1860-1914
Modern World History: Nations and Empires1
Nations and Empires
What is nationalism?
Modern World History: Nations and Empires2
 Nationalism is a ____________of
strong pride in your ___...
Nationalism really began with the….
French Revolution
Modern World History: Nations and Empires3
1. Most French were
_____...
Two types of nationalism
Modern World History: Nations and Empires4
1. Civic nationalism. Some countries, such _____
and t...
Nationalism became stronger in
Europe after 1860
Modern World History: Nations and Empires5
 Nationalists in Italy and __...
Modern World History: Nations and Empires6
Germany
Nationalism in
Germany and Italy
simplified the map
in parts of Europe.
What is imperialism?
Modern World History: Nations and Empires7
 Imperialism is related to
the word empire.
Imperialists ...
Similarities between nationalism and
imperialism
• Nationalists and imperialists
both wanted to __________
their countries...
The continent most influenced by
imperialism was AFRICA___
Modern World History: Nations and Empires9
 In 1870, 10% of Af...
Britain’s Empire was the biggest.
Modern World History: Nations and Empires10
 Britain controlled…
 one quarter of the
e...
Germany wanted an empire as
strong as Britain’s empire
Modern World History: Nations and Empires11
Germany got
little land...
French Empire
Modern World History: Nations and Empires12
 France lost power in Europe
because of the rise of
_________. ...
Even Italy wanted an empire
Modern World History: Nations and Empires13
 As ____________ and _____________became strong
c...
Belgium’s slave empire
Modern World History: Nations and Empires14
 King __________ II
personally bought the
Congo (1/6 o...
King Leopold had his own empire; he produced
rubber to sell to tire makers
Modern World History: Nations and Empires15
Austria’s
empire was
different
Modern World History: Nations and Empires16
• Austria was an
empire____________
Europe.
• I...
Austria was weakened by its nationalities
Modern World History: Nations and Empires17
• Some nationalities in
Austria were...
Why did European countries want
empires?
Modern World History: Nations and Empires18
1. __________ reasons
CONTROL OF
RES...
Modern World History: Nations and Empires19
2. ___________ reasons
 Countries felt they
would be left behind
if they did ...
Why did European countries want
empires?
Modern World History: Nations and Empires20
3.
_________________REASO
NS
Europea...
What was the result of imperialism
(1): Within colonies
Positives Negatives
Modern World History: Nations and Empires21
1....
What was the result of imperialism
(2): Conflict between empires
Modern World History: Nations and Empires22
 Conflicts b...
Summary
How new nations were formed in Europe, 1850-
1914: Italy, Germany, and the Balkans
Modern World History: Nations a...
Italy
With French
help, Italy was
formed…
• By unifying
small states
on Italian
peninsula in a
series of
_______
• By taki...
Germany
Under Prussian
leadership, Germany
was unified in several
_______
As a result, Germany
was created from
lands take...
Balkan nations: First step
• Throughout the 1800s,
the Ottoman Empire
got ____________
• Nationalities fought
wars to take...
Balkan nations: Second step –
Serbian expansion
Of these new nations,
SERBIA
1. tried to expand its
lands by taking parts
...
World War 1 Started in the
Balkans
1. France was still upset
about loss of land in
1871
2. Russia and Austria
competed for...
of 28

Nations and empires 2014 blanks

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nations and empires 2014 blanks

  • 1. 1860-1914 Modern World History: Nations and Empires1 Nations and Empires
  • 2. What is nationalism? Modern World History: Nations and Empires2  Nationalism is a ____________of strong pride in your _______, or country.  We call it _________in America.  People are patriotic when they fly the ________.  We tend to think patriotism is a _______ feeling. That is not always true in the past.
