li></ul><ul><li>N 2 O _____nitrogen _____oxide </li></ul>
  • 13. Solution N4 <ul><li>CO carbon mon oxide </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 carbon di oxide </li></ul><ul><li>PCl 3 phosphorus tri chloride </li></ul><ul><li>CCl 4 carbon tetra chloride </li></ul><ul><li>N 2 O di nitrogen mon oxide </li></ul>
  • 14. Learning Check N5 <ul><li>A. P 2 O 5 1) phosphorus oxide </li></ul><ul><li>2) phosphorus pentoxide </li></ul><ul><li>3) diphosphorus pentoxide </li></ul><ul><li>B. Cl 2 O 7 1) dichlorine heptoxide </li></ul><ul><li>2) dichlorine oxide </li></ul><ul><li>3) chlorine heptoxide </li></ul><ul><li>C. Cl 2 1) chlorine </li></ul><ul><li>2) dichlorine </li></ul><ul><li>3) dichloride </li></ul>
  • 15. Solution N5 <ul><li>A. P 2 O 5 3) diphosphorus pentoxide </li></ul><ul><li>B. Cl 2 O 7 1) dichlorine heptoxide </li></ul><ul><li>C. Cl 2 1) chlorine </li></ul>
  • 16. Naming Ternary Compounds <ul><li>Contain at least 3 elements </li></ul><ul><li>Name the nonmetals as a polyatomic ion </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Na NO 3 Sodium nitrate </li></ul><ul><li>K 2 SO 4 Potassium sulfate </li></ul><ul><li>Al (HCO 3 ) 3 Aluminum bicarbonate </li></ul><ul><li>or aluminum hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li> carbonate </li></ul>
  • 17. Polyatomic Ions <ul><li>A group of atoms with an overall charge. </li></ul><ul><li>NH 4 + ammonium OH - hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>NO 3 - nitr ate NO 2 - nitr ite </li></ul><ul><li>CO 3 2- ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>HCO 3 - hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate) </li></ul>
  • 18. Learning Check N6 <ul><li>Match each set with the correct name: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Na 2 CO 3 1) magnesium sulfite </li></ul><ul><li>MgSO 3 2) magnesium sulfate </li></ul><ul><li>MgSO 4 3) sodium carbonate </li></ul><ul><li>B. Ca(HCO 3 ) 2 1) calcium carbonate </li></ul><ul><li> CaCO 3 2) calcium phosphate </li></ul><ul><li> Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 3) calcium bicarbonate </li></ul>
  • 19. Solution N6 <ul><li>A. Na 2 CO 3 3) sodium carbonate </li></ul><ul><li>MgSO 3 1) magnesium sulfite </li></ul><ul><li>MgSO 4 2) magnesium sulfate </li></ul><ul><li>B. Ca(HCO 3 ) 2 3) calcium bicarbonate </li></ul><ul><li> CaCO 3 1) calcium carbonate </li></ul><ul><li> Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 2) calcium phosphate </li></ul>
  • 20. Learning Check N7 <ul><li>A. aluminum nitrate </li></ul><ul><li> 1) AlNO 3 2) Al(NO) 3 3) Al(NO 3 ) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>B. copper(II) nitrate </li></ul><ul><li> 1) CuNO 3 2) Cu(NO 3 ) 2 3) Cu 2 (NO 3 ) </li></ul><ul><li>C. Iron (III) hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li> 1) FeOH 2) Fe 3 OH 3) Fe(OH) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>D. Tin(IV) hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li> 1) Sn(OH) 4 2) Sn(OH) 2 3) Sn 4 (OH ) </li></ul>
  • 21. Solution N7 <ul><li>A. aluminum nitrate </li></ul><ul><li> 3) Al(NO 3 ) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>B. copper(II) nitrate </li></ul><ul><li> 2) Cu(NO 3 ) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>C. Iron (III) hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li> 3) Fe(OH) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>D. Tin(IV) hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li> 1) Sn(OH) 4 </li></ul>

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