On Political Systems1
CONTINUUM OF POLITICAL SYSTEMSTotalitarian Democratic
In terms of concentration of authority…Power is concentratedamong an elite few.Power is diffused amongsocietal actors.Ther...
“[Authoritarian regimes are] political systems with limited,non-responsible political pluralism without an elaboratedand g...
Westminster (Majoritarian)Model of DemocracyConsensualModel of DemocracyConcentration of PowerOne-Party, Bare MajorityCabi...
Plurality Systems (First-Past-the-Post)• Winning an election entails getting the mostnumber of votes among candidates runn...
Majority Systems• Winning an election entails getting more than half(i.e. 50% + 1) of votes cast.Variations:1. Majority-ru...
Proportional Representation• Seats in government are allocated in such a waythat parties are represented in exact (or near...
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Political Systems (Handout)

Slides on political systems, used as a handout for an graduate course on Comparative Political Economy I taught in 2004.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political Systems (Handout)

  • 1. On Political Systems1
  • 2. CONTINUUM OF POLITICAL SYSTEMSTotalitarian Democratic
  • 3. In terms of concentration of authority…Power is concentratedamong an elite few.Power is diffused amongsocietal actors.There is large room fordiscretion in terms ofpolitical participation.Political participation is limitedto the privileged who imposetheir will on the people…or relative amount of political space.Totalitarian Democratic
  • 4. “[Authoritarian regimes are] political systems with limited,non-responsible political pluralism without an elaboratedand guiding ideology, but with distinctive mentalities,without extensive or intensive political mobilization,except at some points in their development, and in whicha leader to, occasionally, a small group exercises powerwithin formally ill-defined, but actually quite predictablelimits.”(Morlino, 1981: 91)Juan Linz’s (1964) Definition of Authoritarian Regimes
  • 5. Westminster (Majoritarian)Model of DemocracyConsensualModel of DemocracyConcentration of PowerOne-Party, Bare MajorityCabinetPower-Sharing CoalitionExecutive-LegislativeRelationsStrong Cabinet DurabilityLess Durable ExecutiveCabinetsParty System Two-Party MultipartyParty Differentiation One-Dimensional Parties Multidimensional PartiesMethod of Election Plurality Proportional RepresentationGovernment Structure Unitary-Centralized Federal-DecentralizedLegislative Structure Unicameral BicameralType of Constitution Unwritten RigidType of Democracy Exclusively Representative Exclusively DirectMajoritarian vs. Consensual Democracies
  • 6. Plurality Systems (First-Past-the-Post)• Winning an election entails getting the mostnumber of votes among candidates running.Variations:1. Bloc Vote2. Cumulative Vote3. Limited Vote4. Single Nontransferable Vote
  • 7. Majority Systems• Winning an election entails getting more than half(i.e. 50% + 1) of votes cast.Variations:1. Majority-runoff2. Majority-plurality3. Alternative Vote
  • 8. Proportional Representation• Seats in government are allocated in such a waythat parties are represented in exact (or nearexact) proportion to the vote they polled.Variations:1. List2. Electoral Formula3. Threshold4. Single Transferable Vote