POLITICAL LURKERS? Young people in Austria and their political life worlds online Christina Neumayer, IT University of Co...
content <ul><li>Identity and political engagement online </li></ul><ul><li>Young people and politics in the Austrian conte...
 
 
Mass media Alternative media (Matt Hamm in: blog.kyanmedia.com)
Democracy for everyone? Photo credit: the slate magazine
identity
Lurker Fuchs et al. (2007)
A study on internet competence (JIKS) Enabled by: Federal Chancellery and Ministry of Education Political literacy online
Digital Natives?
 
Pupils attented either HS or Gym in the 4th form (equals 8th grade) n=100.838 total population, sample: n=379
Research questions <ul><li>Digital Gap running along which lines? </li></ul><ul><li>How can young users distinguish betw...
<ul><li>2 different school types and representive areas </li></ul><ul><li>AT: choice about further course of education a...
 
Result dimensions <ul><ul><ul><li>Communication vs. Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peers as source of tru...
User types, lurkers and the role of the internet <ul><li>30,9% communicators and networkers </li></ul><ul><li>28,0% ente...
Political Interest
Political interest and counter-public <ul><li>Only 25% interested in politics and only 3.7% very interested </li></ul><ul>...
Activities online <ul><li>posting a comment on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>discussing in an online forum </li></ul><ul>...
Gender: computer usage and age
JIKS-Study Cooperation: Centre for Information and Knowledge Engineering, Danube University Krems Test element (Java applet)
Singular surfpaths
 
Results (search behaviour) n=176 Test element tracking students while looking for information online <ul><li>Pupils usuall...
The student movement unibrennt Protest in the social web
unibrennt
Twitter <ul><li>95743 Tweets with #unibrennt and/or #unsereuni </li></ul><ul><li>between Oct. 23-Dec. 31, 2009 </li></ul>...
 
unibrennt in the “public discourse” <ul><li>The revolution is twittered (APA) </li></ul><ul><li>Student protest 2.0 (APA) ...
 
Conclusion
Young slacktivists and clicktivists
Networks, identity and political engagement
Lurking politics
From subactivism to political engagement <ul><li>This province of democracy will remain closed off and largely inconsequen...
Educated engagement and civic equity online
The best Egyptian protest signs pundit kitchen, at http://news.icanhascheezburger.com/
Contact <ul><li>Christina Neumayer Judith Schossböck </li></ul><ul><li>IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark Danube Univers...
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Judith Schossböck & Christina Neumayer - POLITICAL LURKERS? Young people in Austria and their political life worlds online

Presentation at CeDEM11 Conference
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      Technology      News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Judith Schossböck & Christina Neumayer - POLITICAL LURKERS? Young people in Austria and their political life worlds online

