United Nations • Department of Economic and Social Affairs ...
Population Ageing 2009
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Population Ageing 2009

In 2009, an estimated 737 million persons were aged 60 years or over, nearly two thirds of whom lived in developing countries. Their number is projected to increase to 2 billion in 2050, by which time older persons will outnumber children (persons aged 0 to 14 years).
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      Health & Medicine      Technology      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Population Ageing 2009

  • 1. United Nations • Department of Economic and Social Affairs • Population Division • www.unpopulation.org Population Ageing and Development 2009Number of persons aged 60 or over In 2009, an estimated 737 million persons were and is projected to increase nine-fold by 2050, from approximately 454,000 in 2009 to dence of widowhood is higher among women than among men. In addition, men are 2009 and is projected to fall to 4 persons of working age per person aged 65 or over inaged 60 years or over and constituted the “older population” of the world, nearly two 4.1 million in 2050. more likely to remarry after widowhood or divorce than women are. Globally, about 2050. The level of the old-age support ratio has important implications for the solvencythirds of whom lived in developing countries. Their number is projected to increase to 80 per cent of older men are still married, compared to only 48 per cent of older of social security systems (pensions and public health), as well as for the size of private2 billion in 2050, by which time older persons will outnumber children (persons aged Life expectancy at age 60 The world has experienced dramatic increases in longevity. women. Sex differences in the proportion married are more marked in the least devel- transfers from the working-age population to older family members.0 to 14 years). Today, more than half of the older population lives in Asia (54 per cent) Globally, life expectancy at birth has gained more than 20 years since 1950, to reach oped countries, where the age difference between spouses is higher and most olderand a fifth lives in Europe (21 per cent). its current level of 68 years. At current mortality rates, men surviving to age 60 can persons who do not have spouses are widowed. Statutory retirement age In a majority of developed countries, men become eligible expect to live another 18 years and women surviving to age 60 can expect an additional for full pension benefits at age 65 or higher while women become eligible belowPopulation aged 60 or over as a percentage of the total population Today, one out 21 years of life. However, life expectancy at age 60 varies significantly across countries. Percentage of older persons living alone Although many older persons who live age 65. The statutory retirement age in developing countries ranges usually betweenof every nine persons in the world is aged 60 or over. By 2050, the United Nations In the least developed countries, men reaching age 