NAMAs
 and
 Agriculture
 
 
Heather Jacobs
Francesco Tubiello
Rocío Cóndor
FAO -- Climate, Energy and Tenure Divi...
1. Agriculture is an important socio-economic
sector
•  GDP: The agricultural sector constitutes a substantial portion of ...
Agriculture GDP share, Asia-Pacific
0.0
 
5.0
 
10.0
 
15.0
 
20.0
 
25.0
 
30.0
 
35.0
 
40.0
 
45.0
...
2. Agriculture is an important GHG emitter
Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use
Emissions by Sources and Removals by
S...
 
Why is AFOLU important for NAMAs?
•  The share of agriculture emissions to total AFOLU net emissions remained
constant o...
3. Synergies between Mitigation, Adaptation and Food
Security: An opportunity for agriculture NAMAs
 
q  Integration of...
Current Status of agriculture NAMAs:
Still some way to go
6
 
46
 
11
 
41
 
103
 
124
 
0
 
20
 
40
 
6...
FAO Findings:
Barriers to Agriculture NAMAs
•  Most barriers are not specific to GHG mitigation -- they also
hinder other ...
National GHG Inventories, Baselines, and
MRV
•  Improved data collection and sound GHG
emission inventories within robust ...
Some FAO contributions
 §  Preliminary NAMA Analysis
§  NAMA Guidelines for Agriculture
Ø  National integrated mitig...
Addressing
 Data
 and
 Ins3tu3onal
 Gaps
 
FAOSTAT Emissions database for AFOLU
Released on Apr 14th 2014, contr...
Asia: Enteric Fermentation by Animal Type
Average 2000-2010
Source: FAOSTAT, 2013
0
 
50
 
100
 
150
 
200
 
250...
Asia – Enteric Fermentation by Animal Type
Average 2000-2010
42%
 
Dairy
 Ca<le
 
35%
 
Non-­‐Dairy
 
Ca<le
 
...
Trends and BASELINE Projections
62%
Enteric
Fermentation
24%
0
 
500
 
1000
 
1500
 
2000
 
2500
 
3000
 
35...
Capacity Development Activities
•  Technical Capacities
-  Assess and report GHG emissions from AFOLU activities
(Biennial...
Conclusions
•  Agriculture is a key sector in developing countries: large share of
agricultural GDP; large employer; engin...
For
 more
 informa3on
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Financed
 
 by:
 
FAO -Monitor...
Thank you!
Contact: MAGHG@fao.org
MAGHG: www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg
FAOSTAT: http://faostat.fao.org
 
 
 	...
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NAMAs and Agriculture

Authors: Heather Jacobs, Francesco Tubiello, Rocío Cóndor FAO -- Climate, Energy and Tenure Division Asia Pacific Regional Workshop on NAMAs Vientiane, Laos 22-25 April, 2014 1. Agriculture is an important socio-economic sector 2. Agriculture is an important GHG emitter 3. Synergies between Mitigation, Adaptation and Food Security: An opportunity for agriculture NAMAs
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      Technology      Business      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NAMAs and Agriculture

