Population Policy at Nationaland State Level(A case of India and Rajasthan)www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
Why this presentation?India with a population of more than one billionscattered in 26 states and 8 union territoriesprovid...
ObjectivesThis presentation aims at:1. Illustrating the definition of policy;2. Steps involved in policy cycle;3. Defining...
Objectives (cont.)5. Document the Process ofFormulating Population Policy atState level in a Federal Country;6. Review the...
What is a Policy?Set of Ideas or Plans that is used as abasis for decision making;Attitude and actions of an organizatio...
What is a PolicyIt is more than mere statement ofgoals:How the stated goals can be achieved?Who will carry out the task...
Basis for PolicySet of ValuesCommitmentsAssessment of current situationImage of a desired future situation.www.drjayes...
Four stages of Policy ProcessProblem Identification and IssueRecognitionPolicy FormulationPolicy ImplementationPolicy ...
Policies related to Health SectorNational Health PolicyNutrition PolicyWomen PolicyTraining PolicyPopulation Policyww...
What is Population Policy? Measures formulated by a range of socialinstitutions including Government which mayinfluence t...
Types of Population PoliciesExplicit : Document by a nationalgovernment announcing its intention toaffect the population ...
Elements common toPopulation PoliciesRationale : demographic analysisObjectives and GoalsTargets : time bound level of ...
Process of PopulationPolicymaking Developing the Constituency in favor ofPopulation Policy Identifying the arguments fav...
Observations on NationalPopulation Policy(NPP)India-20003 Objectives4 New Structures12 Strategic Themes14 National Soc...
National Population Policy-2000,India aims at Short Term : fulfill unmet need for contraception,strengthening the health ...
Demographic Targets of NPP-2000 India (2010) Fulfilling the Unmet Need for RCH Free and compulsory education for childre...
Demographic Targets of NPP-2000 India (2010) Cont. Enhancing the IEC coverage for RTI/STI/AIDS tocent percent population...
Strategies for NPP-2000, India Decentralise the Plan and ProgramImplementation Convergence in services at delivery point...
Structures to be created forNPP-2000,India National PopulationCommission under thechair of Prime Minister Population Com...
Population ProgramPromotional Measures providing fertility regulating information/services furnishing family life/sex ed...
Population Policy at State level India is a federation of 26 states and 6 union territories withvarying development statu...
Rajasthan-a large state of India Rajasthan located in north-west India has a land area of 3.2million sq km with a populat...
Trends in Population Growthof RajasthanFirst 10 million 1898Second 10 million 1961 63 yearsThird 10 million 1977 17 yearsF...
Policy Changes Proposed in theSate of Rajasthan From Medical toSocial EngineeringBehavioral ChangeInformed ChoiceParticip...
Policy Interventions In State’sPopulation Policy of Rajasthan 2000From Quantity toQualityUpgradation of SkillsStatic Cent...
Institutions to be created for PolicyImplementation in Rajastahan-India State PopulationCouncil Pop’n ResourceCentre Di...
SummaryIt has been a unique event in the history ofPublic Health in India that in the year2000that the Population Policie...
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Population policy

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Technology      Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Population policy

