NASA Technology
 JPL engineers are experts at creating microsystems
and imaging devices and have long-term interests in
h...
NASA Technology
 Many astronauts aboard the International Space
Station suffer from insomnia early in their mission
 NAS...
NASA Technology
 NASA’s spacesuits must create a tightly controlled
microclimate for its astronauts
 For the Apollo spac...
NASA Technology
 NASA-sponsored research led to the development of
algae-based food ingredients, boosting the
nutritional...
NASA Technology
 Astronauts spend a surprising amount of time
exercising while in space, partly to maintain bone
density,...
NASA Technology
 A NASA contract with Stanford University in the
1960s sought to develop a way to measure pilots’
ability...
NASA Technology
 While spaceflight often steals the spotlight, NASA
remains committed to air travel advancement
 The Sub...
NASA Technology
 In the 1960s, subsonic flights near the speed of
sound were still inefficient because of drag created
by...
NASA Technology
 Use of gain scheduling helps electronic controllers
make split-second adjustments to aircraft in
respons...
NASA Technology
 Loss of cabin pressure in aircraft can lead to
incapacitation or death
 A backup cabin pressure monitor...
NASA Technology
 GPS technology is widely used to help navigate
vehicles on land, sea, and air
 IonoSTAGE and SuperTruth...
NASA Technology
 NASA has mountains of Earth imaging data,
including that of its Spaceborne Imaging Radar and
from its Sh...
NASA Technology
 NASA needed a way to pull back the swing arms
that connected bundles of cords and tubes from a
service t...
NASA Technology
 Every drop of water on the International Space
Station is monitored, conserved, and reused
 Engineers a...
NASA Technology
 NASA’s experience with extreme and dangerous
environments has given it expertise applicable in
many area...
NASA Technology
 Space and terrestrial aviation flights often can be
delayed due to heavy rain, snow, or cloud cover
 Si...
NASA Technology
 Attaching modules to the International Space Station
requires docking procedures that place objects
with...
NASA Technology
 Astronauts need pressurized suits and clean air to
survive in space
 NASA’s space shuttles used several...
NASA Technology
 NASA originally considered magnetizing fuel to
pump it without gravity, later considering a similar
conc...
NASA Technology
 A rotating wall vessel bioreactor created by NASA
mimics weightlessness, allowing cell growth in three
d...
NASA Technology
 As the space program has evolved, so too have the
methods used to train astronauts for their journey
 A...
NASA Technology
 To understand the sun’s impact on Earth, NASA
started the Living with a Star program, including
construc...
NASA Technology
 Lighting poses numerous challenges in space, such
as limited durability of bulbs and the physiological
e...
NASA Technology
 NASA wants astronauts to have the ability grow
fresh fruits and vegetables in space or on Mars
 A NASA-...
NASA Technology
 While astronauts can adjust rather quickly to a lack
of gravity, reacclimation to Earth’s gravity takes ...
NASA Technology
 Landsat images of Earth, taken by NASA-built
satellites, were originally used by the US Geological
Surve...
NASA Technology
 Curiosity contains a spectrometer capable of
determining the elemental composition of a sample
on Mars f...
NASA Technology
 The ability to use Mars’ carbon dioxide-laden
atmosphere to get oxygen for fuel and life support
will be...
NASA Technology
 NASA satellites have been collecting data and
images for decades, providing tools for tracking and
deali...
NASA Technology
 NASA and US Department of Agriculture have
teamed up to advance technologies that can make
farming more ...
NASA Technology
 NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is
making the first space-based measurements of CO2
in Eart...
NASA Technology
 Landsat information led the way in providing tools for
Earth science study
 Terra and Aqua spacecraft t...
NASA Technology
 Landing on Mars will require new and innovative
tools and instruments
 Given the almost infinite combin...
NASA Technology
 NASA has a trove of data and photos from space,
but those treasures are not always easily accessible
to ...
NASA Technology
 At NASA, scheduling conflicts created logistical
problems during major projects
 Existing software was ...
NASA Technology
 Noise management and mitigation are important for
NASA, as astronauts and payloads are exposed to
loud n...
NASA Technology
 Until recently, astronauts had to fit everything
needed for flight into a spacecraft, with space and
wei...
NASA Technology
 Light-producing spheres (known as integrating
spheres) are a tool used to calibrate cameras, but
they ar...
NASA Technology
 NASA awarded two SBIR contracts to Potomac
Photonics for research on using excimer lasers to
micromachin...
NASA Technology
 Abbott Ball wanted to experiment with an overlooked
titanium-nickel alloy (Nitinol 60) for ball bearings...
NASA Technology
 The space shuttle windows required laborious
inspections following each launch to ensure that
even micro...
NASA Technology
 NASA wanted to protect its investment in the
technologically advanced Solar Dynamics
Observatory from si...
NASA Technology
 While much other NASA technology from early
space missions is outdated, tungsten disulfide,
invented for...
NASA Technology
 NASA has long been interested in alternatives to
bulky alkaline batteries for its spacecraft
 Improveme...