60 can expect to live only 15 years alone are socially active and have adequate means to support themselves, living alone 55 and 60 years for both men and women and tends to be lower than that in devel-Population Division projects that one person out of every five will be aged 60 or over. more and women 17 years more, whereas in developed countries, life expectancy at is a marker of vulnerability, especially in cases of illness or disability, and is associated oped countries. The lower statutory retirement ages common in developing countriesThe percentage of older persons is currently higher in developed countries. In Europe, age 60 is 20 years for men and 24 years for women. with a greater risk of social isolation and poverty. An estimated 14 per cent of the reflect their more incipient social security systems and their lower life expectancies.one in every five persons is already aged 60 or over. The equivalent proportions are world’s older persons live alone. The proportion is lower for men (9 per cent) than forone in ten in Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean, and one in 19 in Africa. Sex ratio Because female life expectancy is greater than male life expectancy at every age, women (19 per cent) because women are more likely to be widowed. However, among Percentage of the older population in the labour force Countries with high per capitaHowever, population ageing is advancing faster in developing countries than in devel- there are fewer older men than older women. In 2009, there were 83 men for every 100 persons who do not have spouses, men are more likely than women to live alone. The income tend to have lower labour-force participation rates among older persons. Inoped countries where population ageing is more advanced. women among those aged 60 or over and only 59 men for every 100 women among those proportion of older persons living alone is lower in developing countries (8 per cent) developed countries, just 24 per cent of men aged 60 or over are economically active, aged 80 or over. The ratio of men to women at older ages is lower in developed countries than in developed countries (24 per cent).The oldest old The older population is itself ageing. Currently, the oldest old (persons whereas 47 per cent of older men are economically active in developing countries. (74 men per 100 women) than in developing countries (89 men per 100 women) becauseaged 80 years or over) constitute 14 per cent of the population aged 60 or over. The Old-age support ratio The old-age support ratio is the number of persons aged 15 to Among older women, 14 per cent are economically active in developed countries but the differences in life expectancy between the sexes are larger in developed countries.oldest old constitute one of the fastest growing segment of the population and, by 64 per person aged 65 years or over. It is an indicator of demographic ageing and of 24 per cent work in developing countries. Older persons in developing countries work2050, 20 per cent of the older population will be aged 80 or over. The number of cen- Percentage