  • 3. Nationalism really began with the…. French Revolution Modern World History: Nations and Empires3 1. Most French were _______ of what they did. They overthrew their king and formed a ________ government 2. The French people had freed themselves of cruel _______ and wanted to see their revolution spread to countries that still had strong kings. 3. When the French went to war with Austria, ________, and _______, their pride in their nation became stronger. Marseillaise
  • 4. Two types of nationalism Modern World History: Nations and Empires4 1. Civic nationalism. Some countries, such _____ and the ________, felt proud of their countries’ democratic and open principles (their nationalism appeals to everyone). 2. Ethnic nationalism. In some countries, like Germany, Italy, and _______ , nationalists felt a bond of “blood,” a conviction that they had a `_ culture, history, or language that make them unique and better than others; these countries were less democratic (the nationalism appeals only to certain people). Serb nationalists confront US soldiers in 2008.
  • 5. Nationalism became stronger in Europe after 1860 Modern World History: Nations and Empires5  Nationalists in Italy and ___________ started wars to bring together tiny territories into a unified country.  These new ________-states were proud of their strength.  Governments encouraged nationalism so that people would want to join the ____________.  The flipside of nationalism was negative attitudes toward some other countries (and minorities within their borders).
  • 6. Modern World History: Nations and Empires6 Germany Nationalism in Germany and Italy simplified the map in parts of Europe.
  • 7. What is imperialism? Modern World History: Nations and Empires7  Imperialism is related to the word empire. Imperialists feel that their nation should __________ another country’s land.  Imperialism is the feeling__ that “my ________ is better than yours.”  Britain had the largest empire in history. Other countries wanted their own 2 Symbols of Britain’s empire
  • 8. Similarities between nationalism and imperialism • Nationalists and imperialists both wanted to __________ their countries by taking more ________. • After nationalists ran out of room to expand in Europe, they competed for land (___________) in other countries. • Nationalists and imperialists felt r_______________ superiority to the countries they wanted to conquer. Modern World History: Nations and Empires8
  • 9. The continent most influenced by imperialism was AFRICA___ Modern World History: Nations and Empires9  In 1870, 10% of Africa was controlled by Europe.  By 1914, more than 90% was controlled by EUROPE.  France came into conflict with ENGLAND.  GERMANY_ came into conflict with both France and England.
  • 10. Britain’s Empire was the biggest. Modern World History: Nations and Empires10  Britain controlled…  one quarter of the earth.  …an entire continent (AUSTRALIA)  …a huge Asian country (INDIA_)  …Egypt and the Suez CANAL__.  America’s biggest neighbor (CANADA_)
  • 11. Germany wanted an empire as strong as Britain’s empire Modern World History: Nations and Empires11 Germany got little land in Africa compared to Britain and France, so Germany built a navy to assert itself. Germany’s navy worried Britain, so Britain increased the size of its navy. Click for the Deutschlandlied (German national anthem)
  • 12. French Empire Modern World History: Nations and Empires12  France lost power in Europe because of the rise of _________. It wanted empires to make up for this loss.  France did not want to be left out of the ___________for Africa.  France remembered the great days of the French _________________, 100 years earlier.  When Britain began to take over ________ Africa, France built
  • 13. Even Italy wanted an empire Modern World History: Nations and Empires13  As ____________ and _____________became strong countries, Italy wanted to show the world by creating a strong empires too.  Italy wanted a land empire in Africa as strong as the ________ Empire 2,000 years ago!  In 1911, Italy took Libya from the Ottoman Empire. This was the first war in which bombs were dropped (by Italy) on people from airplanes. Italy’s Empire in 1914 Compare the size of Italy to its empire in Africa
  • 14. Belgium’s slave empire Modern World History: Nations and Empires14  King __________ II personally bought the Congo (1/6 of Africa) to grow ___________. Rubber was needed in factories for automobile___________.  He used millions of Africans as slaves and cut off their _______if they did not work hard enough.  ________ took over the empire from Leopold in Belgian Congo
  • 15. King Leopold had his own empire; he produced rubber to sell to tire makers Modern World History: Nations and Empires15
  • 16. Austria’s empire was different Modern World History: Nations and Empires16 • Austria was an empire____________ Europe. • It consisted of different nations ___________ its borders (called __________________) • These nationalities included • __________________ • __________________ • Poles • Czechs • In Austria’s parliament, 11 different languages were spoken, and there were no
  • 17. Austria was weakened by its nationalities Modern World History: Nations and Empires17 • Some nationalities in Austria were friends with Austria’s enemies! Especially the ______. • Some nationalities just wanted their own governments and to _______ themselves. • Nationalities in Southeast Europe fought violent wars with each other in 1912- 1913. • Four small countries want to take over land as the Ottoman Empire lost its power. • World War One resulted because of conflicts
  • 18. Why did European countries want empires? Modern World History: Nations and Empires18 1. __________ reasons CONTROL OF RESOURCES. Leopold II of Belgium wanted rubber in the Congo, for example. TRADE. Britain wanted to buy ___________ from India and wanted to sell opium (drugs) to African miners dig gold in South Africa.
