Guided by-
Dr. Y. D. Badgaiyan
Prof. & Head
Deptt. of Community Medicine,
CIMS, Bilaspur(C.G.)
 The estimated number of people living with
HIV in India is 2,390,000, with an estimated
adult HIV prevalence of 0.31% in...
 HIV/AIDS is concentrated among high-risk
group populations and is heterogeneous in
its spread.
 The primary drivers of ...
 Heterosexual route of transmission accounts
for 87% of the HIV cases detected.
 Over the years, the HIV/AIDS epidemic h...
 National AIDS Control Programme (NACP)
aims to contain the spread of HIV in India by
building all-encompassing response ...
 This will be achieved through a four-pronged
strategy –
1. Prevention of infections through saturation
of coverage of hi...
3.Strengthening the infrastructure, systems
and human resources in prevention, care,
support and treatment programs at dis...
 To meet the above objectives, various
interventions were initiated with clearly
defined -
- technical and operational gu...
 The National AIDS Control Organisation
(NACO) under Ministry of Health and Family
Welfare is the overall body for framin...
 State AIDS Control Societies (SACS) have been
constituted throughout the country with the
responsibility of program impl...
1. Targeted interventions.
2. Management of STI.
3. Condom promotion.
4. Blood safety.
5. Integrated counseling and testin...
 HIV epidemic in India is mainly concentrated
in high-risk population like
- female sex workers (FSW),
- men having sex w...
 Given their special vulnerabilities, prevention
strategies include five elements-
- behaviour change,
- treatment for se...
 Prevention strategy includes peer led
interventions by Non-Governmental
Organizations (NGOs)/Community Based
Organizatio...
 TIs are aimed to effect behavior change for
having protected sex through awareness
rising among the high-risk groups and...
 STI and Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI)
are key determinants of HIV transmission.
 An estimated 6% of adult populat...
 Control of STI provides a window of
opportunity for prevention of new HIV
infection and is the most cost-effective
means...
 Condom promotion strategy aims to integrate
the use for family planning as well as
prevention of HIV and STI using vario...
 Blood Safety program under NACP-III aims to
ensure provision of safe and quality blood to
the far-flung remote areas of ...
 This is sought to be achieved by the
following:-
- Strengthening infrastructural facilities and
establishing blood stora...
- Vigorously promoting appropriate use of blood,
blood components and blood products among
the clinicians;
- Developing lo...
 Counseling and HIV testing services are being
provided through 5223 Integrated
Counselling and Testing Centres (ICTC)
ma...
 The main functions of an ICTC include HIV
diagnostic tests, counseling and promoting
behavioral change and referral for ...
 The care, support and treatment needs of HIV
positive people vary with the stage of the
infection.
 The HIV infected pe...
 As immunity falls over time, the person
becomes susceptible to various Opportunistic
Infections (OIs).
 At this stage, ...
 Care support and treatment services are
provided through various facilities closely
linked with each other, with a defin...
 Information, Education and Communication
(IEC) cuts across all program components.
 There has been a strategic shift in...
 NACO has undertaken extensive campaigns
to raise awareness and strengthen health
seeking and safe preventive behavior am...
 Some innovative interventions initiated for
mass awareness include Red Ribbon
Express during 2007-2008 and 2009-2010
and...
 Efforts are being made to mainstream
HIV/AIDS with other sectors, notably with the
departments of women and child
develo...
 India's response to HIV epidemic is governed by the
strategic information derived from HIV Sentinel
Surveillance, routin...
 Beginning NACP-III, NACO has positioned
itself as the promoter and coordinator of
research on HIV/AIDS through
partnersh...
 There is evidence that HIV epidemic is
stabilizing in the country, particularly in
southern states.
 However, there is ...
 National response to HIV/AIDS during the first
three years of the NACP-III has been
commendable in terms of infrastructu...
THANK YOU
National response to hiv
National response to hiv
of 37

National response to hiv

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National response to hiv

  • 1. Guided by- Dr. Y. D. Badgaiyan Prof. & Head Deptt. of Community Medicine, CIMS, Bilaspur(C.G.)