of older persons currently married Older men are more likely than older the degree of dependency of older persons on potential workers. The old-age support until advanced ages because they are not covered by existing social security systems ortenarians (persons aged 100 years or over) is growing even faster than the oldest old women to still be married because women marry younger than men do and the inci- ratio fell from 12 persons aged 15 to 64 for every person aged 65 or over in 1950 to 9 in because, even when covered, they receive relatively low pensions. Population aged 60 years or over Population aged 60 years or over Percentage Percentage Share of Sex ratio Life currently Percentage Percentage Share of Sex ratio Life currently Percentage Percentage Percentage persons (men per expectancy married, living alone, Old-age in labor force, Statutory Percentage persons (men per expectancy married, living alone, Old-age in labor force, Statutory Number of total 80 years or 100 women), at age 60, 60 years or 60 years or support 60 years or retirement Number of total 80 years or 100 women), at age 60, 60 years or 60 years or support 60 years or retirement (thousands) population over 1 2009 2005-2010 over 2, 3 over 2 ratio 4 over 5 age (thousands) population over 1 2009 2005-2010 over 2, 3 over 2 ratio 4 over 5 age Country or area 2009 2050 2009 2050 2009 2050 60+ 80+ Men Women Men / Women Men / Women 2009 2050 Men / Women Men / Women Country or area 2009 2050 2009 2050 2009 2050 60+ 80+ Men Women Men / Women Men / Women 2009 2050 Men / Women Men / Women (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16)World 737 275 2 008 244 11 22 14 20 83 59 18 21 80 / 48 9 / 19 9 4 40 / 20 - Northern Europe (continued) Lithuania 699 870 21 34 17 25 56 35 16 21 75 / 39 A 14 / 35 A 4 2 19 / 8 62.5 / 60More developed regions 263 905 416 055 21 33 20 29 74 49 20 24 78 / 46 13 / 32 4 2 24 / 14 - A A Norway 1 000 1 761 21 30 22 30 82 53 21 25 70 / 47 23 / 46 4 3 33 / 23 67 / 67Less developed regions 473 370 1 592 188 8 20 11 17 89 70 17 20 81 / 49 6 / 10 11 4 47 / 24 - A B Sweden 2 283 3 192 25 30 22 31 84 56 21 25 65 / 46 24 / 47 4 2 31 / 21 65 / 65Least developed countries 42 922 185 129 5 11 8 10 85 74 15 17 84 / 41 4/9 17 9 67 / 41 - A B 28 United Kingdom 13 813 20 869 22 29 21 30 81 54 20 24 73 / 47 22 / 45 4 3 24 / 12 65 / 60Africa 53 770 212 763 5 11 8 10 85 68 15 17 85 / 39 6 / 11 16 9 61 / 34 - Southern Europe 36 012 57 545 24 37 20 31 77 54 21 25 81 / 49 9 / 26 4 2 15 / 6 -Eastern Africa 14 996 61 740 5 9 8 9 83 71 15 17 83 / 37 6 / 12 17 12 79 / 56 - Albania 423 960 13 29 13 23 85 46 18 23 89 / 56 A .. 7 3 30 / 11 65 / 60 Burundi 363 1 826 4 12 8 7 67 54 15 16 79 / 21 A .. 21 9 84 / 82 60 / 60 Andorra .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65 / 65 Comoros 31 169 5 14 8 10 84 64 15 17 85 / 41 B, 6 1/2 A 19 7 81 / 47 7 .. Bosnia and Herzegovina 706 1 178 19 39 12 23 78 54 18 21 .. .. 5 2 17 / 8 .. Djibouti 46 193 5 13 6 8 84 64 14 16 87 / 33 A .. 19 8 41 / 21 .. A A Croatia 1 019 1 340 23 35 16 26 69 42 18 22 80 / 41 11 / 27 4 2 13 / 7 65 / 60 Eritrea 208 1 166 4 11 7 7 66 43 13 16 .. .. 23 9 66 / 43 .. Gibraltar .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 80 / 48 A .. .. .. .. .. Ethiopia 4 162 16 658 5 10 7 10 87 72 16 17 87 / 33 B 2 / 10 A 17 11 83 / 49 60 / 60 A A Greece 2 678 4 113 24 38 15 28 82 77 21 23 85 / 52 8 / 23 4 2 15 / 6 65 / 60 Kenya 1 630 7 937 4 9 9 9 86 80 16 18 88 / 60 B 9 / 18 A 21 11 76 / 50 60 / 60 Holy See c .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Madagascar 902 4 403 5 10 9 10 89 93 16 18 76 / 33 B 7 / 14 A 18 10 81 / 65 60 / 55 A B Italy 15 788 22 310 26 39 22 34 76 51 22 26 82 / 49 10 / 32 3 2 12 / 3 65 / 60 Malawi 738 2 651 5 7 7 10 88 70 15 18 88 / 44 B 9 / 13 A 16 13 96 / 86 .. B 29 Malta 87 152 21 37 16 26 81 52 21 24 66 / 37 .. 5 2 11 / 1 61 / 60 Mauritius 145 373 11 26 11 22 74 48 17 21 80 / 33 A .. 10 3 13 / 5 60 / 60 A B, 30 Montenegro 110 182 18 29 13 21 77 61 17 20 82 / 43 8 / 20 5 3 21 / 11 .. Mayotte 9 63 5 16 11 14 91 58 17 23 .. .. 18 6 .. .. Portugal 2 497 3 848 23 38 19 29 75 53 20 24 81 / 49 B 9 / 21 B 4 2 32 / 20 65 / 65 Mozambique 1 158 3 408 5 8 8 11 77 63 15 17 85 / 35 A 6 / 16 A 16 13 86 / 76 .. A San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 84 / 55 .. .. .. 20 / 3 65 / 65 Réunion 90 261 11 24 13 24 72 42 17 23 71 / 39 A 10 / 18 C 9 3 9/5 .. A B, 30 31 Serbia 1 914 2 823 19 31 15 20 79 65 17 20 78 / 47 8 / 20 5 3 21 / 11 63.5 / 58.5 Rwanda 382 2 124 4 10 9 7 69 48 15 16 83 / 31 A 6 / 10 A 22 11 62 / 62 55 / 55 A A 32 Slovenia 442 724 22 37 18 28 69 36 19 24 77 / 47 11 / 31 4 2 13 / 6 63 / 56.3 Seychelles .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 61 / 41 A .. .. .. .. 63 / 63 B B Spain 9 982 19 235 22 38 22 30 78 55 21 26 80 / 49 7 / 19 4 2 16 / 6 65 / 65 Somalia 395 1 665 4 7 7 9 85 71 14 16 .. .. 19 13 72 / 42 .. TFYR Macedonia d 337 612 17 33 12 20 79 54 17 20 82 / 60 B .. 6 2 17 / 6 .. Uganda 1 270 5 942 4 7 9 7 81 74 15 17 73 / 36 A 13 / 12 A 19 16 83 / 55 55 / 55 Western Europe 45 033 65 048 24 35 21 35 78 47 21 25 76 / 48 15 / 41 4 2 13 / 6 - United Republic of Tanzania 2 119 8 386 5 8 8 10 82 71 16 18 80 / 36 A 7 / 12 A 17 13 78 / 60 60 / 60 Austria 1 912 3 049 23 36 21 34 75 45 21 25 76 / 41 A 15 / 40 A 4 2 10 / 3 65 / 60 Zambia 616 1 825 5 6 7 8 84 70 15 16 82 / 41 A, 6 6 / 12 A 17 16 80 / 56 55 / 55 Belgium 2 454 3 717 23 32 21 33 78 50 20 25 75 / 49 A 16 / 39 A 4 2 9/3 65 / 65 Zimbabwe 722 2 664 6 12 11 6 74 71 15 18 85 / 38 A 7/7 A 14 10 63 / 46 60 / 60 8 France 14 140 22 034 23 33 24 35 76 50 22 27 76 / 47 A 15 / 38 B 4 2 7/5 60 / 60Middle Africa 5 671 22 181 5 8 7 8 82 65 14 16 81 / 33 6 / 13 18 13 75 / 47 - Germany 21 134 27 873 26 40 19 36 77 43 20 25 76 / 49 A 15 / 42 A 3 2 15 / 7 65 / 65 33 Angola 726 3 295 4 8 6 8 82 64 14 16 81 / 44 C 4 / 12 A 21 13 75 / 48 .. A Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 79 / 49 .. .. .. .. 64 / 63 Cameroon 1 059 3 751 5 10 8 9 86 72 15 17 79 / 28 B 9 / 15 A 16 10 70 / 47 60 / 60 A A Luxembourg 92 196 19 27 19 28 80 46 20 24 77 / 45 14 / 35 5 3 5/3 65 / 65 Central African Republic 259 759 6 10 8 9 81 65 14 16 74 / 37 B 9 / 16 B 14 10 85 / 71 60 / 60 A Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 75 / 45 .. .. .. 18 / 6 65 / 65 Chad 499 1 942 4 7 6 7 84 64 14 16 85 / 16 C 4 / 11 A 18 14 88 / 54 60 / 60 A A Netherlands 3 548 5 445 21 31 18 33 83 50 21 24 76 / 52 17 / 42 4 2 19 / 9 65 / 65 Congo 210 792 6 12 9 8 84 73 15 17 80 / 38 C .. 15 9 72 / 65 60 / 60 A B Switzerland 1 737 2 708 23 32 21 35 79 53 22 26 76 / 49 15 / 41 4 2 26 / 15 65 / 64 Dem. Republic of the Congo 2 786 11 133 4 8 7 7 80 61 14 16 82 / 34 C 5 / 12 A 19 14 74 / 42 65 / 60 Latin America and the Caribbean 57 039 186 036 10 26 15 22 82 65 20 22 76 / 43 9 / 12 10 3 47 / 21 - Equatorial Guinea 29 121 4 8 10 13 85 69 15 16 77 / 29 C .. 19 12 70 / 32 60 / 60 B A Caribbean 4 955 12 230 12 25 15 24 87 73 20 23 69 / 42 11 / 9 8 3 37 / 14 - Gabon 94 348 6 14 13 12 90 74 17 18 76 / 41 10 / 12 14 7 62 / 44 55 / 55 Anguilla .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 61 / 41 A .. .. .. 39 / 18 34 .. Sao Tome and Principe 9 39 5 13 11 8 77 70 16 18 52 / 29 B .. 14 7 42 / 12 62 / 57 Antigua and Barbuda .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65 / 35 A .. .. .. 41 / 20 60 / 60Northern Africa 14 758 62 388 7 19 9 13 88 71 17 19 90 / 39 4 / 12 14 5 41 / 8 - Aruba 15 31 14 29 10 30 80 65 17 21 72 / 42 A 10 / 14 C 8 3 25 / 11 .. Algeria 2 358 12 059 7 24 10 14 84 60 17 20 94 / 51 A .. 15 4 38 / 22 60 / 55 Bahamas 34 119 10 26 11 23 78 45 18 23 69 / 34 A .. 10 3 47 / 26 65 / 65 Egypt 6 054 24 846 7 19 8 12 90 72 16 18 87 / 33 A 4 / 16 A 14 5 26 / 3 60 / 60 Barbados 38 85 15 36 18 28 67 40 18 23 59 / 33 B 24 / 22 C 7 2 32 / 18 65.5 / 65.5 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 418 2 273 7 23 9 15 108 66 17 21 95 / 46 A .. 15 4 42 / 5 65 / 60 9 British Virgin Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 66 / 49 B .. .. .. .. 65 / 65 Morocco 2 530 9 766 8 23 10 14 87 74 17 19 91 / 41 A 2/5 A 12 4 52 / 6 60 / 60 10 Cayman Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 74 / 40 B .. .. .. 43 / 18 11 .. Sudan 2 397 9 652 6 13 8 10 88 74 16 17 89 / 38 B 6 / 15 C 16 8 76 / 13 60 / 60 Cuba 1 887 3 768 17 39 15 31 91 82 21 24 67 / 44 A 10 / 9 C 6 2 25 / 3 60 / 55 35 Tunisia 981 3 588 10 28 11 16 91 80 17 20 90 / 48 B 2/4 B 10 3 35 / 5 60 / 60 Dominica .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 / 39 A .. .. .. 32 / 12 60 / 60 Western Sahara 20 205 4 22 8 11 126 101 16 17 84 / 54 C .. 29 4 57 / 45 .. Dominican Republic 868 2 880 9 21 15 21 97 89 21 23 76 / 45 A 11 / 10 A 10 4 53 / 22 60 / 60Southern Africa 4 013 9 203 7 14 8 15 70 43 14 18 78 / 46 8/8 15 7 38 / 18 - B Grenada 10 27 9 28 20 15 72 53 18 21 58 / 30 .. 9 3 .. 60 / 60 Botswana 113 341 6 12 8 9 74 54 15 18 77 / 39 A .. 17 9 46 / 18 65 / 65 Guadeloupe 83 157 18 33 23 32 85 81 21 25 63 / 36 A .. 5 2 12 / 8 .. Lesotho 144 233 7 9 10 9 72 60 14 17 78 / 31 A 11 / 11 A 12 11 67 / 53 .. Haiti 644 2 413 6 16 8 13 84 74 16 17 70 / 42 A 10 / 6 A 14 6 83 / 39 55 / 55 Namibia 121 432 6 12 9 12 77 63 16 18 76 / 34 B, 11 7/7 A 16 8 41 / 28 60 / 60 Jamaica 288 619 11 23 18 25 87 61 19 22 57 / 36 A .. 