  • 1. POLITICAL LURKERS? Young people in Austria and their political life worlds online Christina Neumayer, IT University of Copenhagen Judith Schossböck, Danube University Krems CEDEM Conference 2011, Krems, Austria
  • 2. content <ul><li>Identity and political engagement online </li></ul><ul><li>Young people and politics in the Austrian context </li></ul><ul><li>Political literacy online </li></ul><ul><li>Protest in the social web </li></ul><ul><li>From clicks to action? </li></ul>
  • 5. Mass media Alternative media (Matt Hamm in: blog.kyanmedia.com)
  • 6. Democracy for everyone? Photo credit: the slate magazine
  • 7. identity
  • 8. Lurker Fuchs et al. (2007)
  • 9. A study on internet competence (JIKS) Enabled by: Federal Chancellery and Ministry of Education Political literacy online
  • 10. Digital Natives?
  • 12. Pupils attented either HS or Gym in the 4th form (equals 8th grade) n=100.838 total population, sample: n=379
  • 13. Research questions <ul><li>Digital Gap running along which lines? </li></ul><ul><li>How can young users distinguish between reliable, official or misleading content? </li></ul><ul><li>Which methods of information search are predominant? </li></ul><ul><li>Base for further projects in education </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>2 different school types and representive areas </li></ul><ul><li>AT: choice about further course of education at the age of 14: Gymnasium or Hauptschule (depending on marks in primary school; urban/rural differences) </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-demographic factors and their importance in eLiteracy (Digital Gap) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT/new media focus, school type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social status </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School curricula: no separate media education subject, but optional ICT focus </li></ul>
  • 16. Result dimensions <ul><ul><ul><li>Communication vs. Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peers as source of trust </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>„ Alone at home“ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potentials and learning cultures 2.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Divide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reserach (In)Competence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 17. User types, lurkers and the role of the internet <ul><li>30,9% communicators and networkers </li></ul><ul><li>28,0% entertainment seekers </li></ul><ul><li>13,2% active content producers and self-promoters </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the lurker in the social web </li></ul><ul><li>“ I could not live without the internet anymore.” (completely true for 31.9%, rather true for 22.2%) </li></ul>
  • 18. Political Interest
  • 19. Political interest and counter-public <ul><li>Only 25% interested in politics and only 3.7% very interested </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of political interst for young people in Austria during the last 30 years </li></ul><ul><li>Rich source for counter-public engagement? </li></ul>
  • 20. Activities online <ul><li>posting a comment on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>discussing in an online forum </li></ul><ul><li>joining an online voting </li></ul><ul><li>joining a group in a digital social network </li></ul><ul><li>writing in a blog. </li></ul><ul><li>Offline forms of political action: </li></ul><ul><li>Joining a demonstration (23%) </li></ul><ul><li>voting for student representatives (31,1%) </li></ul><ul><li>Unpopular: wearing buttons, supporting an information stand or handing-out flyers </li></ul>
  • 21. Gender: computer usage and age
  • 22. JIKS-Study Cooperation: Centre for Information and Knowledge Engineering, Danube University Krems Test element (Java applet)
  • 23. Singular surfpaths
  • 25. Results (search behaviour) n=176 Test element tracking students while looking for information online <ul><li>Pupils usually use keywords for their query that lead them to social networking sites or youth websites rather than official websites of political authorities </li></ul><ul><li>If they reached official websites, the majority could not track the relevant information. </li></ul><ul><li>Websites of institutions and authorities do not seem to integrate priorities or language of young people in their design. </li></ul>
  • 26. The student movement unibrennt Protest in the social web
  • 27. unibrennt
  • 28. Twitter <ul><li>95743 Tweets with #unibrennt and/or #unsereuni </li></ul><ul><li>between Oct. 23-Dec. 31, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>From 9000 accounts </li></ul><ul><li>84.7% tweeted less than 10 times </li></ul><ul><li>1.4% tweeted more than 100 times (cp. Herwig et al. 2010) </li></ul>
  • 30. unibrennt in the “public discourse” <ul><li>The revolution is twittered (APA) </li></ul><ul><li>Student protest 2.0 (APA) </li></ul><ul><li>Flashmob-party, voodoo-ideology (Die Presse) </li></ul><ul><li>Live ticker (DerStandard.at) </li></ul><ul><li>Universities want more money (ORF) </li></ul><ul><li>Unibrennt wins Prix ARS Electronica </li></ul>
  • 32. Conclusion
  • 33. Young slacktivists and clicktivists
  • 34. Networks, identity and political engagement
  • 35. Lurking politics
  • 36. From subactivism to political engagement <ul><li>This province of democracy will remain closed off and largely inconsequential to the affairs of the polis, if no proper bridges are built between it and the subpolitical and strictly political strata populated by collectives, organizations and institutions. (Bakardjieva 2009) </li></ul>
  • 37. Educated engagement and civic equity online
  • 38. The best Egyptian protest signs pundit kitchen, at http://news.icanhascheezburger.com/
  • 39. Contact <ul><li>Christina Neumayer Judith Schossböck </li></ul><ul><li>IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark Danube University Krems, Austria </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.itu.dk/people/chne http://digitalgovernment.wordpress.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.twitter.com/nechri http://www.twitter.com/e-society </li></ul>