Visit the Spinoff website for more
examples of NASA technology
transfer: http://spinoff.nasa.gov
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
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NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation

NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Government & Nonprofit      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NASA Spinoff 2015 Presentation

  • 1. NASA Technology  JPL engineers are experts at creating microsystems and imaging devices and have long-term interests in high-resolution 3D imagery  High-quality 3D images can be used for rover exploration, as well as the examination of faults in machinery Jet Propulsion Laboratory Skull Base Institute Los Angeles, California Benefits  Multi-Angle Rear-Viewing Endoscopic Tool (MARVEL) provides surgeons a 3D image in close quarters for brain surgery, allowing improved visibility and better understanding of an object’s proximity  MARVEL improves safety during operations, leading to reduced recovery time and lower costs Spinoff 2015 Health and Medicine 3D Endoscope to Boost Safety, Cut Cost of Surgery Technology Transfer  Neurosurgeon Hrayr Shahinian wanted to develop an endoscope for brain surgery that was capable of producing a 3D image  Shahinian entered a Space Act Agreement with JPL, resulting in the world’s first 3D endoscope suitable for brain surgery, which can also rotate 60 degrees in each direction
  • 2. NASA Technology  Many astronauts aboard the International Space Station suffer from insomnia early in their mission  NASA’s National Space Biomedical Research Institute funded research at the State University of New York at Stony Brook examining the relationship between the body’s vestibular system and sleep Johnson Space Center Sleep Genius Park City, Utah Benefits  The Sleep Genius app is available on iOS and Android platforms  Within the first two years, the app was downloaded more than 400,000 times  Horowitz plans future research to examine whether app use results in deeper sleep Spinoff 2015 Health and Medicine Audio App Brings a Better Night’s Sleep Technology Transfer  Seth Horowitz, one of the researchers, developed an algorithm that produces low-frequency, semi-periodic rumbling sounds that stimulate the vestibular system, inducing sleep  Horowitz combined his vestibular-inducing sound with pulses that synchronize the cortex, soothing sounds that lower heart and breathing rates, and classical music to help people sleep
  • 3. NASA Technology  NASA’s spacesuits must create a tightly controlled microclimate for its astronauts  For the Apollo spacesuits, NASA adapted a design used by the British Royal Air Force, keeping astronauts cool by using a pump to cycle chilled liquid through tubes lining the suit Ames Research Center Vasper Systems San Jose, California Benefits  Vasper’s exercise system uses compression and cooling cuffs on arms and thighs in addition to a cooling vest to keep users comfortable while building muscle  A 30-minute session on an elliptical machine produces results similar to workouts longer than an hour Spinoff 2015 Health and Medicine Liquid Cooling Technology Increases Exercise Efficiency Technology Transfer  An engineer took the concept of chilled water tubing and combined it with compression to help athletes more efficiently perform anaerobic exercise  Adding compression to arm and leg muscles can trigger buildup of lactic acid, putting muscles in an anaerobic state faster  Using chilled cuffs at the same time reduces post- workout aches and fatigue
  • 4. NASA Technology  NASA-sponsored research led to the development of algae-based food ingredients, boosting the nutritional profile of infant formula and, later, dietary supplements  Some algae contain omega-3 fatty acids, important for neurological health Ames Research Center DSM Nutritional Products Columbia, Maryland Benefits  DHAgold is used in chicken, animal, and aquaculture feed, resulting in DHA-enriched eggs and meat  DHA consumption is found to increase trainability in puppies, memory in older dogs  The algal source increases availability of omega- 3 fatty acids without depleting fish populations Spinoff 2015 Health and Medicine Algae-Derived Dietary Ingredients Nourish Animals Technology Transfer  Scientists at Martek, now part of DSM, built on their NASA work to develop and commercialize algae that create DHA-rich oils  The resulting oils can be added to human nutritional supplements or animal feed, both for pets and for animals raised for human consumption  Beneficial fatty acids are bioavailable when digested
  • 5. NASA Technology  Astronauts spend a surprising amount of time exercising while in space, partly to maintain bone density, as lack of gravity can cause loss of bone density 10 times faster than on Earth  Studies show that vibration can stimulate bone growth in animals NASA Headquarters VibeTech Sheboygan, Wisconsin Benefits  The VibeTech One rehabilitation chair uses vibration to mimic natural response to exercise, with or without individual exertion  Bodyweight loading simulates forces of standing and walking on the legs  Use of the chair helps mitigate muscle atrophy for athletes recovering from injury, surgery Spinoff 2015 Health and Medicine Space Grant Research Launches Rehabilitation Chair Technology Transfer  Through a grant from the National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program (implemented by NASA), engineering student Jeff Leismer developed a vibration-based system with astronauts in mind  Vibrations also simulate load-bearing exercise, eliciting muscle contractions and building muscle
  • 6. NASA Technology  A NASA contract with Stanford University in the 1960s sought to develop a way to measure pilots’ ability to adapt vision to various distances  A NASA engineer working with the optometer built at Stanford found subjects could control their normally involuntary focus with the help of biofeedback Ames Research Center Zone-Trac Seattle, Washington Benefits  Zone-Trac, released in 2014, is the smaller, home version of the Accommotrac optometer  Many users report achieving a wider field of vision, intensified color perception, increased hand-eye coordination, and visual acuity  Device is used by pilots and professional sports teams Spinoff 2015 Health and Medicine Vision Trainer Teaches Focusing Technique at Home Technology Transfer  After reading the NASA and Stanford research, optometrist Joseph Trachtman thought biofeedback could correct nearsightedness  Instead, the optometer he designed in the 1980s won acclaim as a way to gain control over visual focus and achieve other benefits  Technological advances allowed Trachtman to miniaturize components of the system
