Natural Sign Languages
Aditya Putri
Aditya Wardhana
Eka Rambe
Hery Yanti
Laila Qodariah
Zainah
Lyanthinova Gloria
Sign language
A language used by many
hearing impaired people
and by some who
communicate with
hearing impaired people,
wh...
Phonology
Formational Elements
Combining Formational Elements
Prosody
In order to have sentences, one must have words, and...
Formational
Elements:
the list of hand
shapes, locations and
movements
They are
comparable to the
list of consonants
and v...
Combining Formational Elements
A sequence of two hand shapes is prohibited
in the native sign of ASL and other sign langua...
The word OVERSLEEP
made from the two words
SLEEP and SUNRISE.
The ASL compound the
hand configuration of
SLEEP borrows a f...
Prosody:
a collective term for variations in loudness,
pitch and speech rhythm.
Sign languages
employ facial
expressions, ...
Morphology
Word Formation
Verb Agreement
Classified
Construction
Word Formation
Vocabulary of sign languages is purely iconic: there
is one-to-one relationship between the form of a
word ...
Verb Agreement
Sign language verbs agree in
person and in number with their
subject and object.
Time-Subject-Verb-Object o...
Classifier Constructions
Classifiers are signs that use hand shapes
that are associated with specific categories
(classes)...
Syntax
Recursion
Word Order
Sign Language and Universal Grammar
Recursion
we can put sentences inside other sentences and these
can be
Generated inside sentences.
Examples:
Mary helped G...
Word Order
Sign Language and Universal Grammar
Language as an Art Form:
Sign Language Poetry
The fact that poetry arises in deaf community teaches us:
the desire and abi...
Sign language
poets use:
reiterative use of hand shape
basic hand
shape with
extended index
finger
sound is unnecessary,
n...
Summing Up
Sign languages are full linguistic systems that share
with spoken languages defining characteristics of
human l...
Natural sign languages revision ppt
Natural sign languages revision ppt
Natural sign languages revision ppt
Natural sign languages revision ppt
Natural sign languages revision ppt
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Natural sign languages revision ppt

Is Sign Language a language? This presentation was made for my psycholinguistics class at Unindra in 2015.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natural sign languages revision ppt

  • 1. Natural Sign Languages Aditya Putri Aditya Wardhana Eka Rambe Hery Yanti Laila Qodariah Zainah Lyanthinova Gloria
  • 2. Sign language A language used by many hearing impaired people and by some who communicate with hearing impaired people, which makes use of movements of the hands, arms, body, head, face, eyes, and mouth to communicate meanings.
  • 3. Phonology Formational Elements Combining Formational Elements Prosody In order to have sentences, one must have words, and words pronounced as a series of sounds. What about sign languages?
  • 4. Formational Elements: the list of hand shapes, locations and movements They are comparable to the list of consonants and vowels in spoken language.
  • 5. Combining Formational Elements A sequence of two hand shapes is prohibited in the native sign of ASL and other sign languages Assimilation process: • greenback and beanbag The nasal sound [n] often assimilates the labial place of articulation from the [b] that follows it: gree(m)back, bea(m)bag. • oversleep made from two words sleep and sunrise
  • 6. The word OVERSLEEP made from the two words SLEEP and SUNRISE. The ASL compound the hand configuration of SLEEP borrows a feature from the following sign SUNRISE.
  • 7. Prosody: a collective term for variations in loudness, pitch and speech rhythm. Sign languages employ facial expressions, body postures and rhythmic devices in similar way and for similar functions.
  • 8. Morphology Word Formation Verb Agreement Classified Construction
  • 9. Word Formation Vocabulary of sign languages is purely iconic: there is one-to-one relationship between the form of a word or concept and its meaning. The ASL sign for airplane looks something like an airplane; the sign for give looks something like the act of handing something to someone.
  • 10. Verb Agreement Sign language verbs agree in person and in number with their subject and object. Time-Subject-Verb-Object or Time-Subject-Verb for word order. That is, when discussing past and future events a time- frame is established before the rest of the sentence, for example: WEEK-PAST I WASH MY CAR. The active voice is in Subject- Verb-Object word order: BOY THROW BALL. The passive voice is in Object, Subject-Verb word order: BALL BOY THROW.
  • 11. Classifier Constructions Classifiers are signs that use hand shapes that are associated with specific categories (classes) of size, shape, or usage.
  • 12. Syntax Recursion Word Order Sign Language and Universal Grammar
  • 13. Recursion we can put sentences inside other sentences and these can be Generated inside sentences. Examples: Mary helped George. Cathy knew that Mary helped George. John believed that Cathy knew that Mary helped George . In English, recursion is often used to create expressions that modify or change the meaning of one of the element s of the sentence. For example, to take the word nails a nd give it a more specific meaning, we could use an obje ct relative clause such as that Dan bought, as in Hand me the nails that Dan bought.
  • 14. Word Order
  • 15. Sign Language and Universal Grammar
  • 16. Language as an Art Form: Sign Language Poetry The fact that poetry arises in deaf community teaches us: the desire and ability to mold the formational elements of language into an artistic expression of its content is a hallmark of human culture. Wim Emmerik
  • 17. Sign language poets use: reiterative use of hand shape basic hand shape with extended index finger sound is unnecessary, not only for communicative use of language but for artistic use of language as well.
  • 18. Summing Up Sign languages are full linguistic systems that share with spoken languages defining characteristics of human language. Sign languages use hand shape, location and movement that can be combined to create meaningful morphemes and words Like spoken languages, sign languages have the power to express the full range of human experience, including poetry.