National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)
Mr. Sandeep Chamling Rai, Senior Advisor, WWF International on National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)
National Adaptation Plan (NAPs)Sandeep Chamling RaiSenior Advisor Adaptation PolicyWWF International Organized by: CCNN, CEN & WWF Nepal (17th January 2013)
Agenda1. Objective of NAP2. NAPA Vs. NAP3. NAP in UNFCCC4. NAP Guidelines5. NAP for Nepal
Objectives of NAP(A) To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience;(B) To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate;Decision 5/CP.17
NAPA Vs. NAPElements NAPA NAPObjective Immediate and Urgent Mid/Long-term adaptation needs adaptation needs, identify priority projects.UNFCCC Process Marrakesh Accord - COP Cancun Adaptation Framework-Decision 7 (Decision 5/CP7) COP 16 (Decision 1/CP16) Year 2010 Year 2001 Guidelines and Modalities detailed on Decision 5/CP 17 Financial Modalities 5/CP 18Target LDC LDC Plus other interestedCountries developing countries (Adaptation Committee work plan)Funding Primarily – LDCF for Preparation – LDCF (5/CP18)Support preparation & Implementation –Green Climate Implementation Fund (Pre & Post 2020), Fast Start Finance?
NAP in UNFCCCCOPs DecisionCOP 16 CANCUN ADAPTATION FRAMEWORK(2010) Decide to establish a process to enable LDC to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs) building upon their experience in preparing and implementing NAPA, as a means of identifying medium and long term adaptation needs SBI to elaborate modalities and guidelines for NAPs for adoption by COP 17.
NAP in UNFCCCCOPs DecisionCOP 17 DECISION 5/CP.17(2011) Framing national adaptation plans A process to enable LDC parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (Guidelines, Modalities, financial arrangement) An invitation to developing country parties that are not LDC to employ modalities for NAPs Reporting, monitoring and evaluation Annex: Initial guidelines for the formulation of NAPs by LDC Parties.
NAP in UNFCCCCOPs DecisionCOP 18 DECISION -/CP.18(2012) Decides to provide the following guidance to the GEF, as the operating entity of the financial mechanism of the Convention for the operation of the LDCF, to enable activities for the preparation of the NAP process by the LDC. The operating entity is requested : a) As a first step under the NAP process, to provide funding from the LDCF, to meet the agreed full cost, as appropriate, of activities to enable the preparation of the NAP process as describe in the elements contained in para 2-6 of the initial guidelines in the annex to decision 5/CP. 17; b) To provide support for the NAP process, while maintaining support for the LDC work programme, including NAPA; c) To encourage a flexible approach that enable the LDC to access funding for components of the NAP process as identified by the LDC parties in response to national needs and circumstances;
NAP Guidelines:Stages Decision (5/CP.17)A. Laying the 2. Activities undertaken under this elements would be planned withgroundwork and a view to identifying weaknesses and gaps in enablingaddressing gaps environments, and addressing them as necessary, to support the formulation of comprehensive adaptation plans, programmes and policies, through, inter alia: a) Identification and assessment of institutional arrangements, programmes, policies and capacities for overall coordination and leadership on adaptation; b) Assessment of available information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, measures taken to address climate change, and gaps and needs, at the national and regional levels; c) Comprehensive, iterative assessments of development needs and climate vulnerabilities.
NAP Guidelines:Stages Decision (5/CP.17)B. Preparatory 3. In developing NAPs, consideration would be given to identificationelements specific needs, options and priorities on a country-driven basis, utilizing the services of national and where appropriate, regional institutions, and to the effective and continued promotion of participatory and gender sensitive approaches coordinated with sustainable development objectives, policies, plans and programmes. Activities may include the followings: a) Design and development of plans, policies and programmes by considering decision 1/CP.16 paragraph 14 (a), to address the gaps and needs referred to in paragraph 2 above, b) Assessment of medium and long-term adaptation needs, and, as appropriate, development needs and climate vulnerabilities; c) Activities aimed at integrating climate change adaptation into national and subnational development and sectorial planning; d) Participatory stakeholder consultations; e) Communication, awareness-raising and education.
NAP Guidelines:Stages Decision (5/CP.17)C. Implementing 4. Activities carried out as part of the implementation strategiesStrategies would take into consideration the following: a) Prioritizing work according to development needs and climate change vulnerability and risk; b) Strengthening institutional and regulatory frameworks to support adaptation; c) Training and coordination at the sectoral and subnational levels; d) Public dissemination of information on the NAP process, to be made available to the public and to the UNFCCC secretariat; e) Considering other relevant multilateral frameworks and international programmes and initiatives, with a view to building on and complementing existing adaptation planning.
NAP Guidelines:Stages Decision (5/CP.17)D. Reporting, 5. These activities, including NAP documents, could be included inmonitoring, and national strategies and plans, as appropriate.review 6. Under this element, parties should undertake a regular review, at intervals that they determine: a) To address inefficiencies, incorporating the results of new assessments and emerging science and reflect lessons learned from adaptation efforts; b) To monitor and review the efforts undertaken, and provide information in their national communications on the progress made and the effectiveness of the NAP process.
National adaptation plansInstitutional Technical Support Brokering of Knowledge Support Implementation Strategies Reporting , Monitoring and Review
NAP for Nepal1. Is it right time for us to start developing NAP for Nepal?2. Is Nepal ready for the developing NAP for addressing mid andlong term adaptation issues and mainstreaming it in the nationalplanning process?3. What should be the coordination mechanism for developingNAP?