  • 19. Modern World History: Nations and Empires19 2. ___________ reasons  Countries felt they would be left behind if they did not create their own empire.  Control of strategic (very important) places such as the _________ Canal (Britain needed the canal for its trade in Why did European countries want empires? Everyone wanted a piece of the globe.
  • 20. Why did European countries want empires? Modern World History: Nations and Empires20 3. _________________REASO NS European people took land because they felt ___________________ to (better than) non-European people. They emphasized differences of  Color (black vs. white)  Language  Religion  Racism: Some Europeans thought they were ________________________ (PHYSICALLY) better than
  • 21. What was the result of imperialism (1): Within colonies Positives Negatives Modern World History: Nations and Empires21 1. Railroads 2. Hospitals 3. Industry 4. Improved education 5. Modern communications 1. Removal of local _________ 2. ________________ spread everywhere. Europeans believed they were ________________to land and resources. 3. ______________broke out among the countries of Europe as they fought each other for
  • 22. What was the result of imperialism (2): Conflict between empires Modern World History: Nations and Empires22  Conflicts between empires  Russia vs. Japan  Russia vs. Britain (India, Persia)  Britain vs. France (Africa)  Germany vs. Britain (over navy)  Etc.  New, deadlier technology was developed for fighting wars  Machine guns  Accurate guns  Submarines  Wireless communication  Airplanes  Dirigibles (Zeppelins)  Trucks…
  • 23. Summary How new nations were formed in Europe, 1850- 1914: Italy, Germany, and the Balkans Modern World History: Nations and Empires23
  • 24. Italy With French help, Italy was formed… • By unifying small states on Italian peninsula in a series of _______ • By taking lands held by ___________ Modern World History: Nations and Empires24
  • 25. Germany Under Prussian leadership, Germany was unified in several _______ As a result, Germany was created from lands taken from • Denmark • Austria • _________ Modern World History: Nations and Empires25 France never quite got over its loss of land in 1871.
  • 26. Balkan nations: First step • Throughout the 1800s, the Ottoman Empire got ____________ • Nationalities fought wars to take land from the Ottomans to create new ___________: • ________ • Plus Bulgaria, Romania, Albania, and Greece Modern World History: Nations and Empires26
  • 27. Balkan nations: Second step – Serbian expansion Of these new nations, SERBIA 1. tried to expand its lands by taking parts of Bulgaria and Albania 2. Serbia also wanted to unite Serbs living in ____________ and used well-organized terror to attack the Austrian empire. Modern World History: Nations and Empires27 Russia supported Serbia in its conflicts with Austria.
  • 28. World War 1 Started in the Balkans 1. France was still upset about loss of land in 1871 2. Russia and Austria competed for control of the Balkans 3. Russia supported ________________ national struggle against Austria. This led to conflict involving _________ (on Austria’s side) and France and England Modern World History: Nations and Empires28