Past Tenses in Spanish
The Past Tenses You have met two tenses that you can use: The Preterite The Imperfect
The Past Tenses Preterite Tense I played I did play In English: The Imperfect I was playing I used to play
The Preterite Tense In English: I played / I did play The Preterite Tense is formed by adding endings onto the stem. compr...
Practise……… caminar (to walk) dibujar (to draw) hablar (to speak) mirar (to watch) trabajar (to work) <ul><li>I walked </l...
The Preterite Tense vend í viv í vend iste viv iste vend ió viv ió vend imos viv imos vend isteis viv isteis ven...
Practise……… romper (to break) correr (to run) comer (to eat) elegir (to choose) discutir (to discuss) 1. We ran 2. He at...
Irregular preterites: andar caber dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner producir querer saber ser tener traer venir v...
Irregular preterites: andar caber dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner producir querer saber ser tener traer venir v...
Irregular preterites: andar caber dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner producir querer saber ser tener traer venir v...
The Imperfect Tense In English: I was playing / I used to play Like the Preterite Tense, the Imperfect is formed by adding...
The Imperfect Tense One of the good things about the Imperfect Tense is that it only has 3 irregular verbs ! Ser (to be)...
Practice…… ganar (to win) cocinar (to cook) creer (to believe) esconder (to hide) decidir (to decide) 1. I was winning 2....
The Perfect In English: I have played To form the Perfect Tense you need part of the verb haber and a past participle. hab...
Practice……… What are the past participles of these verbs ? bailar amar permitir deber aprender entrar temer vivir admitir ...
There are some irregular past participles: abrir cubrir decir escribir hacer morir poner resolver ver volver to open to co...
So there you are… A tour of the past tenses met so far Now have a go at some exercises to check your understanding
FIN
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Pret v imp formation

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pret v imp formation

  • 1. Past Tenses in Spanish
  • 2. The Past Tenses You have met two tenses that you can use: The Preterite The Imperfect
  • 3. The Past Tenses Preterite Tense I played I did play In English: The Imperfect I was playing I used to play
  • 4. The Preterite Tense In English: I played / I did play The Preterite Tense is formed by adding endings onto the stem. compr é compr aste compr ó compr amos compr asteis compr aron AR Verbs comprar I You (sg) He / she / it We You (pl) They compr compr compr compr compr compr
  • 5. Practise……… caminar (to walk) dibujar (to draw) hablar (to speak) mirar (to watch) trabajar (to work) <ul><li>I walked </li></ul><ul><li>She watched </li></ul><ul><li>They worked </li></ul><ul><li>We drew </li></ul><ul><li>You (sg) spoke </li></ul>caminé miró trabajaron dibujamos hablaste <ul><li>He spoke </li></ul><ul><li>You (pl) walked </li></ul><ul><li>I worked </li></ul><ul><li>We watched </li></ul><ul><li>I drew </li></ul>habló caminasteis trabajé miramos dibujé
  • 6. The Preterite Tense vend í viv í vend iste viv iste vend ió viv ió vend imos viv imos vend isteis viv isteis vend ieron viv ieron ER and IR Verbs vender vivir I You (sg) He / she / it We You (pl) They vend viv vend viv vend viv vend viv vend viv vend viv
  • 7. Practise……… romper (to break) correr (to run) comer (to eat) elegir (to choose) discutir (to discuss) 1. We ran 2. He ate 3. I chose 4. You (sg) broke 5. They discussed corrimos comió elegí rompiste discutieron 6. You (pl) broke 7. She discussed 8. We ate 9. I ran 10. You (sg) chose rompisteis discutió comimos corrí elegiste
  • 8. Irregular preterites: andar caber dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner producir querer saber ser tener traer venir ver to walk to fit to give to say to be to have to do/make to go to be able to put to produce to want to know to be to have to bring to come to see All of these verbs are irregular in the Preterite Tense.
  • 9. Irregular preterites: andar caber dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner producir querer saber ser tener traer venir ver to walk to fit to give to say to be to have to do/make to go to be able to put to produce to want to know to be to have to bring to come to see In other words, they don ’ t follow any of the patterns that we have already seen.
  • 10. Irregular preterites: andar caber dar decir estar haber hacer ir poder poner producir querer saber ser tener traer venir ver to walk to fit to give to say to be to have to do/make to go to be able to put to produce to want to know to be to have to bring to come to see Check textbook/notes for the verb forms.
  • 11. The Imperfect Tense In English: I was playing / I used to play Like the Preterite Tense, the Imperfect is formed by adding endings onto the stem. dej aba dej abas dej aba dej aban dej abais dej ábamos tem ía viv ía tem ías viv ías tem ía viv ía tem íamos viv íamos tem íais viv íais tem ían viv ían AR Verbs dejar ER and IR Verbs temer vivir dej dej dej dej dej dej tem viv tem viv tem viv tem viv tem viv tem viv
  • 12. The Imperfect Tense One of the good things about the Imperfect Tense is that it only has 3 irregular verbs ! Ser (to be) Ir (to go) Ver (to see) era eras era éramos erais eran iba ibas iba íbamos ibais iban veía veías veía veíamos veíais veían Irregular stem and endings Uses –AR endings Stem has an extra e
  • 13. Practice…… ganar (to win) cocinar (to cook) creer (to believe) esconder (to hide) decidir (to decide) 1. I was winning 2. You (pl) were hiding 3. He was cooking 4. We were deciding 5. You (sg) were believing ganaba escondíais cocinaba decidíamos creías 6. She used to believe 7. They used to hide 8. I used to win 9. We used to cook 10. You (sg) used to decide creía escondían ganaba cocinábamos decidías
  • 14. The Perfect In English: I have played To form the Perfect Tense you need part of the verb haber and a past participle. haber he has ha hemos habéis han + past participle llegar lleg lleg ado comer com com ido unir un un ido to arrive to eat to join I have arrived He llegado He has eaten Ha comido We have joined Hemos unido You (sg) have eaten Has comido You (pl) have joined Habéis unido They have arrived Han llegado
  • 15. Practice……… What are the past participles of these verbs ? bailar amar permitir deber aprender entrar temer vivir admitir desear esperar beber decidir prometer existir bailado amado permitido debido aprendido entrado temido vivido admitido deseado esperado bebido decidido prometido existido
  • 16. There are some irregular past participles: abrir cubrir decir escribir hacer morir poner resolver ver volver to open to cover to say to write to do/make to die to put to solve to see to return abierto cubierto dicho escrito hecho muerto puesto resuelto visto vuelto
  • 17. So there you are… A tour of the past tenses met so far Now have a go at some exercises to check your understanding
  • 18. FIN

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