POLITICAL
SYSTEMS
IN THE
MODERN ERA
THE PATH TO ABSOLUTISM
Edurne Barruetabeña
MIDDLE
AGES
MODERN
ERA
-PARLIAMENTARY
FEUDAL
-PARLIAMENTARY
FEUDAL
AUTHORITARIA
MONARCHY
AUTHORITARIA ABSOLUTIS
MONARCHY...
IN THE MIDDLE AGES
FEUDAL MONARCHY
The king was one more
rest of the nobles with :
noble
among the
-TITLES
- LANDS (ma...
Kings in The Middle Ages were WEAK :
-they had as
vasals other
-they had little power and money
nobles
who also had priv...
In the Middle Ages monarchs depended on the nobility and were submitted to them.
and
NEEDED : - the
- and the approval
...
END of THE MIDDLE AGES and
started becoming
16 th Century Monarchs more powerful
more and
AUTHORITARIAN
-In Spain:
MONAR...
17 th century:
Absolute
monarchy
W h a t is a b s o lu tis m ?
L ’e ta t, c ’e s t
m o i!!
– “ W h e n a ru le r h a s c o m p le te a u th o rity o v e ...
E lizabeth I
• Q u e e n o f E n g la n d
• H e n r y V III’s
d a u g h te r
( r e m e m b e r h im ? )
• D e fe a te d th...
P eter the G reat
• C z a r o f R u s s ia
• W a n te d to
E u r o p e a n iz e ,
m o d e r n iz e
R u s s ia .
• W e n t ...
RELIGIOUS JUSTIFICATION FOR ABSOLUTISM
-Bishop Jacques Bousset
-Kings are God´s representatives
on Earth
– “ T h e k in g...
CONTROL
OVER
Courts
clergy
Local
minicipalities
SUBMISSION OF
THE NOBILITY
TO THE KING
PERMANENT AND
PROFESSIONAL ARMY...
L o u is “ th e S u n K in g ” X IV
K ill th o s e
d a rn
H u g u e n o ts
In c re a s e th e
A rm y !!
In v a d e
G e r...
-He occupied himself
personally with the
running of the country
taking all the decisions
--He stopped the meeting -He sub...
T h e H a ll o f M ir r o r s
T h e Q u e e n ’s B e d r o o m
L o u is X IV
L o v e d to
Spend
M o n e y !!!
T h e C h...
T h e S u n K in g ’s P a la c e a t V e r s a ille s
T h e V e r s a ille s P a la c e T o d a y
In
(1688)
18 th centuryEnglandOrange
William of
-PARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY
POWER SHARED BETWEEN
PARLIAMENT
-Controlling and...
-ENLIGHTENED
DESPOTISM
ENLIGHTENED IDEAS
ABSOLUTISM
MONARCHS CONTINUED BEING ABSOLUTISTS (unlimited power)
but PROMOTED ...
SPANISH POLICY IN THE MODERN ERA
AT THE END OF
THE 15 TH CENT.
16 TH CENTURY
17 TH CENTURY
(Bad period for
Spain)
REASON...
-He occupied himself
personally with the
running of the country
taking all the decisions
--He stopped the
meeting
of the ...
T h e V e r s a ille s P a la c e T o d a y
of 22

Political systems in the modern era

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Spiritual      News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political systems in the modern era

