Political Hacktivism
Eva Sánchez and Virginia Chan
Introduction
•
Influence of internet
o
•
o
Politicians using internet as a new platform to
gain more supporters
o
•
...
Political Hacktivism
•
Jordan and Taylor: “The emergence of popular political
action, of the self-activity of groups of p...
Examples
● Protest sites and spoof Web sites
○
○
Covers a multiplicity of subjects
Presentation of content ranges from pr...
Examples
● E-graffiti
○
Defacement of Web sites
● Denial of Service Attacks -- virtual sit-ins
○
Overloading the site w...
Examples
● Site Redirection/ Virtual Road Blocks
○
Directing users away from official site without
owner’s knowledge
● F...
USEFUL PURPOSES AND DIRTY
POLITICS
•
•
Does the goals always justify the means?
o
PROS
“Hacktivism has the potential ...
o
CONS
 Restrict freedom
 “Roadblocking”
or
buildings” on the net
 Illegal actions
“picketing
Anonymous
• Suddenly emerged in 2008
•
At the beginning it was composed of professionals
→ Now anyone can participate
Anonymous
• GOALS: end with the oppression from governments and
other organizations on the Internet
o “We want to fight t...
Conclusions
•
Success of hacktivism:
1. How much nuisance was caused?
2. How widely was it covered?
3. Did anything chan...
Bibliography
- Auty, C. (2004). Political hacktivism: tool of the underdog or scourge of
cyberspace? In: Aslib Proceedings...
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Political hacktivism

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political hacktivism

  • 1. Political Hacktivism Eva Sánchez and Virginia Chan
  • 2. Introduction • Influence of internet o • o Politicians using internet as a new platform to gain more supporters o • Increased access to information Global connectivity o publicize campaign “levels playing field” Public opinion plays a more important role in elections and political campaigning
  • 3. Political Hacktivism • Jordan and Taylor: “The emergence of popular political action, of the self-activity of groups of people, in cyberspace.” ○ “A grassroots political protest with computer hacking” ● A merge between political activism and computer hacking ● Hacktivists are motivated by the notion that the people have a right to information. In terms of politics, this means the public has the right to know exactly what goes on behind the scenes, what political leaders actually stand for, and what wrongs/rights the government has committed.
  • 4. Examples ● Protest sites and spoof Web sites ○ ○ Covers a multiplicity of subjects Presentation of content ranges from professional to amateur ● Cyber-squatting ○ ○ “Registering a domain name with intent to profit from the onward sale to its (rightful) owner” (214) Successful if search engines can find it
  • 5. Examples ● E-graffiti ○ Defacement of Web sites ● Denial of Service Attacks -- virtual sit-ins ○ Overloading the site with visits
  • 6. Examples ● Site Redirection/ Virtual Road Blocks ○ Directing users away from official site without owner’s knowledge ● Flashmobs ○ ○ ○ When a huge group of people meet at a specific time and place to perform a task Secrecy from police, press, and timing are essential Invitations are informal and done over the internet via emails, blogs, instant messaging,
  • 7. USEFUL PURPOSES AND DIRTY POLITICS • • Does the goals always justify the means? o PROS “Hacktivism has the potential to play an active and constructive role to overcome political justice, educate, inform and be a genuine agent of positive political and social change. The marriage of hacktivism to participatory democracy leads to the empowerment of individuals or participatory democracy, the breakdown of barriers or participatory pluralism and disintermediation of channels of communication or direct democracy” Abbey Goodrum
  • 8. o CONS  Restrict freedom  “Roadblocking” or buildings” on the net  Illegal actions “picketing
  • 9. Anonymous • Suddenly emerged in 2008 • At the beginning it was composed of professionals → Now anyone can participate
  • 10. Anonymous • GOALS: end with the oppression from governments and other organizations on the Internet o “We want to fight the powers-that-be when they overstep the lines.” • Conciousness o "I'm not under the illusion that we're going to change the world,but if we can make a big enough noise for people to notice there's a problem and scream loud enough, someone's going to take notice. That's what Anonymous is." Scottish Activist
  • 11. Conclusions • Success of hacktivism: 1. How much nuisance was caused? 2. How widely was it covered? 3. Did anything change as a result? • Bigger impacts when hacktivism is accompanied by activism
  • 12. Bibliography - Auty, C. (2004). Political hacktivism: tool of the underdog or scourge of cyberspace? In: Aslib Proceedings. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 212221 - Anonymous, hacktivism and the rise of cyber protester http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-20446048 - E Siapera 2012 Chapter 5 Understanding New Media. Sage. -Jordan, Tim, and Paul A. Taylor. "Hacking and Hackitivism." Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a Cause? London: Routledge, 2004. 1-18. Print. -Ludlow, Peter. "WikiLeaks and Hacktivist Culture | The Nation." WikiLeaks and Hacktivist Culture. The Nation, 4 Oct. 2010. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://www.thenation.com/article/154780/wikileaks-and-hacktivistculture>.

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