  • 7. NASA Technology  While spaceflight often steals the spotlight, NASA remains committed to air travel advancement  The Subsonic Fixed Wing Project aimed to help private industry improve fuel efficiency while reducing noise Glenn Research Center Pratt & Whitney East Hartford, Connecticut Benefits  PurePower Geared Turbofan (GTF) engines are 15 percent more fuel efficient, saving industry $1.5 million per aircraft annually  Noise footprint subsequently reduced by up to 75 percent  Pratt & Whitney remain involved with NASA’s Environmentally Responsible Aviation project Spinoff 2015 Transportation Aircraft Geared Architecture Reduces Fuel Cost and Noise Technology Transfer  Through a Space Act Agreement, Pratt & Whitney and NASA teamed up to develop and test more efficient turbofan engines  The partnership resulted in a gearbox that allows the fan and turbine to spin at different speeds on the same shaft for optimal efficiency
  • 8. NASA Technology  In the 1960s, subsonic flights near the speed of sound were still inefficient because of drag created by standing shock waves  NASA engineer Richard Whitcomb designed a “supercritical” wing that diminished shock waves significantly Armstrong Flight Research Center Boeing Commercial Airplanes Renton, Washington Benefits  Whitcomb’s invention yields fuel efficiency gains at transonic and subsonic cruising speeds  It is estimated that the innovation has saved the industry roughly $2.4 billion in fuel annually, which also equates to large savings in carbon emissions Spinoff 2015 Transportation Ubiquitous Supercritical Wing Design Cuts Billions in Fuel Costs Technology Transfer  Results of NASA’s supercritical wing testing were released to industry in 1972  Since its introduction, the supercritical wing design has been incorporated into almost all commercial, business, and military planes around the world
  • 9. NASA Technology  Use of gain scheduling helps electronic controllers make split-second adjustments to aircraft in response to external forces  NASA advanced linear parameter-varying control theory to support gain scheduling for lightweight flexible aircraft susceptible to destructive flutter Armstrong Flight Research Center MUSYN Inc. Minneapolis, Minnesota Benefits  Linear Parameter-Varying Controls Toolkit (LPVToolkit) was first made commercially available in 2014  Manufacturers designing lightweight aircraft and drones use the technology  There are also additional potential applications in farm and construction equipment Spinoff 2015 Transportation Flight Controller Software Protects Lightweight Flexible Aircraft Technology Transfer  MUSYN was among the first companies to build on Robust Control theory to create software to help design controllers for specific flight conditions in traditional aircraft.  Through Phase I and II SBIR contracts, MUSYN modified its software for new Linear Parameter- Varying Control theory in order adjust gain scheduling throughout the full duration of a flight
  • 10. NASA Technology  Loss of cabin pressure in aircraft can lead to incapacitation or death  A backup cabin pressure monitor can alert NASA personnel to a loss of pressure in training modules simulating lunar or Martian environments, or aboard the International Space Station Kennedy Space Center Aviation Technology Inc. San Diego, California Benefits  Alt Alert is smaller and lighter than most cell phones and has three mounting options  An alarm and LED light are used to alert pilots to a drop in cabin pressure, allowing sufficient time to take corrective action before loss of consciousness occurs Spinoff 2015 Transportation Cabin Pressure Monitors Notify Pilots to Save Lives Technology Transfer  Stacy Pappas, founder and owner of Aviation Technology, obtained a license from Kennedy to create a new product from the NASA-designed cabin pressure monitor  The new product is based on earlier design, but with an improved circuit board and aesthetics, and it has the size and feel of a smartphone
  • 11. NASA Technology  GPS technology is widely used to help navigate vehicles on land, sea, and air  IonoSTAGE and SuperTruth software are part of a suite created at JPL to enable the FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS), which provides pinpoint accuracy in aircraft GPS units Jet Propulsion Laboratory NEC Irving, Texas Benefits  IonoSTAGE and SuperTruth were licensed in 2013 by NEC  Aircraft using WAAS can safely fly at altitudes as low as 200 feet without visibility  Also allows pilots flying between small airports to fly most direct path, instead of relying on ground beacons Spinoff 2015 Transportation Ionospheric Mapping Software Ensures Pilots’ GPS Accuracy Technology Transfer  JPL’s software can correct lapses or delays that might occur due to ionospheric activity—i.e., space weather  WAAS is especially beneficial to smaller airports, which often can’t justify a $1 million instrument landing system, by making the same data available at a much lower cost
  • 12. NASA Technology  NASA has mountains of Earth imaging data, including that of its Spaceborne Imaging Radar and from its Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)  NASA also builds and launches the Landsat satellites that produce world-wide images in the visible, near-infrared, short-wave, and thermal bands Goddard Space Flight Center Radar Technologies International New Braunfels, Texas Benefits  The WATEX System is used to uncover water supplies in war-torn regions such as Sudan and Afghanistan  A subterranean deposit of 66 trillion gallons of water was discovered under drought-ravaged Turkana County, Kenya  New exploration seeks water deposits in Texas Spinoff 2015 Public Safety Water Mapping Technology Rebuilds Lives in Arid Regions Technology Transfer  Using NASA data (among other data sources), Radar Technologies International founder Alain Gachet located a mother lode of gold in the Congo and went on to find diamonds, oil, and other resources  Incorporating Landsat and SRTM data, Gachet developed his WATEX System, capable of locating underground reservoirs of water
  • 13. NASA Technology  NASA needed a way to pull back the swing arms that connected bundles of cords and tubes from a service tower to the rocket until just before launch, without damaging the arms  NASA also funded an investigation into running high- speed analogue computers on oil-based hydraulics Marshall Space Flight Center Taylor Devices Inc. North Tonawanda, New York Benefits  Taylor’s fluidic shock absorbers are now used to fortify structures in earthquake-prone areas such as San Francisco and Tokyo  Of the more than 550 buildings outfitted with Taylor Devices’ dampers in some of the world’s most seismically active regions, none has suffered even minor quake damage Spinoff 2015 Public Safety Shock Absorbers Save Structures and Lives during Earthquakes Technology Transfer  Taylor Devices created a series of dampers that use conventional shock absorption technology to control the swing arms  For a hydraulics-based computer, the company utilized the principles of fluidics science  The firm then developed fluidics-based dampers used for launches during shuttle program
  • 14. NASA Technology  Every drop of water on the International Space Station is monitored, conserved, and reused  Engineers at Johnson created a simple, inexpensive, and accurate test for E. coli contamination without relying on the lab equipment used on Earth Johnson Space Center mWater New York City, New York Benefits  mWater’s kits and smartphone app can be used by residents of rural areas and developing countries to ensure safe drinking water  mWater received a grant from USAID to work with the Tanzanian government, providing kits and phones for in-country testing by public workers Spinoff 2015 Public Safety Software Facilitates Sharing of Water Quality Data Worldwide Technology Transfer  An engineer who helped get this bag-based test flight certified later worked with his wife and another engineer to supply affordable kits that test water for E. coli and other contamination  The group also developed a smartphone app that instructs users on how to use the kits and can share the test results through its mapping software
  • 15. NASA Technology  NASA’s experience with extreme and dangerous environments has given it expertise applicable in many areas on Earth  In particular, many challenges faced by the oil and gas industry bear similarities to the kind of work done during extra-vehicular activities in space Johnson Space Center Astro Technology Inc. (ATI) Houston, Texas Benefits  Trident Subsea Systems allows real-time monitoring of conditions that affect pipeline performance, stability, and safety  The system can help prevent clogged pipes, which cost many millions of dollars to fix, and can be retrofitted on older pipelines by divers or robots in just a few hours Spinoff 2015 Public Safety Underwater Adhesives Retrofit Pipelines with Advanced Sensors Technology Transfer  Through a Space Act Agreement, NASA teamed up with ATI to design and test new sensors and adhesion methods for safety monitoring of subsea oil pipelines  An epoxy was chosen that would harden underwater, and NASA developed a new method for embedding fiber optic cables in the medium that protects sensors from the environment
  • 16. NASA Technology  Space and terrestrial aviation flights often can be delayed due to heavy rain, snow, or cloud cover  Similarly, first responders have difficulty fighting fires or finding injured people through smoke and flames  NASA has worked with the FAA to improve ability to fly in fog-covered airports, including San Francisco Glenn Research Center, Langley Research Center Laser Imaging Through Obscurants (LITO) Technologies Inc. Canton, Ohio Benefits  LITO’s security cameras could help airports maintain flight schedules through reduced visibility and inclement weather  Other applications include locating people trapped in structure fires, monitoring perimeters at fog-covered facilities and along borders, and helping ships navigate foggy harbors Spinoff 2015 Public Safety Laser Imaging Video Camera Sees through Fire, Fog, Smoke Technology Transfer  Two entrepreneurs won an SBIR contract through Langley to develop hardware that bounces laser pulses off physical objects while blocking reflections from obscurants to create an image  A Space Act Agreement at Glenn allowed for development of a prototype security camera
  • 17. NASA Technology  Attaching modules to the International Space Station requires docking procedures that place objects within an inch and a degree of one another  Using standard cameras taking images 15 times per second, astronauts are able to determine the objects’ location in real time Johnson Space Center Neptec Technologies Corporation Houston, Texas Benefits  Obscurant Penetrating Auto-Synchronous LiDAR (OPAL) 3D laser scanners help mining and gas companies operate machinery in dark surroundings  Real-time video feeds set OPAL apart from other similar devices on the market Spinoff 2015 Public Safety 3D Lasers Increase Efficiency, Safety of Moving Machines Technology Transfer  Neptec, a NASA contractor, used its Laser Camera System to create a 3D image of the shuttle’s hull and another sensor to help ease docking maneuvers  The same technology is now being used to dock Cygnus (a commercial space resupply capsule) to the ISS
  • 18. NASA Technology  Astronauts need pressurized suits and clean air to survive in space  NASA’s space shuttles used several, separate components to scrub the air of impurities and excess metabolic substances, to circulate the air, and to control humidity and temperature Johnson Space Center World View Enterprises Inc. Tucson, Arizona Benefits  World View capsule, capable of traveling to 100,000 feet above Earth, uses a pressurized cabin and air-revitalization system to enable all- day trips into near-space.  In addition to sight-seeing rides, the capsule can allow for microbiological experimentation in reduced atmosphere and celestial observation Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods Air Revitalization System Enables Excursions to the Stratosphere Technology Transfer  Under a Space Act Agreement, Paragon Space Development created a self-contained air scrubbing device that combined all these functions into a single module with only one moving part  Paragon created World View Enterprises to offer tours into low-Earth orbit, using a capsule that incorporates its air-revitalization system, as well as a radiator it also developed under a NASA contract
  • 19. NASA Technology  NASA originally considered magnetizing fuel to pump it without gravity, later considering a similar concept for temperature control in shuttles  Two scientists with the contractor that explored that early work were intrigued by the potential of magnetized fluids, or ferrofluids Glenn Research Center Sony Corporation New York City, New York Benefits  Sony now sells slim speakers and Bluetooth wireless speakers that incorporate ferrofluids  Better-quality speakers have been installed in movie theaters, sound stages, and recording studios  The speakers are capable of louder volumes without distortion Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods Magnetic Fluids Deliver Better Speaker Sound Quality Technology Transfer  They licensed the technology from NASA, formed Ferrofluidics Corporation, and began using the technology for a variety of applications  Sony Corporation integrated ferrofluid in a line of speakers to produce a cleaner sound using a micron-deep pool of the fluid as a damper, which also decreases energy use by 35 percent