  • 1. POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN THE MODERN ERA THE PATH TO ABSOLUTISM Edurne Barruetabeña
  • 2. MIDDLE AGES MODERN ERA -PARLIAMENTARY FEUDAL -PARLIAMENTARY FEUDAL AUTHORITARIA MONARCHY AUTHORITARIA ABSOLUTIS MONARCHY MONARCHY ABSOLUTIS MONARCHY N N T T MONARCHY MONARCHY -MONARCHY MONARCHY end of 15 th and end of 15 th and 16 th centuries 16 th centuries 476 1000 1000 1492 17 th century ENLIGHTENE 17 th century ENLIGHTENE D 18 th century D 18 th century DESPOTISM DESPOTISM 1600 1600 1700 1700 THE PATH TO ABSOLUTISM THE PATH TO ABSOLUTISM (MONARCHS ADQUIRED MORE AND MORE POWER) (MONARCHS ADQUIRED MORE AND MORE POWER) 1789
  • 3. IN THE MIDDLE AGES FEUDAL MONARCHY The king was one more rest of the nobles with : noble among the -TITLES - LANDS (manors ) -and PEASANTS working on their lands and paying rents and obligations to them
  • 4. Kings in The Middle Ages were WEAK : -they had as vasals other -they had little power and money nobles who also had private armies and were very powerfull Therefore, as monarchs depended on the wishes of the nobility they could be elected and also easily removed from power
  • 5. In the Middle Ages monarchs depended on the nobility and were submitted to them. and NEEDED : - the - and the approval advice and the armies of the nobility of the Parliament to receive funds money) Representatives of the three estates attended these Medieval Parliaments or Corts: clergy nobles Wealthy inhabitants of the cities: BOURGEOISIE
  • 6. END of THE MIDDLE AGES and started becoming 16 th Century Monarchs more powerful more and AUTHORITARIAN -In Spain: MONARCHY -Territorial expansion (colonialism) -Territorial unification -Pacification and control of the Castilian and Aragonese nobility -Appointment of royal sheriffs (korrejidoreak) to control local municipalities. The Catholic Kings -Religious unification: -Through the establishment of the Inquisition -Political and dynastic alliances with other European monarchies -Expulsion of religiousminorities
  • 7. 17 th century: Absolute monarchy
  • 8. W h a t is a b s o lu tis m ? L ’e ta t, c ’e s t m o i!! – “ W h e n a ru le r h a s c o m p le te a u th o rity o v e r th e g o v e rn m e n t a n d th e liv e s o f th e p e o p le ” S om e A bsolute M onarchs • L o u is X I V “THE SUN KING “ • E liz a b e th I • P e te r th e G re a t T hat m eans “ I A M th e s ta te ”
  • 9. E lizabeth I • Q u e e n o f E n g la n d • H e n r y V III’s d a u g h te r ( r e m e m b e r h im ? ) • D e fe a te d th e S p a n is h A r m a d a . • B u ilt E n g la n d u p in to a w o r ld p o w e r .
  • 10. P eter the G reat • C z a r o f R u s s ia • W a n te d to E u r o p e a n iz e , m o d e r n iz e R u s s ia . • W e n t in d is g u is e to le a r n h o w to b u ild s h ip s in W e s te rn E u ro p e .
  • 11. RELIGIOUS JUSTIFICATION FOR ABSOLUTISM -Bishop Jacques Bousset -Kings are God´s representatives on Earth – “ T h e k in g is k in g b e c a u s e G o d m a d e h im k in g ” – “ I a n s w e r to G o d a lo n e ” Louis XIV - crowned by Providence, defended by angels, trampling his enemies. (Charles Lebrun, 1677)
  • 12. CONTROL OVER Courts clergy Local minicipalities SUBMISSION OF THE NOBILITY TO THE KING PERMANENT AND PROFESSIONAL ARMY CULT OF THE FIGURE OF THE KING ABSOLUTE POWER OF THE KING RELIGIOUS UNIFICATION CONTROL AND CENTRALISATION OF ADMINISTRATION
  • 13. L o u is “ th e S u n K in g ” X IV K ill th o s e d a rn H u g u e n o ts In c re a s e th e A rm y !! In v a d e G e rm a n y !!! W hat do you m e a n w e ’re out of m o n e y !!? ? F ig h t th e E n g lis h !! F ig h t th e D u tc h !! B u ild m e a p a la c e !!! I w a n t to b e k in g o f S p a in to o ! F ig h t th e S w e d e s!!!
  • 14. -He occupied himself personally with the running of the country taking all the decisions --He stopped the meeting -He submitted the nobility, of the Estates general giving them money and titles ( French Parliament) in exchange of being loyal to him and obeying him LO -He created a professional and permanent “royal” army , only loyal to him LOUIS XIV ´s politics -He moved his court to Versailles taking all the ministers with him --He formed a “personality cult”around his image. -Centralisation and control of: -the bureaucracy -all the laws -all the taxes
  • 15. T h e H a ll o f M ir r o r s T h e Q u e e n ’s B e d r o o m L o u is X IV L o v e d to Spend M o n e y !!! T h e C h a p e l a t V e r s a ille T h e K in g ’s B e d r o o m
  • 16. T h e S u n K in g ’s P a la c e a t V e r s a ille s
  • 17. T h e V e r s a ille s P a la c e T o d a y
  • 18. In (1688) 18 th centuryEnglandOrange William of -PARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY POWER SHARED BETWEEN PARLIAMENT -Controlling and limiting royal power -Approving laws and the expenses of the king MONARCH -The power of the king is limited and controlled by the Parliament -Kings have to accept the will of the people ( represented in the parliament) ) -It is elected by people -In England , Parliament was divided into 2 chambers House of Lords (limited to nobles) House of Commons (bourgeoisie)
  • 19. -ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM ENLIGHTENED IDEAS ABSOLUTISM MONARCHS CONTINUED BEING ABSOLUTISTS (unlimited power) but PROMOTED MANY CHANGES inspired by THE ENLIGHTENMENT ECONOMY to improve EDUCATION and RESEARCH THE WELL BEING OF THEIR SUBJECTS But NOT ALLOWING PEOPLE TO IN POWER EVERYTHING FOR THE PEOPLE , BUT NOTHIN THE PEOPLE (reforms for the people but without their consultation)
  • 20. SPANISH POLICY IN THE MODERN ERA AT THE END OF THE 15 TH CENT. 16 TH CENTURY 17 TH CENTURY (Bad period for Spain) REASONS A-Weak/ innefective kings The Catholic Monarchs Charles I Philip II -Philip III -Philip IV -Charles II B-Economic crisis 18 TH CENTURY PHILIP V (representative of absolutism in Spain) -Grandson of Louis XIV -First of the Bourbon dinasty in Spain after the Spanish War of Succession -CENTRALISATION Much more Unifying and centralizing More Power power (very C-Loss the administration and laws The first authoritatian close to of End of Spanish 0f all the territories in Spain Authoritarian absolutism) Habsburg monarchs of Imperial power NEW MODEL DECREES Spain Territories CONS Fueros The Netherlands and institutions of Aragon , AUTHORITARIAN and Portugal Valencia, the Baleares become MONARCHIES disappeared to be replaced independent by the Castlian ones
  • 21. -He occupied himself personally with the running of the country taking all the decisions --He stopped the meeting of the Estates general ( French Parliament) -He submitted the nobility, giving them money and titles in exchange of being loyal to him and obeying him He moved his court to Versailles is image. LOUIS -He created a professional and permanent “royal” army , only loyal to him XIV ´s politics taking all the ministers with him --He formed a “personality cult”around h -Centralisation and control of: -the bureaucracy -all the laws -all the taxes
  • 22. T h e V e r s a ille s P a la c e T o d a y

Related Documents