  • 1. NAMAs  and  Agriculture     Heather Jacobs Francesco Tubiello Rocío Cóndor FAO -- Climate, Energy and Tenure Division Asia Pacific Regional Workshop on NAMAs Vientiane, Laos 22-25 April, 2014
  • 2. 1. Agriculture is an important socio-economic sector •  GDP: The agricultural sector constitutes a substantial portion of GDP in many developing countries, contributing significantly to export earnings and employment •  Average percent share of agriculture in GDP (World Bank, 2013): –  Africa 23% –  Asia 22% –  Latin America 10% –  High-income developed countries 3-4% •  Agriculture provides jobs for about two-thirds of these populations -- economic health is linked to the prosperity of farming communities •  NAMAs can assist countries in maintaining and enhancing agricultural productivity.
  • 3. Agriculture GDP share, Asia-Pacific 0.0   5.0   10.0   15.0   20.0   25.0   30.0   35.0   40.0   45.0   50.0   Source: World Bank, 2010
  • 4. 2. Agriculture is an important GHG emitter Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks, 1990 – 2011 Analysis, FAO http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3671e/i3671e.pdf
  • 5.   Why is AFOLU important for NAMAs? •  The share of agriculture emissions to total AFOLU net emissions remained constant over 1990-2010 -- 62% •  By contrast, the share of agriculture to AFOLU emissions by sources (excluding FOLU sinks) increased, from 44% in the 1990s to 50% in the 2000s   -3,000 -2,000 -1,000 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 Agriculture Net Forest Conversion Cultivation of Organic Soils and Peat Fires Biomass Fires Forest MtCO2eq AFOLU Sources and Sinks, 2001-2010, by sub-sector
  • 6. 3. Synergies between Mitigation, Adaptation and Food Security: An opportunity for agriculture NAMAs   q  Integration of mitigation, adaptation and resilience, including food security goals, could help further leverage funding, as the agriculture sector presents a potential opportunity to integrate NAMAs/NAPs •  Joint adaptation and mitigation options include: »  Measures that reduce soil degradation »  Measures that reduce leaching of N and phosphorus »  Increased diversity of crop rotations »  Agroforestry practice q  Agriculture offers significant opportunity to link adaptation, resilience, mitigation and food security goals into one coherent package
  • 7. Current Status of agriculture NAMAs: Still some way to go 6   46   11   41   103   124   0   20   40   60   80   100   120   140   UNFCCC NAMA Registry UNEP Risoe NAMA Pipeline (Submissions of Intent to UNFCCC) ECOFYS NAMA Database Agriculture/Forestry NAMAs All NAMAs
  • 8. FAO Findings: Barriers to Agriculture NAMAs •  Most barriers are not specific to GHG mitigation -- they also hinder other agricultural development objectives •  Agriculture has received a small proportion of climate financing •  Data: Ø  Availability is lacking Ø  Uncertainty is high Ø  Public official data not sufficient Ø  Data discrepancies between agencies/ministries and reports Ø  Gaps in disaggregated data •  Obstacles in domestic policies •  Inter-institutional coordination is weak •  Lack of readiness in agricultural sector – and the need to address farmers’ concerns and equity considerations
  • 9. National GHG Inventories, Baselines, and MRV •  Improved data collection and sound GHG emission inventories within robust National data systems enable development of baselines and MRV of NAMAs •  To identify emissions hotspots and develop GHG baselines, adequate data are necessary; Non- Annex 1 countries may have large gaps
  • 10. Some FAO contributions  §  Preliminary NAMA Analysis §  NAMA Guidelines for Agriculture Ø  National integrated mitigation planning in agriculture: A review paper http://www.fao.org/docrep/017/i3237e/i3237e.pdf Ø  National planning for GHG mitigation in agriculture: A guidance document http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3324e/i3324e.pdf §  GHG Data and analysis tools linked to National GHG Inventory Processes, including BURs and baseline projections
  • 11. Addressing  Data  and  Ins3tu3onal  Gaps   FAOSTAT Emissions database for AFOLU Released on Apr 14th 2014, contributes to IPCC AR5 WGIII •  Platform containing domains for AFOLU GHG emissions at global, regional, and national level (identification of hotspots, baselines, projections) •  Four dimensions of applicability: 1)  Global and regional assessments 2)  Filling data gaps and building capacity 3)  QA/QC of national data 4)  Development of indicators Regional Workshops on Statistics for GHG emissions •  Assist Member countries with agricultural data collection in order to prepare BURs and NAMAs; provides exchange of experiences between countries
  • 12. Asia: Enteric Fermentation by Animal Type Average 2000-2010 Source: FAOSTAT, 2013 0   50   100   150   200   250   300   MtCO2eq
  • 13. Asia – Enteric Fermentation by Animal Type Average 2000-2010 42%   Dairy  Ca<le   35%   Non-­‐Dairy   Ca<le   16%   Sheep     16%   Buffaloes   10%   Dairy  Ca<le   10%   Goats   51%   Non-­‐Dairy   Ca<le   9%   Sheep   Central Asia Eastern Asia 39%    Buffaloes   18%   Dairy   Ca<le   7%     Goats   31%   Non-­‐Dairy   Ca<le   4%   Sheep   South Asia 27%   Buffaloes     6%   Dairy  Ca<le   4%   Goats   61%   Non-­‐Dairy   Ca<le   Southeast Asia 3%     Camels   37%   Dairy  Ca<le   7%   Goats   29%   Non-­‐Dairy   Ca<le   21%   Sheep   Western Asia Source: FAOSTAT, 2013
  • 14. Trends and BASELINE Projections 62% Enteric Fermentation 24% 0   500   1000   1500   2000   2500   3000   3500   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2030   2050   MtCO2eq     Asia: Agriculture by Category, 2000-2050 Burning - crop residues Burning - Savanna Crop Residues Enteric Fermentation Manure applied to Soils Manure left on Pasture Manure Management Rice Cultivation Synthetic Fertilizers
  • 15. Capacity Development Activities •  Technical Capacities -  Assess and report GHG emissions from AFOLU activities (Biennial Update Reports) -  Identify mitigation options, including Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) •  Functional Capacities -  Access, generate, manage and exchange information and knowledge towards robust GHG inventory, BURs, NAMA, and national data systems -  Collaborate with relevant national and international agencies and institutions for efficient support to countries •  Three levels: Regional (workshops); Sub-regional (Mesoamerica) National (Ecuador, Colombia, Indonesia, and 27 countries using FAOSTAT)
  • 16. Conclusions •  Agriculture is a key sector in developing countries: large share of agricultural GDP; large employer; engine of rural development •  Agriculture (and Forestry and other land uses) is a key emission sector globally and especially in developing countries •  NAMAs should capitalize on opportunities to achieve national mitigation planning alongside rural development and food security goals, exploring linked financial opportunities •  National GHG inventories based on robust data are necessary for the development of baselines and the identification of emissions hotspots and mitigation targets, hence for NAMA MRVs •  FAO supports member countries with a range of products, including guidelines and GHG data products such as the FAOSTAT Emissions database
  • 17. For  more  informa3on                              Financed    by:   FAO -Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MAGHG): maghg@fao.org FAO/MAGHG web site: http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg/en/ http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg/fr/ http://www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg/es/ FAOSTAT web site: http://faostat.fao.org FAOSTAT emission database (English, French and Spanish): Emissions – Agriculture http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/download/G1/*/E Emissions – Land Use http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/download/G2/*/E Report of the Second FAO Workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gas Emissions 03 - 04 June 2013, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3397e/i3397e.pdf Report of the Third FAO Regional Workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gas Emissions 02 - 03 December 2013, Casablanca, Morocco http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3624e/i3624e.pdf
  • 18. Thank you! Contact: MAGHG@fao.org MAGHG: www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg FAOSTAT: http://faostat.fao.org                            Financed  by: