CA Native Plants for Ponds, Pondside and Streamside (& Other Wet Places) - Western L.A. County
I
Scientific Name
Common ...
X
Scientific Name
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
* Prunus virginiana var.
demissa
Western
Chokecherry
6-25 ft tall...
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
X Pluchea sericea
Arrowweed
5-10 ft t
Purple/
Sp-Su
FS
X * Rhamnus californica
Ca...
Scientific Name
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
Rubus ursinus (ssp. ?)
Pacific Blackberry
2-4 ft tall
3-10 ft w
Whi...
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
Mugwort
2-4+ ft tall
& wide
Cream/Su
** Aster chilensis ‘Point
St. George’
Point St...
I
Scientific Name
* Heuchera maxima
X (incl. many cultivars &
hybrids)
Common Name
Island Alumroot
Size
1- 3 ft
Crevi...
Scientific Name
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
Epilobium ciliatum ssp.
ciliatum
Fringed Willow
Herb
2-5 ft tall
Pi...
X
Scientific Name
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
Pluchea odorata ssp.
odorata
Sweetscent;
Saltmarsh
Fleabane
1-3 f...
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
Centromadia
X (Hemizonia) parryi ssp.
australis
Southern Tarplant
2-4 ft tall
Yellow...
I
Scientific Name
Veronica peregrina ssp.
xalapensis
Cacti and Succulents
X * Sedum spathulifolium
Ferns and Fern-like P...
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
X Carex praegracilis
Clustered Field
Sedge/CA Meadow
Sedge
1-2 ft tall
Cool-season,
...
Common Name
Size
Flower/
season
X Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail
2-5 ft tall
spreading
Perennial
FS/PS
Clay...
Common Name
Size
Basket Rush
3-5 ft tall
3-8 ft wide
Juncus torreyi
Torrey’s Rush
1-3 ft tall
spreading
X Juncus xi...
I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html or at the Madro...
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Ponds&streamside 1-11

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Technology      Entertainment & Humor      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Ponds&streamside 1-11

  • 1. CA Native Plants for Ponds, Pondside and Streamside (& Other Wet Places) - Western L.A. County I Scientific Name Common Name Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs X * Acer negundo Boxelder X Aesculus californica CA Buckeye * Alnus rhombifolia White Alder X Baccharis salicifolia * Betula occidentalis X * Cercis occidentalis X * Chilopsis linearis ssp. arcuata Size 30-50 ft t to 30 ft w 12-30+ ft tall & w 50-75 ft tall 20-40 ft w. Flower/ season Light++ 2 or 2-3 1, 8, 13, 24 Any welldrained 1 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 FS/PS Any incl. clay 2-3 to 3 3, 6, 8, 13, 14 Green/Sp FS/PS Any White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Green/Sp Pink-white/ all year FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 Water Birch To 30 ft tall & wide Green/Sp FS/PS Most 2 to 2-3 Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay Pink/ Sp-F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 2 White/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Clay best 2-3 1, 13 Crème/Sp FS Any welldrained 1-2 1, 13 Insig/Sp FS Any welldrained 2-3 1, 8, 13 Desert Willow X * Fraxinus dipetala California Ash 5-25 ft tall and wide < 18 ft tall to 10 ft w < 25 ft tall Creambush; Ocean Spray 30-50 ft t 20-50+ ft w 10-20 ft tall * Morella (Myrica) californica California Wax Myrtle 6-30 ft t 10-20 ft w Yellowwhite/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Platanus racemosa X X Availability To 10 ft Brown Dogwood California sycamore 60-100 ft Bright pink/Sp FS Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa Black Cottonwood 30-60 (100 ft) Yellow/Sp FS Populus fremontii Fremont’s Cottonwood To 100 ft 80 ft w Yellow/Sp FS X * Holodiscus discolor Water Zone+ Mule Fat X Cornus glabrata * Fraxinus velutina Soil Velvet Ash White/Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays Any; welldrained best Any but high alkali 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2 1, 8, 13, 14 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1, 5, 13, 14 Notes Upper stream banks Upper stream banks Tol. seasonal flooding Upper stream banks Tol. seasonal flooding Tol. seasonal flooding Showy flowers; streamside Streamside Tol. seasonal flooding Winter deciduous; upper banks Upper stream banks; fragrant 2-3 to 3 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 14, 19 Evergreen; midbank 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Upper stream banks any 2-3 1, 7, 14 Any 2-3 1, 3, 14 Mid-bank; large with abundant water mid-bank ; long-lived 1
  • 2. X Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season * Prunus virginiana var. demissa Western Chokecherry 6-25 ft tall 6-15 ft w Cream/Sp FS/PS Any Salix gooddingii I Goodding’s Black Willow To 100 ft T Yellow/Sp FS any FS/PS any Yellow/Sp FS any 20-40 ft T Yellow/Sp FS any 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 Purplebrown/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 Any incl. alkali, salty 1-2 to 2 X Salix lasiolepis Arroyo Willow X Salix laevigata Red Willow Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Pacific (Shining) Willow Blue (Mexican) Elderberry 8-35 ft to 35 ft w. 10-30 ft to 45 ft w. Yellow/W-Sp Light++ Soil Water Zone+ 2 to 2-3 1-2; winter flooding 1-2; winter flooding 1-2; winter flooding 2-3 to 3 Availability Notes 6, 13 mid-bank; fruits for jelly 2 1, 2 1, 2, 3, 12, 14 Needs winter flooding Tol flooding; spreads ‘weeping’ growth habit 1, 7, 13, 14 Tol. flooding 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries; mid-upper bank 1, 6, 13, 14 Can be weedy; cultivar: ‘Dark Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) X * Amorpha fruticosa X Atriplex lentiformus breweri X Baccharis emoryi False Indigo 6-12 ft 4-10 ft w. Coast Quailbush/ Big Saltbush To 8 ft tall To 20 ft w Green/Su FS Emory Baccharis 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any X ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ Pigeon Point Coyote Bush 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-White/ Su-F FS/PS any X Baccharis plummerae subsp. plummerae Plummer's Baccharis < 7 ft tall Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any Western Spicebush 6-12 ft tall 4-6 ft wide FS/PS Pref.light deep rich PS/FSH Welldrained X * Carpenteria californica Bush aneneme 6-8 ft tall 6-12 ft W Purplebronze/ Sp-Su WhiteYellow/ Spr X Isocoma menziesii var. menziesii Coast Goldenbush 1-3 ft tall and wide Yellow/ Su-F FS CA Mock Orange 4-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp-Su FS/PS X * Calycanthus occidentalis X * Philadelphus lewisii Lance’ 1 to 1-2 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 16 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Moist & seasonally moist areas Salt tolerant; winter flooding 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20 Mid-bank 13 Lower to midbank 1, 13, 14 1, 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 Any 1-2 1, 14 Any, incl clays 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Spicy; wine-like fragrance; streamside Showy, fragrant flowers Tolerates seaside conditions Very fragrant; riparian woodland 2
  • 3. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Pluchea sericea Arrowweed 5-10 ft t Purple/ Sp-Su FS X * Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars Buff/Sp Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp Narrow-leaf Willow 6-15 ft 12-15 ft.w. I X Scientific Name Ribes aureum var. gracillimum X Salix exigua Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 8, 10, 14 Thicketforming; silver foliage FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Upper bank FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Yellow/Sp FS/PS any 1-2; winter flooding 1, 2, 3, 14 6, 24 Upper bank 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Upper bank Any welldrained; Birds eat berries Tol flooding; spreading Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point Dwarf’ Dwarf Pigeon Point Coyote Bush 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 Rabbitbush 2-5 ft tall & wide Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 13, 16 Good for butterflies CA Fuschia 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding Firecracker Catalina Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall Red/Sp + FS/PS 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 Streamside X * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry 4-6 ft tall to 10 ft w 2-3 to 3 7, 18 Mulch soil X Rhus trilobata Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su Yellowgreen/Sp Mid-bank to upper bank Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry Red-flowering Currant 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH Welldrained 2-3; 3 in sun 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) 1, 3, 10, 1214, 19 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH Welldrained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su Mid- to upper bank Tolerates seasonal flooding X * Ericameria nauseosa Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) **Gambelia (Galvezia) X speciosa ‘Firecracker X Ribes californicum var. hesperium X Ribes speciosum X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum X Rosa californica FS/PS PS FS/PS/FSH Welldrained Welldrained any any 1-2 to 2 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Mid- to upper bank Mid- to upper bank 3
  • 4. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Rubus ursinus (ssp. ?) Pacific Blackberry 2-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Common Snowberry White/Sp PS X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry I X X Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea X * Verbena lilacina Hoary Nettle Cedros Island Verbena 3-5 ft, spreading 2-4 ft tall & wide 3-6 ft tall spreading 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Light++ Soil any Clays, loams any Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH Pink/Sp-F PS Lilac/Sp-F FS/PS Welldrained PS FS coastal Welldrained Rich soils ok Water Zone+ 2-3 to 3 2-3 2-3 to 3 Availability 7, 12, 13, 14 7, 9, 13, 19 13, 14 2-3 1, 10, 13, 16 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 Notes Tolerates seasonal flooding Fruit may be toxic to humans Mulch; streamside Serious allergy on contact Lovely yearround; streamside Perennial Vines 2-3 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Invasive; can look weedy; ‘Anacapa Pink’; ‘Candycane’ Any 2-3 to 3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 Upper bank PS/FSH Any 2-3 2, 8 Lower bank Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 8-20+ ft Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PSH Any 2 to 2-3 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 7, 13, 19 Upper bank > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Upper bank > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Upper bank most streamside 1, Mid- to upper bank 13 (? ssp) Seaside plant; can be weedy X Calystegia macrostegia California Morning Glory To 30+ ft White/Sp-F X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower To 15 ft White/Su PS/FSH X * Lonicera ciliosa Orange Honeysuckle 15-20 ft Orange/ SpSu Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans X * Lonicera involucrata ** Vitis californica X ‘Roger’s Red’ Chaparral Honeysuckle Twinberry ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape X * Lonicera interrupta Perennial Groundcover Plants X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS * Arctostaphylos uvaursi Argentina/Potentilla X anserina Bearberry; Kinnickinnick 1 ft tall spreading Pink/Sp FS/PS Pacific Cinquefoil 1 ft tall 2-3 ft w Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS X Welldrained Welldrained Sandy 1-2 to 2-3 2-3 2 to 3 2 Tolerates seasonal flooding Excellent habitat plant 4
  • 5. Common Name Size Flower/ season Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Cream/Su ** Aster chilensis ‘Point St. George’ Point St. George Coast Aster 1-3 ft tall spreading Lavender/Sp Baccharis douglasii Marsh Baccharis < 3 ft White/Su-F ** Baccharis ‘Centennial’ Centennial Baccharis 2-3 ft tall 5-6 ft wide White/F Female seeds FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 8, ** Baccharis ‘Starn’ Starn Baccharis 2-3 ft tall 5-6 ft wide Yellow/F male FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 8 * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good habitat; edible berries ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Good habitat; edible berries Clinopodium (Satureja) douglasii Yerba buena < 6 in spreading White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 Streamside * Clinopodium (Satureja) mimuloides I Monkeyflower Savory 1 ft tall 2-4+ ft w Red-Or/ Su-Fa FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 to 3 3, 8 CA Fuschia 1-3 ft 3-5 ft wide Orange/F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Seaside Daisy Daisy < 1 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Lavenderblue/Sp-F FS/ PS (hot) Welldrained 1-2; 2-3(sun) 1, 3, 6, 8 Silvery foliage; streamside (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su 1, 3, 8, 13 edible fruit; streamside CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit; upper bank Seaside Heliotrope < 2 ft 4-8 ft w. Whitepurple/Sp-F FS/PS Any; alkali best 2-3 2, 10, 16 Seasonal flooding; toxic foliage Scientific Name X Artemisia douglasiana X X Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) ** Erigeron glaucus X ‘Arthur Menzies’ & 'Wayne Roderick' * Fragaria chiloensis X ssp. pacifica ‘Chaval’ & ‘Green Pastures’ * Fragaria vesca X (californica) X Heliotropum curassivacum Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 1, 8, 11, 13 FS/PS Any incl. clays PS PS Sandy best 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 Notes Tolerates seasonal flooding Good habitat plant 1, 13 Baccharis pilularis X B. sarathroides hybrid Baccharis pilularis X B. sarathroides hybrid hummingbird plant; streamside Tolerates winter flooding; streamside 5
  • 6. I Scientific Name * Heuchera maxima X (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) Common Name Island Alumroot Size 1- 3 ft Crevice Alumroot 1-3 ft X * Iva hayesiana San Diego Marsh Elder X Jaumea carnosa Salty Susan X Potentilla glandulosa Sticky Cinquefoil 2-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide < 1 ft tall 2 ft wide 1-2 ft tall & wide X * Heuchera micrantha X Ranunculus californicus X Stachys bullata Stachys rigida var. X rigida (Stachys ajugoides) California Buttercup California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) Flower/ season Light++ Soil White/Spr PS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays Pink/Spr Yellow/Su PS/PS/ FSH FS/PS/ FSH See note Any, incl. clays Sandy best Welldrained Yellow/Sp-F FS Yellow/ Sp-Su PS < 2 ft Yellow/ PS sandy 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS Welldrained 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-4 ft tall 1-2 ft wide White/Su FS White/Su FS/PS White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Water Zone+ 1-2 to 2-3 2-3 to 3 1 to 2-3 Availability 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 1, 3, 8 Well-drained soil 1, 3, 8, 13 Banks 2-3 to 3 1, 2, 13, 20 2 to 3 1, 6, 12, 13 2-3 to 3 Notes Pac Coast Seed Seasonal flooding Seasonal flooding Very welldrained soils 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Tolerates seasonal flooding Any 2-3 to 3 Water plant sources Shallow water or mud; weedy Any 2-3 to 3 2; water plant sources Shallow water or mud 2 to 3 3, 10, 14, 16 Shallow water 2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20 Streamside 2-3 Herbaceous Perennials Alisma plantago-aquatica Alisma triviale Common Waterplantain Narrow-leaf Waterplantain 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide 1 ft tall & wide X Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa X * Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine 1-2 ft Redyellow/Su PS/FSH X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Crème/Su PS X Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf Milkweed 2-3 ft Creampink/Su X Asclepias speciosa Showy Milkweed 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Round-leaved Boykinia 1-4 ft tall & wide Boykinia rotundifolia Any incl clay Welldrained Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 FS/PS Sandy 3 - winter 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 Pink/Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 8, 19 White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 12 Tolerates seasonal flooding Needs seasonal flooding Tol. Flooding; Monarch host plant; silvery Streamside; pond edge 6
  • 7. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum Fringed Willow Herb 2-5 ft tall Pink/Su-F X *Erigeron glaucus Seaside Daisy ½ ft Lavernder/ Sp-Fa FS/PS/FSH X Euthamia occidentalis Western Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS Any X Grindelia camporum Large Gumplant 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Fa Yellow/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 Coastal Gumplant 1-3 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Yellow/Su FS Any 2 to 3 X Limonium californicum California SeaLavender 1-2 ft tall and wide Purple/Su-F FS Any; sand to clay X *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Red/Sp-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 X *Lobelia dunii Dunn’s Lobellia Lavender/ Su-F PS Any 3 FS I Grindelia hirsutula var. hirsutula * Grindelia stricta var X platyphylla X Hairy Gumplant 1-2 1 ft 1 ft 1-3 ft tall wide tall ft wide Light++ PS Soil any Welldrained Any, incl. clays, alkali Welldrained Water Zone+ 2-3 to 3 2-3 2 to 3 1-2 2-3 to 3 Availability 2, 10 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14 13, 16 Notes Can become weedy Attractive flowers, foliage Butterfly plant; can be invasive 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading 1, 10 Butterfly plant 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13 Lower to midbank Tolerates seaside conditions Toxic; shallow water shallow water or pondside 10, 14, 16 3, 8, 13, 19 6, 8, 13 UCR Bot. Garden Lomatium utriculatum Common Lomatum 2-3 ft tall Yellow/Sp Lotus heermannii Wooly Lotus 1 ft tall 1-3 ft w Yellow/Sp-F FS/PS To 3 ft Red/Sp-Fa FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19 Easy; shallow water 1-5 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Shallow water 1 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 8 Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 CA Evening Primrose < 1 ft tall 3-8 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS (best) Sandy/ rocky 2 to 2-3 10, 13, 16 ‘Margarita BOP’ Penstemon 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Purple/Su FS Welldrained 2-3 1, 3, 6, 13 X Mimulus cardinalis X Mimulus guttatus Mimulus moschatus (var. moniliformis) X * Monardella macrantha X * Oenothera californica **Penstemon heterophyllus ‘Margarita Bop’ Scarlet Monkeyflower Seep Monkeyflower Musk Monkeyflower 2-3 to 3 2-3 ? 10, 16 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 leaves: boiled as greens Hummingbird plant; scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ Scented flowers; mid to upper bank Streamside or bank 7
  • 8. X Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata Sweetscent; Saltmarsh Fleabane 1-3 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Su-F * Potentilla gracilis I Slender Cinquefoil Rumex salicifolius var. salicifolius Scrophularia californica X ssp. floribunda Sidalcea malviflora ssp. X malviflora X * Silene californica X Silene laciniata Solanum americanum Solanum douglasii X Solanum xanti Willow Dock 2 ft tall & wide 2-3 ft tall & wide Light++ Soil Yellow/Su Any FS Welldrained PS CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pinklavender/ FS/PS Indian Pink 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red/Su PS/FS Indian Pink 1-3 ft Red/Sp-Su FS/PS 2-3 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 2-5 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS 2-4 ft tall Purple/SpSu American Black Nightshade White (Douglas’) Nightshade Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade Any Welldrained Sandy or rocky Availability Notes 6, 10, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding ? Streamside 2 to 3 10, 13 (? var.) Seaside fine 2-3 to 3 Sandy incl. Alk FS Pink bract / Su Water Zone+ 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 Afternoon shade 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 2-3 2-3 to 3 2-3 19 difficult 1-2 to 2-3 12 Moist banks 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Berries very poisonous Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 14 Berries very poisonous FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 7, 10, 14 X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 Mountain Meadowrue 3-5 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Su PS/FSH Welldrained Hoary Nettle 3-6 ft tall spreading Pink/Sp-F PS Rich soils ok Canyon Sunflower 4-6 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp-F PS Any X * Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum Urtica dioica ssp. X holosericea * Venegasia X carpesioides Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) Blennosperma nanum (incl. var. nanum) X Calandrinia ciliata Common stickyseed Red Maids < 1 ft tall < 1 ft tall 1-2 ft w. Yellow/Sp Bright pink/Sp – 2-3 to 3 2-3 10 1, 3, 8, 10, 12-14, 19 1, 10, 13, 16 Berries very poisonous Tolerates seasonal flooding Tolerates seasonal flooding Well-drained soils Serious allergy on contact Long-blooming; seeds for birds 2 to 2-3 no water after flowering FS Any, incl. clay FS Any 2-3 to 3 2-3 to 3 ? 2, 5, 10 Good for water gardens Good for water gardens 8
  • 9. Common Name Size Flower/ season Centromadia X (Hemizonia) parryi ssp. australis Southern Tarplant 2-4 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS any 1 Centromadia (Hemizonia) pungens Smooth Tarplant/ Common Spikeweed 1-4 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS any 1 to 1-2 16 Elegant Clarkia 2-5 ft tall Pink-purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 2, 5, 10, 13, 16 Miner’s Lettuce 1 ft tall White/Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 2, 5, 10 Chinese Houses 1-2 ft tall Purple-white Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 5, 10, 13, 16 1-3 ft tall White/Sp-Su FS Welldrained 2-3 10 1-5 ft tall 1 ft wide Yellowbrown/ Su FS any 2-3 to 3 5-8 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 I Scientific Name X Clarkia unguiculata Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata Collinsia heterophylla X var. heterphylla X Cryptantha intermedia X Helenium puberulum X Helianthus annuus White Forget- MeNots Rosilla; Sneezeweed Common (Annual) Sunflower Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 2 Vernal pool plant Needs drought for seeds Well-drained soil 6, 13, 21 Edible; pollinator plant; 2, 10 (local var.) easy Lasthenia coronaria Royal Goldenfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/W-Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 10, Lasthenia glabrata ssp. coulteri Coulter's Goldfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 5, 10 Lepidium nitidum Shining Peppergrass 1 ft tall & wide White/ FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 10 X Lupinus bicolor Miniature Lupine < 1 ft tall Blue/white FS/PS any 1- 2-3 2, 5, 10, 13 X Mimulus brevipes Widethroat Yellow Monkeyflower 2-3 ft tall Yellow/WSpr FS/PS Sandy or rocky 1-2 to 2-3 10, 13 X Mimulus guttatus Seep Monkeyflower 1-5 ft tall Yellow/WSpr FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Hooker’s Evening Primrose 5+ ft tall Yellow/Su FS Welldrained California (Dotseed) Plantain < 1 ft tall White/green Small Pondweed To 5 ft long spreading Green/Su Moderately salt tolerant Good for water gardens; salt tolerant X X Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima & hookeri X Plantago erecta Potamogeton pusillus var. pusillus 1-2 to 2-3 FS/PS any 2-3 FS Any 3 edible Many blooms 10, 16 Abundant reseeders; pond edge 2, 16 Pond edge Water plant sources Shallow water; invasive 9
  • 10. I Scientific Name Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis Cacti and Succulents X * Sedum spathulifolium Ferns and Fern-like Plants Adiantum capillusveneris X Adiantum jordanii Common Name Size Flower/ season Purslane Speedwell 1 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2 to 3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 none PS/FSH Welldrained 2-3 to 3 7, 13 none PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 6 none FS/PS Any 3 2 none PS/FSH Any; not alkali 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 FS/PS welldrained 1 1, 2, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Broadleaf Stonecrop < 1 ft tall spreading Common Maidenhair 1-3 ft tall & wide CA Maidenhair Azolla filiculoides Mosquito Fern Woodwardia fimbriata Giant Chain Fern 1-2 ft tall & wide < 1 ft tall & wide 5-6 ft tall 3-9 ft wide Light++ Soil Water Zone+ 2-3 to 3 Availability Notes 2 San Gabriels Moist seeps, banks Shallow water floats Grows in seeps in wild Bulbs and Corms Blue Dicks/Wild Hyacinth < 2 ft Blue/Sp X Iris douglasiana Douglas iris 1-2 ft Purple/Sp PS See note X Ranunculus californicus California Buttercup < 2 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su PS sandy 1-2 ft tall Yellow/Sp X Dichelostemma capitatum * Sisyrinchium Yellow-eyed Grass californicum Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) X 1 to 2 1-2 to 3 Any 2 to 3 3, 5, 8, 13, 14, 20 Pond-edge plant FS/PS Not alkali 1-2 to 3 10, 16 Pond-edge FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 4, 5, 8, 13 Can plant densely FS/PS Any 2 to 3 3, 8, 13, 16 May be invasive (containerize) 3, 4 Spike Bentgrass 1-4 ft tall * Calamagrostis nutkaensis Pacific Reed Grass 3-4 ft tall & wide Cool-seas. perennial bunchgrass cool-season bunchgrass 1-2 ft tall to 3 ft w Evergreen sod sedge 1-3 ft tall Cool-season sod sedge PS/ FSH Sandy 2 to 3 1 ft tall shear 1-2 time/ yr Cool-season clump sedge FS/PS Very sandy 2 to 2-3 X * Carex barbarae * Carex nudata * Carex pansa (C. X praegracilis sometimes mislabled as this) Santa Barbara Sedge California Blackflowering Sedge Sand Dune Sedge 1, 13 Drought tolerant if mulched Very welldrained soils FS/PS Agrostis exarata X 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 3, 4, 6, 8 Can grow in water, stream Tol. seasonal flooding; streamside 10
  • 11. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Carex praegracilis Clustered Field Sedge/CA Meadow Sedge 1-2 ft tall Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS X * Carex spissa San Diego Sedge 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Cool-season, sod sedge X Carex tumulicola Berkeley Sedge 2 ft tall & wide Cool-season, sod sedge Cyperus eragrostis Umbrella Sedge/ Tall Flat-sedge 2-4 ft tall clumping Cyperus odoratus Fragrant Flatsedge 1-3 ft tall California Oatgrass 2-3 ft tall Tufted hairgrass 1-2 ft tall & wide X Deschampsia elongata Slender Hairgrass 2-4 ft tall * Deschampsia X holciformis (D. cespitosa ssp. hociformis) Pacific Hairgrass 1-3 ft tall X Distichlis spicata Saltgrass 1 ft tall spreading Warmseason, sod sedge Warm-seas., annual sedge Cool-season perennial bunchgrass Cool-season bunchgrass Cool-season perennial bunchgrass Cool-season perennial bunchgrass Warm-seas., sod grass Eleocharis macrostachya Pale Spikerush 1-2 ft tall spreading Eleocharis montevidensis var. montevidensis Sand Spikerush Eleocharis parishii Parish’s Spikerush I Scientific Name X * Danthonia Californica X X * Deschampsia cespitosa X Elymus glaucus X Equisetum hyemale subsp. affine Blue (Western) Wildrye Common Horsetail Water Zone+ Availability Notes Clays best 2-3 1, 2, 4, 7, 13 Shallow water FS/PS/FSH Clays best 1 to 3 1, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 Streamside FS/PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13 Streamside FS.PS any 1-2 to 3 7, 10, 13 Shallow water FS/PS any 1-2 to 3 ? Pond edge FS/PS any 2 to 3 6, 8, 10 Evergreen; tol. walking; good for small areas FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 4-8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 streamside PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 1 – dies back 5, 10, 13, 16 Fine-texture; seasonal flooding FS any 2-3 to 3 5, 8, 10, 13, 16 Salt-tolerant FS any 1 to 2-3 Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 1-2 ft tall spreading Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS Any 1-2 ft tall spreading 2-4 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Cool-season, sod sedge Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS 2-4 ft tall 1-6 ft w Perennial rush Light++ Soil 2, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20, 21, 24 Can be mowed 1-2 to 3 9, 13, 20 Shallow water Any 1-2 to 3 20 Shallow water PS/FSH Any; not shallow 1-2 to 2-3 3, 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 4, 8, 13 Streamside; seasonal flood Will grow in standing water; contain Shallow water 11
  • 12. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Equisetum laevigatum Smooth Horsetail 2-5 ft tall spreading Perennial FS/PS Clays best ** Festuca idahoensis X ‘Warren Peak’ & Siskyou Blue’ Blue Bunchgrass < 1 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any X * Festuca rubra Red Fescue 1-2 ft tall spreading Cool-season bunch/sod grass; can mow FS/PS Hordeum X brachyantherum ssp. californicum CA Meadow Barley 1-2 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunch Hordeum depressum Dwarf (Alkali) Barley 1-2 ft tall < 1 ft wide Cool-season annual Hordeum jubatum Fox-tail Barley 1-3 ft tall 1-2 ft w. X Isolepis (Scirpus) cernuus Fiber Optic Grass; Miniature Tule X Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii Spiny Rush Cool-season bunch Cool-season, sod rush; cut back in winter Cool-season, sod rush I Scientific Name X Juncus balticus Baltic Rush X * Juncus bolanderi Bolander’s Rush 1 ft tall 1-2 ft