Populists & Progressives<br />
Essential Question<br />To what extent did the populists and progressives achieve their goals?<br />
Farmers and the Populist Movement<br />Chapter 5, Section 3<br />Video<br />
Mary Elizabeth Lease<br />
Farmers Unite to Address Common Problems<br />
What economic problems did many farmers face during the late 1800s?<br />Vicious cycle<br />
What economic problems did many farmers face during the late 1800s?<br />Good farm land becomes scarce<br />Bank foreclose...
Why did farmers favor “cheap money”?<br />Retired“greenbacks”<br />Less $ in circulation<br />Paid back loans with $ worth...
How did farmers try to address their problems and grievances?<br />The Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange)<br />Oliver Hudso...
How did farmers try to address their problems and grievances?<br />Farmers Alliances<br />Included those who sympathized w...
The Rise and fall of Populism<br />
PopulismMovement of the People<br />Born with founding of Populist Party in 1892<br />Fought for rights of farmers and lab...
What reforms did the Populist Party promote?<br />Economic Reforms<br /><ul><li>Increase in money supply
Graduated income tax
Federal loan program</li></ul>Governmental Reforms<br /><ul><li>Direct election of senators by popular vote
Single terms for President and VP
Secret ballot to end voter fraud
Restrictions on immigration</li></li></ul><li>What reforms did the Populist Party promote?<br />Economic Reforms<br /><ul>...
Graduated income tax
Federal loan program</li></ul>Governmental Reforms<br /><ul><li>Direct election of senators by popular vote
Single terms for President and VP
Secret ballot to end voter fraud
Restrictions on immigration</li></li></ul><li>What were the causes and consequences of the Panic of 1893?<br />Causes<br /...
Why did the Populist movement collapse?Argument over which metal would be basis of money system<br />Gold Bugs<br />Silver...
“Cross of Gold” speech<br />William Jennings Bryan<br />
McKinley vs. Bryan<br />
Why did the Populist movement collapse?<br />McKinley won election of 1896<br />McKinley carried East and Industrial Midwe...
Taking NotesIdentify the causes of the rise of the Populist Party and the effects the party had.<br />Causes<br />?<br />?...
Taking NotesIdentify the causes of the rise of the Populist Party and the effects the party had.<br />Causes<br />Falling ...
The Origins of Progressivism<br />Chapter 9, Section 1<br />
Four Goals of Progressivism<br />
What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Protecting Social Welfare<br />Social Gospel Movement<br />Settlement Hous...
What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Promoting Moral Improvement<br />Prohibition – 18th Amendment (1919)<br />...
Carry Nation<br />
What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Creating Economic Reform<br />Panic of 1893 caused some to question capita...
Muckrakers<br />Upton Sinclair<br />Ida Tarbell<br />
What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Fostering efficiency<br />Faith in experts and scientific principles to ma...
How did Prohibition fit into the reform movement?<br />It was believed that alcohol was undermining America morals.<br />1...
Cleaning Up Local Government<br />
How did natural disasters help launch the movement to reform local government?<br />1900, Galveston, TX – hurricane and ti...
How did reform mayors clean up their local governments?<br />Hazen Pingree of Detroit, MI<br />Fairer tax structure, lower...
Reform at the State Level<br />
Robert La Follette“Fighting Bob”<br />Wisconsin governor and US Senator<br />Major target railroads<br />Taxed at same rat...
How did reforms protect children?<br />National Child Labor Committee (1904)<br />Gathered evidence of children working in...
How did reform change working conditions?<br />Muller v. Oregon (1908)<br />Limit women to 10 hour work day<br />Bunting v...
What kinds of political reforms took place at the state level?<br />Progressive Era reform legislation provided for increa...
What kinds of political reforms took place at the state level?<br />17th Amendment<br />Ratified 1913<br />Direct election...
Taking NotesFill in the web with examples of organizations that worked for reform in the areas named.<br />
Taking NotesFill in the web with examples of organizations that worked for reform in the areas named.<br />
Women Lead Reform<br />
How did the opening of women’s colleges help create new opportunities for women?<br />Marriage was no longer a woman’s onl...
Why were there women leaders in the movements to reform social welfare, public morals, and race relations?<br />The partic...