  • 2.  The estimated number of people living with HIV in India is 2,390,000, with an estimated adult HIV prevalence of 0.31% in 2009.  Available evidence on HIV epidemic in India shows a stable trend at a national level.
  • 3.  HIV/AIDS is concentrated among high-risk group populations and is heterogeneous in its spread.  The primary drivers of HIV epidemic in India are unprotected paid sex, unprotected sex between men and injecting drug use.
  • 4.  Heterosexual route of transmission accounts for 87% of the HIV cases detected.  Over the years, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has moved from urban to rural India and from high-risk to general population, largely affecting youth.
  • 5.  National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) aims to contain the spread of HIV in India by building all-encompassing response reaching out to diverse populations.  The overall goal of NACP is to halt and reverse the epidemic by prevention, care and support and treatment.
  • 6.  This will be achieved through a four-pronged strategy – 1. Prevention of infections through saturation of coverage of high-risk groups with targeted interventions (TIs) and scaled up interventions in the general population. 2. Provision of greater care, support and treatment to larger number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA).
  • 7. 3.Strengthening the infrastructure, systems and human resources in prevention, care, support and treatment programs at district, state and national levels and 4. Strengthening the nationwide Strategic Information Management System (SIMS).
  • 8.  To meet the above objectives, various interventions were initiated with clearly defined - - technical and operational guidelines and - monitoring indicators.
  • 9.  The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is the overall body for framing policy, guidelines and strategies for program implementation.  It also releases funds to various states and reviews the progress under various components of the program.
  • 10.  State AIDS Control Societies (SACS) have been constituted throughout the country with the responsibility of program implementation.  In high HIV prevalent districts, District AIDS Prevention Control Unit (DAPCU) has been set up for direct supervision at the ground level.
  • 11. 1. Targeted interventions. 2. Management of STI. 3. Condom promotion. 4. Blood safety. 5. Integrated counseling and testing services. 6. Care, support and treatment. 7. Information, education, communication and mainstreaming. 8. Strategic information management system.
  • 12.  HIV epidemic in India is mainly concentrated in high-risk population like - female sex workers (FSW), - men having sex with men (MSM), - injecting drug users (IDU) and - clients of sex workers.
  • 13.  Given their special vulnerabilities, prevention strategies include five elements- - behaviour change, - treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STI), - monitoring access to and utilization of condoms, - ownership building and - creating an enabling environment.
  • 14.  Prevention strategy includes peer led interventions by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)/Community Based Organizations (CBOs), both in the rural and urban areas.  These are networked and linked to general healthcare facilities to ensure that HRG s' access them without stigma or discrimination; they are also linked to Community Care Centers (CCC), Counseling and Testing Centers and anti- retroviral treatment (ART) centers.
  • 15.  TIs are aimed to effect behavior change for having protected sex through awareness rising among the high-risk groups and clients of sex workers or bridge populations, particularly single male migrants and long distance truckers.
  • 16.  STI and Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI) are key determinants of HIV transmission.  An estimated 6% of adult population suffers from STI/RTI annually, accounting for about 30 million episodes per year.  Presence of STI increases the risk of acquisition and transmission of HIV infection five to ten times.
  • 17.  Control of STI provides a window of opportunity for prevention of new HIV infection and is the most cost-effective means for preventing HIV transmission.  Provision of standardized package of STI/RTI services through syndromic case management by public health facilities and preferred private practitioners is the cornerstone of the program.
  • 18.  Condom promotion strategy aims to integrate the use for family planning as well as prevention of HIV and STI using various channels of supply, i.e. free, through social marketing and commercial outlets.  In addition, various innovative approaches have been introduced including Condom Vending Machines (CVMs) at strategic sites, female condoms particularly for FSW and special condoms for MSM population.
  • 19.  Blood Safety program under NACP-III aims to ensure provision of safe and quality blood to the far-flung remote areas of the country in the shortest possible time through a well- coordinated National Blood Transfusion Service.