8 4 48 / 22 65 / 60 South Africa 3 574 8 060 7 14 8 15 70 41 14 18 78 / 47 A 8/8 A 14 7 37 / 16 61 / 60 12 Martinique 77 136 19 35 20 35 75 55 21 25 62 / 38 A .. 5 2 10 / 7 .. Swaziland 62 136 5 8 8 9 76 55 15 17 79 / 64 B 9/6 A 17 15 58 / 28 50 / 50 Montserrat .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 66 / 37 C .. .. .. .. ..Western Africa 14 332 57 251 5 9 6 8 88 74 14 16 85 / 42 A 6 / 10 A 18 11 65 / 36 .. A B Netherlands Antilles 30 75 15 39 15 26 76 56 19 23 67 / 37 14 / 15 7 2 22 / 9 .. Benin 448 2 109 5 10 7 9 71 58 16 18 86 / 39 A 9 / 15 A 17 10 82 / 45 60 / 60 A 36 Puerto Rico 761 1 318 19 32 18 28 76 58 20 25 70 / 42 .. 5 2 15 / 8 66 / 66 Burkina Faso 524 2 888 3 7 4 6 70 59 13 14 90 / 41 A 4/5 A 26 14 76 / 43 55 / 55 13 C Saint Kitts and Nevis .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57 / 33 .. .. .. .. 62 / 62 Cape Verde 27 143 5 20 12 14 53 53 16 19 79 / 43 A .. 14 5 54 / 13 65 / 60 A C Saint Lucia 16 55 9 25 17 19 82 70 18 21 65 / 40 19 / 17 10 3 45 / 12 62 / 62 Côte d’Ivoire 1 266 4 776 6 11 6 9 113 88 15 18 80 / 34 B 6/6 A 14 9 75 / 33 55 / 55 A St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10 27 9 22 15 17 87 63 17 19 63 / 34 .. 10 4 33 / 13 60 / 60 Gambia 84 334 5 9 3 7 87 72 12 13 92 / 62 B .. 19 12 89 / 65 60 / 60 B B Trinidad and Tobago 138 385 10 30 12 17 68 40 15 20 64 / 37 16 / 14 11 3 26 / 11 60 / 60 Ghana 1 360 5 336 6 12 8 10 94 82 16 17 71 / 39 A 15 / 16 A 16 8 66 / 52 60 / 60 14 B, 11 Turks and Caicos Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 69 / 30 .. .. .. .. .. Guinea 517 2 323 5 10 6 10 81 66 15 17 87 / 39 C 1/7 A 17 10 79 / 42 55 / 55 B B 36 United States Virgin Islands 22 25 20 34 12 39 83 56 20 25 69 / 39 21 / 25 5 2 22 / 18 66 / 66 Guinea-Bissau 87 279 5 8 7 8 86 69 14 16 .. .. 16 12 73 / 42 .. Central America 13 079 48 491 9 25 15 21 87 70 20 23 76 / 45 7/9 10 3 53 / 18 - Liberia 192 877 5 10 6 9 83 66 15 17 76 / 46 C 8/3 A 17 10 81 / 33 60 / 60 Belize 18 99 6 20 16 18 90 73 20 24 76 / 52 A 16 / 11 C 15 5 48 / 15 65 / 65 Mali 498 2 075 4 7 4 5 84 89 12 13 92 / 48 B 3/7 A 23 14 40 / 14 58 / 58 Costa Rica 420 1 702 9 27 16 23 90 76 22 24 71 / 41 A 8/8 C 11 3 37 / 8 61.9 / 59.9 Mauritania 145 701 4 12 4 7 73 56 13 14 91 / 27 B .. 22 9 62 / 32 60 / 55 El Salvador 616 1 598 10 20 16 21 79 73 20 23 72 / 39 A 8/6 B 8 4 50 / 20 60 / 55 Niger 536 2 783 4 5 4 6 90 77 12 14 70 / 49 A 2/5 A 24 19 79 / 33 60 / 60 Guatemala 896 3 666 6 13 13 15 90 79 19 21 79 / 48 B 5/8 A 12 7 73 / 26 60 / 60 Nigeria 7 591 27 719 5 10 7 8 87 73 15 16 89 / 43 B 5 / 12 A 17 11 59 / 32 50 / 50 Honduras 456 2 190 6 18 15 16 91 72 20 22 74 / 44 A 7/7 A 14 5 66 / 18 65 / 60 Saint Helena .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 61 / 34 A .. .. .. .. .. Mexico 9 991 36 428 9 28 15 22 87 68 21 23 77 / 45 A 7 / 10 A 10 3 52 / 18 65 / 65 Senegal 497 2 419 4 9 3 5 89 70 12 13 91 / 41 B 2/1 A 23 12 63 / 49 55 / 55 15 Nicaragua 353 1 646 6 20 15 18 88 70 20 22 70 / 37 A 6/4 A 13 4 67 / 18 60 / 60 Sierra Leone 200 834 4 7 2 4 93 102 10 10 85 / 46 A .. 