Susan B. Anthony<br /><ul><li>Leading proponent of woman’s suffrage
Founded National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA)
3 part strategy
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Populists progressives

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      Career      
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Transcripts - Populists progressives

  • 1. Populists & Progressives<br />
  • 2. Essential Question<br />To what extent did the populists and progressives achieve their goals?<br />
  • 3. Farmers and the Populist Movement<br />Chapter 5, Section 3<br />Video<br />
  • 4. Mary Elizabeth Lease<br />
  • 5. Farmers Unite to Address Common Problems<br />
  • 6. What economic problems did many farmers face during the late 1800s?<br />Vicious cycle<br />
  • 7. What economic problems did many farmers face during the late 1800s?<br />Good farm land becomes scarce<br />Bank foreclose on mortgages<br />Railroads charging excessive prices for shipping and storage<br />
  • 8. Why did farmers favor “cheap money”?<br />Retired“greenbacks”<br />Less $ in circulation<br />Paid back loans with $ worth more than $ they borrowed<br />Crop prices falling<br />1867-1887 bushel wheat fell from $2.00 to $0.68<br />Banks foreclosing on mortgages<br />
  • 9. How did farmers try to address their problems and grievances?<br />The Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange)<br />Oliver Hudson Kelley<br />Opposed banks, railroads<br />Supported political candidates<br />Originally supposed to be social organization<br />
  • 10. How did farmers try to address their problems and grievances?<br />Farmers Alliances<br />Included those who sympathized with farmers<br />These organizations represented the PEOPLE not money<br />
  • 11. The Rise and fall of Populism<br />
  • 12. PopulismMovement of the People<br />Born with founding of Populist Party in 1892<br />Fought for rights of farmers and laborers and battled railroad companies<br />Represented a third political party<br />
  • 13. What reforms did the Populist Party promote?<br />Economic Reforms<br /><ul><li>Increase in money supply
  • 14. Graduated income tax
  • 15. Federal loan program</li></ul>Governmental Reforms<br /><ul><li>Direct election of senators by popular vote
  • 16. Single terms for President and VP
  • 17. Secret ballot to end voter fraud
  • 18. Restrictions on immigration</li></li></ul><li>What reforms did the Populist Party promote?<br />Economic Reforms<br /><ul><li>Increase in money supply
  • 19. Graduated income tax
  • 20. Federal loan program</li></ul>Governmental Reforms<br /><ul><li>Direct election of senators by popular vote
  • 21. Single terms for President and VP
  • 22. Secret ballot to end voter fraud
  • 23. Restrictions on immigration</li></li></ul><li>What were the causes and consequences of the Panic of 1893?<br />Causes<br />Railroads went bankrupt<br />Government gold supply running thin<br />People panicked and traded money for gold<br />Consequences<br />Wall Street stocks fell<br />By end of year, 15,000 businesses & 500 banks collapsed<br />3 million jobs lost<br />5% of the population<br />Today 9.1% unemployed<br />
  • 24. Why did the Populist movement collapse?Argument over which metal would be basis of money system<br />Gold Bugs<br />Silverites<br />Republicans<br />Bankers, businessmen, city people<br />Gold Standard<br />$ backed only by gold<br />Effects: <br />Less $ in circulation<br />Prices fall<br />Value of $ increases<br />1896 Presidential Nominee<br />William McKinley<br />Democrats & Populists<br />Farmers and Laborers<br />Bimetallism<br />$ backed by gold & silver<br />Effects:<br />More $ in circulation<br />Prices increase<br />Value of $ decreases<br />1896 Presidential Nominee<br />William Jennings Bryan<br />
  • 25. “Cross of Gold” speech<br />William Jennings Bryan<br />
  • 26. McKinley vs. Bryan<br />
  • 27. Why did the Populist movement collapse?<br />McKinley won election of 1896<br />McKinley carried East and Industrial Midwest<br />Bryan carried South and farmers of Midwest<br />Industrial Midwest elected McKinley<br />Populism collapsed<br />
  • 28. Taking NotesIdentify the causes of the rise of the Populist Party and the effects the party had.<br />Causes<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />Effects<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />
  • 29. Taking NotesIdentify the causes of the rise of the Populist Party and the effects the party had.<br />Causes<br />Falling prices for crops<br />Inability to repay loans<br />Excessive railroad prices<br />Effects<br />New ideas that later became law<br />Political forum for addressing special interests<br />Message of hope to downtrodden<br />
  • 30. The Origins of Progressivism<br />Chapter 9, Section 1<br />
  • 31. Four Goals of Progressivism<br />
  • 32. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Protecting Social Welfare<br />Social Gospel Movement<br />Settlement House Movement<br />YMCA<br />Salvation Army<br />Florence Kelley<br />Advocate for women and children<br />Illinois Factory Act of 1893<br />Prohibited child labor/limited women’s work hrs.<br />
  • 33. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Promoting Moral Improvement<br />Prohibition – 18th Amendment (1919)<br />Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)<br />Became largest woman’s group in nations history<br />Anti Saloon League –“the Church in action against the Saloon”<br />
  • 34. Carry Nation<br />
  • 35. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Creating Economic Reform<br />Panic of 1893 caused some to question capitalism<br />Eugene V. Debs organized American Socialist Party in 1901<br />Muckrakers<br />Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell, Upton Sinclair<br />Journalists who wrote about corruption in business and public life<br />
  • 36. Muckrakers<br />Upton Sinclair<br />Ida Tarbell<br />
  • 37.