  • 20.  This is sought to be achieved by the following:- - Strengthening infrastructural facilities and establishing blood storage centers in the primary health care system for availability of blood in far-flung remote areas; - Ensuring that regular (repeat) voluntary non- remunerated blood donors constitute the main source of blood supply through phased increase in donor recruitment and retention;
  • 21. - Vigorously promoting appropriate use of blood, blood components and blood products among the clinicians; - Developing long-term policy for capacity building to achieve efficient and self-sufficient blood transfusion services; - Mandatory testing of each unit of blood for HIV, Hepatitis B and C, Syphilis and Malaria and - Voluntary blood donation for which camps are organized with the help of various organizations.
  • 22.  Counseling and HIV testing services are being provided through 5223 Integrated Counselling and Testing Centres (ICTC) mainly located in government hospitals.  These services are also being expanded in PHC/CHC in the rural areas, private sector facilities and mobile clinics.
  • 23.  The main functions of an ICTC include HIV diagnostic tests, counseling and promoting behavioral change and referral for care and treatment services.  The ICTC services are accessed by voluntary clients (who visit the ICTC on their own), provider initiated client testing including patients with signs/symptoms of HIV infection, patients with STI/RTI/TB and pregnant women visiting antenatal clinics.
  • 24.  The care, support and treatment needs of HIV positive people vary with the stage of the infection.  The HIV infected person remains asymptomatic for 6-8 years.
  • 25.  As immunity falls over time, the person becomes susceptible to various Opportunistic Infections (OIs).  At this stage, medical treatment and psychosocial support are needed.  ART and prompt diagnosis and treatment of OIs improve the survival and quality of life.
  • 26.  Care support and treatment services are provided through various facilities closely linked with each other, with a defined referral system as illustrated in Table 1.  Selected ART centers are upgraded as Centers of Excellence (CoE) for tertiary care, training and operational research.
  • 27.  Information, Education and Communication (IEC) cuts across all program components.  There has been a strategic shift in IEC strategy , with the focus moving on to behavior change communication from just awareness creation.
  • 28.  NACO has undertaken extensive campaigns to raise awareness and strengthen health seeking and safe preventive behavior among people toward HIV.  Thematic campaigns are designed and undertaken using mass media, mid media, outdoor and interpersonal communication channels.
  • 29.  Some innovative interventions initiated for mass awareness include Red Ribbon Express during 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 and multimedia campaigns in Nagaland,  Manipur and Mizoram during 2009-2010. The key interventions targeting the youth are Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) and Red Ribbon Clubs.
  • 30.  Efforts are being made to mainstream HIV/AIDS with other sectors, notably with the departments of women and child development, rural development, labor, tribal development, railways, armed forces, etc for a multisectoral response.
  • 31.  India's response to HIV epidemic is governed by the strategic information derived from HIV Sentinel Surveillance, routine program monitoring data, operational research and evaluation studies.  A nationwide web-enabled Strategic Information Management System (SIMS) has been set up to empower program management at various levels with the information required for planning, management and monitoring purposes.  This system also helps in evidence-based policy formulation and program planning.
  • 32.  Beginning NACP-III, NACO has positioned itself as the promoter and coordinator of research on HIV/AIDS through partnership, networking and capacity building of institutions within the country.  The objective is to identify knowledge gaps that are critical for effective program implementation.
  • 33.  There is evidence that HIV epidemic is stabilizing in the country, particularly in southern states.  However, there is also indication of emerging hot-spots in the northern states of the country, which require focus and attention.
  • 34.  National response to HIV/AIDS during the first three years of the NACP-III has been commendable in terms of infrastructure and system development, coverage of targeted population and monitoring systems.  However, there are still challenges to achieve the goal of the reversal of the epidemic.  Key areas which require special attention are TIs for MSM, IDU and migrants and services to HIV positive pregnant women and infants.
  • 35. THANK YOU

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