Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - nasar2013
Boosting Agriculture ProductivityBoosting Agriculture ProductivityBoosting Agriculture Productivity
Earlier huge concentration was focused on the production of wheat, barley and jute. During 1950-51 our
export of these commodities was higher. Till 1990s India saw an enormous growth in the import and
export of commodities such as wheat etc. But as the focus of Indian government went out from
agriculture sector, it started declining.
India is an agrarian economy where 58% of our total population is engaged in agriculture. Stats say that
about 65 per cent of the population still relies on agriculture for employmen0 India saw t and livelihood.
Well the sector which has given much to us has been seeing negative growth these days.
It is said that every economy is built with three sectors i.e. Agriculture Sector, Industrial Sector and
Service Sector and developed nations focus more on Industrial sector but at times developing nations
focus more on either agriculture sector or Service sector but these days’ nations are not doing so. Those
entire nations who are at developing stage have also started focusing more on industrial sector which
should not be done. Every nation has to give importance to all three sectors and has to keep proper
India, known for its agriculture too has stated doing so which has created great trouble for agriculture
sector. India being a developing nation has started acting like developed nation i.e. it has started
focusing more on industrial sector. Agriculture sector in which large population is engaged, is not getting
attention from government and thus all
the policies or plan which is brought for
them, fail. Now the agriculture sector in
India which should be at the peak has
gone down. Here we have mentioned
many reasons why agriculture is
Farmers disinterest- Though huge
people are engaged in agriculture, still
people are not so interested do grow
more and more crops and whatever
they are growing is either for self
consumption or to sell it in local market.
Government has so far not done much for farmers. Every plan which is generally brought for farmers
becomes null when it comes on ground. And this has created a big trouble and as you can see in this
figure that how disinterest of farmers is affecting the contribution of agriculture in the GDP of India.
Farmers committing suicide- India ranks second worldwide in farm output, largest producer of milk,
jute, pulses, rice, wheat, sugarcane, cotton and groundnuts in the world, as well India is also the second
largest producer of fruits and vegetables. Are we keeping the promise to the world and to our own
farmers? As it is said in Statistics that “Figures never lie, but liars figure”, exactly this happens when we
speak about the progress, but do not speak about the failures. Figures can help you once or twice but
not always; and this is happening here also. We have seen and experienced progress but now other
countries which earlier were not even in our range have come so close to us that within a time frame of
4 or 5 years they can even supersede us. Will we have to compromise on our agricultural growth? Will
our farmers be forced to lag behind? Most conveniently, we often blame the environment and the
natural calamities for this; and by doing this, we escape from the actual situation which we have
It is not the environment which should be blamed every time, the major responsibility lies with the
government and people to help those who spend their days in great trouble just to help us in so many
Well, at times, government lays so many plans for farmers but in reality not even a single plan has
helped them so far; instead they have been living a life in penury and a huge burden is consistently
forcing them to decide the fate of their lives by taking drastic steps. Experts have revealed that over
17,500 farmers committed suicide between 2002 and 2006 – a figure that largely mirrors an upswing of
the trend that started in the early 1990s. According to the National Crime Records Bureau’s (NCRB) data
from 2009, more than 216, 000 farmers killed themselves since 1997. Adding up figures of 1995, 1996
and 2010, the figure crosses 250,000 i.e. two farmers a day for the past 15 years. According to the latest
census, which was taken for 2011, nationwide, farmers committed suicide at a rate of 16.3 per 100,000
farmers. This was slightly higher than the 15.7 per 100,000 farmers who had committed suicide per
100,000 in 2001.
When researchers were asked to investigate the reason why farmers are committing suicide so
frequently, many researchers came up with the answer that the rapid change has forced them to stay
out of agriculture which leaves them without money and food. India was transforming rapidly into a
primarily urban, industrial society with industry as its main source of income; the government and
society had become unconcerned about the condition of the countryside; moreover, a downturn in the
urban economy was pushing a large number of distressed non-farmers to try their hand at cultivation;
the farmer was also caught in a Scissors Crisis: in the absence of any responsible counseling either from
the government or society there were many farmers who did not know how to survive in the changing
economy. Such stress pushed many into the corner where suicide became a very easy option for them.
A nation where agriculture is the major sector has seen big disaster. Though the number of people
engaged in this sector is huge, yet it contributes only 14.6% in the total GDP! Why?
Seasonal dependence: Indian farmers are highly dependent upon season, in case of high rainfall, their
production is more and in case of low rainfall, they get no production at all and due to which they suffer
a lot. Government does many things for the farmers to help them but as we said former, it is just on
paper, not on ground.
How does every plan laid by the government falls short of the hope:
A major problem , why do all plans which are generally brought to help farmers, do not work, exists
because of the presence of scams (happening every now and then), deep-rooted corruption, poor
administration, improper implementation and lack of strategic planning. When it comes to bring a good
plan for farmers, hardly any ideas come though development is rampant when we talk of IT sector,
industries and mushrooming malls. But, helping poor farmers becomes difficult and time-consuming.
Has anybody ever asked this question that why does this happen? We call ourselves a democratic
society, but do we really live like we should live in a democracy? Income disparity between the rich and
the poor is also widening every day. Why don’t the so-called well-to-do come out and fight for the poor
people? Instead of helping poor farmers by giving monetary help to them, a major amount is spent i.e.
Rs 600 crore on various advertisements and campaigns (one of them is 'Bharat Nirman' campaign). Is
this “Bharat Nirmaan”? ‘How much your nation is developing’ is not the logical question? The question is
that ‘in this process of development are you serving all your countrymen equally?’ Being an MBA
student, we know the importance of focusing more on the industrial sector. You are called a developed
nation only when contribution of Industrial sector in your nation’s GDP is more, but this does not mean
that you should neglect agriculture and passively wait till the sector dies out slowly. That will be a huge
loss to the country , its posterity and above all its economy.
Moreover, the poor farmers are targeted mainly during the election time. Big promises are made such
as promises to construct road, to build the railway-tracks, to construct tube-wells, to provide 24-hours’
power supply, to provide clean water supply, to distribute laptops etc. Does anybody really care for
these farmers? Lal Bahadhur Shastri’s statement-“Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” has no meaning today.
Governments have come and are gone, but their apathy towards the agriculture-sector continues. With
more development in urban sector, the rural sector is lying unnoticed. Farmers who take loan and due
to uncontrollable factors such as flood etc. (when they fail to grow crops or the output is meager); find
themselves unable to pay the loan amount back. And when the farmers are unable to repay the loan,
How can we improve it: We have so many option like-
1) We can do many awareness programs for people to make then understand
what actually government is bringing for them.
2)We can teach people about new techniques, innovations.
3) We can take some people out of any locality and teach them about everything
and give them authority and responsibility to get work done by others in the same
4) As one person from every field is been made member of Rajya Sabha, like
Sachin Tendulkar is there, same way, people from Agriculture sector should d also
be made MLA.
5) Direct interaction of Agriculture Minister with people from agriculture sector.
6) Continuous checking on seeds dept.
7) It is the right of every farmer to know that at what price government is
purchasing their crops and it’s government responsibility too, to make them
aware about price factor. So proper initiative should be taken to bring common
and ethical understanding between both sectors.
8) If government calls farmers and army people same, (everytime they say Jai
Jawan, Jai Kisan), farmers should be given same benefits what army people are
getting i.e. canteen cards, hospital cards.
9) Laboratory training should be given to farmers.
10) More research work should be conducted in universities and colleges to help
in the development of agriculture sector.