  • 38. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Fostering efficiency<br />Faith in experts and scientific principles to make society better<br />Scientific management studies<br />Introduction of assembly lines<br />
  • 39. How did Prohibition fit into the reform movement?<br />It was believed that alcohol was undermining America morals.<br />18th Amendment<br />
  • 40. Cleaning Up Local Government<br />
  • 41. How did natural disasters help launch the movement to reform local government?<br />1900, Galveston, TX – hurricane and tidal wave<br />Adopted the commission idea as a form of government<br />5 member commission of experts in charge of city departments<br />1913, Dayton, OH – flood<br />Adoption of council-manager form of government<br />City council make laws<br />
  • 42. How did reform mayors clean up their local governments?<br />Hazen Pingree of Detroit, MI<br />Fairer tax structure, lowered fairs for public transportation, rooted out corruption, and set up a system of work relief for unemployed<br />Tom Johnson of Cleveland, OH<br />Converting the utilities to publicly owned enterprises<br />
  • 43. Reform at the State Level<br />
  • 44. Robert La Follette“Fighting Bob”<br />Wisconsin governor and US Senator<br />Major target railroads<br />Taxed at same rate as other business property<br />Set up commission to regulate rates<br />Forbade railroads to issue free passes to state officials<br />Led the way in regulating big business and reducing control of big business over state legislators<br />
  • 45. How did reforms protect children?<br />National Child Labor Committee (1904)<br />Gathered evidence of children working in harsh conditions<br />Keating-Owen Act (1916)<br />Prohibited the transportation across state line of goods produced with child labor<br />1918 – Supreme Court declared act unconstitutional due to inference with states’ rights<br />
  • 46. How did reform change working conditions?<br />Muller v. Oregon (1908)<br />Limit women to 10 hour work day<br />Bunting v. Oregon (1917)<br />Limit men to 10 hour work day<br />Workers’ compensation<br />Aid the families of workers hurt or killed on the job<br />
  • 47. What kinds of political reforms took place at the state level?<br />Progressive Era reform legislation provided for increased direct participation in government.<br />Initiative – a bill originated by the people on the ballot<br />Referendum – a vote on the initiative<br />Recall – enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election<br />The Direct Primary – gave citizens a way to participate in the selection of a presidential candidate<br />Secret Ballot – candidates are selected from a single, uniform ballot<br />
  • 48. What kinds of political reforms took place at the state level?<br />17th Amendment<br />Ratified 1913<br />Direct election of senators<br />Video<br />
  • 49. Taking NotesFill in the web with examples of organizations that worked for reform in the areas named.<br />
  • 50. Taking NotesFill in the web with examples of organizations that worked for reform in the areas named.<br />
  • 51. Women Lead Reform<br />
  • 52. How did the opening of women’s colleges help create new opportunities for women?<br />Marriage was no longer a woman’s only alternative.<br />Many applied their skills to social reform<br />
  • 53. Why were there women leaders in the movements to reform social welfare, public morals, and race relations?<br />The participation of educated women often strengthened the existing reform groups and provided leadership for new ones.<br />
  • 54. Susan B. Anthony<br /><ul><li>Leading proponent of woman’s suffrage
  • 55. Founded National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA)
  • 56. 3 part strategy
  • 57. State legislatures
  • 58. Court cases to test 14th Amendment
  • 59. Pushed for national constitutional amendment</li></li></ul><li>Health and the Environment<br />
  • 60. What legislation passed during Roosevelt’s presidency protected citizens?<br />Meat Inspection Act (1906)<br />Cleanliness requirements for meatpackers<br />Created federal meat inspection <br />Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)<br />Stopped sale of contaminated food and medicines<br />Truth in labeling<br />
  • 61. What did Roosevelt do to protect the environment?<br />Conservation<br />Primary concern<br />John Muir – naturalist and writer<br />Set aside 148 million acres of forest reserve<br />Appointed Gifford Pinchot as head of US Forest Service <br />Convinced TR to conserve forests and grazing lands by making them exempt from public sale<br />National Reclamation Act (Newlands Act)<br />Money from sale of public lands in West funded large scale irrigation projects<br />
  • 62. Roosevelt and Civil Rights<br />
  • 63. Who was W.E.B. DuBois?<br /><ul><li>Published The Souls of Black Folkin 1903
  • 64. Advocated higher education of the “talented tenth” of black youth
  • 65. Only way to progress was to“educate and agitate”
  • 66. 1909 helped establish NAACP</li></li></ul><li>Wilson Wins Financial Reforms<br />
  • 67. How did Wilson reform banking?<br />Federal Reserve Act (1913)<br />Decentralized private banking system under federal control<br />12 districts with a regional central bank<br />Issue paper currency in emergency <br />Transfer funds to member banks in trouble<br />
  • 68. Women Win Suffrage<br />
  • 69. How did women finally win the vote?<br />Increased activism of local groups<br />The use of bold new strategies to build enthusiasm for the movement<br />The rebirth of the national movement under Carrie Chapman Catt<br />
  • 70. What was the Nineteenth Amendment?<br />Granted women right to vote (1920)<br />72 years after the Seneca Falls convention in 1848.<br />

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