  • 20. NASA Technology  A rotating wall vessel bioreactor created by NASA mimics weightlessness, allowing cell growth in three dimensions, the way they grow in the body  NASA researchers using the bioreactor produced molecules with regenerative properties, such as fibroblasts, which hold cells together Johnson Space Center Renuèll Int’l Inc. North Miami Beach, Florida Benefits  RE`JUVEL skin care cream stimulates cellular activity and rebuilds and tightens skin for a more youthful appearance  Tests conducted by the FDA found RE`JUVEL increased skin moisture by 76 percent and reduced wrinkles by 54 percent Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods Bioreactor Yields Extracts for Skin Cream Technology Transfer  Technology Applications International obtained a license from NASA for the process of creating a fibroblast extract using the bioreactor  The company formed a subsidiary, Renuèll Int’l Inc., to market a facial skin repair cream infused with the fibroblast extract
  • 21. NASA Technology  As the space program has evolved, so too have the methods used to train astronauts for their journey  Astronauts receive instruction in land and water survival skills, orbital mechanics, payload deployment, and space physiology, among other training Johnson Space Center Waypoint 2 Space Houston, Texas Benefits  The company is one of the first to receive a safety approval from the FAA’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation to offer commercial astronaut training  Training services could help meet the needs of commercial space companies and those sending payloads into space Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods Private Astronaut Training Prepares Commercial Crews of Tomorrow Technology Transfer  Waypoint 2 Space employs former NASA personnel and contractors as trainers, including its director of programs, who trained astronauts for NASA  Company has also acquired at least two software programs from NASA through a General Public Release Software Usage Agreement  Waypoint 2 Space offers three levels of training for future space tourists and space aficionados
  • 22. NASA Technology  To understand the sun’s impact on Earth, NASA started the Living with a Star program, including construction of the Solar Dynamics Observatory  Members of a team building the Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment for the project looked into use of wide-bandgap semiconductors to detect UV light Goddard Space Flight Center Sensor Sensor LLC College Park, Maryland Benefits  UVA+B SunFriend, a wearable UV exposure monitor, won the NASA Tech Briefs Create the Future Design Contest  The wearer selects his or her level of skin sensitivity, and the device flashes when the recommended daily dose of UV has been reached Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods Activity Monitors Help Users Get Optimum Sun Exposure Technology Transfer  Although they weren’t used on the observatory, compounds were identified that detected UV light  One of the NASA researchers used one such compound to create a detector that monitors the user’s exposure to UV light  Too much exposure to UV rays can trigger skin cancer; not enough can lead to vitamin D deficiency
  • 23. NASA Technology  Lighting poses numerous challenges in space, such as limited durability of bulbs and the physiological effect they have on astronauts’ circadian rhythms  LEDs offer lightweight, long-lasting sources of light that can create specific colors and also be used to promote plant growth Kennedy Space Center Lighting Science Satellite Beach, Florida Benefits  DefinityDigital LED bulbs promote sleep, wakefulness, or plant growth, and one helps prevent baby sea turtles from going inland  The bulbs have been adopted by hotel chains and resorts to help them save energy and promote relaxation and rest for customers Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods LEDs Illuminate Bulbs for Better Sleep, Wake Cycles Technology Transfer  The National Space Biomedical Research Program provided grants to institutions seeking solutions to health concerns in space  Certain colors of light were found to help astronauts fall asleep, while others were useful in keeping them alert  A team of scientists from Kennedy started a company specializing in beneficial-spectrum LEDs
  • 24. NASA Technology  NASA wants astronauts to have the ability grow fresh fruits and vegetables in space or on Mars  A NASA-developed device scrubs the air of ethylene, a gas emitted by plants that speeds aging, turning it into trace amounts of carbon dioxide and water Marshall Space Flight Center Aerus Holdings Dallas, Texas Benefits  Air Scrubber Plus has been shown to reduce airborne MRSA by 99.8 percent and E. coli by 98.1 percent  Other research from the University of Chicago found that particles fall out of the air faster with the technology than by gravity alone Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods Charged Particles Kill Pathogens and Round Up Dust Technology Transfer  The same process, first used on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1995, can also be used to kill pathogens  Building on that technology, Aerus created a device for HVAC systems to clean the air, as well as disinfect surfaces in a home or an office  Scrubbed air also removes dust and pollen and combats odor
  • 25. NASA Technology  While astronauts can adjust rather quickly to a lack of gravity, reacclimation to Earth’s gravity takes time  A NASA-funded study used a device that alters the surface on which the user stands, as well as visual surroundings, in order to assess and train balance NASA Headquarters Sports Therapy Inc. West Palm Beach, Florida Benefits  Dynamic Balance System uses a shifting platform and computer to provide a real-time display of a user’s balance and center-of-gravity movement  Hundreds of units are in use in medical clinics, country clubs, and golf schools, including the PGA Center for Golf Performance and PGA Tour Academies Spinoff 2015 Consumer Goods Balance Devices Train Golfers for a Consistent Swing Technology Transfer  The inventor later founded a company and offered devices to treat balance disorders  A physical therapist who started using the device to treat athletes found it could be adapted to improve a golfer’s swing  The two co-patented a modified version of the device