30 16 64 / 35 60 / 60 Panama 329 1 163 10 23 13 22 94 81 20 23 67 / 43 A 14 / 9 A 10 4 44 / 11 60 / 55 Togo 359 1 654 5 13 8 10 81 62 16 19 80 / 35 C 7/9 A 16 8 78 / 43 60 / 60 South America 39 005 125 315 10 26 15 22 80 62 19 22 76 / 43 9 / 13 10 3 46 / 23 -Asia 399 881 1 236 103 10 24 11 18 90 68 18 20 81 / 52 6 / 11 10 4 44 / 23 - Argentina 5 875 12 706 15 25 18 21 72 45 18 23 74 / 41 A 12 / 22 B, 11 6 3 43 / 18 65 / 60Eastern Asia 210 258 513 901 14 32 13 24 91 62 19 22 79 / 57 9 / 12 8 2 39 / 21 - Bolivia 698 2 610 7 18 10 16 83 66 17 19 69 / 46 A 13 / 16 A 13 5 75 / 52 65 / 65 A B, 11 16 Brazil 19 100 64 025 10 29 14 22 80 68 19 22 81 / 44 A 8 / 13 A 10 3 45 / 22 65 / 60 37 China 160 250 440 439 12 31 12 23 96 70 18 21 77 / 58 9 / 11 9 3 39 / 21 60 / 60 A A Chile 2 178 5 921 13 29 16 27 79 55 21 24 72 / 43 A 8/9 B 8 3 38 / 12 65 / 60 China, Hong Kong SAR a 1 246 3 403 18 39 20 35 91 64 22 27 82 / 52 11 / 13 6 2 19 / 6 65 / 65 A B Colombia 3 797 14 539 8 23 13 21 80 66 19 22 70 / 40 A, 6 8/7 A 12 4 35 / 6 60 / 55 China, Macao SAR b 61 259 11 44 17 32 98 52 21 25 84 / 49 11 / 10 11 2 34 / 13 .. C Ecuador 1 255 4 131 9 23 15 22 89 78 21 23 68 / 48 A 9/9 B 10 4 68 / 40 60 / 60 Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea 3 413 6 066 14 25 7 16 68 24 14 18 .. 0/9 7 4 54 / 34 .. A A 17 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57 / 46 B .. .. .. .. .. Japan 37 827 44 914 30 44 20 35 79 50 22 28 84 / 55 10 / 18 3 1 37 / 19 65 / 65 A French Guiana 14 79 6 17 11 20 96 61 18 23 46 / 29 A 32 / 28 C 16 5 20 / 13 .. Mongolia 158 837 6 24 10 14 79 50 15 19 71 / 33 .. 17 4 51 / 32 .. A 18 Guyana 70 142 9 25 12 24 99 64 17 20 63 / 35 B .. 11 3 46 / 13 60 / 60 Republic of Korea 7 304 17 983 15 41 12 31 74 41 20 25 87 / 44 .. 7 2 49 / 28 60 / 60 Paraguay 476 1 804 7 18 13 17 93 73 19 21 76 / 46 A 6/5 B 12 5 63 / 40 60 / 60South-Central Asia 124 423 474 685 7 19 9 13 92 84 16 18 83 / 48 3/8 14 5 50 / 23 - Peru 2 484 8 932 9 22 12 19 87 70 19 22 75 / 45 C 8 / 12 A 11 4 61 / 53 60 / 60 Afghanistan 1 069 4 399 4 6 5 6 98 83 13 14 83 / 38 C .. 23 18 86 / 5 .. Suriname 48 140 9 23 11 19 79 59 16 20 56 / 32 A .. 10 4 9/4 .. Bangladesh 9 801 47 180 6 21 8 11 94 89 16 17 91 / 48 A 0/4 A 17 4 46 / 23 60 / 60 Uruguay 614 997 18 27 20 25 69 47 19 23 72 / 40 A 12 / 18 A 5 3 33 / 17 60 / 60 Bhutan 49 220 7 22 9 12 106 86 17 19 73 / 56 A .. 13 4 44 / 39 .. Venezuela (Bolivarian Rep. of) 2 395 9 287 8 22 12 20 89 73 19 22 68 / 36 A 9/5 A 12 4 57 / 25 60 / 55 India 88 605 315 637 7 20 9 13 91 83 16 18 82 / 47 A 3/8 A 13 5 51 / 25 58 / 58 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 5 231 27 239 7 28 12 12 101 111 17 19 90 / 50 A 4 / 15 A 15 3 41 / 15 60 / 55 Northern America 62 744 124 671 18 28 21 29 80 57 21 25 75 / 47 15 / 34 5 3 32 / 22 - Kazakhstan 1 582 3 993 10 22 12 15 53 26 12 18 79 / 37 A 8 / 21 A 10 4 28 / 13 63 / 58 A Bermuda .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 82 / 42 .. .. .. 45 / 28 65 / 65 Kyrgyzstan 395 1 454 7 21 14 14 69 42 15 19 82 / 39 A 6 / 15 A 13 5 33 / 11 63 / 58 A A Canada 6 549 14 129 20 32 20 30 83 57 22 25 76 / 50 16 / 34 5 2 27 / 17 65 / 65 Maldives 19 111 6 24 9 13 105 122 17 19 73 / 45 A .. 