wide 2-5 ft tall & wide 1-4 ft tall 1-2 ft w. Light++ Notes 8 Will grow in standing water; contain 2 to 3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 20 Streamside Any 1-2 to 3 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16 Easy; Bluegreen; ‘Molate’ ‘Patrick’s Point’, ‘Jughandle’ FS any 1-2 to 2-3 16 (other vars./ unk at 5, 10, 13) streamside FS Any incl. alkali, salt 1-2 to 3 16 Good for erosion control FS any 1-2 to 2-3 4, 10, 16 invasive PS/ FSH Sandy best 2-3 to 3 3, 4, 13 good for pond edges 2-3 3, 10, 14, 16 Sharp tips; shallow water 2-3 3, 16 Shallow water 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Showy seedheads 1-2 to 3 10, 16 Sod rush FS 1-2 ft tall Perennial rhizome rush FS Toad Rush < 1 ft tall & wide Annual rush FS X * Juncus effusus Bog/Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush FS/PS X Juncus mexicanus Mexican Rush < 1 ft tall & wide X Juncus patens Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush Spreading/ bunching perennial rush X Juncus bufonius var bufonius & congesta Water Zone+ Availability FS/PS FS FS Soil Any incl. alk./salty Any incl. alk./salty Any incl. salty Any incl. salty Any; sandy best Any incl. salty Any 2-3 to 3 1-2 to 3 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 13, 14 Good around pools; ‘Quartz Creek’ 1-2 to 2-3 3, 10, 14, 16 Shallow water 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 ‘Carmen’s Gray’ is blue-gray; shallow water 12
  • 13. Common Name Size Basket Rush 3-5 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Juncus torreyi Torrey’s Rush 1-3 ft tall spreading X Juncus xiphioides Iris-leaf rush 1 ½ ft tall spreading X Koeleria macrantha Prairie Junegrass 1-3 ft tall & wide X Leymus condensatus Giant Rye Grass 4-6 ft tall & wide X Leymus triticoides Creeping Wild Rye < 3 ft tall spreading X * Muhlenbergia rigens Deergrass 2-4 ft tall & wide Chairmaker’s Bullrush CA Tule I Scientific Name X Juncus textilis Schoenoplectus americanus Schoenoplectus californicus Schoenoplectus robustus Sturdy (Pacific) Bullrush X Scirpus cernuus Fiberoptic Grass X Typha angustifolia Narrowleaf Cattail X Typha domingensis Southern Cattail X Typha latifolia Alkali sacaton Spreading/ bunching perennial rush Spreading perennial rush Light++ Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Showy; Good for wet planter, pondside FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 14 FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 14 Spreading rush FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 2, 3, 8, 13, 16 Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Any; sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 Showy FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 9, 10, 12, 16 streamside FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 14, 16 Great vernal swale or streambank; Perennial bunchgrass FS Any 1-2 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 5-7 ft tall spreading Spreading perennial FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 10, 14, 16, 20, 24 seasonal flooding; streamside Shallow water, pond side 4-8 ft tall spreading Spreading perennial FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 4, 10, 13, 14, 16 Shallow water, pond side 4-6 ft tall spreading < 1 ft tall 2-3 ft wide 3-5 ft tall spreading 3-8 ft tall spreading Spreading perennial Bunching perennial Bunching perennial Bunching perennial Bunching perennial Warmseason bunchgrass FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 10, 16, 24 PS Any 3 FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 20 FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 10, 14 FS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 10, 13, 16 Shallow water, pond side Shallow water, pond side Shallow water, pond side Shallow water, pond side Shallow water, pond side Common Cattail X Sporobolus airoides Flower/ season 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Warm season perennial Cool-season perennial sod-grass; light mow FS/PS welldrained best 2 to 3 3, 4, 8, 13, 20 2, 3, 8, 13, 16 Showy; Good for wet planter, pondside Best in contained; shallow water Salt-tolerant; alkali fine 1/18/2011 13
  • 14. I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html 14

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