  • 26. NASA Technology  Landsat images of Earth, taken by NASA-built satellites, were originally used by the US Geological Survey to track changes to the landscape and research natural disaster assessments  Until 2008, the images were stored in a vault and sold for high prices Goddard Space Flight Center Google Mountain View, California Benefits  Google Earth Engine released Timelapse, allowing users to see animation of any land area on Earth from 1984-2012  First-ever global study of forest cover showing gains and losses in tree cover  Possible to predict disease outbreaks through ecological changes Spinoff 2015 Energy and Environment Landsat Imagery Enables Global Studies of Surface Trends Technology Transfer  In 2008, Landsat images were made available to the public for free  By 2010, Google released Google Earth Engine, providing access to 40 years of Landsat images  Scientists now can track global trends over decades  Some are combining Landsat data with images from other satellites
  • 27. NASA Technology  Curiosity contains a spectrometer capable of determining the elemental composition of a sample on Mars from up to 23 feet away  This information provides insight into the composition of Mars and whether it does or ever did sustain life. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Ocean Optics Dunedin, Florida Benefits  Ocean Optics’ EMBED features electronics that are decoupled from the spectrometer detector to improve long-term wavelength stability  Optic mounting methods and temperature protections were improved based on NASA work  To date, more than 250,000 units have been sold Spinoff 2015 Energy and Environment Ruggedized Spectrometers Are Built for Tough Jobs Technology Transfer  Ocean Optics had developed the first miniaturized spectrometer prior to working with NASA on Curiosity  Spectrometers were reconfigured to withstand intense heat, cold, and radiation, as well as vibrations during launch  Optical input is optimized through the use of specialized mirrors
  • 28. NASA Technology  The ability to use Mars’ carbon dioxide-laden atmosphere to get oxygen for fuel and life support will be essential to future manned missions  The ability to make fuel rather than carry it lightens the required loads for launch Johnson Space Center Pioneer Energy Inc. Lakewood, Colorado Benefits  Pioneer’s Mobile Alkane Gas Separator (MAGS) reduces wasteful gas flares by harnessing gases for use  Pioneer Energy Mobile CO2 EOR Technology (PERT) creates hydrogen to power itself while creating carbon dioxide to obtain oil from old wells Spinoff 2015 Energy and Environment Gas Conversion Systems Reclaim Fuel for Industry Technology Transfer  SBIR contracts funded work to recombine carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms into fuel and breathable air  Robert Zubrin, whose company worked on the project, devised a system to harness natural gases on Earth, and another to produce carbon dioxide for extracting oil from old wells, using similar processes
  • 29. NASA Technology  NASA satellites have been collecting data and images for decades, providing tools for tracking and dealing with drought conditions  The images also make it possible to survey fires, carbon cycles, and vegetation Ames Research Center California Department of Water Resources Fresno, California Benefits  Web and mobile prototypes are being tested by water managers throughout the state  The amount of water permitted for irrigation can be adjusted based on weather patterns or growing seasons to maximize efficiency  Technology can also be used to pinpoint fields with reduced productivity Spinoff 2015 Energy and Environment Remote Sensing Technologies Mitigate Drought Technology Transfer  Information from Landsat and other satellites, combined with evapotranspiration data, determine how much water is needed for crop irrigation at any given time  NASA and California Department of Water Resources initiated the Satellite Irrigation Management Support project, using Landsat and MODIS data to track coefficients for water needs
  • 30. NASA Technology  NASA and US Department of Agriculture have teamed up to advance technologies that can make farming more efficient and productive  The Ag 20/20 partnership led to new tools for monitoring plant health and better target applications of pesticides Stennis Space Center Genscape Inc. Louisville, Kentucky Benefits  LandViewer, a subscription-based software, provides daily updates on corn vegetation for predictions of crop production on national, state, and county scales  NASA data on vegetation vigor and nighttime surface temperature, gathered daily, allows for high-resolution information Spinoff 2015 Energy and Environment Satellite Data Inform Forecasts of Crop Growth Technology Transfer  Using MODIS data on how much solar radiation is reflected from a given location, researchers developed models to predict crop production  One of those researchers used what he had learned to help develop a software to predict corn yield  Genscape, a company that provides real-time data to energy markets, bought rights to the software and now offers it commercially
  • 31. NASA Technology  NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is making the first space-based measurements of CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere  OCO-2 can measure increasing CO2 concentrations but cannot directly detect small variations Goddard Space Flight Center Aeroprobe Corporation Christianburg, Virginia Benefits  The Fast Response Atmospheric Turbulence (FRAT) probe was successfully tested by Virginia Tech for measuring gas contents, humidity, and other thermodynamic quantities  FRAT probes have been sold to research institutions and government; future uses could include environmental research and detecting leaks in natural gas lines Spinoff 2015 Energy and Environment Probes Measure Gases for Environmental Research Technology Transfer  Aeroprobe, through an SBIR contract, worked to create an instrument that could be mounted on an aircraft to take CO2 measurements  The tool measures concentration and speed of CO2 and other airborne gases  It is also capable of correcting for aircraft movement during tests
