ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS?:Nationalism & Sectionalism after the War of 1812 A07E 7.10.8
Results of the War of 1812 Draw militarily  Small war and insignificant in military terms. Important consequences for...
Guiding QuestionHistorians have traditionally labeledthe period after the War of 1812(1815-1825) the “Era of GoodFeelings....
Presidential Election of 1816
Politics: “ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS” “Era of Good Feelings”  James Monroe - President (1817-1825)  John Quincy Adams  J...
1820 Presidential Election
ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Great Migration Westward  Old Northwest  Old Southwest ...
ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION “internal improvements” Henry Clay – “American System”  Tariff of 1...
ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Panic of 1819  boom & bust cycles  About every 20 yrs. in 19th C. Causes of the Pan...
MISSOURI Missouri statehood controversy (1819)  Tallmadge Amendment (1819) – gradual abolition (passed HR, failed in...
MISSOURI COMPROMISEREACTIONS “like a fire-bell in the night . . . the [death] knell of the Union” - Thomas Jefferson ...
THE SUPREMECOURT &NATIONALISM Marbury v. Madison (1803)  judicial review Fletcher v. Peck (1810) ...
NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Florida (1819)
NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 ( Transcontinental Treaty)
North America in 1824
NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRSThe Monroe Doctrine (1823)The US to declare the Americas off-limits to Europe.A continuati...
END OFTHE “ERA” Election of 1824 - Era Breaks Down electoral changes - elections based much more on popular support “Co...
Election of 1824: A “Corrupt Bargain”? C a n d id a te E le c to ra l P o p u la r H o u s e V o te ...
John Quincy Adams President, 1825-1829 John Quincy Adams (Library of Congress)
TheElectionof 1828 Andrew Jackson (Library of Congress)
Review of Presidents1. George Washington (1789-1797) no party Virginia2. John Adams (1797-1801) Fed...
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Nationalism vs sectionalism

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nationalism vs sectionalism

  • 1. ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS?:Nationalism & Sectionalism after the War of 1812 A07E 7.10.8
  • 2. Results of the War of 1812 Draw militarily  Small war and insignificant in military terms. Important consequences for the U.S.:  Winners: War Hawks; Republicans, Andrew Jackson  Losers: Indians, Federalists  New spirit of nationalism  Paranoia about Britain died away (“Second War for Independence”) Rush-Bagot Agreement & Convention of 1818 No U.S. involvement with Europe for 100 years. America looks inward
  • 3. Guiding QuestionHistorians have traditionally labeledthe period after the War of 1812(1815-1825) the “Era of GoodFeelings.” How accurate was thislabel, considering the emergence ofnationalism and sectionalism duringthe period?
  • 4. Presidential Election of 1816
  • 5. Politics: “ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS” “Era of Good Feelings”  James Monroe - President (1817-1825)  John Quincy Adams  John Calhoun Nationalism Sectionalism President James Monroe Sec. of State J.Q. Adams
  • 6. 1820 Presidential Election
  • 7. ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Great Migration Westward  Old Northwest  Old Southwest Spread of Settlement: Westward Surge, 1800–1820Concentration of Slavery, 1820
  • 8. ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION “internal improvements” Henry Clay – “American System”  Tariff of 1816 - protective  Second Bank of the U. S.  Internal improvements at federal expense. National Road SECTIONAL IMPLICATIONS?•WEST  got roads, canals, and federal aid•EAST  protective tariffs (w/ support from the West)•SOUTH  ?? Major Migration Routes, 1800–1820
  • 9. ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Panic of 1819  boom & bust cycles  About every 20 yrs. in 19th C. Causes of the Panic  Deflation – falling crop prices  Esp. cotton: British demand drops - find cheaper sources  Competition from Europe increases - end of Napoleanic Wars  Overspeculation on land – easy credit from banks  Western farmers unable to pay loans Who/What  Trade deficit – drained U.S. of specie is blamed?  Bank of the U.S. tightens credit  Tougher loan requirements, requires specie from state banks
  • 10. MISSOURI Missouri statehood controversy (1819)  Tallmadge Amendment (1819) – gradual abolition (passed HR, failed in Senate) Missouri Compromise (1820) (Maine-Missouri Bill)
  • 11. MISSOURI COMPROMISEREACTIONS “like a fire-bell in the night . . . the [death] knell of the Union” - Thomas Jefferson “the title page to a great tragic volume” – J. AdamsContinued Existence of Slavery: a) Legal Status b) Political Power c) Geographic/Economic NecessityNationalism vs. Sectionalism??
  • 12. THE SUPREMECOURT &NATIONALISM Marbury v. Madison (1803)  judicial review Fletcher v. Peck (1810) Old Supreme Court Chamber  Constitution forbids state laws “impairing” contracts Dartmouth v. Woodward (Dartmouth College Case) (1819) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)  Elastic (“necessary & proper”) clause Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) “Steamboat Case”  Commerce Clause
  • 13. NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Florida (1819)
  • 14. NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 ( Transcontinental Treaty)
  • 15. North America in 1824
  • 16. NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRSThe Monroe Doctrine (1823)The US to declare the Americas off-limits to Europe.A continuation of the neutrality and isolationist policies established by Washington. US will protect the Americas- US will recognize --new countries which existing European formed in Central and South Colonies America Monroe Doctrine No European Colonization in US will not meddle the Americas in European affairs
  • 17. END OFTHE “ERA” Election of 1824 - Era Breaks Down electoral changes - elections based much more on popular support “Corrupt Bargain” (according to whom???)
  • 18. Election of 1824: A “Corrupt Bargain”? C a n d id a te E le c to ra l P o p u la r H o u s e V o te V o te V o te Jackson 99 1 5 3 ,5 4 4 7 Adam s 84 1 0 8 ,7 4 0 13 C ra w fo rd 41 4 6 ,6 1 8 4 C la y 37 4 7 ,1 3 6 -
  • 19. John Quincy Adams President, 1825-1829 John Quincy Adams (Library of Congress)
  • 20. TheElectionof 1828 Andrew Jackson (Library of Congress)
  • 21. Review of Presidents1. George Washington (1789-1797) no party Virginia2. John Adams (1797-1801) Federalist Mass.3. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) Republican Virginia4. James Madison (1809-1817) Republican Virginia5. James Monroe (1817-1825) Republican Virginia6. John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) Republican Mass.7. Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Democrat Tenn.

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