Narrative structure 2 (1)
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narrative structure 2 (1)
Narrative Structure Subversive Productions
Tzvetan TodorovSuggested that conventional narratives are structured in 5 main stages:• There is a state of equilibrium, status quo or a balance of power between two opposing forces.• A disruption of the equilibrium by some action.• A recognition that there has been a disruption.• An attempt to repair the equilibrium.• A reinstatement of the equilibrium, but there are normally changes so this is called the new equilibrium.
Roland BarthesBarthes created 5 codes, which are woven into any narrative:• Hermeneutic Code - Refers to to elements of a story that are not explained. They exist as enigmas that the reader/viewer wishes to be resolved• Proairetic Code - Refers to plot events that imply further narrative action. For example, a character confronts an adversary and the reader/viewer wonders what the outcome will be.• Symbolic Code - Refers to a structure that organises meanings by way of antitheses, binary opposites or sexual and psychological conflicts. These can be shown through characters, settings and events.• Semantic Code - Focuses on information the narrative provides in order to suggest abstract concepts. Any element of the narrative can provide additional meaning through connotations. This enables the narrative to show meaning rather than tell it.• Cultural Code - Designates any element in a narrative that refers to common bodies of knowledge such as historical, mythological or scientific. The cultural codes point to knowledge about the way the world works as shared by a community or culture.
Vladimir Propp• 29 April 1895-22 August 1970• Soviet formalist scholar who analysed basic plot components of Russian folk tales.• He broke up fairy tales into sections; through these sections he was able to define the tale into a series of sequences.• "Initial Situation, after which the tale usually follows 31 functions,"
FunctionsTwo Distinct Types:•Text is described to follow the chronological order or linear sequence of elements. Also "Diachronic" gives the audience the sense of "going through" the high and lows of a story.•The elements are taken out of the given order and are regrouped. Also "Synchronic" is where the story is taken in all at one time like in the pattern of a circle. Offers a sense of unity among the components of a story.
Strauss• Pairs of binary opposites.• Understanding of the difference between the word and its opposite. They realised that the words merely act as symbols for societys ideas and that is the meaning of the words.
How We Will Use These• Our narrative contains ghosts, which fit into Barthes cultural code as they are mythological.• We could use the semantic code effectively in our narrative, as we could use it to cleverly imply that the main character is dead rather than just telling the audience.• Depending on which direction we go with our narrative, we could use Todorovs idea of equilibriums. For example, the man could have been living with the woman for a while when she suddenly gets a boyfriend, hence disrupting the equilibrium.• We could use many of the functions found in Propps theory but we would use them in a "Synchronic" form as we wont be using them all e.g. Wedding. But we will also use "Departure", "First function of the Donor" and "Exposé". Also there is set characters but we will only be using two so there will either be characters missed out or they will have to cover a few in each of our characters.• We could use Strausss binary opposites in ways to express the difference between life and death. Also we could use societys ideas on rejection in relationships to show the difference between the two characters.