  • 32. NASA Technology  Landsat information led the way in providing tools for Earth science study  Terra and Aqua spacecraft track atmospherics, snow and ice cover, ocean life  It can be difficult to translate NASA data to outside systems Ames Research Center, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Amazon.com Seattle, Washington Benefits  Three databases have been released by NASA and AWS so far, containing topographical, vegetative, and climate data  Users have the option of purchasing computing services from Amazon for performing analyses  The datasets have been optimized for Amazon’s servers, increasing ease of use Spinoff 2015 Information Technology Cloud Computing Technologies Facilitate Earth Research Technology Transfer  Cloud computing technology devised by Amazon.com can help researchers and commercial enterprises who need supercomputing capabilities and large amounts of data storage  Ames partnered with Amazon Web Services through a Space Act Agreement to provide storage for and share NASA data with scientists worldwide
  • 33. NASA Technology  Landing on Mars will require new and innovative tools and instruments  Given the almost infinite combinations of possible technologies, NASA worked with MIT to create an algorithm-based evaluation tool to find best options NASA Headquarters Ekotrope Cambridge, Massachusetts Benefits  Ekotrope analyzes interior and exterior dimensions, building materials, and orientation and combines with local weather data to make recommendations  A typical client can switch designs to one that is 40 percent more energy-efficient and saves up to $3,000 in construction costs Spinoff 2015 Information Technology Software Cuts Homebuilding Costs, Increases Energy Efficiency Technology Transfer  Using MIT’s algorithm, NASA has decided to further develop technologies in support of a liquid hydrogen fuel source and hydrogen boil-off control technology  The inventors created a similar algorithm for designing energy-efficient house construction plans  The program can determine what are the best design features to maximize efficiency, reduce costs
  • 34. NASA Technology  NASA has a trove of data and photos from space, but those treasures are not always easily accessible to the public  As the Internet grew in popularity, NASA wanted to find a way to use it to publicize more of its data NASA Headquarters Museums Teaching Planet Earth Inc. (MTPE) Houston, Texas Benefits  Discovery Dome, a portable planetarium, has been installed more than 200 times since 2005 in 33 different countries  The dome provides an immersive experience and is targeted especially at a young audience  New shows include images and videos taken from the International Space Station Spinoff 2015 Information Technology Portable Planetariums Teach Science Technology Transfer  Responding to a call for proposals, Rice University and the Houston Museum of Natural Science created the world’s first Internet-accessible museum kiosk, with three informational programs  Funding and licenses from NASA led to the creation of the country’s first fully digital planetarium and first Earth science planetarium show focused on weather
  • 35. NASA Technology  At NASA, scheduling conflicts created logistical problems during major projects  Existing software was helpful, but time-consuming to use Marshall Space Flight Center Vantage Systems Inc. Lanham, Maryland Benefits  Schedule Test and Assessment (STAT) software helps create schedules based on relationships between tasks and identifies errors in logic  If a program falls too far behind a projected timeline, STAT recommends updates Spinoff 2015 Information Technology Schedule Analysis Software Saves Time for Project Planners Technology Transfer  Engineers created an add-on for Microsoft Project that greatly expanded scheduling capabilities  More than 200 companies, government agencies, and universities are now using the software  Program can produce a summary report, find performance issues or scheduling errors, and create a simplified summary for executive-level managers
  • 36. NASA Technology  Noise management and mitigation are important for NASA, as astronauts and payloads are exposed to loud noises and vibration during launch  Element and energy analysis can predict vibrations and sound in vehicle designs, but there were limits in existing methods Langley Research Center Comet Technology Corporation (CTC) Ann Arbor, Michigan Benefits  Comet EnFlow software is marketed to automobile and aircraft manufacturers, with interest from the consumer product industry and ship builders  NASA’s Nondestructive Evaluation Sciences Branch, at Langley, uses it to rapidly locate leaks in the International Space Station Spinoff 2015 Information Technology Sound Modeling Simplifies Vehicle Noise Management Technology Transfer  NASA awarded Phase I and II SBIR contracts to CTC for work on integrating finite element analysis and statistical energy analysis programs into a single model  New program provides a unified framework for analysis of both low- and high-frequency noise
  • 37. NASA Technology  Until recently, astronauts had to fit everything needed for flight into a spacecraft, with space and weight capacity at a premium  The advent of 3D printing technology will allow many parts and supplies to be manufactured in space, changing the way NASA prepares for missions Marshall Space Flight Center Made In Space Moffett Field, California Benefits  Made In Space’s 3D printer allows astronauts to create or replace what they need while in space without waiting for another supply delivery  The printer will also serve a range of commercial interests, including the creation and deployment of nanosatellites from orbit Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Custom 3D Printers Revolutionize Space Supply Chain Technology Transfer  Through SBIR contracts, Made In Space developed a 3D printer capable of working in microgravity that is being installed on the International Space Station  An estimated 30 percent of small parts and tools used on ISS could be printed in space; NASA has already emailed specifications for a wrench that was printed on the ISS
  • 38. NASA Technology  Light-producing spheres (known as integrating spheres) are a tool used to calibrate cameras, but they are expensive to build and operate, and their bulbs degrade quickly  Properly calibrated cameras improve the color accuracy of images obtained from satellites Stennis Space Center Innovative Imaging and Research Corporation (I2R) Stennis Space Center, Mississippi Benefits  I2R’s integrating spheres improve the process of calibrating cameras and can even turn commercial off-the-shelf cameras into tools fit for science  NASA and I2R are using the spheres to calibrate cell phone cameras, as well as to design a new lighting system for the ISS Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Improved Calibration Shows Images’ True Colors Technology Transfer  I2R has experimented with LEDs as a light source for integrating spheres; in addition to cost and durability benefits, LEDs can more accurately simulate sunlight in the calibration process  NASA and I2R entered into a dual-use agreement for the creation of integrating spheres using LEDs and alternative building materials, ultimately cutting their cost by 75 percent
