01/21/15
01/21/15
01/21/15
Yahya Khan came in power in March 1969.
Climate of political uncertainty.
Political parties were not banned.
LFO came ...
Elections held in 1970.
Awami League got 160/162 seats in East Pakistan
while Bhutto scored 87 in West.
Crisis on issue...
Yahya favored Bhutto.
Riots started in East Pakistan in March.
Military action started on March 25,1971.
Large scale v...
Pakistan Army
surrendered on
December 16,1971.
01/21/15
About 90,000 Troops were made Prisoners of
War(POW’s).
The most humiliated defeat in the history of Islam.
East Pakista...
Causes of debacle of East Pakistan
The Geographical Factor
Leadership Vacuum
Language Controversy.
Cultural difference...
Role of Military.
Defense problems.
Administrative factors.
Influence of Hindus.
Political factors.
01/21/15
Political history of Pakistan(1977-2012)
 Elections were held on March 7 in which
Pakistan Peoples Party managed to win 1...
 Referendum 1984
The party less were elections held in 1985.
 Muhammad Khan Junejo becomes Prime
Minister.
Eighth Amen...
Benazir’s first tenure
In the 1988 elections, Pakistan Peoples Party won
94 seats in the National Assembly
Ghulam Ishaq ...
Nawaz’s first tenure
Elections for the National and Provincial
Assemblies were held on October 24 and 27, 1990.
IJI secu...
Gulf war
Privatization
Differences with COAS and President .
Campaign for abrogation of 58(2).
01/21/15
 President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National
Assembly on April 18,1993, once again exercising his
power through th...
Benazir’s second tenure
The elections for the National and Provincial
Assemblies were held on October 6 and 9,
1993,respe...
The Presidential election was held on November
13. Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari, the PPP
candidate, won by 274 to 168 votes ...
Nawaz’s second tenure
As scheduled, elections were held on February 3,
1997. Pakistan Muslim League won with 2/3
majority...
Pakistan’s Atomic Explosions
Lahore Declaration (21st
Feb,1999)
Kargil Crisis
Military coup on 12th
october,1999
01/21...
1999-2008
On October 12, 1999, the Pakistan Army once
again ousted the Civilian Government.
Pervez Musharraf Becomes Pre...
The National and Provincial elections were held on
October 10,2002. Total elected members for the 342
National Assembly s...
Judicial conflict
Emergency enforced
Nawaz came back after 7years exile
Benazir got murdered in Rawalpindi
Emergency ...
2008-2012
PPP forms government
Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani becomes prime minster.
Musharraf steps down.
Asif Zardari beca...
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Political history

Political history
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political history

  • 1. 01/21/15
  • 2. 01/21/15
  • 3. 01/21/15
  • 4. Yahya Khan came in power in March 1969. Climate of political uncertainty. Political parties were not banned. LFO came on 30th March, 1970 One Unit was Dissolved. Elections were announced, (5th October National Assembly, 20th October, Provincial Assemblies) One man, one vote basis. 01/21/15
  • 5. Elections held in 1970. Awami League got 160/162 seats in East Pakistan while Bhutto scored 87 in West. Crisis on issue of making of Government. Mujeeb presented 6 points agenda. Bhutto wanted his government in Center in spite of lack of majority. 01/21/15
  • 6. Yahya favored Bhutto. Riots started in East Pakistan in March. Military action started on March 25,1971. Large scale violence. Lot of Killings India supported “Mukti Bahni”. Civil war started. India attacked on December 3,1971. 01/21/15
  • 7. Pakistan Army surrendered on December 16,1971. 01/21/15
  • 8. About 90,000 Troops were made Prisoners of War(POW’s). The most humiliated defeat in the history of Islam. East Pakistan emerged on the World map as a new state named “Bangladesh”. 01/21/15
  • 9. Causes of debacle of East Pakistan The Geographical Factor Leadership Vacuum Language Controversy. Cultural differences. Provincial prejudices. Sense of Deprivation. Economic Diversity. 01/21/15
  • 10. Role of Military. Defense problems. Administrative factors. Influence of Hindus. Political factors. 01/21/15
  • 11. Political history of Pakistan(1977-2012)  Elections were held on March 7 in which Pakistan Peoples Party managed to win 155 out of 200 seats in the National Assembly.  Pakistan National Alliance was only able to win 36 National Assembly seats. PNA alleged rigging in election. At last Martial Law was imposed by Zia-ul-Haq on 5th July,1977 Bhutto was hanged on April 4,1979. 01/21/15
  • 12.  Referendum 1984 The party less were elections held in 1985.  Muhammad Khan Junejo becomes Prime Minister. Eighth Amendment. lifting of Martial Law. Ojheri Camp incident near Islamabad on April 10, 1988. Dismissal of JUNEJO. 01/21/15
  • 13. Benazir’s first tenure In the 1988 elections, Pakistan Peoples Party won 94 seats in the National Assembly Ghulam Ishaq Khan becomes President [1988-93] The conflict between the President and the Prime Minister arose in two areas; the appointment of the Military Chiefs and the Superior Court Judges. On August 6, 1990, President dissolved the National Assembly . 01/21/15
  • 14. Nawaz’s first tenure Elections for the National and Provincial Assemblies were held on October 24 and 27, 1990. IJI secured 105 N.A seats while PPP gained 45. Nawaz Sharif became Prime Minister. 01/21/15
  • 15. Gulf war Privatization Differences with COAS and President . Campaign for abrogation of 58(2). 01/21/15
  • 16.  President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National Assembly on April 18,1993, once again exercising his power through the Eighth Amendment. Restoration of National Assembly by Supreme Court on May 26,1993. Resignation of president and prime minister. 01/21/15
  • 17. Benazir’s second tenure The elections for the National and Provincial Assemblies were held on October 6 and 9, 1993,respectively. PML(N) secured 73 N.A seats while PPP gained 83. Benazir Bhutto becomes Prime minister. 01/21/15
  • 18. The Presidential election was held on November 13. Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari, the PPP candidate, won by 274 to 168 votes against the then acting President Wasim Sajjad. Dismissal on 5th November 1996 due to corruption charges on the government. 01/21/15
  • 19. Nawaz’s second tenure As scheduled, elections were held on February 3, 1997. Pakistan Muslim League won with 2/3 majority. It secured 134 N.A seats while PPP gained 18. National debt retirement programme 01/21/15
  • 20. Pakistan’s Atomic Explosions Lahore Declaration (21st Feb,1999) Kargil Crisis Military coup on 12th october,1999 01/21/15
  • 21. 1999-2008 On October 12, 1999, the Pakistan Army once again ousted the Civilian Government. Pervez Musharraf Becomes President [June 20, 2001] Presidential referendum in 2002 and 97% success. 01/21/15
  • 22. The National and Provincial elections were held on October 10,2002. Total elected members for the 342 National Assembly seats and 728 seats of the four Provincial Assemblies. PML(Q) gained 77 N.A seats Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali sworn in as Prime minister Shaukat Aziz became PM in 2004.01/21/15
  • 23. Judicial conflict Emergency enforced Nawaz came back after 7years exile Benazir got murdered in Rawalpindi Emergency lifted ,elections announced in 2008. 01/21/15
  • 24. 2008-2012 PPP forms government Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani becomes prime minster. Musharraf steps down. Asif Zardari became president in 2008 After completing 5 years tenure,for the first time in history of Pakistan,new democratic government of PML(N) came in power in 2013.01/21/15