www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Historic Seattle
2013 Building Ren...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
SOFTWOODS:
• Temperate Climates
• ...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
DIFFERENT TERMS FOR WOOD DEFECTS
F...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Modes of Deterioration
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
– Eyeballs!
– Ice pick or sharp kn...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
RepairTechniques
• Wood Fillers
– ...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Mineralogy
Silicate vs. Carbonate ...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Mineralogy
Silicate Stone With Inc...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Mineralogy
Non-Silicate (Carbonate...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Rock Identification
Overall Scheme...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Types of Stone Deterioration
Micro...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Cleaning Methods
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Water washing
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Chemical Cleaning
Aesthetic concer...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Chemical Cleaning
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Abrasive Cleaning
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Laser Cleaning
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Stone Consolidation
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Adhesives and Pinning
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Compensating for Loss of Material
...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Brick & Clay Masonry
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Handmade brick
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Or you can make brick like this…
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Brick Deterioration
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Brick Deterioration
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Brick Deterioration
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
Brick Repair
Rake out joints Clean...
www.richaven.com
SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
THANKS!
of 31

Preservation basics wood-stone-brick by richaven

Brian Rich gave this presentation at the Historic Seattle Building Renovation Fair in 2012.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Business      Technology      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Preservation basics wood-stone-brick by richaven

  • 1. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Historic Seattle 2013 Building Renovation Fair WOOD, STONE & BRICK: PRESERVATION BASICS
  • 2. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
  • 3. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 SOFTWOODS: • Temperate Climates • Distinct growth rings (more differences between temperate seasons) • Evergreen • Needles HARDWOODS: • Tropical Climates • Less distinct growth rings (fewer differences between tropical seasons) • Deciduous • Leaves
  • 4. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
  • 5. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 DIFFERENT TERMS FOR WOOD DEFECTS Fork Wire Decay Crack Crook Warp Twist Bow Check Split Burl Bird peck Blue stain Dead knot Shake Holes Bumps Bulges Conk Sweep Cup
  • 6. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Modes of Deterioration
  • 7. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 – Eyeballs! – Ice pick or sharp knife – Thermography (thermal imaging) – Density drilling – Radiography – Infra-red imaging – LoadTesting – in situ Non-DestructiveTesting
  • 8. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 RepairTechniques • Wood Fillers – Latex (Acrylic), Polyurethane, Epoxy • Wood Consolidants – Polyurethane • Failure ofWood Repair Materials – Bond strength – Repair material strength/flexibility – Substrate preparation – Discoloration
  • 9. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Mineralogy Silicate vs. Carbonate Minerals • Two basic chemical compositions of all stone • Understanding the mineralogy of the stone is critical to • Understanding soiling problems • Proper cleaning of the material VS
  • 10. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Mineralogy Silicate Stone With Increased Iron & Magnesium • Chemically weaker stone • Mechanically weaker stone • Darker colors Silicate rocks include: • Quartz • Agates • Feldspars • Chlorite • Amphibole • Pyroxene • Olivine
  • 11. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Mineralogy Non-Silicate (Carbonate) Rocks Include: • Gypsum • Aragonite • Dolomites • Calcites • Pyrites • Hematites Carbonate Minerals • Can be detected by dropping acid on it and seeing if it reacts • CaCO3 + HCl -> CA 2+ & CO2
  • 12. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Rock Identification Overall Scheme for Rock Identification Lighter Darker
  • 13. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Types of Stone Deterioration Microbiological Macrobiological ACID RAIN GYPSUMCRUSTING DRY DEPOSITION SALTCRYSTALLIZATION FREEZE/THAWCYCLING HYGRIC SWELLINGBIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
  • 14. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Cleaning Methods
  • 15. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Water washing
  • 16. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Chemical Cleaning Aesthetic concerns – can alter color of stone Material Science concerns – can remove excessive amounts of the stone or add materials that lead to later deterioration Very fast cleaning method – dwell time is critical and must be carefully controlled Difficult to isolate areas to be cleaned In all cases, salts must be cleaned out after neutralizing wash RINSE, RINSE, RINSE!
  • 17. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Chemical Cleaning
  • 18. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Abrasive Cleaning
  • 19. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Laser Cleaning
  • 20. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Stone Consolidation
  • 21. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Adhesives and Pinning
  • 22. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Compensating for Loss of Material Two basic methods: Replacement • In-kind • Near in-kind • In pre-cast imitation Repair • Surface • Composite (plastic)
  • 23. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Brick & Clay Masonry
  • 24. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866
  • 25. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Handmade brick
  • 26. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Or you can make brick like this…
  • 27. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Brick Deterioration
  • 28. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Brick Deterioration
  • 29. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Brick Deterioration
  • 30. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 Brick Repair Rake out joints Clean head joints Wash out loose material Fill joints with mortar Tool joints Brush off excess mortar
  • 31. www.richaven.com SUSTAINABLEPRESERVATIONARCHITECTURE&CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT206.909.9866 THANKS!

Related Documents