  • 1. Population Policy at Nationaland State Level(A case of India and Rajasthan)www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 2. Why this presentation?India with a population of more than one billionscattered in 26 states and 8 union territoriesprovide a unique ground for studying populationprograms management. There is a paradigmshift in population management from exclusivecontraceptive delivery to concurrent dealing of allissues in the framework of reproductivehealth.The steps initiated under the influence ofnew philosophy at country and state level maygive certain clues to many other countries,struggling for betterment of their populationprograms.
  • 3. ObjectivesThis presentation aims at:1. Illustrating the definition of policy;2. Steps involved in policy cycle;3. Defining the population policy;4. Imparting knowledge on commonelements of population policies.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 4. Objectives (cont.)5. Document the Process ofFormulating Population Policy atState level in a Federal Country;6. Review the content of NationalPopulation Policy, India 2000;7. Review the National v/s StatePopulation Policy.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 5. What is a Policy?Set of Ideas or Plans that is used as abasis for decision making;Attitude and actions of an organizationregarding a particular issue;General Statement of understandingwhich guide decision making.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 6. What is a PolicyIt is more than mere statement ofgoals:How the stated goals can be achieved?Who will carry out the tasks?In what manner?www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 7. Basis for PolicySet of ValuesCommitmentsAssessment of current situationImage of a desired future situation.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 8. Four stages of Policy ProcessProblem Identification and IssueRecognitionPolicy FormulationPolicy ImplementationPolicy Evaluationwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 9. Policies related to Health SectorNational Health PolicyNutrition PolicyWomen PolicyTraining PolicyPopulation Policywww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 10. What is Population Policy? Measures formulated by a range of socialinstitutions including Government which mayinfluence the size, distribution or composition ofhuman population (Driver,1972). A deliberate effort by a national government toinfluence the demographic variables like fertility,mortality and migration (Organski &Organski,1961) A set of Coordinated laws aimed at reaching somedemographic goal (Biurgeois-Pichat,1974)www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 11. Types of Population PoliciesExplicit : Document by a nationalgovernment announcing its intention toaffect the population growth andcompositionImplicit : Directives not necessarily issuedto influence the population growth andcomposition but may have the effect ofdoing so.ShivChandra,2001www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 12. Elements common toPopulation PoliciesRationale : demographic analysisObjectives and GoalsTargets : time bound level of fertilityProgram Measureswww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 13. Process of PopulationPolicymaking Developing the Constituency in favor ofPopulation Policy Identifying the arguments favoring populationpolicy Addressing the issues to a right place Visualizing the form a policy should take Recognizing the most advantageous timewww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 14. Observations on NationalPopulation Policy(NPP)India-20003 Objectives4 New Structures12 Strategic Themes14 National Socio-demographic Goals (2010)16 Promotional and Motivational Measures150 Interventionswww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 15. National Population Policy-2000,India aims at Short Term : fulfill unmet need for contraception,strengthening the health infrastructure, integratingthe services for Reproductive and Child Health. Medium Term :effective implementation of inter-sector strategies to substantially reduce the TFRby 2010. Long Term : to sustain the economic growth,social development and eco-conservation, stabilisethe population by 2045.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 16. Demographic Targets of NPP-2000 India (2010) Fulfilling the Unmet Need for RCH Free and compulsory education for children under-fourteen Reducing the school dropout between boys and girls to 20percent Bringing IMR < 30 Bringing MMR < 100 Increasing Immunization against VPDs to 100 percent Encouraging the increase in average age at marriage of girls Increasing Institutional Deliveries to 80 percent > delivery by trained hands to 100 percent Making contraceptive of choice available to 100 percentpopulationwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 17. Demographic Targets of NPP-2000 India (2010) Cont. Enhancing the IEC coverage for RTI/STI/AIDS tocent percent population Integrating allopathy with ISM for betterment ofRCH services Encouraging the small family norm tosubstantially reduce TFR Coordinating the activities of social sectordevelopment to make family welfare programpublic orientedwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 18. Strategies for NPP-2000, India Decentralise the Plan and ProgramImplementation Convergence in services at delivery points Women Empowerment to mitigatenutrition/health problems of females Strengthening child survival Meeting the unmet need for FW Special services for slums Attending Adolescents Increasing Male Participationwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 19. Structures to be created forNPP-2000,India National PopulationCommission under thechair of Prime Minister Population Commissionsin each state under thechair of Chief Ministers Coordination Cell inPlanning Commission atcountry level Creating TechnologyMission at national levelwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 20. Population ProgramPromotional Measures providing fertility regulating information/services furnishing family life/sex education information improving the status of women improving health and nutritional status providing incentives and disincentives improving research and evaluation carrying out specific legal reforms to influenceinternal and international migrationwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 21. Population Policy at State level India is a federation of 26 states and 6 union territories withvarying development status. While Kerala in south haveexemplary demographic indicators, the situation in northernstates is dismal. Although Population Management falls in the concurrentlist of activities envisaged in the constitutional frameworkof India but with other issues of social development likeHealth, Education and Women development being in thestate list of activities, state governments own theresponsibilities to a large extent. Thus a new phenomena ofpolicy formulation at state level has begun which mayreintensify the efforts of Union Government. Since population growth and quantum influence thedevelopment of the country at large, union government hasconsistently interacted with states on this subject.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 22. Rajasthan-a large state of India Rajasthan located in north-west India has a land area of 3.2million sq km with a population of 54 million(2001). It isscattered in 200 urban agglomerations and more than 33000inhabited villages. The State has one of the highest decadal population growth rateand one of the lowest literacy rate (particularly female literacy)in the country. Sex Ratio is 913 females per 1000 males. Its growth rate has consistently remained above the nationalaverage. It is 28.2 percent for the period between 1ast twocensus(1991-2001) The average age at marriage is less then 18 although a lawexists to not to marry girls before they attain adulthood. The involvement of male in managing the fertility andreproductive phenomena is minimal. The state has one of the highest infant mortality rate.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 23. Trends in Population Growthof RajasthanFirst 10 million 1898Second 10 million 1961 63 yearsThird 10 million 1977 17 yearsFourth 10 million 1988 11 yearsFifth 10 million 1996 8 yearsSixth 10 million 2003 7 years With the existing TFR4.4, CPR 40 %, IMR 86and decadal Growth Rateof 28 %, the State’spopulation would reachto 98.8 million by 2041A.D State’s Population Policyaims to achieve TFR 2.1by 2016 through raisingCPR to >65%.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 24. Policy Changes Proposed in theSate of Rajasthan From Medical toSocial EngineeringBehavioral ChangeInformed ChoiceParticipationSustainability SpecificInterventions:Girl ChildEducation/FemaleLiteracy;Gender Equity;Family Life Education;Legislative Measures;Enhancing Age atMarriage;Male Participation, andStrengthening IEC.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 25. Policy Interventions In State’sPopulation Policy of Rajasthan 2000From Quantity toQualityUpgradation of SkillsStatic Centres forSteriliz’nsImproved access toservicesUpgradation offacilitiesOperations ResearchIntegrated ServicesforSpacing MethodAntenatal CareDeliveriesPost-natal CareImmunizationRTIChild Carewww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 26. Institutions to be created for PolicyImplementation in Rajastahan-India State PopulationCouncil Pop’n ResourceCentre District LevelCommittee Block LevelCommittee Village LevelCommitteewww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  • 27. SummaryIt has been a unique event in the history ofPublic Health in India that in the year2000that the Population Policies have beenreleased at the country and state level withthe goal of stabilizing Population in a largesubcontinent which currently constitutesone-sixth of world’s population. It is nowfor students of Health Management to see,how the proposed interventions work in thecoming time. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

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