Port Phillip DistrictAOS 1: A New Land
#1. Ideas underpinning the settlement of
and migration to the Port Phillip
District...
Port Phillip District
Main concepts:
#1. Ideas underpinning the settlement of
and migration to the Port Phillip
District, including ideas about ...
Ideas
(that underpinned settlement in Port Phillip)
- land ownership
- doctrine of ‘improvement’
- European ideas of ‘usin...
What’s a
pastoral
economy?
Motivations -Push/Pull factors
These terms can be used interchangeably….
Push/pull factors:
- Effects of the Industrial Re...
Push/Pull FactorsPUSH FACTORS:
Push factors are conditions in homelands of migrants that push them to leave for the new wo...
Groups and Individuals and
their individual motivations
*The Henty Family
*Sir Thomas Mitchell
*Georgiana McCrae and Penel...
The Henty Family
Edward Henty
*First european settlers of the
Port Phillip District
*Arrived in Portland 1834
http://ergo....
Sir Thomas Mitchell
Georgiana McCrae
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Port Phillip District - Ideas, groups, individuals

Port Phillip District
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Port Phillip District - Ideas, groups, individuals

  • 1. Port Phillip DistrictAOS 1: A New Land #1. Ideas underpinning the settlement of and migration to the Port Phillip District, including ideas about European expansion in the new world and land ownership, and the motivations of some individuals and groups.
  • 2. Port Phillip District
  • 3. Main concepts: #1. Ideas underpinning the settlement of and migration to the Port Phillip District, including ideas about European expansion in the new world and land ownership, and the motivations of some individuals and groups. *3 Points in this area of study
  • 4. Ideas (that underpinned settlement in Port Phillip) - land ownership - doctrine of ‘improvement’ - European ideas of ‘using’ the land - New Opportunities and ‘space’ for pastural stations - Ideas of prosperity and opportunity
  • 5. What’s a pastoral economy?
  • 6. Motivations -Push/Pull factors These terms can be used interchangeably…. Push/pull factors: - Effects of the Industrial Revolution in England, including condensed - living conditions in towns, starvation, unemployment, crime, disease, desperation. - Major events such as the Irish Potato Famine (1850’s) - Gold Rush - Multiculturalism - Ideals - Chartism, egalitarianism, pastoral economy
  • 7. Push/Pull FactorsPUSH FACTORS: Push factors are conditions in homelands of migrants that push them to leave for the new world. The majority of migrants who immigrated to the Port Phillip District were from Great Britain. Conditions in Great Britain: Poverty was widespread: - In England, poor living conditions, poor agriculture and expensive land pushed people to leave. - High land prices, rent and prices of provisions also pushed people out of Scotland. - The Irish faced inequitable land distribution and in 1846 and 1847 saw the beginning of a large-scale famine, giving people the option to emigrate or die. Conditions in other Australian colonies: - Soil quality was poor in Swan River (Perth), pushing people to emigrate to the Port Phillip District. - Land was unavailable in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), making getting ahead in life almost impossible. PULL FACTORS: Pull factors were conditions or features within the Port Phillip District, which appealed to or attracted migrants. Features of the Port Phillip District: • There was much fertile land suitable for European farming and settlement, as first experienced by the Hentys in 1834 and first documented by John Batman in 1835. • There was much need of labour to develop the new settlement, meaning jobs were easier to obtain (than overseas). It was very possible to get ahead in life and to be prosperous, no matter what your beginnings. • The gold rush of 1851 brought a huge change to the Port Phillip District. About 159,000 migrants came to the area in the 3 years following the rush, compared to 77, 345 in the 17 years prior to it (Imagining Australia, p41.) For more on gold rush, see 'Gold Rushes' page.
  • 8. Groups and Individuals and their individual motivations *The Henty Family *Sir Thomas Mitchell *Georgiana McCrae and Penelope Selby *The Squatter class (often adventurous middle class) *Ex-convicts *Assisted Migrants
  • 9. The Henty Family Edward Henty *First european settlers of the Port Phillip District *Arrived in Portland 1834 http://ergo.slv.vic.gov.au/explore-history/land-exploration/pastoral-practices/hentys-portland
  • 10. Sir Thomas Mitchell
  • 11. Georgiana McCrae