Discovering a Valid Behavioral Evaluation of
Discourse Gist Reasoning Skills in Adults
August 13, 2014
Dorothy MacFarlane,...
Cognitive function overview
Lorenz, J. et al, Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex,
2002
Discourse gist reasoning
Chapman, S. B., & Mudar, R. A., 2013
The Evaluated Discourse Gist Reasoning Skillset
Gist reasoning entails 3 higher order cognitive functions
• strategic atte...
Literary Abstraction Rubric
Did They State…
Score
Example
Source
A Definition of Success/Failure (with no "?" after)
1 Eac...
Literature Evaluation
Future Directions: Why is a Behavioral Method
Needed?
- Established a Possible Control Group
- Troubleshooting
- Baseline ...
Citations
Anand, R., Chapman, S. B., Rackley, A., Keebler, M., Zientz, J., & Hart, J. (2011). Gist reasoning training in c...
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NanoExplorer Presentation Very Edited

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
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Transcripts - NanoExplorer Presentation Very Edited

  • 1. Discovering a Valid Behavioral Evaluation of Discourse Gist Reasoning Skills in Adults August 13, 2014 Dorothy MacFarlane, Alison Perez, Sandra B. Chapman
  • 2. Cognitive function overview Lorenz, J. et al, Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, 2002
  • 3. Discourse gist reasoning Chapman, S. B., & Mudar, R. A., 2013
  • 4. The Evaluated Discourse Gist Reasoning Skillset Gist reasoning entails 3 higher order cognitive functions • strategic attention • integrated reasoning • elaborated reasoning or innovation Equation Representation: a + b = Ǿ
  • 5. Literary Abstraction Rubric Did They State… Score Example Source A Definition of Success/Failure (with no "?" after) 1 Each "Success cannot be measured at times by money or someone else's definition." AND "To try nothing might actually be the definition of failure." BH0049 Was He a Success/Failure (and why, if relevant) 1 Each "He was a failure because of his ethics and moral attitude." AND
  • 6. Literature Evaluation
  • 7. Future Directions: Why is a Behavioral Method Needed? - Established a Possible Control Group - Troubleshooting - Baseline for Future Standardized Testing
  • 8. Citations Anand, R., Chapman, S. B., Rackley, A., Keebler, M., Zientz, J., & Hart, J. (2011). Gist reasoning training in cognitively normal seniors. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 26(9), 961-968. Chapman SB, Zientz J, Weiner M, et al. (2002) Discourse changes in early Alzheimer’s disease, mild cognitive impairment, and normal aging. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders 16(3): 177–186. Chapman, S. B., & Mudar, R. A. (2013). Discourse gist: A window into the brain’s complex cognitive capacity. Discourse Studies, 15(5), 519-533. Chapman, S. B., Aslan, S., Spence, J. S., Hart, J. J., Bartz, E. K., Didehbani, N., ... & Lu, H. (2013). Neural mechanisms of brain plasticity with complex cognitive training in healthy seniors. Cerebral Cortex, bht234. Johnson-Laird PN (1983) Mental Models. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Lorenz, J., Minoshima, S., & Casey, K. L. (2003). Keeping pain out of mind: the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in pain modulation. Brain, 126(5), 1079-1091. McLeod, S. A. (2007). Cognitive Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/cognitive.html van Dijk TA and Kintsch W (1983) Strategies of Discourse Comprehension. New York: Academic Press. van Dijk TA (1995) On macrostructure mental models and other inventions: A brief personal history of the Kintsch–van Dijk Theory. In: Weaver CA, Mannes S and Fletcher CR (eds) Discourse Comprehension. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 383–410. Zwaan RA and Radvansky GA (1998) Situation models in language comprehension and memory. Psychology Bulletin 123(2): 162–185.

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