Pope Pope Benedict W Photos
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pope Pope Benedict W Photos
Joseph Ratzinger Pope Benedict XVI Photos provided by Diocese of La Crosse / Franz Klein
<ul><li>Born in Bavaria, Germany, on April 16, 1927. </li></ul><ul><li>Grew up during the time when the Nazi Regime controlled Germany and many surrounding countries. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1941, just after his 14 th birthday, he was forced to enter the Hitler Youth Corps - but he never attended meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>In that same year, his cousin, suffering from Down Syndrome, was murdered by the Nazis in their program to do away with the physically and mentally disabled. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1943, while in a minor seminary, Joseph was drafted into the German army at age 16. </li></ul><ul><li>He was initially trained as an anti-aircraft gunner and later trained for the infantry. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1945, as the allied front drew closer to his post, he escaped from the army. </li></ul>
After the war, he and his brother reentered the seminary. They were ordained on June 29, 1951 .
<ul><li>A year after his ordination, in 1952, Father Joseph Ratzinger began a teaching career as a high school instructor. </li></ul><ul><li>After earning a doctorate in theology, he began a long career as a university lecturer. </li></ul>Teacher and Author
<ul><li>In 1977, Father Joseph Ratzinger was named Archbishop of Munich and Freising by Pope Paul VI. He held this position for four years. </li></ul>Administrative Experience <ul><li>In 1981, Pope John Paul II appointed him as: </li></ul><ul><li>the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith </li></ul><ul><li>President of the Pontifical Biblical Commission </li></ul><ul><li>President of the International Theological Commission </li></ul>
<ul><li>He was a member of: </li></ul><ul><li>the Council of the Secretariat of State for Relations with States </li></ul><ul><li>the Pontifical Commissions for Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>the Congregation for Divine Worship </li></ul><ul><li>the Discipline of the Sacraments </li></ul><ul><li>Congregation for Catholic Education, to name just a few. </li></ul>For 23 years, Archbishop Joseph Ratzinger exercised numerous administrative responsibilities.
<ul><li>He was seen as most effective in the position as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which has authority over the teaching of Catholic doctrine. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Cardinal Ratzinger Becomes Pope </li></ul><ul><li>After the death of Pope John Paul II, the cardinals gathered at the Vatican in what is termed a “conclave.” </li></ul>
<ul><li>The term derives from the Latin phrase </li></ul><ul><li>con clave , literally “with a key,” since the voting cardinals are locked in the Sistine Chapel for the process of electing the new Pope. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope is elected by cardinals, and only cardinals, who have not reached their 80 th birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected on the second day of balloting during the fourth session of the day on April 19, 2005, three days after his 78 th birthday. </li></ul>
The Pope, upon election, takes on a new name, which indicates a change in identity. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger chose the name Benedict to create a spiritual bond with Benedict XV who steered the Church through a period of turmoil caused by the First World War.
Pope Benedict XVI is the ninth German Pope. The last German Pope was Adrian VI, who reigned from 1522-1523.
He also chose the name to identify with St. Benedict, Patriarch of Western Monasticism, who spread Christianity throughout Europe.
Pope Benedict XVI <ul><li>Pope Benedict’s coat of arms bears witness to the fact that the Pope is first and foremost the Bishop of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Benedict has replaced the tiara , a tall crown, with a miter , the traditional symbol of the office of the bishop. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pope Benedict XVI is a gifted linguist. In addition to his native German, he is fluent in Italian, French, English, Spanish and Latin. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pope Benedict XVI has authored 36 books, numerous articles and 2 Papal Encyclicals. </li></ul>
<ul><li>De-Christianization of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Secularism – human life and destiny explained without reference to God. </li></ul><ul><li>Relativism – the belief that there is no absolute truth; truth depends on variable factors such people, places, time, and circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumerism – equating of personal happiness with the purchasing of material possessions. </li></ul><ul><li>The universality of the Church together with continuing ecumenical efforts </li></ul>Pope Benedict XVI’s Main Concerns
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