  • 39. NASA Technology  NASA awarded two SBIR contracts to Potomac Photonics for research on using excimer lasers to micromachine diffractive lenses  SBIR contracts also funded the design of workstations that used AutoCAD software to automate micromachining Marshall Space Flight Center Potomac Photonics Baltimore, Maryland Benefits  Laser micromachining has caused company revenues to grow 50–75 percent  NASA remains a customer, for example, contracting Potomac to create laser markings to align telescopes on ASTRO-H  Other clients include Johns Hopkins and other hospitals Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Micromachined Parts Advance Medicine, Astrophysics, and More Technology Transfer  Technology resulting from SBIRs made the manufacture of not only diffractive lenses but all sorts of micromachined parts fast and affordable  Though workstations were eventually discontinued, the technology put the company on course to be a leader in the field of micromachined components
  • 40. NASA Technology  Abbott Ball wanted to experiment with an overlooked titanium-nickel alloy (Nitinol 60) for ball bearings, as stainless steel bearings tend to corrode easily  Glenn has world-class facilities and personnel to test such metals for use in aerospace components Glenn Research Center Abbott Ball Company West Hartford, Connecticut Benefits  Nitinol 60 ball bearings have all the strength of those made with stainless steel but are essentially corrosion-proof  Aerospace clients make up most of product’s niche market  US Navy has granted two SBIR contracts for additional uses; medical uses being explored Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Metalworking Techniques Unlock a Unique Ability Technology Transfer  NASA engineers worked with Abbott Ball to manufacture Nitinol 60 bearings using powdered metallurgy, in which particles of materials are combined in powdered form and heated until they combine in a solid-state fashion  NASA and Abbott Ball co-own patents on their innovations in this process as it applies to Nitinol 60
  • 41. NASA Technology  The space shuttle windows required laborious inspections following each launch to ensure that even microscopic cracks and flaws were repaired  Using just a few widely available parts, a NASA engineer developed a new, low-cost sensor for the inspections Kennedy Space Center Juntura Group Winter Park, Florida Benefits  Juntura’s position sensor has a resolution of 10 nanometers—the thickness of a cell wall  The sensor has applications in 3D printers, laser holders, military technology, and robotics  Florida Institute of Technology is among the first purchasers, incorporating it in 3D printers used to produce human tissue Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Low-Cost Sensors Deliver Nanometer-Accurate Measurements Technology Transfer  Kennedy’s Technology Transfer Office approached a local business school with a selected patent portfolio, looking for ideas for commercialization  A group of MBA students with engineering backgrounds took interest in the sensor, and after presenting their market research decided to execute a commercial license for it with the agency
  • 42. NASA Technology  NASA wanted to protect its investment in the technologically advanced Solar Dynamics Observatory from single-event upsets, which trip electrical fuses  The agency also wanted an alternative to electrical fuses to protect electronics without deactivation Goddard Space Flight Center Micropac Industries Inc. Garland, Texas Benefits  Micropac’s specially designed solid-state power controller (SSPC) is the first high-reliability spaceflight SSPC  It is immune to single-event upsets and is Underwriters Laboratories-certified for industrial sector, in any application where power control is required and remote control would be beneficial Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Electrical Monitoring Devices Save on Time and Cost Technology Transfer  The solution: a solid-state power controller which, unlike electrical fuses, can be switched back on remotely  NASA worked with Micropac to develop power controllers with silicon components and comparators resistant to up to 100 kilorads of radiation
  • 43. NASA Technology  While much other NASA technology from early space missions is outdated, tungsten disulfide, invented for use on probes, remains useful  A dry lubricant, it can withstand loads in excess of 300,000 pounds per square inch Jet Propulsion Laboratory Applied Tungstenite Corporation Temecula, California Benefits  Impinged tungsten disulfide is used on government and commercial spacecraft parts, ranging from bearings and fasteners to gears and hydraulic connections  The company is currently in talks with Langley Research Center to engage in an SBIR contract to automate the impinging process, which is helpful for tiny parts Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Dry Lubricant Smooths the Way for Space Travel, Industry Technology Transfer  Impinging, or blasting the powder onto a surface at 700 mph, helps bond tungsten disulfide to a surface but is costly and labor-intensive  Most industries now use other lubricants, but impinging is still popular in aerospace applications  Applied Tungsteninte is the only company certified as using the original impinging process, invented by NASA, in a certified facility
  • 44. NASA Technology  NASA has long been interested in alternatives to bulky alkaline batteries for its spacecraft  Improvements in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells have reinvigorated interest in them  Traditional liquid-pumping cooling systems for PEM cells, however, are also bulky Glenn Research Center Thermacore Inc. Lancaster, Pennsylvania Benefits  The Thin Titanium-Vapor Chamber Therma-Base now provides passive thermal management to heat-generating electronics, including processors and amplifiers  Titanium and water don’t react, so there is no risk of producing gases that could damage the chamber Spinoff 2015 Industrial Productivity Compact Vapor Chamber Cools Critical Components Technology Transfer  NASA needed a compact, passive thermal management system  Using Phase I and II SBIR contracts, Thermacore developed a water-based titanium vapor chamber, stronger and lighter than copper alternatives  Proprietary manufacturing technique reduces production costs by 90 percent
  • 45. Visit the Spinoff website for more examples of NASA technology transfer: http://spinoff.nasa.gov

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