15 4 61 / 37 .. A Greenland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57 / 40 .. .. .. .. .. Nepal 1 797 7 648 6 16 7 11 84 76 16 17 89 / 73 A 3/8 A 15 6 47 / 29 58 / 58 B Saint Pierre and Miquelon .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 75 / 35 .. .. .. .. .. Pakistan 11 116 49 802 6 15 9 12 105 119 18 18 81 / 48 A 3/2 B 15 7 55 / 14 60 / 55 A A 36 United States of America 56 175 110 508 18 27 21 29 80 56 21 25 75 / 46 15 / 35 5 3 33 / 23 66 / 66 Sri Lanka 2 387 6 044 12 28 12 24 84 68 18 22 87 / 66 A 1/5 B 9 3 35 / 18 55 / 50 Oceania 5 338 12 246 15 24 19 27 88 62 21 25 73 / 50 16 / 34 6 3 30 / 18 - Tajikistan 347 1 732 5 16 13 14 81 54 17 20 81 / 46 A .. 16 7 25 / 15 .. American Samoa .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 81 / 48 B .. .. .. .. 66 / 66 36 Turkmenistan 309 1 393 6 20 12 13 71 44 15 18 77 / 36 B .. 16 5 17 / 9 62 / 57 Australia 4 070 8 482 19 30 20 30 88 62 22 26 72 / 50 A .. 5 3 26 / 14 65 / 63 38 Uzbekistan 1 715 7 833 6 21 14 15 77 50 17 20 83 / 37 B 4 / 11 A 15 5 22 / 13 60 / 55 Cook Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 67 / 55 A 12 / 6 B .. .. 25 / 13 ..South-Eastern Asia 49 489 178 401 8 23 10 17 81 65 17 19 82 / 45 3/9 12 4 55 / 33 - Fiji 67 178 8 20 6 15 82 56 15 17 76 / 44 A 2/2 C 13 5 59 / 28 55 / 55 Brunei Darussalam 22 136 6 21 9 17 130 58 18 22 86 / 52 A .. 21 4 16 / 5 55 / 55 A French Polynesia 24 89 9 25 10 20 98 57 17 21 68 / 48 .. 12 4 18 / 10 .. Cambodia 847 3 854 6 16 7 10 62 44 15 17 86 / 48 A 2/6 A 18 7 64 / 46 .. B 36 Guam 19 54 11 22 11 23 91 78 18 21 82 / 52 .. 9 4 51 / 29 66 / 66 Indonesia 20 228 71 592 9 25 8 16 82 70 17 19 84 / 42 A 2 / 12 A 11 3 66 / 32 55 / 55 B Kiribati .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 75 / 41 .. .. .. .. 50 / 50 Lao People’s Dem. Republic 347 1 542 5 14 9 10 81 66 15 17 83 / 46 A .. 16 7 53 / 32 60 / 60 A Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 73 / 49 .. .. .. .. 60 / 60 Malaysia 2 065 8 818 8 22 9 18 93 71 18 20 86 / 50 A 5/9 B 14 4 47 / 14 55 / 55 B Micronesia (Fed. States of) 6 20 6 16 11 11 85 68 16 18 71 / 37 .. 16 7 .. 60 / 60 Myanmar 4 013 14 964 8 24 12 16 83 73 17 18 73 / 39 B 3/6 B 12 4 70 / 59 .. C Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 68 / 50 .. .. .. .. .. Philippines 5 993 26 111 7 18 8 14 87 61 17 19 80 / 49 A 4/6 A 15 5 59 / 37 60 / 60 A New Caledonia 28 94 11 26 13 23 92 55 18 23 66 / 39 .. 9 3 18 / 8 .. Singapore 719 2 067 15 40 13 37 89 66 21 25 84 / 51 A 2/3 A 8 2 38 / 15 55 / 55 A A New Zealand 760 1 562 18 29 19 31 86 62 22 25 76 / 53 17 / 36 5 3 36 / 23 65 / 65 Thailand 7 598 19 331 11 26 10 20 83 68 17 19 81 / 52 A 3/6 A 9 3 49 / 36 55 / 55 B Niue .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 86 / 66 .. .. .. 59 / 55 .. Timor-Leste 55 238 5 7 6 9 89 77 15 16 75 / 46 A .. 17 14 60 / 21 .. B 36 Northern Mariana Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 77 / 44 .. .. .. 56 / 32 66 / 66\

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